USS Texas (CGN-39)

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USS Texas (CGN-39).JPG
History
Flag of the United States.svgUnited States
Name:Texas
Namesake: State of Texas
Ordered: 21 December 1971
Builder: Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company
Laid down: 18 August 1973
Launched: 9 August 1975
Sponsored by: Mrs. Dolph Briscoe
Commissioned: 10 September 1977
Decommissioned: 16 July 1993
Stricken: 16 July 1993
Motto:Proud Heritage, Proud Purpose
Fate: Nuclear Recycling, 30 October 2001
Notes: Radio Callsign: NTEX
Badge: USS Texas (CGN-39) insignia, 1983.png
General characteristics
Class and type: Virginia-classcruiser
Displacement: 11,000 long tons (11,000 t) full
Length: 585 ft (178 m)
Beam: 63 ft (19 m)
Draft: 31 ft (9.4 m)
Propulsion: 2 General Electric D2G reactors, geared turbines, twin propellers, 60,000 hp (45,000 kW)
Speed: 30+ knots
Range: Nuclear
Complement: 39 officers, 539 men
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:

USS Texas (DLGN/CGN-39) was the United States Navy's second Virginia-class nuclear guided missile cruiser. She was the third ship of the Navy to be named in honor of the State of Texas. Her keel was laid down on 18 August 1973, at Newport News, Virginia, by the Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Company.

Contents

She was initially designated a guided missile destroyer leader (DLGN), but was reclassified as a guided missile cruiser and given the hull classification symbol CGN-39 on 30 June 1975, as part of the Navy's ship reclassification plan. She was launched on 9 August 1975, sponsored by Mrs. Betty Jane Briscoe, wife of Texas Governor Dolph Briscoe, [1] [2] and commissioned on 10 September 1977.

Service history

1977–1982

Following a nine-week test of the ship's combat systems, Texas loaded weapons at the Yorktown Naval Weapons Station in October and underwent refresher training out of Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, in November. Texas spent the first three months of 1978 conducting at-sea evaluation of her propulsion and weapons systems off the Virginia Capes and in the Caribbean. On 28 March, she transited to her building yard at Newport News to commence a Post Shakedown Availability (PSA) which was completed on 31 July. The remainder of 1978 was spent in individual ship exercises off the east coast and Roosevelt Roads, Puerto Rico, interspersed with periods in her home port of Norfolk, Virginia. [3]

Texas encounters a Soviet Krivak-class frigate in the Mediterranean in 1981 Soviet Krivak frigate and USS Texas (CGN-39) in 1981.jpg
Texas encounters a Soviet Krivak-class frigate in the Mediterranean in 1981

The maiden deployment of Texas was with the USS Nimitz Carrier Battle Group (CBG) in the Mediterranean and North Arabian Seas during the Iranian hostage crisis in support of Operation Eagle Claw. She also served as flagship for Commander, Cruiser-Destroyer Group One. In 1980–81, during a maintenance period she received two 4-cell Harpoon anti-ship missile batteries and two CIWS gun mounts for anti-missile defense. Her second deployment was again with the Nimitz CBG, followed by operations in the Mediterranean. During this period, Texas saw combat for the first time, as she responded to Libyan aggression in the Gulf of Sidra.[ citation needed ]

Vishnya-class intelligence ship SSV-535 Kareliya and USS Texas (CGN-39) in 1988 USS Texas (CGN-39) and Soviet AGI Kareliya (SSV-535) 1988.jpg
Vishnya-class intelligence ship SSV-535 Kareliya and USS Texas (CGN-39) in 1988

1983–1987

On 1 March 1983 Texas sailed from Norfolk on her third deployment with the USS Carl Vinson Carrier Battle Group (CBG), and included an around-the-world cruise which allowed her to visit every inhabited continent except South America and to sail every ocean except the Arctic. The world cruise also included a change of homeport to San Diego, from Norfolk. Texas spent the first part of the following year operating in the Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea after visits to Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, Monaco, Morocco and Cote D'Ivoire. On 1 July 1983 the Carl Vinson CBG arrived at Perth, Australia. Texas, along with attack submarine USS Phoenix (SSN-702) arrived at naval base HMAS Stirling in Rockingham, south of Fremantle, where they stayed until the 7 July before Texas departed, operating independently from the battle group. Her next port of call was Brisbane, Australia, where she arrived on 14 July 1983. On 19 July, while departing the Fisherman Island Wharf, Texas was damaged above the waterline after colliding with the quay, but continued after repairs were made. [4]

