Venezia Santa Lucia railway station

Last updated
Venezia Santa Lucia
Railway Station
Venezia Santa Lucia train station.jpg
The station's facade exemplifies rationalist and Fascist architecture
LocationFondamenta Santa Lucia, 30121, Venice, Veneto
Italy
Coordinates 45°26′27″N12°19′15″E / 45.44083°N 12.32083°E / 45.44083; 12.32083 Coordinates: 45°26′27″N12°19′15″E / 45.44083°N 12.32083°E / 45.44083; 12.32083
Owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana
Operated by Grandi Stazioni (Station)
Trenitalia (Train services)
Line(s) Milan–Venice railway
Venice–Trieste railway
Venice–Udine railway
Trento–Venice railway
Platforms23
Other information
IATA code XVQ
Classification Platinum [1]
History
Opened1861;160 years ago (1861)
Location
Italy Veneto location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Venezia Santa Lucia
Location in Veneto
Italy North location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Venezia Santa Lucia
Location in Northern Italy
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Venezia Santa Lucia
Location in Italy
View from the North West. Stazione di Venezia Santa Lucia.jpg
View from the North West.

Venezia Santa Lucia (Italian : Stazione di Venezia Santa Lucia) ( IATA : XVQ) is the central station of Venice in the north-east of Italy. It is a terminus and located at the northern edge of Venice's historic city (Italian : Centro storico). The station is one of Venice's two most important railway stations; the other one is Venezia Mestre, a mainline junction station on Venice's mainland district of Mestre. Both Santa-Lucia and Mestre stations are managed by Grandi Stazioni and they are connected to each other by Ponte della Libertà (English: Liberty Bridge).

Contents

Location

Venezia Santa Lucia is located in Cannaregio district, the northernmost of the six historic sestieri (districts) of Venice's historic city. It is situated on the northernmost island and near the western end of the Grand Canal. The station lies at the 267 kilometres (166 mi) mark of the Milan–Venice railway.

A bridge over the Grand Canal, the Ponte degli Scalzi (or Ponte dei Scalzi) (English: Bridge of the Discalced ), links the concourse in front of the station with the sestiere of Santa Croce.

Venice's historic city had access only by river boats or railway until 1933 (construction of the road bridge and of Piazzale Roma). Since then, a terminal has been built for road transport with car parks and bus stations.

History

Steam train from Santa Lucia to Bassano del Grappa, August 1973. Steam train, Venezia Santa Lucia.jpg
Steam train from Santa Lucia to Bassano del Grappa, August 1973.
An Italo train at the station. NTV ETR575 R01.jpg
An Italo train at the station.
An Intercity Notte train arriving at the station. Venice Loco 402-010 (7226449466).jpg
An Intercity Notte train arriving at the station.

Construction of Santa Lucia railway station began in 1860 under the Austrian Empire. In order to make room for both the station building and its forecourt, a convent and the Church of Santa Lucia were demolished in 1861. The station in turn took up the name of this church.

The current station building is one of the few modernist buildings facing the Grand Canal. It is the result of a series of plans started up by the rationalist architect Angiolo Mazzoni in 1924 and developed by him over the next decade.

In 1934, a contest for a detailed design for the current station was won by Virgilio Vallot. Between 1936 and 1943, Mazzoni and Vallot collaborated on the construction of the station building; Mazzoni also designed the train hall. The final implementation, however, was undertaken only after the Second World War. In 1952, the station was completed on a design which had been developed by another architect, Paul Perilli. [2]

In November 2009, work began on the renovation of Santa Lucia station. The renovation programme would include improvements to the use of spaces and the flow of internal transit. In addition, certain architectural elements would be recovered and restored; the atrium would be altered to house several retail spaces. This project was completed in 2012 with a cost of 24 million euros. [3] [4]

Features

As the current station building is low and wide, it does not dominate its surroundings. The flanks of its façade are decorated with Venetian lions. Behind the façade, there is a sizeable main hall with ticketing facilities, shops, offices and luggage storage facilities. The main hall also leads to the station's 16 platforms.

Train services

The station is served by the following services:

High-speed

Domestic

Cross-border

(D for Germany, A for Austria, F for France, CH for Switzerland, GB for United Kingdom)

On 11 December 2016, all ÖBB EuroNight services were rebranded as "Nightjet".

Preceding station  Trenitalia  Following station
toward  Salerno
Frecciarossa Terminus
toward  Napoli Centrale
Frecciargento Terminus
Frecciargento Terminus
Frecciabianca Terminus
toward  Lecce
Frecciabianca Terminus
toward  Munich Hbf
EuroCity Terminus
toward  Geneva Cornavin
EuroCity Terminus
toward  Wien Hbf
Railjet Terminus
toward  Munich
EuroNight Terminus
toward  Wien Hbf
EuroNight Terminus
toward  Roma Termini
Intercity Notte
Treno regionale Terminus
Treno regionale Terminus
Treno regionale
via Portogruaro
Terminus
Treno regionale
via Udine
Terminus
toward  Ferrara
Treno regionale Terminus
Treno regionale Terminus
Treno regionale
via Udine
Terminus
Treno regionale Terminus
Treno regionale Terminus
Preceding station  Nuovo Trasporto Viaggiatori  Following station
toward  Salerno
Italo Terminus
Preceding station  Venice-Simplon Orient Express  Following station
Innsbruck Hauptbahnhof
towards London Victoria
  Venice-Simplon Orient Express  Terminus
Preceding station  Sistemi Territoriali  Following station
toward  Adria
Treno regionale Terminus

Traffic

The station is used by about 82,000 passengers per day, or a total of around 30 million passengers per annum. [2]

Every day, approximately 450 trains stop at the station. [2] Long-distance trains use the central platforms, and the regional and suburban platforms are located to the west.

The station is the terminus of several famous trains, including the Venice Simplon Orient Express.

Interchange

Overview

The station is connected with the rest of Venice by the Vaporetto (public water bus) or private water taxi boats. The nearby Piazzale Roma is the departure point for all car services and taxis for the mainland.

Vaporetto lines in the transit station

The stop (dock) is called Ferrovia and is served by eight ACTV Vaporetto lines:

See also

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References

  1. List of Italian stations and categories Archived 2013-10-13 at the Wayback Machine
  2. 1 2 3 "Venezia S. Lucia". Grandi Stazioni official website. Grandi Stazioni . Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  3. "Venezia S. Lucia - New project". Grandi Stazioni official website. Grandi Stazioni . Retrieved 8 October 2010.
  4. "Al via i lavori di restyling della stazione ferroviaria di Santa Lucia" [Work begins on the restyling of Santa Lucia station.]. Comune Venezia official website (in Italian). Comune Venezia. Retrieved 8 October 2010.

Commons-logo.svg Media related to Venezia Santa Lucia at Wikimedia Commons