Tiwi, Albay

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Tiwi
Municipality of Tiwi
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Tiwi Church
Flag of Tiwi, Albay.png
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Map of Albay with Tiwi highlighted
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Tiwi, Albay
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Tiwi
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°27′31″N123°40′50″E / 13.4585°N 123.6805°E / 13.4585; 123.6805
Country Philippines
Region Bicol Region
Province Albay
District 1st district
Founded 1696
Barangays 25 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
  Type Sangguniang Bayan
   Mayor Jaime C. Villanueva
   Vice Mayor David C. Beato
   Representative Edcel C. Lagman
   Municipal Council
Members
   Electorate 36,928 voters (2022)
Area
[2]
  Total105.76 km2 (40.83 sq mi)
Elevation
61 m (200 ft)
Highest elevation
965 m (3,166 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [3]
  Total56,444
  Density530/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
   Households
12,657
Economy
   Income class 1st municipal income class
   Poverty incidence
23.58
% (2018) [4]
   Revenue 237.2 million (2020)
   Assets 567.8 million (2020)
   Expenditure 219.5 million (2020)
   Liabilities 158 million (2020)
Service provider
  ElectricityAlbay Power and Energy Corporation (APEC)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
4513
PSGC
IDD : area code +63(0)52
Native languages Central Bikol
Tagalog
Website www.tiwi.gov.ph

Tiwi, officially the Municipality of Tiwi (Central Bikol : Banwaan kan Tiwi; Tagalog : Bayan ng Tiwi) is a 1st class municipality in the Province of Albay, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 56,444 people. [3]

Contents

Etymology

Friars called the place Tigbi, which evolved into Tivi and, then, finally to its present name Tiwi. [5] [6]

History

Tiwi began as a barrio of Malinao before it was formally organized as a politically independent pueblo in 1696. As a pueblo, it was governed by a gobernadorcillo. As a Catholic parish, it was administered by a secular priest under the then Diocese of Nueva Caceres, now an archdiocese. In its primeval stages, it had some 1,105 houses, a parish church, a community-funded primary school, and a cemetery outside the town proper. The villagers ordinarily engaged in fishing, planting rice, corn, sugarcane, indigo, fruit-bearing trees, and vegetables. Aside from agriculture, they also busied themselves weaving cotton and abaca clothes, and in pottery. [7]

In Kagnipa, known today as Barangay Baybay, stands the dilapidated Sinimbahan. It is the remnant of the first concrete house of worship built by the Franciscans led by the pastor of Malinao, Fray Pedro de Brosas, remains to be the deaf witness of both the villagers' ready acceptance of the Christian faith and their suffering of persecution at the hands of the Moslems; Christian missionaries called them Moros. The parola by the shore of Sitio Nipa of the same barangay testifies to the people's paralyzing fear of the Moros' capricious forays. The market site of the pueblo before these raids was located in the present location of Baybay Elementary School. In order to sidetrack surprise attacks, at least temporarily, the market site was transferred to southernmost part of now Barangay Baybay; henceforth, it was called Binanwaan. The transfer, however, was useless. Finally, to have enough time to escape and keep themselves safer from their enemies' easy attacks, the inhabitants moved the market site and their settlement to the present poblacion now named as Barangay Tigbi. Before the Moro's assaults, Barangay Baybay was then the center of trade and commerce because of its easy accessibility to marine transportation of goods. The goods came from the islands of what are now known as Catanduanes, San Miguel, Rapu-Rapu, and Batan, not to mention those from adjoining pueblos in the mainland of Ibalon, now the province of Albay, and the Camarines. [7]

In the extant records of the municipality, the first chief executive of the municipal government was Don Lorenzo Mancilla installed in 1776.

Geography

Tiwi is located at 13°27′31″N123°40′50″E / 13.4585°N 123.6805°E / 13.4585; 123.6805 .

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority, the municipality has a land area of 105.76 square kilometres (40.83 sq mi) [8] constituting

Climate

Climate data for Tiwi, Albay
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)27
(81)
27
(81)
28
(82)
30
(86)
31
(88)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
28
(82)
27
(81)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F)22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches)138
(5.4)
83
(3.3)
74
(2.9)
50
(2.0)
108
(4.3)
165
(6.5)
202
(8.0)
165
(6.5)
190
(7.5)
186
(7.3)
188
(7.4)
183
(7.2)
1,732
(68.3)
Average rainy days16.811.913.513.820.525.227.426.226.124.720.718.5245.3
Source: Meteoblue [9]

Barangays

Tiwi is politically subdivided into 26 barangays. [10] Each barangay consists of puroks and some have sitios.