On 11 August 1983, anti-nuclear activists marched in Wellington, New Zealand in opposition to a port visit there by Texas. The anti-nuclear movement in New Zealand objected to the US policy of not publicizing which of its ships carried nuclear weapons. [5] Texas visited the Town of Albany, Western Australia, anchoring in King George Sound on 29 August 1983 for an R&R visit. She departed on 1 September 1983, returning to San Diego. [6] She then began to make preparations for a homeport change to Alameda,California then went north to Bremerton, Washington, for a Complex Overhaul. She entered dry-dock at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard in September, and remained there until April 1987.[ citation needed ]

1988–1992

After Dry Dock in Bremerton Washington she returned to its homeport Alameda, California, Texas deployed with the Carl Vinson Carrier Battle Group (CBG) for Westpac 1988 as the Anti-Air Warfare Commander. This, her fourth major deployment, included port visits to Singapore, Subic Bay, Hawaii, Thailand, Hong Kong and Kenya. In 1989, Texas conducted local operations and a short overhaul at Hunters Point Naval Shipyard in San Francisco. By the end of the year, she was back at sea on counter-narcotics operations off the coast of South America.[ citation needed ]

In February 1991, Texas began her sixth deployment, en route to the Arabian Sea. She served during Operation Desert Storm as the command ship for the Anti-Air Warfare Commander of the Nimitz CBG. Additionally, she served as a base-ship for minesweeping operations off the coast of Kuwait, providing valuable logistic support for several minesweepers. She returned to San Francisco in August of that year. In April 1992, Texas returned to sea and conducted a second counter-narcotics mission that included visits to Ecuador and Panama.[ citation needed ]

Early decommissioning

Texas was halfway through her mid-life refueling and New Threat Upgrade overhaul and work had just begun on the installation of her new reactor cores in early May 1993, when the decision was made to cancel the work on her and also the planned refueling of her Virginia-class sister-ships. Texas was placed in reserve commission on 31 May 1993, then decommissioned and stricken from the Naval Vessel Register on 16 July 1993 after just 15 years of service. Texas entered the nuclear Ship-Submarine Recycling Program at Puget Sound Naval Shipyard on 1 October 1999.[ citation needed ]

Ship's Crest

USS Texas leads USS Princeton while flying the state flag of Texas. USS TEXAS (CGN-39) and USS PRINCETON (CG-59).jpg
USS Texas leads USS Princeton while flying the state flag of Texas.

The official crest of USS Texas CGN 39 was designed by Martha Bell, a freelance graphic designer and a Texan. The colors—red, white, and blue—represent the state flag of Texas. The anchor and the fouled line symbolize the Navy, while the Lone Star signifies the state of Texas. The atoms and orbits within the Lone Star represent the nuclear power characteristics of the ship. The three stars at the bottom represent the past United States ships named "Texas". The motto, "Proud Heritage, Proud Purpose", refers to the history and legacy of those ships, and their purpose: defense of the United States.

See also

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References

This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships .The entries can be found here and here.

  1. "Cruiser Texas launched". Victoria Advocate. (Texas). Associated Press. 10 August 1975. p. 6A.
  2. United Press International, "Cruiser Launched", Playground Daily News, (Fort Walton Beach, Florida), Wednesday 13 August 1975, Volume 30, Number 161, page 8A.
  3. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. USS Texas – III.
  4. Liberty Call. Bonds of Friends and Allies. USN Visits to Western Australia 1975 to 2002 by Ian Johnson ISBN   0 85905 289 3
  5. "Protest against the USS Texas". The Encyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 11 July 2014.
  6. Liberty Call. Bonds of Friends and Allies. USN Visits to Western Australia 1975 to 2002 by Ian Johnson ISBN   0 85905 289 3