Regent Terrace

Last updated

Regent Terrace Regent Terrace Edinburgh3.JPG
Regent Terrace

Regent Terrace is a residential street of 34 classical 3-bay townhouses built on the upper south side of Calton Hill in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland. Regent Terrace is within the Edinburgh New and Old Town UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1995. [1] [2]



The name Regent Terrace was chosen because of the visit to Edinburgh in 1822 of George IV who had been Prince Regent until 1820 during the illness of his father George III. The terrace was designed by the architect William Playfair in 1825 and built between 1826 and 1833. [3] Playfair designed Regent, Royal, and Carlton Terrace at the same time as part of an Eastern extension to the New Town [4] that was planned to be even more magnificent than Craig's original New Town. [5] Playfair hoped to attract the "fashionable and wealthy people" to Regent Terrace. [5] The houses are all category A listed buildings. [3]

Plaque on the wall outside number 28 Regent Terrace Plaque 28 Regent Terrace Edinburgh.JPG
Plaque on the wall outside number 28 Regent Terrace

The houses were built as a terrace on the north side of the street, stepped down at intervals following the slope of the road. Originally, eighteen houses were of two stories and basement (although many have added a full third storey or attic) while the remaining sixteen houses were three stories and basement. The front elevation features continuous cast-iron trellis balconies while each house has a porch with fluted attached Greek Doric columns. [3] [5] Thirteen of the houses retain the original three-ringed transom windows above the main doors. The terrace faces Holyrood Park, Arthur's Seat, Holyrood Palace, the Old Town and the Scottish Parliament building. The houses in the terrace are a mixture of tenures — most are privately owned and occupied but some are rented as holiday accommodation. Some of the houses in the terrace have been split into flats.

Number 3 Regent Terrace has been the United States Consulate since 1951. [6] Number 28 was originally the Free French House and was opened by General de Gaulle in 1942. Later it became the French Consulate and then the home of the French consul-general. [7] Number 32 was the home of the Norwegian consul-general until 2008. [8] The western end of Regent Terrace was closed to traffic in 2001 because of security concerns about the United States Consulate. [9]

Regent Terrace drawing by William Playfair drawn in 1825 held by University of Edinburgh Heritage Collections Regent Terrace drawing by William Playfair drawn in 1825.jpg
Regent Terrace drawing by William Playfair drawn in 1825 held by University of Edinburgh Heritage Collections

House prices

Number 6 Regent Terrace was sold for £1,500 in 1831 and £2,700 in 1877. [10] Prices then dropped as low as £1,000 before World War II and rose to £2,000 at the end of the war, £4,000 by the mid-1950s and £400,000 in 1993. [11] In 2021 the average house price on the Terrace was estimated at £1.68 million, the highest in Scotland. [12] [13] [14]


22 Regent Terrace, residence of the French royal family in exile (1830-1833) 22 Regent Terrace 2015.JPG
22 Regent Terrace, residence of the French royal family in exile (1830–1833)

The first resident was Isaac Bayley, a solicitor in the Supreme Courts of Scotland, who occupied number 13 Regent Terrace in 1826. [15] Bayely's father-in-law Dr. George Husband Baird, principal of Edinburgh University, also lived there towards the end of his life. [16] Louis Antoine, Duke of Angoulême (the elder son of Charles X of France, last king of the House of Bourbon and hence the last Dauphin of France) and his wife Madame Royale, (the daughter of Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette), moved into what is now 22 (then 21) Regent Terrace in 1830. [17] [18] [19] The widowed duchesse de Berry , sister in law of the Duke of Angoulême, also lived at what is now 12 (then 11) Regent Terrace at that time. [19] [20] Her young son, Henri, Count of Chambord grandson of Charles X and next in line after the Duke of Angoulême, [20] is said to have wept bitterly when his family left for Austria in 1832 as he had become very attached to Scotland. [21]

