Waverley Bridge

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Waverley Bridge viewed from the Scott Monument Waverley Bridge from the Scott Monument - geograph.org.uk - 1905303.jpg
Waverley Bridge viewed from the Scott Monument

Waverley Bridge is a road bridge in Edinburgh linking Market Street in the Old Town with Princes Street in the New Town. The bridge forms part of the roof of Edinburgh Waverley station and marks the eastern boundary of Princes Street Gardens. The current bridge was built between 1894 and 1896 by Blyth and Westland. [1] The bridge is Category A listed. [1]

Edinburgh Capital city in Scotland

Edinburgh is the capital city of Scotland and one of its 32 council areas. Historically part of the county of Midlothian, it is located in Lothian on the Firth of Forth's southern shore.

Old Town, Edinburgh name popularly given to the oldest part of Scotlands capital city of Edinburgh

The Old Town is the name popularly given to the oldest part of Scotland's capital city of Edinburgh. The area has preserved much of its medieval street plan and many Reformation-era buildings. Together with the 18th/19th-century New Town, it forms part of a protected UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Princes Street major thoroughfare in central Edinburgh, Scotland

Princes Street is one of the major thoroughfares in central Edinburgh, Scotland, and the main shopping street in the capital. It is the southernmost street of Edinburgh's New Town, stretching around 1 mile (1.6 km) from Lothian Road in the west, to Leith Street in the east. The street has virtually no buildings on the south side, allowing panoramic views of the Old Town, Edinburgh Castle, and the valley between. Most of the street is limited to trams, buses and taxis with only the east end open to all traffic.

Contents

Location

Video of Waverley Bridge, Edinburgh (May 2018)

Situated at the east end of Princes Street Gardens, Waverley Bridge is one of three parallel roads crossing the former Nor Loch valley and linking Edinburgh's historic Old and New towns. To the west of Waverley Bridge lies The Mound, which links Princes Street in the New Town with the western end of Market Street in the Old Town. To the east, running above the Waverley Station roof, is North Bridge, which links the east end of Princes Street with the High Street and South Bridge.

Nor Loch

The Nor Loch, also known as the Nor' Loch and the North Loch, was a loch formerly in Edinburgh, Scotland, in the area now occupied by Princes Street Gardens, which lies between the Royal Mile and Princes Street.

The Mound street in Edinburgh, Scotland

The Mound is an artificial hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, which connects Edinburgh's New and Old Towns. It was formed by dumping around 1,501,000 cartloads of earth excavated from the foundations of the New Town into Nor Loch which was drained in 1765 and forms today's Princes Street Gardens. The construction of the Earthen Mound, as it was originally called, was begun in 1781 and it was extended over the years until by 1830 it was macadamised and landscaped so that it appeared more or less complete. When the Edinburgh and Glasgow Railway was extended to Waverley station in 1846, tunnels were driven under the Mound to allow access to the west.

North Bridge, Edinburgh road bridge and street in Edinburgh linking the High Street with Princes Street

North Bridge is a road bridge and street in Edinburgh linking the High Street with Princes Street, and the Old Town with the New Town. The current bridge was built between 1894 and 1897. A previous North Bridge, built between 1763 and 1772, stood until 1896.

Waverley Station roof and Waverley Bridge. The two ramps lead from the bridge into the station. Waverley Station Roof (4530231733).jpg
Waverley Station roof and Waverley Bridge. The two ramps lead from the bridge into the station.

Dating from the mid-1890s, Waverley Bridge forms part of the roof over the western end of Waverley Station, with a majority of the station being situation below and to the east of the bridge. Two ramps lead down from the bridge into the centre of the station. Since January 2014 car and taxi access to the station has been banned, with the ramps now largely dedicated to foot traffic and delivery access. [2]

Halfway across the bridge, on the western side, is the station's Category A listed former parcels office. [1] The structure was converted into a restaurant in the 1980s and is now in operation as a pub. [3] At northwest corner of the bridge, at the junction with Princes Street, is the Waverley Mall shopping centre. There is a Transport for Edinburgh Travelshop at the south end of the bridge, at the corner with Market Street and Cockburn Street, which runs up to the Royal Mile.

Waverley Mall shopping mall in Edinburgh, Scotland

Waverley Mall is a shopping centre in Edinburgh, Scotland.

Transport for Edinburgh is an organisation that oversees public transport in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK. It manages the city's public transport operations in a similar manner to Transport for London, but with many fewer powers. The organisation works to integrate public transport services in Edinburgh operated by Edinburgh Trams, Lothian Buses and First Scotland East. It will eventually include cycling and walking routes within its portfolio, but will focus solely on buses and trams during its first twelve months. The formation of the organisation was announced on 15 August 2013, by Edinburgh transport convener and former Lord Provost of Edinburgh Lesley Hinds.

Cockburn Street, Edinburgh

Cockburn Street is a picturesque street in Edinburgh's Old Town, created as a serpentine link from the High Street to Waverley Station in 1856. It is named after the Scottish lawyer, judge and literary figure Henry, Lord Cockburn who was influential in urging his fellow citizens to remain vigilant in ensuring that early-Victorian expansion, e.g. improvements such as Cockburn Street, did not irrevocably damage or obliterate the built heritage and environment.

Buses

Lothian Buses' Airlink 100 service to Edinburgh Airport begins and terminates at stop WA on Waverley Bridge. Edinburgh Bus Tour routes call at stop WB on the bridge. [4]

Lothian Buses The largest municipal bus company in the United Kingdom

Lothian Buses is the largest municipal bus company in the United Kingdom. The City of Edinburgh Council owns 91%, Midlothian Council 5%, East Lothian Council 3% and West Lothian Council 1%.

Edinburgh Airport international airport in the City of Edinburgh, Scotland

Edinburgh Airport is an airport located in the Ingliston area of the City of Edinburgh, United Kingdom. It was the busiest airport in Scotland in 2018, handling over 14.3 million passengers in that year, an increase of 6.5% compared with 2017. It was also the sixth-busiest airport in the United Kingdom by total passengers in 2018. It is located 5 NM west of the city centre, just off the M8 and M9 motorways. It is owned and operated by Global Infrastructure Partners, who are also the majority shareholder and lead the management of Gatwick Airport. The airport has one runway and one passenger terminal, and employs about 2,500 people.

Waverley Bridge, from the junction with Market Street and Cockburn Street, in 1992. Edinburgh, Waverley Bridge, September 1992.jpg
Waverley Bridge, from the junction with Market Street and Cockburn Street, in 1992.

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "WAVERLEY STATION (4 WAVERLEY BRIDGE), FORMER PARCELS OFFICE (17 WAVERLEY BRIDGE), AND WAVERLEY BRIDGE, (EXCLUDING WAVERLEY STEPS), EDINBURGH". portal.historicenvironment.scot. Historic Environment Scotland. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
  2. "Edinburgh Waverley Station: Car and taxi ban comes into force". BBC News. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
  3. "Pubs In Edinburgh - The Booking Office - J D Wetherspoon". www.jdwetherspoon.com. Retrieved 2016-07-03.
  4. "Maps - Edinburgh Bus Tours". edinburghtour.com. Retrieved 2016-07-03.

Coordinates: 55°57′06″N3°11′30″W / 55.9518°N 3.1918°W / 55.9518; -3.1918

Geographic coordinate system Coordinate system

A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.