Tony Lombardo

Last updated
Tony Lombardo
Origin Long Beach, California
Genres Punk rock
Occupation(s)Bass guitarist, songwriter, singer, postal worker
InstrumentsBass guitar
Years active1979–85, 1991, 1996
LabelsOrca, New Alliance, Cruz
Associated acts Descendents, All, Spiffy

Tony Lombardo (born c. 1945) [1] is an American musician who was the original bassist in the punk rock band the Descendents. He joined the band in 1979 and played on their debut single, the Fat EP (1981), and the albums Milo Goes to College (1982) and I Don't Want to Grow Up (1985). After leaving the band, he performed in other acts and worked for the United States Postal Service until 2005. He collaborated with the Descendents' successor band, All, writing two songs for their album Allroy's Revenge (1989) and teaming up with them for an album of his own songs, New Girl, Old Story (1991), credited to "TonyAll". He also collaborated with the reunited Descendents on their 1996 album Everything Sucks .

Contents

Biography

Early life

Lombardo is originally from the South Bay, Los Angeles, but later moved to Long Beach, California to attend California State University, Long Beach. [2]

1979–85: Descendents

Lombardo joined the Descendents in 1979, while the band was still in its formative stages. [3] Frank Navetta, David Nolte, and Bill Stevenson were rehearsing in Navetta's brother's garage in Long Beach. [3] Hearing Lombardo practicing the bass guitar in his own garage up the street, they approached him and asked him to join the band. [2] [3] There was a significant age difference between Lombardo and the other band members: He was 34, while they were in their mid-teens. [2] [3] "He appeared to be somewhat older than us," Stevenson later recalled, "but I have to say he looked and acted very young for his age. It all worked out. There’s me and Frank just being completely ridiculous and asinine, and Tony was in some ways the voice of reason or elder ambassador that would yield a modicum of propriety or reasonableness to our stupid arguments." [3]

Nolte soon bowed out to join his brothers in The Last, and the power trio lineup of Navetta, Lombardo, and Stevenson released the Descendent's debut single, "Ride the Wild" / "It's a Hectic World" (1979). [4] Lombardo wrote and sang on the B-side track. [5] Stevenson's classmate Milo Aukerman joined the band in 1980 as lead singer, solidifying the early Descendents lineup. [6] The Fat EP (1981) included two Lombardo compositions, "Hey Hey" and "My Dad Sucks", the later co-written with Navetta. [5] For the Descendents' debut album Milo Goes to College (1982), so named because Aukerman was leaving the band to study biology, Lombardo wrote "I'm Not a Punk", "Suburban Home", and "Kabuki Girl", and shares co-author credit on "I Wanna Be a Bear", "Tonyage", "Catalina", and "M-16". [5]

With Aukerman away at college, the Descendents added Ray Cooper as both singer and second guitarist. [7] They performed with this lineup, and occasionally as a quintet when Aukerman would make return visits to Los Angeles. [7] Stevenson pushed for the band to tour, which Navetta and Lombardo were against: "Bill kind of sat down with me and Frank and said something to the effect of we were at a point where we needed to grow by going on the road", Lombardo later said. "Frank said no, and I had to say no also, so he said he had to leave the band and we were both kind of bummed out. I don’t think Frank even believed him at first. That was a bad scenario." [8] Navetta, Lombardo, and Cooper tried to start a new band, the Ascendants. [8] [9] [10] "We played one show", said Lombardo. "Frank played in his underwear, and I don’t mean boxers. It was all a disaster, it was sad, for me anyway." [8]

Navetta ultimately quit the band and moved to Oregon, but Lombardo remained for the recording of the Descendents' 1985 album I Don't Want to Grow Up , which includes three of his compositions: the title track, "GCF", and the instrumental "Theme". [11] [12] He also shares co-author credit on "Descendents", "Pervert", and "Rockstar". [12] Stevenson prepared a tour to support the album, but Lombardo declined due to his personal and professional commitments, thus quitting the band:

In 1985, when Bill came to me and said he had lined up a U.S. tour, I had just bought a house, I had been working at the post office for three years and I was engaged to a woman who I never did marry. Not doing that [tour] was the biggest mistake of my life because I think "Wow, I could have exhausted my creative potential into the band." I'd like to think we would have moved into a punk/jazz direction, like "Tonyage". I guess most people say they have no regrets in life. Yes, I still do regret that. I will always regret that. It was my insecurities. To go on the road, to leave this woman, my house, my job...I wasn't a 17 year-old kid who could say "Bye, mom, I'm off." It's goodbye to this woman I'm engaged to, goodbye to this house I put $40,000 on, goodbye to this job I've had for three years. [2]

