Westfield College

Last updated

Westfield College was a small college situated in Kidderpore Avenue, Hampstead, London, and was a constituent college of the University of London from 1882 to 1989. [1] The college originally admitted only women as students and became coeducational in 1964. In 1989, Westfield College merged with Queen Mary College. The merged institution was named Queen Mary and Westfield College until 2013, when the name was legally changed to Queen Mary University of London. [2]

Contents

History

The college was founded in 1882 by Constance Louise Maynard (1849–1935) and Ann Dudin Brown. Dudin Brown had intended to found a missionary school but she had been persuaded otherwise by Maynard and Mary Petrie. [3] They worked with the Metcalfe sisters. [4] Dudin Brown was the founding benefactress and council member from 1882 to 1917. Until the mid-1980s residences were still segregated.

In the mid-to-late 1980s, the University of London underwent considerable reorganisation, and many smaller colleges were merged. Consequently, Westfield was merged with Queen Mary College in 1989, forming Queen Mary and Westfield College. Most student accommodation, administrative offices and several academic departments continued to be based at the Hampstead campus until 1992, however, and the College retained its separate identity. The new, combined, College was finally located at Queen Mary's site in Mile End, East London from 1992 onwards. However, some departments moved to King's College London and many academic staff moved to other colleges, such as Royal Holloway College. [5]

A history of the college called "Castle Adamant in Hampstead" was published in 1983.

Principals

Present day

King's College London took over the former Westfield site, which has been divided up over the years. The majority of the south side of the site (The Queen's Building and other teaching blocks) was demolished in the early 1990s to make way for The Westfield Apartments, a block of luxury private flats. The remainder of the south side (the Caroline Skeel Library, Ellison, Temple, Chesney and Stocks buildings) was used by King's College as student accommodation and as an archive. The north side of the site (Queen Mother Hall, Bay House, Old House, Maynard, Lady Chapman, Orchard I and II, Dudin-Brown and Skeel buildings) remains in use as student accommodation, with Orchard I and II renamed for Lord Cameron and Rosalind Franklin, respectively. Until 2005, the Old House was home to the London Jewish Cultural Centre.

The Westfield College name was lost following the 2013 change of the merged institution's legal name to Queen Mary University of London. The new college's student accommodation complex (opened in 2004) is named the Westfield Student Village as a reminder of the history of Westfield College. Moreover, the Westfield Trust Prize, an academic cash prize given to outstanding undergraduate or postgraduates studying at Queen Mary, has been established in memory of the college.

One of the University buildings, the non-denominational chapel built in 1929, [5] was sold and became part of the Hampstead Manor development with its 156 homes of various types and sizes. Because it had deteriorated, the building was taken apart, re-built with modifications and renovated by the new owners. The Chapel was on the market in early 2020 for £7.5 million. [10] The Skeel Library, a Grade II listed property [11] built in 1903-1904, also became part of the Hampstead Manor, and was also converted into a four bedroom family home. [12]

Alumni

Related Research Articles

Mary Lyon American educator

Mary Mason Lyon was an American pioneer in women's education. She established the Wheaton Female Seminary in Norton, Massachusetts, in 1834. She then established Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts, in 1837 and served as its first president for 12 years. Lyon's vision fused intellectual challenge and moral purpose. She valued socioeconomic diversity and endeavored to make the seminary affordable for students of modest means.

Queen Mary University of London Public research university in London, England

Queen Mary University of London is a public research university in London, England, and a constituent college of the federal University of London. It dates back to the foundation of London Hospital Medical College in 1785. Queen Mary College, named after Mary of Teck, was admitted to the University of London in 1915 and in 1989 merged with Westfield College to form Queen Mary and Westfield College. In 1995 Queen Mary and Westfield College merged with St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College and the London Hospital Medical College to form the School of Medicine and Dentistry.

Girton College, Cambridge

Girton College is one of the 31 constituent colleges of the University of Cambridge. The college was established in 1869 by Emily Davies and Barbara Bodichon as the first women's college in Cambridge. In 1948, it was granted full college status by the university, marking the official admittance of women to the university. In 1976, it was the first Cambridge women's college to become coeducational.

Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry Medical and dental school in London, England

Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, commonly known as Barts, is a medical and dental school in London, England. The school is part of Queen Mary University of London, a constituent college of the federal University of London, and a member of the United Hospitals. It was formed in 1995 by the merger of the London Hospital Medical College and St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College.

Bertha Phillpotts British academic & college headmistress

Dame Bertha Surtees Phillpotts was an English scholar in Scandinavian languages, literature, history, archaeology and anthropology.

Louisa Lumsden

Dame Louisa Innes Lumsden born in Aberdeen, Scotland, was a pioneer of female education. Having been a student and a tutor in classics at Girton College, Cambridge, she became the first Headmistress of St Leonards School, Fife, and first warden of University Hall, University of St Andrews. She is credited with introducing lacrosse to St Leonards. When Scottish suffrage organisations organised the planting of The Suffragette Oak to mark some women getting the vote in 1918, Lumsden was given the honour of planting it.