The painter Sir George Harvey lived at 21 Regent Terrace from 1854 to 1876. Sir George was one of the founders of the Royal Scottish Academy, was elected president in 1864 and was knighted in 1867. [22] The influential Scottish minister and author the Reverend Dr. Maxwell Nicholson lived at 3 Regent Terrace for most of his later life until 1874. The architect Duncan Menzies lived at 31 Regent Terrace from about 1891–1910. [23] Sir James Puckering Gibson 1st Baronet of Regent Terrace was Lord Provost of Edinburgh from 1906 to 1909 and represented Edinburgh East in the House of Commons as a Liberal between 1909 and 1912. He lived at 33 Regent Terrace from 1880 and was created in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom on 23 November 1909. [24] Sir James had no children so when he died in 1812 his title became extinct. [25] Professor Sir Thomas Hudson Beare was Professor of Engineering Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, and University College, London. He was also Regius Professor of Engineering in Edinburgh University [26] and lived at 10 Regent Terrace from 1901. [27] The architect William Gordon Dey was born at 9 Regent Terrace in 1911 and went to the Royal High School which was close by. A Regius Professor of English at Edinburgh University Sir H. J. C. Grierson lived at 12 Regent Terrace from 1913 to 1933. [28] His daughter Janet (married name Janet Teissier du Cros) was an author who later wrote Divided Loyalties about her years as a Scottish woman in the Cevennes in occupied France during the war when the French resistance was active. [28] The painter Francis Cadell, one of the Scottish Colourists, lived in 30 Regent Terrace from 1930 to 1935. [29] [30] Lady Margaret Sackville, daughter of Reginald Windsor Sackville, 7th Earl De La Warr, and second cousin of Vita Sackville-West lived at 30 Regent Terrace from 1930 to 1932. [29] Sir George Dick-Lauder, 10th Baronet, an Indian Civil Service Administrator, lived at 16 Regent Terrace and died there in 1936. [31] [32] Queen Mary used to visit Sir Hew Hamilton Dalrymple KCVO at Number 24. [33] Sir Hew, brother of the Earl of Stair, Member of Parliament for Wigtownshire and Captain of the Royal Company of Archers, the King's Bodyguard for Scotland, lived there until he died in 1945. [33] John Murray, 9th Earl of Dunmore lived at 14 Regent Terrace until his death in 1980. [34] [35] In 1993 Peter Fraser, Baron Fraser of Carmyllie, then Minister of State at the Scottish Office, [36] was living in Regent Terrace. [11]

The author and mathematician Ann Katharine Mitchell, who worked at Bletchley Park during World War II on the German Enigma cypher machines, [37] lived for forty years at number 20 Regent Terrace. [38] Sir Peter Maxwell Davies, composer, conductor and Master of the Queen's Music, lived at 13 Regent Terrace until 2000. [39] The actor Sean Connery and the Argentinian footballer Claudio Caniggia reportedly bid for 17 Regent Terrace in 2001 but neither succeeded in buying it [18] The diplomat Sir James Marjoribanks lived at 13 Regent Terrace, [40] from 1966 until his death in 2003. Sir James was British Ambassador to the European Economic Community, presented Britain's application to join the European Community in 1967 and was instrumental in this application becoming successful. [41] [42] Sir Robert Russell Hillhouse, KCB, Permanent Under-Secretary of State, Scottish Office [43] [44] (head of the Scottish Civil Service [45] ), was living at 19 Regent Terrace in 2003. [46]

Listed by address

30 Regent Terrace, home of Francis Cadell, Scottish Colourist painter 30 Regent Terrace 2015.JPG
30 Regent Terrace, home of Francis Cadell, Scottish Colourist painter

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dean Cemetery</span> Historic Victorian cemetery in Edinburgh

The Dean Cemetery is a historically important Victorian cemetery north of the Dean Village, west of Edinburgh city centre, in Scotland. It lies between Queensferry Road and the Water of Leith, bounded on its east side by Dean Path and on its west by the Dean Gallery. A 20th-century extension lies detached from the main cemetery to the north of Ravelston Terrace. The main cemetery is accessible through the main gate on its east side, through a "grace and favour" access door from the grounds of Dean Gallery and from Ravelston Terrace. The modern extension is only accessible at the junction of Dean Path and Queensferry Road.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">William Henry Playfair</span> Scottish architect (1790-1857)

William Henry PlayfairFRSE was a prominent Scottish architect in the 19th century, who designed the Eastern, or Third, New Town and many of Edinburgh's neoclassical landmarks.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lady Margaret Sackville</span> English poet and childrens author (1881–1963)

Lady Margaret Sackville was an English poet and children's author.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">National Monument of Scotland</span> Monument in City of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

The National Monument of Scotland, on Calton Hill in Edinburgh, is Scotland's national memorial to the Scottish soldiers and sailors who died fighting in the Napoleonic Wars. It was intended, according to the inscription, to be "A Memorial of the Past and Incentive to the Future Heroism of the Men of Scotland".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Calton Hill</span> Hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland

Calton Hill is a hill in central Edinburgh, Scotland, situated beyond the east end of Princes Street and included in the city's UNESCO World Heritage Site. Views of, and from, the hill are often used in photographs and paintings of the city.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Francis Cadell (artist)</span> Scottish painter (1883–1937)

Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell RSA was a Scottish Colourist painter, renowned for his depictions of the elegant New Town interiors of his native Edinburgh, and for his work on Iona.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">New Town, Edinburgh</span> Central area of Edinburgh, Scotland

