Rapids on Trout River, from Mackenzie Highway
|Main source|| Sambaa K'e |
490 meters (1,610 ft)
|River mouth|| Mackenzie River |
145 meters (476 ft)
Trout River is a river in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is a major tributary of the Mackenzie River.
The Northwest Territories is a federal territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,786, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2018 is 44,445. Yellowknife became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border. Its capital is Ottawa, and its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto, Montreal, and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra. Consequently, its population is highly urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies widely across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons.
The Mackenzie River is the longest river system in Canada, and has the second largest drainage basin of any North American river after the Mississippi River. The Mackenzie River flows through a vast, thinly populated region of forest and tundra entirely within the Canadian Northwest Territories, although its many tributaries reach into four other Canadian provinces and territories.
The river gives the name to the Trout River Formation, a stratigraphical unit of the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.
The Trout River Formation is a stratigraphical unit of Late Devonian age in the Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin.
The Western Canadian Sedimentary Basin (WCSB) is a vast sedimentary basin underlying 1,400,000 square kilometres (540,000 sq mi) of Western Canada including southwestern Manitoba, southern Saskatchewan, Alberta, northeastern British Columbia and the southwest corner of the Northwest Territories. It consists of a massive wedge of sedimentary rock extending from the Rocky Mountains in the west to the Canadian Shield in the east. This wedge is about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) thick under the Rocky Mountains, but thins to zero at its eastern margins. The WCSB contains one of the world's largest reserves of petroleum and natural gas and supplies much of the North American market, producing more than 16,000,000,000 cubic feet (450,000,000 m3) per day of gas in 2000. It also has huge reserves of coal. Of the provinces and territories within the WCSB, Alberta has most of the oil and gas reserves and almost all of the oil sands.
The Trout River originates in Sambaa K'e at an elevation of 490 metres (1,610 ft). It flows north and then east, through occasional rapids, receiving the waters from several creeks and lakes. The course becomes meandered before it is crossed by the Mackenzie Highway, where the river turns sharply west, then north. It continues through a 60-metre (200 ft) deep canyon, then empties into the Mackenzie River, 60 kilometres (37 mi) downstream from Jean Marie River and 95 kilometres (59 mi) upstream from Mills Lake, at an elevation of 145 metres (476 ft).
Sambaa K’e is a lake in the Dehcho Region of the Northwest Territories of Canada. The only settlement on its shores shares the same name; both were officially known as Trout Lake until 2016, when their names were changed to reflect local usage.
Rapids are sections of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient, causing an increase in water velocity and turbulence.
A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves, bends, loops, turns, or windings in the channel of a river, stream, or other watercourse. It is produced by a stream or river swinging from side to side as it flows across its floodplain or shifts its channel within a valley. A meander is produced by a stream or river as it erodes the sediments comprising an outer, concave bank and deposits this and other sediment downstream on an inner, convex bank which is typically a point bar. The result of sediments being eroded from the outside concave bank and their deposition on an inside convex bank is the formation of a sinuous course as a channel migrates back and forth across the down-valley axis of a floodplain. The zone within which a meandering stream shifts its channel across either its floodplain or valley floor from time to time is known as a meander belt. It typically ranges from 15 to 18 times the width of the channel. Over time, meanders migrate downstream, sometimes in such a short time as to create civil engineering problems for local municipalities attempting to maintain stable roads and bridges.
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Alberta is a Canadian province. Located in Western Canada, the province has an area of 661,190 square kilometres (255,290 sq mi) and is bounded to the south by the U.S. state of Montana along 49° north for 298 kilometres (185 mi); to the east at 110° west by the province of Saskatchewan for 1,223 kilometres (760 mi); and at 60° north the Northwest Territories for 644 kilometres (400 mi). The southern half of the province borders British Columbia along the Continental Divide of the Americas on the peaks of the Rocky Mountains, while the northern half borders British Columbia along the 120th meridian west.
The Liard River flows through Yukon, British Columbia and the Northwest Territories, Canada. Rising in the Saint Cyr Range of the Pelly Mountains in southeastern Yukon, it flows 1,115 kilometres (693 mi) southeast through British Columbia, marking the northern end of the Rocky Mountains and then curving northeast back into Yukon and Northwest Territories, draining into the Mackenzie River at Fort Simpson, Northwest Territories. The river drains approximately 277,100 square kilometres (107,000 sq mi) of boreal forest and muskeg.
