|Directed by||Mehboob Khan|
|Written by||S. Ali Raza|
|Story by||R. S. Choudhury|
|Produced by||Mehboob Khan|
|Starring|| Dilip Kumar |
|Cinematography||Faredoon A. Irani|
|Edited by||Shamsudin Kadri|
|Distributed by||Mehboob Productions|
|Box office||est. ₹35,731,000 ($6,042,410)|
Aan (Hindi: आन, Urdu: آن, translation: Pride), released as The Savage Princess in the United Kingdom and United States, is a 1952 Indian Bollywood adventure film, produced and directed by Mehboob Khan. It was India's first technicolour film, as it was shot in 16mm Gevacolour and was blown up in Technicolor.It stars Dilip Kumar, Premnath, and Nimmi, and marked the debut of Nadira. It was the most expensive Indian film ever at the time.
It was the highest-grossing Indian film ever at the time, domesticallyand overseas. Aan was the first Indian film to have a worldwide release in many countries, subtitled in 17 languages and released in 28 countries, including the United Kingdom, United States, France, and Japan. The film also received critical acclaim in the British press at the time. In South India, it was also dubbed and released in Tamil with the same title, Aan.
It begins with a royal Indian family, which consists of the Maharaj (Murad), his brother Shamsher Singh (Premnath) and sister Rajshree (Nadira). A local village leader named Jai Tilak (Dilip Kumar) enters a contest to tame Princess Rajshree's horse, and after he is successful, Shamsher challenges Jai to a bout of fencing. Jai is declared the winner of the fight after much dispute and Shamsher is enraged at losing to a poor villager. Jai then falls in love with Rajshree and tries numerous times to woo her, but the princess's arrogance prevents her from revealing her true feelings.
Shamsher becomes even more enraged when Emperor Maharaj reveals that Shamsher is not the heir to his throne after his death and that he plans to free India from monarchy and turn to democracy.
Shamsher then plans to gain control of the kingdom by killing the Maharajah on the night before he is due to travel to England for a medical procedure. However, he is unsuccessful after the Maharajah escapes an attempt on his life by Shamsher's henchmen and disguises himself as a servant in his own palace.
Shamsher then sets his eyes on Mangala (Nimmi) who was a village girl and childhood friend of Jai, but her love is not reciprocated as he is only in love with princess Rajshree. After Mangala is kidnapped by Shamsher Singh who plans to keep her prisoner in his palace and molest her, Mangala takes a bottle of poison and dies. Jai kills Shamsher in revenge and provokes Princess Rajshree to launch an attack on his village to avenge her brother's death. Jai manages to kidnap Rajshree and sets out to gain her love by taking her into his village and forcing her to live as a peasant girl. Just when Rajshree begins to realize her feelings for Jai, Shamsher Singh who was presumed dead returns to take his revenge against Jai.
This prestigious production was to be India's first full feature in Technicolor.The film was made with an extremely large budget. Dilip Kumar, Nimmi and Prem Nath, then at the height of their popularity and success, were quickly signed on for starring roles, but the second female lead proved more troublesome to cast. Initially, Nargis was cast but left the film to concentrate on her association with R. K. Studios. For a time Madhubala was considered, with considerable lobbying from Dilip Kumar who was romantically involved with her at the time, but for reasons unknown, she was never cast. Finally Mehboob Khan decided to launch a newcomer and selected the then unknown Nadira and promoted her as his new star discovery.
When a first edit of the film was shown to the film's financiers and distributors, they objected that Nimmi's character died too early. This was due to Nimmi's vast popularity as an actress. Therefore, a lavish and extended dream sequence was filmed and edited in to give Nimmi more prominence and screen time in the film.
The production cost of the film was ₹35 lakh (equivalent to ₹30 croreorUS$4.2 million in 2019). It was the most expensive Indian film ever at the time.
A major highlight of Aan is Naushad's music - both music of film songs and the grand background score that was so innovative and played a key role in the box office success of this film. Reportedly Naushad used a 100-piece orchestra while recording the music of this film, something unprecedented in those days. To create the sound effects that had better bass, Naushad had special rugs put on the walls of the sound studio. Finally, the film songs were mixed in London. Naushad worked very long hours for three whole months to complete this film's music. The symphony with the 100 musicians was much praised and even played on the BBC Radio.
Aan was the first Indian film to have a worldwide release in many countries with the English title - Savage Princess.It was subtitled in 17 languages, and released in 28 countries. Its distribution in the United Kingdom and Europe was handled by Alexander Korda. The film had a lavish London premiere, attended by Mehboob Khan, his wife Sadar Akhter, and Nimmi. The English version was entitled Savage Princess. On the London trip, they met many Western film personalities, including Errol Flynn. When Flynn attempted to kiss Nimmi's hand, she pulled it away, exclaiming, "I am an Indian girl, you cannot do that!" The incident made the headlines, and the press raved about Nimmi as the "...unkissed girl of India". The premiere was also attended by the British prime minister Lord Attlee, among other Indian and British elites at the time.