Stevenson later regretting not being more accommodating: "Looking back on it, I should have been more sensitive to Tony’s time limitations and maybe tried to limit the touring to if he had a week or two off. That would have been the compassionate thing to do as a band of friends, but I think I was too hell-bent on charging it and going for it. The band was just too good to be ‘Let’s practice four days a week and do two shows a month.’ We were just too good of a band for that to be the end of our story." [8] Lombardo was replaced in the lineup by Doug Carrion. [9] [10] [13]

1985–present: Post-Descendents

After leaving the Descendents, Lombardo continued to work for the United States Postal Service until his retirement in 2005. [2] He has lived in Lakewood, California since the early 1980s. [2] Over the years he has played in several other bands including Nuclear Bob, Boxer Rebellion, and Launch Pad. [14] The Descendents experienced more lineup changes and released two more albums before Aukerman left the band in 1987. Stevenson changed the band's name to All, and they continued to tour and release albums. Lombardo wrote two songs for All's 1989 album Allroy's Revenge , "Man-O-Steel" and the instrumental "Gnutheme". [15] In 1990 he collaborated with All to record New Girl, Old Story , an album of songs he had written between 1979 and 1989. [16] Lombardo played bass on the entire record, which was released under the band name "TonyAll", and sang on five of its twelve tracks: [16]

Bill owed me some money, and I think he suggested that he would record an album for me in lieu of paying me some money at that particular point in time. I thought it was a great idea. They were songs of a different nature. We got Karl [Alvarez] to sing, Scott [Reynolds] sang. I sang, if you want to call it singing. My voice is very shaky, iffy. I actually sent one song to KROQ under the band name Larger Than Life. Oh, what a joke. I thought it was pretty good. It was fun. I don’t regret anything. Those were pretty good songs. [8]

When Aukerman reunited with the band as the Descendents for the 1996 album Everything Sucks , Lombardo and Navetta both participated. Lombardo played bass on "Doghouse" and received co-writer credit on "Eunuch Boy", a song he and Aukerman had written fifteen years earlier. [14] [17] He also wrote and played on the song "Gotta" from the album's recording sessions, which was released on the "When I Get Old" single. [18] Lombardo also joined former Descendents guitarist Ray Cooper in the band Spiffy, who released two singles in 1996.[ citation needed ]

In 2002 Lombardo and Navetta joined Stevenson for a reunion performance by the Descendents' original power trio lineup at Stevenson's Stockage festival in Fort Collins, Colorado. [19] According to Lombardo, they also recorded some songs for a potential future release: "We recorded some of my songs in 2006 at The Blasting Room. In 2002 we recorded a whole bunch of songs, mostly Frank's songs. He was a great songwriter. He had such a unique EQ out of his amp. When we recorded later in 2008, we did some more of my songs, but Frank wasn't there for that. We tried to recreate that unique Frank sound. I'd like to think of these as songs that if the Descendents had stayed together, this is what we would have sounded like. Those are in Bill's hands. Milo has said from the get-go that he would record it, but he hasn't yet." [2] Navetta died in 2008. [20] [21] [22] Lombardo joined All onstage for two performances in Southern California in July 2009. [23] [24]

Lombardo participated in the making of Filmage , a 2013 documentary film chronicling the history of the Descendents and All, in which he is featured in interview footage discussing his time with the band. [25] In September 2014 he joined the Descendents to perform Milo Goes to College in its entirety at the Riot Fests in Chicago and Denver. [26] [27]

Playing style

Frank and I played all down strokes. In retrospect it was stupid and silly, because you don’t really need to, but it was more visceral, so you could make faces with some legitimacy rather than posing. I think my approach is that I’m a frustrated guitar player who’s not really good enough to play guitar, but I want to play melodic things. It started out with just doing transitions from one chord to the next, then it got into where I was actually playing an alternative melodic line, so I would use the singer’s melody as a starting point and then just kind of go with it.