The Fond du Lac River is one of the upper branches of the Mackenzie River system, draining into the Arctic Ocean, located in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. The river is 277 kilometres (172 mi) long, has a watershed of 66,800 square kilometres (25,792 sq mi), and its mean discharge is 300 cubic metres per second (10,594 cu ft/s).
The Hayes River is a river in Northern Region, Manitoba, Canada that flows from Molson Lake to Hudson Bay at York Factory. It was an historically important river in the development of Canada, and is today a Canadian Heritage River and the longest naturally flowing river in Manitoba.
The Hood River of Nunavut, Canada, is a 400-kilometre (250 mi) long river draining into the Arctic Ocean from its headwaters in the interior of Canada's tundra at Takijuq Lake, close to the Northwest Territories border. The river ends at Arctic Sound near the community of Bathurst Inlet. The river is above the Arctic Circle and tree line.
The Hay River is a large river in northern Alberta and southern Northwest Territories, Canada.
The Horn River is a river in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is a major tributary of the Mackenzie River.
The Kakisa River is a major tributary of the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories of Canada.
The Redknife River is a river in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is a major tributary of the Mackenzie River.
The Bolton River is a river in the Hudson Bay drainage basin in Census Division No. 22 - Thompson-North Central, Northern Region, Manitoba, Canada. It is about 115 kilometres (71 mi) long and begins at Musketasonan Lake, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of Molson Lake, at an elevation of 249 metres (817 ft). It flows northeast through Little Bolton Lake at an elevation of 224 metres (735 ft), Rushforth Lake at an elevation of 218 metres (715 ft), Bolton Lake at an elevation of 212 metres (696 ft), where it takes in the right tributary Nikik River, and Kakwusis Lake at an elevation of 208 metres (682 ft). The river continues northeast over the twin Kasukwapiskechewak Rapids, then over the twin Kakwu Rapids, and empties into Aswapiswanan Lake at an elevation of 186 metres (610 ft), about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west southwest of the community of Gods Lake Narrows. The Bolton River's waters eventually flow into Gods Lake, and via the Gods River and the Hayes River into Hudson Bay.
Black Lake is a lake in the Mackenzie River drainage basin in northern Saskatchewan, Canada. It is about 55 kilometres (34 mi) long, 17 kilometres (11 mi) wide, has an area of 464 square kilometres (179 sq mi), and lies at an elevation of 281 metres (922 ft). The primary inflows are the Chipman River, Cree River, Fond du Lac River, and Souter River; the primary outflow is Fond du Lac River, which flows via the Mackenzie River into the Arctic Ocean.
The Redstone River is a large river in the Northwest Territories of Canada. It is about 289 kilometres (180 mi) long. It is a tributary of the Mackenzie River, joining it on the left bank some 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of Wrigley. Draining a rugged and high area of the Mackenzie Mountains, the Redstone watershed is sparsely populated by people but remains an ecological haven for wildlife including moose, caribou, wolves Dall's Sheep and Bears. It is a pristine mountain wilderness.
The Wetetnagami River is a tributary of the south shore of Nicobi Lake flowing in Quebec, in Canada, overlapping the administrative areas of:
The Opawica River is a tributary of the Waswanipi River, which is a tributary of Matagami Lake which in turn flows into the Nottaway River which flows into the south of James Bay. The Opawica River flows in the municipality of Eeyou Istchee Baie-James (municipality), in the administrative region of Nord-du-Québec, in Quebec, the Canada.
The Macho River is a tributary of the Mégiscane River, flowing in Quebec, Canada, in the territories of:
The Normandin River is a tributary of the north shore of Ashuapmushuan Lake, flowing into the unorganized territory of Lac-Ashuapmushuan, Quebec, into the Regional County Municipality (RCM) of Le Domaine-du-Roy, in the administrative region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, in Quebec, in Canada.
The La Loche River is a tributary of the Ashuapmushuan River, flowing into the unorganized territory of Ashuapmushuan Lake, into the Regional County Municipality (RCM) of Le Domaine-du-Roy, in the administrative region of Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean, in Quebec, in Canada.
The Wapous River is a tributary of the Gouin Reservoir, flowing in the territory of the town of La Tuque, in the administrative region of Mauricie, in Quebec, in Canada.