Although Nimmi was not the romantic lead, she made a big impact on audiences, and her character, Mangala, emerged as the most popular in the film.This was to such an extent that, when the film was released dubbed in French in 1954, it was retitled Mangala, fille des Indes (Mangala, the Girl of India) and Nimmi was promoted as the main star of the film in the theatrical posters and trailers for the French language release. One reason for her popularity was the incident with Errol Flynn which made headlines. Nimmi further revealed in a 2013 interview, that at the London premiere of Aan, she received four serious offers from Hollywood, including from Cecil B. DeMille who greatly admired the production design and Mehboob's vision as a director. He was in fact, so impressed by the film, that he personally wrote a letter of commendation to Mehboob Khan praising the film and the performances of Nimmi, Dilip Kumar and Nadira in particular.
Aan was also released in Japan in January 1954, as the first Indian film to ever release in Japan. Aan was accepted by audiences there, and it earned a considerable profit in Japan.In 1995, This Movie was telecast aboard Tv Premier on Bangladesh Television on the occasion of a Personal visit of Dilip Kumar & Saira Banu in Bangladesh.
|Soundtrack album by|
|Genre||Feature film soundtrack|
The film features an acclaimed soundtrack composed by Naushad.
Hindi/Urdu lyrics were by Shakeel Badayuni
|1||"Maan Mera Ehsan"||Mohammed Rafi||Shakeel Badayuni||02:48|
|2||"Dil Mein Chhupake Pyar Ka Toofan Le Chale"||Mohammed Rafi||02:55|
|3||"Tujhe Kho Diya Hamne"||Lata Mangeshkar||03:14|
|4||"Aaj Mere Man Mein Sakhi"||Lata Mangeshkar||03:55|
|5||"Mohabbat Choome Jinke Haath"||Mohammed Rafi & Shamshad Begum||03:36|
|6||"Gao Tarane Man Ke"||Mohammed Rafi, Lata Mangeshkar & Shamshad Begum||04:41|
|7||"Takra Gaya Tumse"||Mohammed Rafi||03:44|
|8||"Khelo Raang Hamare Sang"||Lata Mangeshkar & Shamshad Begum||04:18|
|9||"Aag Lagi Tan Man Mein"||Shamshad Begum||03:32|
|10||"Mein Raani Hoon Raja Ki"||Shamshad Begum||03:10|
The Tamil lyrics were by Kambadasan. Lata Mangeshkar and Shamshad Begum rendered the Tamil songs also. However, it appears that the lyricist did not approve of their diction, and so songs sung by Lata Mangeshkar were recorded again with M. S. Rajeswari and songs sung by Shamshad Begum were recorded with Soolamangalam Rajeswari. While the film had the original recordings, the records (Plates) had both versions. So, there are 14 songs recorded on the gramophone records.
|1||"Yetriduvaai Arul Thaan"||S. M. Sarkar||Kambadasan||02:48|
|2||"Manadhil Mei Kaadhal"||S. M. Sarkar||02:55|
|3||"Izhandhen Unai Anbe"||Lata Mangeshkar||03:14|
|4||"Izhandhen Unai Anbe"||M. S. Rajeswari||03:14|
|5||"Indru Endhan Nenjil Sakhi"||Lata Mangeshkar||03:55|
|6||"Indru Endhan Nenjil Sakhi"||M. S. Rajeswari||03:55|
|7||"Mohamuththam Tharum"||S. M. Sarkar||03:36|
|8||"Paadu Singara Paadalai"||S. M. Sarkar, Lata Mangeshkar & Shamshad Begum||04:41|
|9||"Sandai Moondathuve"||S. M. Sarkar||03:44|
|10||"Nagaru Nagaru Mel Jal Jal"||Lata Mangeshkar & Shamshad Begum||04:18|
|11||"Aah Sududhe En Maname"||Shamshad Begum||03:32|
|12||"Aah Sududhe En Maname"||Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi||03:32|
|13||Naan Raaniye Rajavin||Shamshad Begum||03:10|
|14||Naan Raaniye Rajavin||Soolamangalam Rajalakshmi||03:10|
Domestically in India, it was the highest grosser of 1952, grossing ₹ 2.8 crore ($5.88 million). Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to $57 million (₹390 crore). It was the highest-grossing film in India at the time, and the first to net ₹1.5 crore. It held the record for several years, until it was surpassed by Shree 420 (1955).