–Tony Lombardo [8]

Lombardo's bass playing with the Descendents was marked by his use of eighth note chord progressions, played in runs using down strokes rather than alternate picking. [28] "Tony brings a unique style of bass playing," said Black Flag bassist Chuck Dukowski, "Every time they’re on a chord, it's a run." [28] Karl Alvarez, bassist for the Descendents and All since 1987, said of Lombardo's playing: "Without being a technical player, he can play some stuff that’s flat-out impossible, and to him it’s not weird. That’s the best part. It’s not 'I'm going to impress you with my virtuosity by playing this incredibly difficult line', it's just 'that’s how the song goes.' The song just happens to do this ornate, complex, crazy thing on the bass because that’s just how it goes." [8]

To help increase his playing speed, Lombardo made a strap out of duct tape and fishing weights that he would wrap around his right wrist while practicing: "I used to wrap this around my wrist, and I would play—all down strokes, mind you. After you took those weights off, you felt lighter, you felt faster. It might have been psychological, might've been a little bit to it." [28] He would frequently play so fast and with such hard strokes that his right arm would begin to cramp. [8] "I called it 'Lombardo Arm'", said SWA's Greg Cameron, "because [his] arm would start to cramp up and you could just see the veins popping out, he was playing so hard." [8]

Blink-182 bassist Mark Hoppus cites Lombardo as a major influence on his own playing style: "His bass playing on those albums of the Descendents is only entirely influential on my playing. Just that eighth note down stroke powerful foundation of the melody that allows the guitars to do all kinds of other things. His playing is phenomenal." [8] [28]

Songwriting

Lombardo's songwriting credits with the Descendents include the songs "It's a Hectic World", "Hey Hey", "I'm Not a Punk", "Suburban Home","Kabuki Girl", "I Don't Want to Grow Up", "GCF", "Theme", and "Gotta". [5] [12] [18] He shares co-writer credit on "My Dad Sucks", "I Wanna Be a Bear", "Tonyage", "Catalina", "M-16", "Descendents", "Pervert", "Rockstar", and "Eunuch Boy". [5] [12] [17] He wrote "Gnutheme" and "Man-O-Steel" for All, as well as all twelve tracks on New Girl, Old Story. [15] [16] For Spiffy he wrote the songs "In the Mall" and "Make It".[ citation needed ] "Most of my songs are about girls, and usually how they break boys' hearts", he said in an interview for the 2013 documentary Filmage . [8]

Some of Lombardo's early songs with the Descendents dealt with his desire for stability and individuality. [2] "I would write a song like 'I Don't Want to Grow Up' like, 'I don't want to grow up because I don't want to be like certain adults that were negatively influencing the world'", he said, "Not just I want to be a kid and live like a kid. I don't want to grow up to be like you." [2] "I'm Not a Punk" reflected his disinterest in being part of the punk scene: "I remember playing this one show in Redondo Beach, there was something about punkers destroying the bathroom. That whole thing turned me off. I just wanted to play the music and do it as best I could and I had a lot of fun doing that [...] It's like 'I'm Not a Punk'. I want to be my own person." [2] "Suburban Home" was quite literal, expressing his desire for "a house just like mom and dad's": [5] [8]

I definitely wanted a home. I couldn't live in a place where all the people are cool. I don't like dysfunctionality. I have an abhorrence of dysfunctionality because my mother was an alcoholic, my parents are divorced, I just don't need that assault on my emotions and psyche. [8] I think I wanted to get lost in suburbia, rather than embrace suburbia. I live in suburbia now and I'm still the black sheep on the block. I'm single, no kids, no barbecues, no picnics. My neighbors are hardcore Christians. Nobody bothers me. I couldn't stand to live on a place like Melrose, where all the cool people are coming by whenever they want, just dropping in. [2]

Discography

With the Descendents
With TonyAll
With Spiffy

Related Research Articles

Bill Stevenson (musician) American musician

John William Stevenson is an American musician and record producer. He is the drummer, main songwriter, and the only constant member of the California punk rock group Descendents since its inception. In late December 1981, he played a few concerts with the hardcore punk band Black Flag because their drummer ROBO was detained in England after a tour there. He went on to record with Black Flag on several of their albums until 1985. After this he focused his attention on Descendents and played with them until their lead singer Milo Aukerman left in 1987. After Milo had left, Bill and the others from Descendents, Karl Alvarez and Stephen Egerton, got singer Dave Smalley of Dag Nasty and formed All. All went on to have two more singers, Scott Reynolds (1989–1993) and Chad Price (1993–present). Aukerman came back for the 1996 album Everything Sucks, the 2004 album Cool to Be You and the newest, 2016's Hypercaffium Spazzinate. All and Descendents continue to tour between Stevenson's and Aukerman's respective careers as a recording engineer and a biochemist. Stevenson was born in Torrance, California and attended Mira Costa High School, with fellow members of the Descendents.