The New Town is a central area of Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland. It was built in stages between 1767 and around 1850, and retains much of its original neo-classical and Georgian period architecture. Its best known street is Princes Street, facing Edinburgh Castle and the Old Town across the geological depression of the former Nor Loch. Together with the West End, the New Town was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site alongside the Old Town in 1995. The area is also famed for the New Town Gardens, a heritage designation since March 2001.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">The Grange, Edinburgh</span> Human settlement in Scotland

The Grange is an affluent suburb of Edinburgh, just south of the city centre, with Morningside and Greenhill to the west, Newington to the east, The Meadows park and Marchmont to the north, and Blackford Hill to the south. It is a conservation area characterised by large early Victorian stone-built villas and mansions, often with very large gardens. The Grange was built mainly between 1830 and 1890, and the area represented the idealisation of country living within an urban setting.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dugald Stewart Monument</span>

The Dugald Stewart Monument is a memorial to the Scottish philosopher Dugald Stewart (1753–1828). It is situated on Calton Hill overlooking the city of Edinburgh and was designed by Scottish architect William Henry Playfair.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regent Bridge</span> Arch bridge in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

Regent Bridge is a road bridge in Edinburgh, Scotland, where the A1 road enters the New Town from the east and passes over a hollow near Calton Hill. The bridge was built in the 19th century, in the neoclassical style as the medieval city was modernised and expanded to the north and east.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir George Dick-Lauder, 10th Baronet</span>

Sir George William Dalrymple Dick Lauder of Fountainhall, 10th Baronet was an Indian Civil Service Senior Administrator in the Government of India's Opium Department.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Clan Marjoribanks</span> Scottish clan

Clan Marjoribanks is a Scottish clan of the Scottish Lowlands.

Sir Mitchell Mitchell-Thomson, 1st Baronet, FRSE, FSA(Scot) was a British merchant and businessman who served as the Lord Provost of Edinburgh 1897 to 1900. He was also a Director of the Bank of Scotland.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Archibald Elliot</span> Scottish architect

Archibald Elliot was a Scottish architect based in Edinburgh. He had a very distinctive style, typified by square plans, concealed roofs, crenellated walls and square corner towers. All may be said to derive from the earlier local example of Melville Castle by James Playfair. Many of his works have been demolished.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Old Calton Burial Ground</span> Cemetery in Edinburgh, Scotland

The Old Calton Burial Ground is a cemetery in Edinburgh, Scotland. It located at Calton Hill to the north-east of the city centre. The burial ground was opened in 1718, and is the resting place of several notable Scots, including philosopher David Hume, scientist John Playfair, rival publishers William Blackwood and Archibald Constable, and clergyman Dr Robert Candlish. It is also the site of the Political Martyrs' Monument, an obelisk erected to the memory of a number of political reformers, and Scotland's American Civil War Memorial.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sir James Gibson, 1st Baronet</span>

Sir James Puckering Gibson, 1st Baronet, was a Scottish Liberal Party politician. He was Lord Provost of Edinburgh 1906-9 and Liberal MP for Edinburgh East from 1909 to 1912.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Regent, Royal and Carlton Terrace Gardens</span>

The Regent, Royal and Carlton Terrace Gardens are private communal gardens in the New Town area of Edinburgh, EH7. They lie over a 4.8-hectare (12-acre) site on the east side of Calton Hill. The gardens have been listed on the Inventory of Gardens and Designed Landscapes as part of the New Town gardens heritage designation since March 2001. The gardens form some of the collection of New Town Gardens.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Royal Terrace, Edinburgh</span> Street in Edinburgh, Scotland

Royal Terrace is a grand street in the city of Edinburgh, Scotland, on the north side of Calton Hill within the New Town and part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1995, built on the south side of a setted street, facing the sloping banks of London Road Gardens, formerly Royal Terrace Gardens, with views looking north towards Leith and the Firth of Forth.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Carlton Terrace, Edinburgh</span>

Carlton Terrace is a residential street in Edinburgh, Scotland. It is located on the east side of Calton Hill, at the eastern extremity of the New Town, part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1995.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">London Road Gardens, Edinburgh</span>

London Road Gardens are one of the collection of New Town Gardens located close to the city centre of Edinburgh in the New Town, part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site inscribed in 1995. They occupy a long strip of land from east to west along the lower northern slope of Calton Hill, with an area of 4.37 hectares. The gardens are notable for their large, old trees including limes and some fine, surviving elms, also spring flowers, particularly daffodils.