It was also an overseas success, earning considerable profit from overseas. ₹773,060 ($162,410). Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to $2.79 million (₹19 crore). Aan was the highest-gross Indian film overseas at the time, until it was surpassed by Awaara (1951) after its Soviet release in 1954.In overseas markets, the film was released in 28 countries and earned
Worldwide, the film grossed ₹35.731 million ($6,042,410). Adjusted for inflation, this is equivalent to ₹395 crore ($58 million). It was the highest-grossing Indian film ever at the time, up until it was surpassed by Awaara after its Soviet release in 1954.
Aan received critical acclaim in the British press at the time. The Times , for example, wrote a positive review of the film, comparing it favourably with Hollywood productions at the time. They stated that "Hollywood has nothing to reach up to handsome Dilip Kumar and seductive Nadira."
Hollywood producer Cecil B. DeMille himself wrote a letter to Mehboob Khan saying, "I believe it is quite possible to make pictures in your great country which will be understood and enjoyed by all nations without sacrificing the culture and customs of India. We look forward to the day when you will be regular contributors to our screen fare with many fine stories bringing the romance and magic of India."
Mohammed Yusuf Khan, better known by his stage name Dilip Kumar, was an Indian actor and film producer who worked in Hindi cinema. Referred to as the "Tragedy King" for his portrayal of serious roles and retrospectively as "The First Khan" of Bollywood, he has been described as one of the most successful film stars in the industry and is credited with bringing a distinct form of method acting to cinema. Kumar holds the record for most wins for the Filmfare Award for Best Actor, and was also the inaugural recipient of the award.
Madhubala was an Indian actress and producer who worked in Hindi cinema. In a career spanning more than 20 years, she was predominantly active for a decade only but had appeared in over 60 films by the time of her death in 1969. Half a century later, she continues to be held in high regard, with her portrayals of strong-willed, independent characters being seen as a significant departure from the regular portrayals of women on the Indian screen.
Mehboob Khan was a pioneer producer-director of Indian cinema, best known for directing the social epic Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director, two National Film Awards, and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. He set up his production company – Mehboob Productions, and later a film studio – Mehboob Studios in Bandra, Mumbai in 1954. He also created the dacoit film genre with Aurat (1940) and Mother India, and is also known for other blockbusters including the romantic drama Andaz (1949), the swashbuckling musical Aan (1951), and the melodrama Amar (1954).
Nawab Bano, better known by her stage name Nimmi, was an Indian screen actress who achieved stardom in the 1950s and early 1960s in Hindi films. She was one of the leading actresses of the "golden era" of Hindi cinema.
Tun Tun was the screen name of Indian playback singer and actress-comedienne, Uma Devi Khatri, who was called "Hindi cinema's first-ever comedienne".
Florence Ezekiel, known by her stage name Nadira, was an Indian actress who worked in Hindi films. She appeared in films from the 1950s and 1960s, including Aan (1952), Shree 420 (1955), Pakeezah (1972) and Julie (1975), which won her the Filmfare Best Supporting Actress Award.
Cuckoo Moray, also credited as Cuckoo or Cukoo, was an Anglo-Indian dancer and actress in Indian cinema. Cuckoo was the queen of film dancing in Hindi cinema of the 1940s and 1950s. Though unfamiliar in name, she was known as the "rubber girl" of Hindi cinema and her talent made cabaret dancing a must in the Bollywood films during the 1940s and 1950s. It has been recently confirmed that Cuckoo's real name was Cuckoo Moray.
Andaz is a 1949 Indian Hindi language romantic drama film, directed by Mehboob Khan, with music by Naushad. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Nargis and Raj Kapoor in a love triangle, with Cukoo and Murad in supporting roles. The film's music was provided by Naushad and lyrics written by Majrooh Sultanpuri. It is the only film to feature Dilip Kumar and Raj Kapoor together onscreen.
Kranti (transl. Revolution) is a 1981 Indian Hindi-language historical drama film, produced and directed by Manoj Kumar, with the story and screenplay written by Salim–Javed. It stars an ensemble cast, consisting of Dilip Kumar, Manoj Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi, Sarika, Prem Chopra, Madan Puri, Paintal and Pradeep Kumar. The film marked the return of Dilip Kumar after a five-year hiatus. This film celebrated golden jubilee in many centres across India, including a theatre where it was housefull for 96 days. The film was declared a historic blockbuster, along with its soundtrack.