Descendents Punk rock band

The Descendents are a punk rock band formed in 1977 in Manhattan Beach, California by guitarist Frank Navetta, bassist Tony Lombardo and drummer Bill Stevenson. In 1979, they enlisted Stevenson's school friend Milo Aukerman as a singer, and reappeared as a punk rock band, becoming a major player in the hardcore punk scene developing in Los Angeles at the time. They have released seven studio albums, three live albums, three compilation albums, and three EPs. Since 1986, the band's lineup has consisted of singer Milo Aukerman, guitarist Stephen Egerton, bassist Karl Alvarez, and drummer Bill Stevenson.

All is an American punk rock band originally from Los Angeles, currently based in Fort Collins, Colorado, formed by Descendents members Bill Stevenson, Karl Alvarez, and Stephen Egerton.

<i>Milo Goes to College</i> 1982 studio album by the Descendents

Milo Goes to College is the first full-length album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1982 through New Alliance Records. Its title referred to singer Milo Aukerman's decision to leave the band to attend college, and its cover illustration introduced a caricature of him that would go on to become the band's mascot. It was the Descendents' last record with founding guitarist Frank Navetta, who quit the band during the hiatus that followed its release.

<i>Fat</i> (EP) 1981 EP by the Descendents

The Fat EP is an EP by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1981 through New Alliance Records. It was the band's first recording with singer Milo Aukerman and established their presence in the southern California hardcore punk movement, with short, aggressive songs that represented a shift in style from their previous new wave and surf sound. The EP was re-released in later years as part of several compilation albums.

<i>I Dont Want to Grow Up</i> 1985 studio album by the Descendents

I Don't Want to Grow Up is the second album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1985 through New Alliance Records. It marked the end of a two-year hiatus for the band, during which singer Milo Aukerman had attended college and drummer Bill Stevenson had joined Black Flag. I Don't Want to Grow Up was the first of two albums the Descendents recorded with guitarist Ray Cooper, and their last with original bassist Tony Lombardo, who quit the group because he did not want to go on tour. Though recorded quickly and without much rehearsal time, I Don't Want to Grow Up received positive reviews from critics, who praised its catchy songs, strong melodies, and pop-influenced love songs.

<i>Enjoy!</i> (Descendents album) 1986 studio album by the Descendents

Enjoy! is the third album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1986 through New Alliance Records and Restless Records. It was the band's final album with guitarist Ray Cooper and only album with bassist Doug Carrion, both of whom left the group after the album's first supporting tour. Enjoy! was marked by the use of toilet humor, with references to defecation and flatulence in its artwork, the title track, and "Orgofart". It also displayed a darker, more heavy metal-influenced sound in the songs "Hürtin' Crüe", "Days Are Blood", and "Orgo 51". Reviewers were critical of both the scatological humor and the heavier songs on the album. Enjoy! features a cover version of The Beach Boys' "Wendy", the only cover song in the Descendents catalog.

<i>All</i> (Descendents album) 1987 studio album by the Descendents

All is the fourth album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1987 through SST Records. It was the band's first album with bassist Karl Alvarez and guitarist Stephen Egerton, who brought new songwriting ideas to the group. The album is titled after the concept of "All" invented by drummer Bill Stevenson and friend Pat McCuistion in 1980. Based on the goals of achieving "the total extent" and "to not settle for some, to always go for All", the philosophy was the subject of the one-second title track, the two-second "No, All!", and "All-O-Gistics".

<i>Everything Sucks</i> (Descendents album) 1996 studio album by the Descendents

Everything Sucks is the fifth studio album by American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1996 through Epitaph Records. It was their first album of new studio material since 1987's All, after which singer Milo Aukerman had left the band to pursue a career in biochemistry. The remaining members had changed the band's name to All and released eight albums between 1988 and 1995 with singers Dave Smalley, Scott Reynolds, and Chad Price. When Aukerman decided to return to music the group chose to operate as two acts simultaneously, playing with Aukerman as the Descendents and with Price as All.