<i>The Princess</i> (W. S. Gilbert play)

The Princess is a blank verse farcical play, in five scenes with music, by W. S. Gilbert which adapts and parodies Alfred Lord Tennyson's humorous 1847 narrative poem, The Princess. It was first produced at the Olympic Theatre in London on 8 January 1870.

Eleanor Lodge

Eleanor Constance Lodge was a British academic who served as Vice-Principal of Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford from 1906 to 1921 and then Principal of Westfield College, Hampstead, in the University of London, from 1921 to 1931.

Mary Danvers Stocks, Baroness Stocks was a British writer. She was closely associated with the Strachey, the Wedgwood and the Ricardo families. Her family was deeply involved in changes in the Victorian Era and Stocks herself was deeply involved in women's suffrage, the welfare state, and other aspects of social work.

St John the Evangelist, Penge Church in London , United Kingdom

Saint John the Evangelist is the Church of England parish church of Penge, Kent, in the Diocese of Rochester, Greater London. It is located on Penge High Street, and was erected 1847 to designs of architects Edwin Nash & J. N. Round. Later in 1861, Nash alone added the gabled aisles, and in 1866 the transepts. The Pevsner Buildings of England series guides describe it as "Rock-faced ragstone. West tower and stone broach spire. Geometrical tracery, treated in Nash's quirky way. The best thing inside is the open timber roofs, those in the transepts especially evocative, eight beams from all four directions meeting in mid air. It has been Grade II listed since 1990.

Agnes de Selincourt

Agnes de Selincourt (1872–1917) was a Christian missionary in India, responsible for the founding of missions, becoming the first Principal of Lady Muir Memorial College, Allahabad, India and then Principal of Westfield College, London, UK from 1913 until her death in 1917.

Ann Dudin Brown

Ann Dudin Brown (1822–1917) was a benefactor. She funded the establishment of Westfield College for women.

Martin Petrie (1823–1892) was an English army officer and author. Petrie, his wife and his daughter Mary Petrie were involved in the foundation of Westfield College. His other daughter Irene Petrie died as a missionary in Kashmir.

Caroline Skeel

Caroline Anne James Skeel was a British historian. She was a professor of history at Westfield College, and is remembered for her work in Welsh social and economic history. The library at Westfield was named after her in 1971.

Constance Maynard

Constance Louisa Maynard was the first principal of Westfield College (1882–1913) and a pioneer of women's education. She was the first woman to read Moral Sciences (philosophy) at the University of Cambridge.

History of Queen Mary University of London

The history of Queen Mary University of London lies in the mergers, over the years, of four older colleges: Queen Mary College, Westfield College, St Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College and the London Hospital Medical College. In 1989 Queen Mary merged with Westfield College to form "Queen Mary & Westfield College". Although teaching began at the London Hospital Medical College in 1785, it did not become part of Queen Mary until 1995. In that same year the two medical schools merged to form the School of Medicine and Dentistry at Queen Mary & Westfield College.

Margaret Graham Brooke (1863–1944) was one of the first students at Westfield College in London and a missionary in West Africa.

Katharine Alice Salvin Tristram was a missionary and teacher in Japan with the Church Missionary Society. She was also the first resident lecturer at Westfield College and one of the first women to gain a degree from the University of London. She was the first woman missionary with the Church Missionary Society to have a degree.

Fanny Metcalfe was a pioneering educator who set up a school for girls, and was involved in setting up more than one women's college.

References

  1. Janet Sondheimer (1983). Castle Adamant in Hampstead. ISBN   0-904188-05-1
  2. "Our History". www.qmul.ac.uk.
  3. Janet Sondheimer, 'Brown, Ann Dudin (1822–1917)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 8 September 2018
  4. Murray, J.H.; Stark, M. (2016). The Englishwoman's Review of Social and Industrial Questions: 1897. Routledge Library Editions: The Englishwoman's Review of Social and Industrial Questions. Taylor & Francis. p. 191. ISBN   978-1-315-39652-1 . Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  5. 1 2 CHRONOLOGY OF WESTFIELD COLLEGE
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Toni Hardy (September 2010). "Westfield College". Archives in London and the M25 area..
  7. Terry Gunnell, « Newall [née Phillpotts], Dame Bertha Surtees (1877–1932) », Oxford Dictionary of National Biography , Oxford University Press, 2004,
  8. Frances Lannon, « Lodge, Eleanor Constance (1869–1936) », Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004
  9. Duncan Sutherland, « Stocks [née Brinton], Mary Danvers, Baroness Stocks (1891–1975), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004»,
  10. A converted university building becomes a Hampstead mansion, with a price tag to match
  11. Historic England. "Skeel Library (1379252)". National Heritage List for England . Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  12. Prime cuts: Launching Skeel Library & The Chapel at Hampstead Manor
  13. "The Rev Joyce Bennett obituary The Guardian". The Guardian . 26 July 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.