  1. Newspaper article mentioning the World Heritage Status of Regent Terrace, Howarth, Angus, "UN to investigate capital's wheelie bins", The Scotsman 2004-04-30. Accessed 2009-08-09
  2. UNESCO World Heritage Site Inscription Accessed 2009-08-10
  3. 1 2 3 Historic Environment Scotland. "1 Regent Terrace including Railings and Boundary Walls (Category A Listed Building) (LB29618)" . Retrieved 19 March 2019.
  4. Report on The New Town Conservation Area by Edinburgh Town Council Archived 8 October 2006 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 2009-08-10
  5. 1 2 3 Youngson, A.J. (2001): "The Companion Guide to Edinburgh and the borders", Chapter 9 (Calton Hill), Polygon Books, Edinburgh, UK, ISBN   0-7486-6307-X
  6. Consulate of the United States, Edinburgh, UK – Consulate History Archived 16 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine Accessed 16 October 2011
  7. Mitchell 1993, p. 67.
  8. Mitchell 1993, p. 68.
  9. Edinburgh City Council Traffic Regulation Order to make temporary closure since 2001 permanent [ permanent dead link ] Accessed 2009-08-09
  10. Mitchell 1993, p. 44.
  11. 1 2 Mitchell 1993, p. 61.
  12. Sold House prices for Regent Terrace Accessed 2009-08-09
  13. Marlborough, Conor (19 December 2020). "Edinburgh street tops list of most expensive in Scotland". The Scotsman. Retrieved 19 December 2020.
  14. Hay, Katherine (22 December 2021). "Street fit for royalty stays top of price list". Apple News and The Times. Retrieved 22 December 2021.
  15. Mitchell 1993, p. 45.
  16. Mitchell 1993, pp. 45–46.
  17. Mitchell 1993, pp. 47–49.
  18. 1 2 Newspaper article on sale of 21 Regent Terrace Diggines, Graham "For sale: tragic royals bolthole", The Scotsman, 2002-02-09 Accessed 2009-08-09
  19. 1 2 Mackenzie-Stuart, A.J., (1995), "A French King at Holyrood" John Donald Publishers Ltd., Edinburgh, ISBN   0-85976-413-3
  20. 1 2 McCormack, Léo (Spring 2014). "The French Royals' Last Return to Edinburgh". Scottish Local History. Scottish Local History Forum (88): 25–31.
  21. Mitchell 1993, p. 49.
  22. Mitchell 1993, pp. 53–54.
  23. Goold, David (16 February 2018). "DSA Architect Biography Report – Duncan Menzies". Dictionary of Scottish Architects. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  24. The Baronetage of England, Ireland, Nova Scotia, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Leigh Rayment [Usurped!] Accessed 2009-09-07
  25. Mitchell 1993, pp. 58–59.
  26. "Obituary. Sir Thomas Hudson Beare, 1859–1940". Journal of the Institution of Civil Engineers. 15 (1): 70. 5 June 2015. doi:10.1680/ijoti.1940.14282.
  27. "Edinburgh and Leith Post Office Directory 1905-6". National Library of Scotland.
  28. 1 2 Mitchell 1993, p. 62.
  29. 1 2 Mitchell 1993, p. 65.
  30. Painting "30 Regent Terrace" by Frances Cadell (1934) Accessed 2009-08-06
  31. "Scottish Baronet Dead Sir George Dick-Lauder", The Scotsman, 1936-05-08
  32. "Executry Notice – All persons having claims against the estate of the late Sir George William Dalrymple Dick Lauder, Bart., who resided at 16 Regent Terrace..", The Scotsman, 1936-05-20
  33. 1 2 Mitchell 1993, p. 63.
  34. John Murray, 9th Earl of Dunmore Accessed 2009-08-09
  35. Dunmore Family papers Accessed 2009-09-07
  36. "Lord Fraser of Carmyllie". The Herald Scotland. 24 June 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  37. (12 May 2001) Gran and her secret work on Nazi codes The Scotsman, Retrieved 8 November 2013
  38. Mitchell 1993, p. 1.
  39. Official website of Sir Peter Maxwell-Davies Accessed 2009-08-09
  40. Dewar, Peter Beauclerk (2001): "Burke's landed gentry of Great Britain: together with members of the titled and non-titled contemporary establishment", p.1409, Burke's Peerage & Gentry, UK, ISBN   978-0-9711966-0-5 Book Preview Accessed 8 December 2009
  41. "James Marjoribanks" (Obituary), The Herald , 1 February 2002.
  42. "Sir James Marjoribanks" (Obituary), The Scotsman , 4 February 2002. Retrieved on 10 December 2009.
  43. "The British Civil Service Permanent Secretaries and Other Senior Appointments Since 1900" (PDF). 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  44. "The cavalier streak of 'cautious' Dewar". The Scotsman. 31 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  45. "Key figures at the Fraser Inquiry". BBC News. 15 September 2004. Retrieved 30 September 2015.
  46. "Sir Robert Russell Hillhouse, Director". Nexok database of UK Companies. Retrieved 30 September 2015.

55°57′17″N3°10′38″W / 55.9546°N 3.1772°W / 55.9546; -3.1772