Baiju Bawra is a 1952 Hindi musical romantic drama film directed by Vijay Bhatt. Produced by Prakash Pictures, with story by Ramchandra Thakur and dialogues by Zia Sarhadi, Baiju Bawra was a musical "megahit" which had a mighty run of 100 weeks in the theatres. Bhatt's decision to make a film based on classical music was met with scepticism by the Indian film industry due to its "lack of mass appeal", but the film and music turned out be an "overwhelming success". The film's music director was Naushad, who had become popular giving folk-based music in films such as Rattan, Anmol Ghadi, Shahjehan (1946) and Deedar (1951). With Bhatt's Baiju Bawra, Naushad introduced a classical component in Hindi film songs. The soundtrack was based on classical ragas such as Puriya Dhanashree, Todi, Malkauns, Darbari and Desi. The lyricist was Shakeel Badayuni, a Naushad discovery. For Baiju Bawra, he had to forgo Urdu, and write lyrics in pure Hindi, with songs such as the bhajan "Man Tadpat Hari Darshan Ko Aaj", becoming popular.
Ganga Jamna, also transliterated as Ganga Jamuna or Gunga Jumna, is a 1961 Indian crime drama film, written and produced by Dilip Kumar, and directed by Nitin Bose, with dialogues written by Wajahat Mirza. The film stars Kumar, Vyjayanthimala and Nasir Khan. Set in a rural part of the Awadh region of North India, the film tells the story of two impoverished brothers, Ganga and Jamna, and their poignancy and sibling rivalry on opposing sides of the law, one a dacoit criminal and the other a police officer. The film was also notable for its Technicolor production, use of the Awadhi dialect, and its rustic setting, being a defining example of the dacoit film genre. It was ranked 11th in Outlook Magazine's 25 leading Indian directors' poll of Bollywood's greatest films in 2003.
Mere Mehboob is a 1963 Indian film directed by Harnam Singh Rawail and starring Ashok Kumar, Rajendra Kumar, Sadhana, Nimmi, Pran, Johnny Walker and Ameeta. The film became a blockbuster and took the number one position at the box office in 1963. A Muslim social film, it drew a background from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh and traditional Lucknow. The famous song "Mere Mehboob Tujhe Mere" was shot in the University Hall and in a couple of places, one gets to see the University. The opening scene of the movie shows the famous residential hall and the associated clock tower; "Victoria Gate".
Uran Khatola is a 1955 Indian Hindi-language romantic-drama film produced by music director Naushad and directed by S.U. Sunny. The film stars Dilip Kumar, Nimmi, Jeevan and Tun Tun. The film's music was composed by Naushad. Songs are written by Shakeel Badayuni. The song "O door ke musafir ham ko bhi saath le le re" is from this film.
Amar (transl. "Immortal") is a 1954 Indian Hindi-language romantic drama film produced and directed by Mehboob Khan. Dealing with the controversial subject matter of rape, the film tells the story of the titular upper-class lawyer, his educated fiancé, the social worker Anju Roy (Madhubala), and Sonia (Nimmi), a poor milkmaid.
Kumkum, born Zaibunnisa, was an Indian film actress from Hussainabad in Sheikhpura district, Bihar.
Son of India is a Bollywood film released in 1962. This film was written and directed by Mehboob Khan, starring Sajid Khan, Kamaljit, Simi Garewal, Jayant and Kumkum. The music was composed by Naushad and with Shakeel Badayuni as the lyricist. It was a spiritual successor to Mehboob Khan's previous film, Mother India (1957).
Mehboob Studio is an Indian film studio and recording studio in Bandra (W), Mumbai, founded in 1954 by director and producer Mehboob Khan, who previously owned Mehboob Productions, and is most known for films such as Mother India (1957), which won the Filmfare Awards for Best Film and Best Director and was a nominee for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. It is spread over 20,000 square yards and includes five shooting stages. It soon become popular with directors such as Guru Dutt, Chetan Anand and Dev Anand. In the following decades it was used by Manmohan Desai extensively. A recording studio was added in the 1970s and both remain in use.
Leela Mishra was an Indian film actress. She worked as a character actor in over 200 Hindi films for five decades, and is best remembered for playing stock characters such as aunts. She is best known for her role of "mausi" in the blockbuster Sholay (1975), Dil Se Mile Dil (1978), Baton Baton Mein (1979), Rajesh Khanna films such as Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein, Aanchal, Mehbooba, Amar Prem and Rajshri Productions hits such as Geet Gaata Chal (1975), Nadiya Ke Paar (1982) and Abodh (1984). Her career's best performance was in Naani Maa in 1981, for which she received Best Actress award at the age of 73.
The term Khans of Bollywood refers to several actors of Bollywood, the Mumbai-based Hindi language Indian film industry, whose surnames are Khan. Most commonly, this involves the Three Khans: Shah Rukh Khan, Aamir Khan and Salman Khan. The three are unrelated, but happen to share the same surname, were all born in 1965, and, due to their longevity and high popularity, are considered as the most successful movie stars in the history of Indian cinema.