<i>Somery</i> 1991 compilation album by the Descendents

Somery is a compilation album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1991 through SST Records. It compiles songs from their Fat EP (1981) and the albums Milo Goes to College (1982), I Don't Want to Grow Up (1985), Enjoy! (1986), and All (1987).

Frank Navetta American musician

Frank Navetta was an American musician who was the original guitarist of the punk rock band the Descendents, which he co-founded. He formed the band in Manhattan Beach, California with Dave Nolte in the late 1970s and played on their 1979 debut single, the Fat EP (1981), and their first album, Milo Goes to College (1982). Navetta then quit the band and moved to Oregon to become a fisherman. He collaborated with the Descendents again on the 1996 album Everything Sucks, and prior to his death in 2008 had been working on new material with original Descendents members Bill Stevenson and Tony Lombardo.

Doug Carrion is an American musician, audio engineer, record producer, and music editor. He played bass guitar in the punk rock bands the Descendents and Dag Nasty during the 1980s, and in the hard rock band For Love Not Lisa in the early 1990s. He has had a long working relationship with Brad "Daddy X" Xavier, playing with him in the punk rock bands Doggy Style and Humble Gods, working with his rap rock group the Kottonmouth Kings in the 2000s, and playing on his solo albums. Carrion has also composed, edited, and recorded music for television and films, including several reality television series and game shows during the 2000s. In 2012 he started his own Americana group, Doug C and the Blacklisted.

<i>Allroy Sez</i> 1988 studio album by All

Allroy Sez is the debut album by the American punk rock band All, released in March 1988 through Cruz Records. Following the departure of singer Milo Aukerman from the Descendents, the remaining members—bassist Karl Alvarez, guitarist Stephen Egerton, and drummer Bill Stevenson—recruited singer Dave Smalley and changed the name of the band to All, which was both the title of the Descendents' 1987 album and a philosophical concept invented by Stevenson and friend Pat McCuistion in 1980. Allroy Sez introduced the character of Allroy, who would serve as a mascot for the band and be featured on many of their subsequent album covers.

<i>Allroys Revenge</i> 1989 studio album by All

Allroy's Revenge is the second studio album by the American punk rock band All, released in 1989 through Cruz Records. It was the band's first release with singer Scott Reynolds, replacing Dave Smalley who had left in late 1988. The album includes two songs written by Tony Lombardo, the original bassist for All's precursor band the Descendents. It also includes a cover version of "Hot Rod Lincoln", a 1955 song by Charlie Ryan that was a hit for Commander Cody and His Lost Planet Airmen in 1971. "She's My Ex" was released as the album's single.

<i>Allroy Saves</i> 1990 studio album by All

Allroy Saves is the third studio album by the American punk rock band All, released in 1990 through Cruz Records. It was the first album that the band members recorded, mixed, and produced entirely on their own. A music video, the band's first, was released for the song "Simple Things".

<i>Bonus Fat</i> 1985 compilation album by the Descendents

Bonus Fat is a compilation album by the American punk rock band the Descendents, released in 1985 through New Alliance Records. It combines the band's 1979 debut single "Ride the Wild" / "It's a Hectic World" with their 1981 Fat EP and the track "Global Probing" from the 1981 New Alliance compilation Chunks. The compilation's cover combines guitarist Frank Navetta's illustration for the Fat EP with a caricature of singer Milo Aukerman drawn by Jeff "Rat" Atkins.

Ride the Wild / Its a Hectic World 1979 single by Descendents

"Ride the Wild" / "It's a Hectic World" is the 1979 debut single by the American punk rock band the Descendents. It was the band's first release and displayed a new wave and surf sound. It was recorded at a time when the band lacked a lead singer, so vocals on the recording were provided by guitarist Frank Navetta and bassist Tony Lombardo. With the addition of singer Milo Aukerman in 1980, the band moved towards a hardcore punk sound. "Ride the Wild" and "It's a Hectic World" were re-released in later years on compilation albums.

<i>New Girl, Old Story</i> 1991 studio album by All with Tony Lombardo

New Girl, Old Story is collaborative album between the American punk rock band All and Tony Lombardo, the original bassist of All's precursor band the Descendents. Credited to "TonyAll", it consists of twelve songs written by Lombardo between 1979 and 1989. Lombardo played bass guitar on the entire album, with the members of All playing the rest of the instrumentation. Vocals were split between Lombardo and All singer Scott Reynolds, with All bassist Karl Alvarez also singing one song. Along with their 1990 album Allroy Saves, recorded at the same time, New Girl, Old Story was the last album recorded by All before their relocation from Los Angeles to Brookfield, Missouri.

