United Nations Security Council Resolution 1417

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UN Security Council
Resolution 1417
Un-eastern-congo.png
Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date14 June 2002
Meeting no.4,554
CodeS/RES/1417 (Document)
SubjectThe situation concerning the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Voting summary
  • 15 voted for
  • None voted against
  • None abstained
ResultAdopted
Security Council composition
Permanent members
Non-permanent members

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1417 extended the mandate of the United Nations Organisation Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 30 June 2003. It was unanimously adopted by the United Nations Security Council on 14 June 2002, at its 4,554th meeting. [1] Resolution 1417 was passed after the security council recalled its previous resolutions regarding the matter, particularly Resolution 1355 (2001).

Contents

Resolution

Observations

The council stressed the obligation of all states to refrain from using force to disrupt the independence and territorial integrity of other states. It also affirmed DRC's sovereignty over its natural resources and awaited a report by an expert panel regarding illegal exploitation of the country's resources. Meanwhile, the Council noted the idea of implementing a curtain of troops for assistance and asked the secretary-general to consider such an idea if requested by MONUC. The resolution recognized the importance of electoral support in achieving governmental transition.

Acts

United Nations member states were called upon to deliver the required strength of 5,537 MONUC personnel (an increase from the existing 3,800). [2] An increase in the troop ceiling had been proposed by Secretary-General Kofi Annan depending on progress made with regard to Resolution 1376 (2001). [3] On 14 May 2002 the council condemned calls for violence made in the city of Kisangani, as well as attacks against both civilians and soldiers. It was the responsibility of the Rally for Congolese Democracy (residential system development) to end violations of human rights, extrajudicial killings, harassment of civilians and also for lowering restrictions on MONUC personnel.

MONUC's mandate to take all necessary actions was reaffirmed with regard to protecting United Nations and Joint Military Commission personnel and equipment, ensure the safety of freedom of movement of MONUC personnel and protect civilians under immediate threat of violence. [4] MONUC requested to deploy an additional 85 police trainers to Kisangani and aided in the disarmament, demobilisation, repatriation, resettlement and reintegration (DDRRR) process of Kindu and Kisangani.

While noting that the number of foreign forces in the DRC had decreased, the resolution demanded the full withdrawal of all foreign troops in accordance with previous Security Council resolutions. [3] The governments of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Rwanda were urged to address security issues at the root of the conflict and undertake confidence-building measures. Meanwhile, Inter-Congolese dialogue was supported by the Security Council and it was made clear that the primary responsibility of the dialogue rested with the Congolese parties, whilst stressing the role of the Security Council in supporting the process. The Secretary-General was required to report every four months on the resolution's implementation.

See also

Related Research Articles

MONUSCO

The United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo or MONUSCO, an acronym based on its French name, is a United Nations peacekeeping force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) which was established by the United Nations Security Council in resolutions 1279 (1999) and 1291 (2000) of the United Nations Security Council to monitor the peace process of the Second Congo War, though much of its focus subsequently turned to the Ituri conflict, the Kivu conflict and the Dongo conflict. The mission was known as the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo or MONUC, an acronym of its French name Mission de l'Organisation des Nations Unies en République démocratique du Congo, until 2010.

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1304

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United Nations Security Council Resolution 1355

United Nations Security Council resolution 1355, adopted unanimously on 15 June 2001, after recalling resolutions 1234 (1999), 1258 (1999), 1265 (1999), 1273 (1999), 1279 (1999), 1291 (2000), 1296 (2000), 1304 (2000), 1323 (2000), 1332 (2000) and 1341 (2001) on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 15 June 2002 subject to review every four months.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1376

United Nations Security Council resolution 1376, adopted unanimously on 9 November 2001, after recalling all previous resolutions on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council supported the third phase of the deployment of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1399 United Nations Security Council resolution

United Nations Security Council resolution 1399 was adopted unanimously on 19 March 2002. After recalling all previous resolutions on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council condemned the capture of the town of Moliro and other activities by the rebel Rally for Congolese Democracy (RCD).

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1445

United Nations Security Council resolution 1445 was adopted unanimously on 4 December 2002. After recalling all previous resolutions on situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the council expanded the military component of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) to a level of 8,700 military personnel–up from 4,250–in two task forces.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1484

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1484, adopted unanimously on 30 May 2003, after recalling previous resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council authorised Operation Artemis in Bunia, the capital of Ituri Province, amid the deteriorating security situation in the area.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1493

United Nations Security Council resolution 1493, adopted unanimously on 28 July 2003, after recalling all resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 30 July 2004 and raised its troop level from 8,700 to 10,800.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1565

United Nations Security Council resolution 1565, adopted unanimously on 1 October 2004 after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 31 March 2005 and authorised an additional deployment of 5,900 troops and police. It reaffirmed the commitment to respect the “sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence [sic]” of Congo and States in the region.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1592

United Nations Security Council resolution 1592, adopted unanimously on 30 March 2005, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including Resolution 1565 (2004), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 1 October 2005.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1635

United Nations Security Council resolution 1635, adopted unanimously on 28 October 2005, after recalling all previous resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including resolutions 1565 (2004), 1592 (2005), 1596 (2005), 1621 (2005) and 1628 (2005), the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until 30 September 2006.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1991

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1991, adopted unanimously on June 28, 2011, after reaffirming previous resolutions on the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO) until June 30, 2012.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1711

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1711, adopted unanimously on September 29, 2006, after recalling all previous resolutions concerning the situation in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, including resolutions 1565 (2004), 1592 (2005), 1596 (2005), 1621 (2005), 1628 (2005), 1635 (2005), 1671 (2006) and 1693 (2006), and resolutions 1650 (2005), 1669 (2006), 1692 (2006) on the situation in Burundi and the African Great Lakes region, the Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo (MONUC) until February 15, 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1794 was unanimously adopted on 21 December 2007.

United Nations Security Council Resolution 1843 was unanimously adopted on 20 November 2008.

References

  1. "Security Council extends Mission in Democratic Republic of Congo until 30 June 2003". United Nations. 14 June 2002.
  2. "Monuc's Mandate Extended for 12 Months". AllAfrica.com. 17 June 2002.
  3. 1 2 Clément, Jean A. P., ed. (2004). Postconflict economies in sub-Saharan Africa: lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. International Monetary Fund. p. 56. ISBN   978-1-58906-252-8.
  4. Wills, Siobhán (26 February 2009). Protecting Civilians: The Obligations of Peacekeepers. OUP Oxford. ISBN   978-0-19-953387-9.