The Tjongkandji were an Indigenous Australian people of central and western Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland.
Cape York Peninsula is a large remote peninsula located in Far North Queensland, Australia. It is the largest unspoiled wilderness in northern Australia. The land is mostly flat and about half of the area is used for grazing cattle. The relatively undisturbed eucalyptus-wooded savannahs, tropical rainforests and other types of habitat are now recognized and preserved for their global environmental significance, but native wildlife is threatened by introduced species and weeds. In 1606, Dutch sailor Willem Jansz explored Australia as first European explorer on Cape York Peninsula.
Queensland is the second-largest and third-most populous state in the Commonwealth of Australia. Situated in the north-east of the country, it is bordered by the Northern Territory, South Australia and New South Wales to the west, south-west and south respectively. To the east, Queensland is bordered by the Coral Sea and Pacific Ocean. To its north is the Torres Strait, with Papua New Guinea located less than 200 km across it from the mainland. The state is the world's sixth-largest sub-national entity, with an area of 1,852,642 square kilometres (715,309 sq mi).
The Tjongkandji tribe were known as a Mapoon tribe, 150 square miles (390 km2) on the lower Batavia River, extending west of its mouth southwards for some 15 miles, namely from Cullen Point, known in their language, according to Walter Roth's transcription as Tratha-m-ballayallyana to Janie Creek.whose lands extended along and inland from the Port Musgrave coast over an area of
Mapoon is a town in the Aboriginal Shire of Mapoon and a locality split between the Aboriginal Shire of Mapoon and the Shire of Cook in Queensland, Australia. At the 2011 Australian Census the town recorded a population of 263 and 90% of the town's population was of Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent.
Port Musgrave is a shallow, almost enclosed, estuarine bay located on the western coast of the Cape York Peninsula in Far North Queensland, Australia.
The Wenlock River is a river located on the Cape York Peninsula in Far North Queensland, Australia.
A band society, sometimes called a camp or, in older usage, a horde, is the simplest form of human society. A band generally consists of a small kin group, no larger than an extended family or clan. The general consensus of modern anthropology sees the average number of members of a social band at the simplest level of foraging societies with generally a maximum size of 30 to 50 people.
The Barungguan are an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of Northern Queensland. The name is associated with three languages, Ganganda, Umpithamu and Morrobolam.
The Pakadji people, also known by the southern tribal exonym as the Koko Yao, were an Indigenous Australian group of Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland. The ethnonym Koko Ya'o is said literally to mean 'talk, speech' (koko/kuku) 'this way' (ya'o), though this has been questioned.
The Olkolo or Koko-olkola' are an Indigenous Australian people of central and eastern Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland. According to Norman Tindale, they are to be distinguished from the Kokangol, higher up on the Alice River watershed.
The Otati, or Wutati, were an Indigenous Australian people of central and eastern Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland, according to Norman Tindale, though the ethnonym may designate the same people as the Wuthathi.
The Night Island Kawadji, or Uutaalnganu, were an Indigenous Australian group of Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland. The name, which means is also used collectively for several tribes in this area, such as the Pontunj / Jangkonj (Yanganyu), whose language is unconfirmed.
The Umpila are an Indigenous Australian people of the eastern Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland. The majority of the remnant of the Umpila now live in Lockhart.
The Umpithamu, also once known to ethnographers as the Koko Ompindamo, are a contemporary Indigenous Australian people of the eastern Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland. Norman Tindale, transcribing their ethnonym Umpithamu as Umbindhamu, referred to them as a horde of the Barungguan.
The Pontunj, also called the Yankonyu, are a contemporary Indigenous Australian people of the eastern Cape York Peninsula in northern Queensland.
The Tulua were an indigenous Australian tribe of Queensland.
The Goeng or Goeng Goeng were an indigenous Australian tribe of the state of Queensland. They lived in the area of the area of present day Gladstone.
The Unjadi (Unyadi) were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of northern Queensland.
The Barranbinya, also written Baranbinja, were an indigenous Australian people of New South Wales.
The Ankamuti were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of Queensland.
The Ngathokudi (Ngadhugudi) were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland. Their language was possibly a dialect of Uradhi.
The Maikathari (Mayi-Thakurti) were an indigenous Australian people of the state of Queensland.
The Wikatinda were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of northern Queensland. They were one of the Wik peoples, but their language is unattested.
The Wik Elken (Wik-Kalkan), or Wik-Ngatharr, were an indigenous Australian people, one of the Wik tribes of the Cape York Peninsula of the state of Queensland.
The Nggamadi were an indigenous Australian people of the Cape York Peninsula of northern Queensland.
The Djerait were an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory
The Ngolokwangga are an indigenous Australian people of the Northern Territory.
Walter Edmund Roth was a British colonial administrator, anthropologist and medical practitioner, who worked in Queensland, Australia and British Guiana between 1898 and 1928.
The Australian Museum is the oldest museum in Australia, with an international reputation in the fields of natural history and anthropology. It was first conceived and developed along the contemporary European model of an encyclopaedic warehouse of cultural and natural history and features collections of vertebrate and invertebrate zoology, as well as mineralogy, palaeontology and anthropology. Apart from exhibitions, the museum is also involved in Indigenous studies research and community programs. In the museum's early years, collecting was its main priority, and specimens were commonly traded with British and other European institutions. The scientific stature of the museum was established under the curatorship of Gerard Krefft, himself a published scientist.
Donald Finlay Fergusson Thomson, OBE was an Australian anthropologist and ornithologist who was largely responsible for turning the Caledon Bay crisis into a "decisive moment in the history of Aboriginal-European relations". He is remembered as a friend of the Yolngu people, and as a champion of understanding, by non-Indigenous Australians, of the culture and society of Indigenous Australians.