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a.
2020 [3] 2010 [11]
050518001 Bagumbayan 4.1% 2,315 2,148 0.75%
050518002 Bariis 1.9% 1,092 921 1.72%
050518003 Baybay 4.0% 2,265 2,207 0.26%
050518004 Belen (Malabog) 2.5% 1,406 1,273 1.00%
050518005 Biyong 3.0% 1,680 1,543 0.85%
050518006 Bolo 2.1% 1,205 1,173 0.27%
050518007 Cale 9.8% 5,557 5,245 0.58%
050518008 Cararayan 3.6% 2,012 2,011 0.00%
050518009 Coro-coro 3.1% 1,747 1,587 0.96%
050518010 Dap-dap 1.6% 891 765 1.54%
050518011 Gajo 2.7% 1,536 1,489 0.31%
050518012 Joroan 4.9% 2,741 2,667 0.27%
050518013 Libjo 5.2% 2,936 2,624 1.13%
050518014 Libtong 4.1% 2,304 2,253 0.22%
050518017 Matalibong 2.5% 1,397 1,290 0.80%
050518018 Maynonong 1.5% 824 674 2.03%
050518019 Mayong 2.9% 1,632 1,660 −0.17%
050518020 Misibis 3.9% 2,192 2,064 0.60%
050518021 Naga 8.2% 4,629 4,614 0.03%
050518023 Nagas 5.7% 3,206 2,925 0.92%
050518024 Oyama 2.3% 1,289 1,208 0.65%
050518025 Putsan 2.2% 1,234 1,186 0.40%
050518026 San Bernardo 3.1% 1,759 1,530 1.40%
050518027 Sogod 3.7% 2,103 1,993 0.54%
050518028 Tigbi ( Poblacion ) 5.6% 3,168 3,113 0.18%
Total56,44450,1631.19%

Lourdes is another Barangay in the Municipality of Tiwi, Albay.

Demographics

Population census of Tiwi
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 9,593    
1918 10,557+0.64%
1939 12,539+0.82%
1948 14,350+1.51%
1960 17,691+1.76%
1970 22,037+2.22%
1975 24,350+2.02%
1980 28,726+3.36%
1990 34,658+1.90%
1995 39,733+2.59%
2000 44,261+2.34%
2007 49,185+1.47%
2010 50,163+0.72%
2015 53,120+1.10%
2020 56,444+1.20%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority [12] [11] [13] [14]

In the 2020 census, Tiwi had a population of 56,444. [3] The population density was 530 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,400/sq mi).

Religion

Roman Catholicism remained the dominant religion since its propagation in the town 1696.

Language

Generally the town speaks Central Bikol as their first language while others speak Buhinon in the areas near Buhi, Camarines Sur. Other Bikol languages are spoken by significant minorities that are from other areas of the Bicol Region.[ citation needed ]

The majority of the inhabitants also understand Tagalog (Filipino) and English as second languages.

Economy

Tourism

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References

  1. Municipality of Tiwi | (DILG)
  2. "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN   0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. 1 2 3 4 Census of Population (2020). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  4. "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  5. The evolution of the nomenclature is not conclusive because a plant known as Tiwi (Bicol; Tua or Tui in Tagalog) also exists aside from the fact that the present poblacion was named differently being called Barangay Tigbi; otherwise, it would have been simply called "poblacion".
  6. "Bureau of Plant Industry". Archived from the original on 2015-06-02. Retrieved 2015-06-02.
  7. 1 2 Natanauan, Rommel A. (December 2002), "Tiwi: Yesterday...Today...Tomorrow", 1st Tiwi Coron Festival Souvenir Magazine, pp. 17–19. Print
  8. "Province: Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  9. "Tiwi, Albay: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
  10. "Municipal: Tiwi, Albay". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  11. 1 2 Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region V (Bicol Region)" (PDF). Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. National Statistics Office . Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. Census of Population (2015). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. Philippine Statistics Authority . Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  13. Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region V (Bicol Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. National Statistics Office.
  14. "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  15. "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved December 28, 2020.
  16. "Estimation of Local Poverty in the Philippines" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 29 November 2005.
  17. "2003 City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 23 March 2009.
  18. "City and Municipal Level Poverty Estimates; 2006 and 2009" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 3 August 2012.
  19. "2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. 31 May 2016.
  20. "Municipal and City Level Small Area Poverty Estimates; 2009, 2012 and 2015". Philippine Statistics Authority. 10 July 2019.
  21. "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  22. "𝐀𝐥𝐛𝐚𝐲 𝐇𝐞𝐫𝐢𝐭𝐚𝐠𝐞 𝐌𝐨𝐧𝐭𝐡 𝐅𝐞𝐚𝐭𝐮𝐫𝐞: 𝐒𝐢𝐧𝐢𝐦𝐛𝐚𝐡𝐚𝐧𝐚𝐧 𝐑𝐮𝐢𝐧𝐬 𝐨𝐟 𝐓𝐢𝐰𝐢". Province of Albay. 11 May 2021. Retrieved 11 April 2023.