Descendents discography

The discography of the Descendents, a punk rock band formed in Manhattan Beach, California in 1978, consists of seven studio albums, three live albums, three compilation albums, three EPs, three singles, and four music videos.

<i>Filmage</i> 2013 film

Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All is a 2013 independent documentary film chronicling the history of the American punk rock bands the Descendents and All. It was written by Matt Riggle, who produced and directed it with Deedle LaCour. The film uses an oral history format, telling the bands' stories through the use of interviews with over 40 subjects, as well as new and archival footage. It stars drummer Bill Stevenson, singer Milo Aukerman, bassist Karl Alvarez, and guitarist Stephen Egerton, and features nearly all past and present members of both bands. Filmage also features numerous musicians who were contemporaries of, worked with, or were influenced by the Descendents and All.

References

  1. Ritchie, Ryan. "Why Former Descendents' Bass Player Isn't Rushing Out to See the Band's New Documentary".
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 Ritchie, Ryan (2013-08-23). "Why Former Descendents' Bass Player Isn't Rushing Out to See the Band's New Documentary". ocweekly.com. OC Weekly . Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 LaCour, Deedle (Director); Riggle, Matt (Director) (2013). Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All (DVD). Manchester: Rogue Elephant Pictures. Event occurs at 11:35.
  4. Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 12:55.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Two Things at Once (CD liner). Descendents. Lawndale, California: SST Records. 1988. SST CD 145.CS1 maint: others (link)
  6. Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 13:50.
  7. 1 2 "Bonus Cut". Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 4:10.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 "The Lombardo Short". Filmage:The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 0:10.
  9. 1 2 "All/Descendents Family Shrub". All (CD booklet). All. Fort Collins, Colorado: Owned & Operated Records. 1998. O&O 007-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. 1 2 "All/Descendents Family Shrub". descendentsonline.com. Descendents. 1996. Archived from the original on 2011-07-09. Retrieved 2010-02-07.
  11. Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 27:22.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 I Don't Want to Grow Up (CD liner). Descendents. Lawndale, California: SST Records. 1987. SST CD 143.CS1 maint: others (link)
  13. Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 29:38.
  14. 1 2 "F.A.Q." descendentsonline.com. Descendents. Archived from the original on 2010-02-11. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  15. 1 2 Allroy's Revenge (CD booklet). All. Long Beach, California: Cruz Records. 1989. CRUZ CD 006.CS1 maint: others (link)
  16. 1 2 3 4 New Girl, Old Story (CD liner). TonyAll. Long Beach, California: Cruz Records. 1991. CRZ CD 016.CS1 maint: others (link)
  17. 1 2 3 Everything Sucks (CD liner). Descendents. Los Angeles, California: Epitaph Records. 1996. 86418-2.CS1 maint: others (link)
  18. 1 2 3 When I Get Old (CD liner). Descendents. Los Angeles, California: Epitaph Records. 1997. 86506.CS1 maint: others (link)
  19. Sutherland, Sam (2006-01-01). "Descendents Give Their All". exclaim.ca. Exclaim! . Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  20. "Bonus Cut". Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 44:40.
  21. Thiessen, Brock (2008-11-03). "R.I.P. Descendents Guitarist/Co-Founder Frank Navetta". exclaim.ca. Exclaim! . Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  22. "In Memoriam: Frank Navetta of the Descendents (-2008)". Punknews.org. 2008-11-02. Retrieved 2015-02-20.
  23. Paul, Aubin (2009-11-11). "Tours: All / Off with Their Heads / Shot Baker (East Coast)". Punknews.org. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  24. "All Postpones East Coast Tour". Punknews.org. 2009-12-30. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  25. Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All.
  26. "Riot Fest Day Two: Sunshine, Bees, the Descendents, Dashboard Confessional, and More". chicagoreader.com. Chicago Reader. 2014-09-14. Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  27. Frey, Jamie. "Feminism, Nostalgia, Punk Rock.. and Beer". jerseybeat.com. Jersey Beat . Retrieved 2015-02-21.
  28. 1 2 3 4 Filmage: The Story of Descendents/All. Event occurs at 16:30.
  29. Brennan, Abe (2000). The Blasting Room (CD liner). Various Artists. Fort Collins, Colorado: Owned & Operated Recordings. O&O 008-2.