Title 16 of the United States Code

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Title 16 of the United States Code outlines the role of conservation in the United States Code. [1]

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The United States Forest Service (USFS) is an agency of the U.S. Department of Agriculture that administers the nation's 154 national forests and 20 national grasslands. The Forest Service manages 193 million acres (780,000 km2) of land. Major divisions of the agency include the Chief's Office, National Forest System, State and Private Forestry, Business Operations, and Research and Development. The agency manages about 25% of federal lands and is the only major national land management agency not part of the U.S. Department of the Interior.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">United States Fish and Wildlife Service</span> United States federal government agency

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service is an agency within the United States Department of the Interior dedicated to the management of fish, wildlife, and natural habitats. The mission of the agency is "working with others to conserve, protect, and enhance fish, wildlife, plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people."

The National Fish Hatchery System (NFHS) was established by the U.S. Congress in 1871 through the creation of a U.S. Commissioner for Fish and Fisheries. This system of fish hatcheries is now administered by the Fisheries Program of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), an agency within the United States Department of the Interior.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act</span>

The Magnuson–Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA), commonly referred to as the Magnuson–Stevens Act (MSA), is the legislation providing for the management of marine fisheries in U.S. waters. Originally enacted in 1976 to assert control of foreign fisheries that were operating within 200 nautical miles off the U.S. coast, the legislation has since been amended, in 1996 and 2007, to better address the twin problems of overfishing and overcapacity. These ecological and economic problems arose in the domestic fishing industry as it grew to fill the vacuum left by departing foreign fishing fleets.

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<i>Oncorhynchus</i> Genus of fishes

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Marine Mammal Protection Act</span> Act of the United States Congress in 1972

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Emergency Wetlands Resources Act</span> United States federal environmental law

The Emergency Wetlands Resources Act of 1986 became a United States federal law (P.L.) 99-645 on November 10, 1986. Prior to the Act the purchase of wetlands by the Federal Government had been prohibited. The Act allocated funds from the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) for the purchase of wetlands by the Secretary of Interior, who is head of the United States Department of the Interior. The Act also instituted a National Wetlands Priority Conservation Plan which was to be established and set up by the Secretary. Included in this plan was a requirement for all States to include wetlands as part of their Comprehensive Outdoors Recreation plan. The plan also transferred the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund amounts which were to be equal to the import duties on arms and ammunition. The main purpose of the Act was to ensure a follow through on international obligations and fulfillment of these obligations on the various past and future migratory bird treaties. It also promoted the conservation of wetlands so the benefits they provide could be maintained.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fish and Wildlife Act</span>

Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956 of the United States of America establishes "a comprehensive national fish, shellfish, and wildlife resources policy with emphasis on the commercial fishing industry but also with a direction to administer the Act with regard to the inherent right of every citizen and resident to fish for pleasure, enjoyment, and betterment and to maintain and increase public opportunities for recreational use of fish and wildlife resources." Among other things, it directs a program of continuing research, extension, and information services on fish and wildlife matters, both domestically and internationally. It confirmed the position of Commissioner of Fish and Wildlife and a United States Fish and Wildlife Service in the Department of the Interior, and established a Bureau of Sport Fisheries and Wildlife and a Bureau of Commercial Fisheries.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Michigan Department of Natural Resources</span> Government agency of Michigan

The Michigan Department of Natural Resources (DNR) is the agency of the state of Michigan charged with maintaining natural resources such as state parks, state forests, and recreation areas. It is governed by a director appointed by the Governor and accepted by the Natural Resources Commission. Currently the Director is Daniel Eichinger. The DNR has about 1,400 permanent employees, and over 1,600 seasonal employees.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Alaska salmon fishery</span>

The Alaska salmon fishery is a managed fishery that supports the annual harvest of five species of wild Pacific Salmon for commercial fishing, sport fishing, subsistence by Alaska Native communities, and personal use by local residents. The salmon harvest in Alaska is the largest in North America and represents about 80% of the total wild-caught catch, with harvests from Canada and the Pacific Northwest representing the remainder In 2017 over 200 million salmon were caught in Alaskan waters by commercial fishers, representing $750 million in exvessel value. Salmon fishing is a nearly ubiquitous activity across Alaska, however the most valuable salmon fisheries are in the Bristol Bay, Prince William Sound and Southeast regions.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement</span>

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Fisheries Office of Law Enforcement is a federal police part of the National Marine Fisheries Service of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, headquartered in Silver Spring, Maryland. The leadership consists of Director James Landon, Deputy Director Logan Gregory, Assistant Director Todd Dubois, and Budget Chief Milena Seelig.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">United States House Natural Resources Subcommittee on Water, Wildlife and Fisheries</span>

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Conservation officer</span> Nature police

A conservation officer is a law enforcement officer who protects wildlife and the environment. A conservation officer may also be referred to as an environmental technician or technologist, game warden, forest ranger, forest watcher, forest guard, forester, gamekeeper, investigator, wilderness officer, wildlife officer, or wildlife trooper.

The Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) is a department within the government of Alaska. ADF&G's mission is to protect, maintain, and improve the fish, game, and aquatic plant resources of the state, and manage their use and development in the best interest of the economy and the well-being of the people of the state, consistent with the sustained yield principle. ADF&G manages approximately 750 active fisheries, 26 game management units, and 32 special areas. From resource policy to public education, the department considers public involvement essential to its mission and goals. The department is committed to working with tribes in Alaska and with a diverse group of State and Federal agencies. The department works cooperatively with various universities and nongovernmental organizations in formal and informal partnership arrangements, and assists local research or baseline environmental monitoring through citizen science programs.

This page is a list of fishing topics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Fishing industry in the United States</span>

As with other countries, the 200 nautical miles (370 km) exclusive economic zone (EEZ) off the coast of the United States gives its fishing industry special fishing rights. It covers 11.4 million square kilometres, which is the second largest zone in the world, exceeding the land area of the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">History of the United States Forest Service</span>

Starting in 1876, and undergoing a series of name changes, the U.S. Forest Service grew to protect and use millions of acres of forest on public land. Gifford Pinchot, an early advocate of scientific forestry, along with President Theodore Roosevelt and conservation organizations, led the effort to manage forest for the public good.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tongass Timber Reform Act</span> 1990 act of the United States Congress

The Tongass Timber Reform Act (TTRA) is an act that was intended to amend the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA), with the primary intention to increase the protection of the Tongass National Forest from logging. The TTRA was introduced on February 9, 1989 at the 101st Congress, 1989-1990, and was enacted when signed by President George H. W. Bush on November 28, 1990. as law. Refer to the GovTrack.us website for the extended text of the bill. For a bill to become law in the United States it must be approved by both the House and the Senate, and signed by the President, who can veto the bill if they chose to. In response to required adjustments to the initial bill, a conference committee was formed, consisting of members from both the House and the Senate, tasked to produce a conference report on the necessary revisions and changes. This revised version of the bill was passed by both the Senate, with a vote of 99-0, and was approved by the House. The sponsor for this bill was a representative from New York's 3rd congressional district, Robert Mrazek (Democrat).

Frank T. Bell led the United States Bureau of Fisheries as the eighth and last United States Commissioner of Fish and Fisheries. He served in the position from 1933 to 1939. As commissioner, he had success in making the Bureau more efficient and in increasing cooperation on fishery issues among United States government agencies and between them and U.S. state governments.


  1. "United States Code". Office of the Law Revision Counsel . Retrieved November 24, 2015.
  2. United States Code, 2006 Edition, vol 9, pp 1048, 1055 & 1056.
  3. United States Code, 2000 Edition, vol 27, p 880. "Public Trust in Land Law" (1980) 14 U.C. Davis Law Review 295. United States Code Service, Lawyers Edition, 1936, vol 5, p 510. The Public Trust Doctrine in Natural Resources Law and Management: Conference Proceedings, 1981, p 193.
  4. Code of Federal Regulations, Revised to 1 October 2003, vol 43, s 5510.0-3(a) at p 889. United States Code Annotated 2010, Popular Name Table, I to Z, p 254.
  5. 23 American and English Annotated Cases 621
  6. Sometimes incorrectly cited as sections 1614 and 1615
  7. 12 Fed Stat Ann (2nd Ed), p 38
  8. United States Code, 2000 Ed, vol 27, title 50, p 747
  9. Laws Relating to the Department of the Interior Passed by the Sixty-second Congress, Third Session, p 392
  10. McKinney (ed), Federal Statutes Annotated, Supplement 1914, Edward Thompson Company, 1914, 347
  11. Mallory (ed), United States Compiled Statutes: Annotated: 1916, West, 1916, vol 5, p 5981; Complied Statutes of the United States 1913, vol 2, s 4995
  12. Barnes' Federal Code, Virginia Law Book Company, 1919, s 4325
  13. Barnett (ed), United States Statutes Annotated, TH Flood & Company, 1919, vol 7, p 970
  14. Highlights in the History of Forest and Related Natural Resource Conservation. Conservation Bulletin 41. United States Department of the Interior. Revised 1962. p 13
  15. 37 Stat 1015
  16. Senate, 62nd Congress, 2d Session, Report No 1039.
  17. Senate, 18 January 1913, p 1718
  18. 44 Stat 890
  19. United States Code Annotated 2010, West Publishing Company, 2010, title "Popular Name A to I", p 314
  20. 76 Stat 587 at 588
  21. 16 U.S. Code § 614, 615. Cornell University.
  22. Report of the Commissioner of the General Land Office, 1895, pp 4, 5, 313 & 315