Aberdulais

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Aberdulais
Neath Port Talbot UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Aberdulais
Location within Neath Port Talbot
Population2,400 (2011 census) [1]
OS grid reference SS773995
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town NEATH
Postcode district SA10
Dialling code 01639
Police South Wales
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
Councillors
  • Doreen Jones(Labour)
List of places
UK
Wales
Neath Port Talbot
51°40′51″N3°46′24″W / 51.68086°N 3.77324°W / 51.68086; -3.77324 Coordinates: 51°40′51″N3°46′24″W / 51.68086°N 3.77324°W / 51.68086; -3.77324

Aberdulais is a village and electoral ward in Neath Port Talbot, Wales, lying on the River Neath, in the community of Blaenhonddan. The village grew around the Aberdulais Falls, the site of successive industries and now a hydro-electric station. The National Trust owns and administers the site.

Contents

The name Aberdulais is from the Welsh for the mouth of the River Dulais.

Industrial history

Aberdulais has a lengthy industrial history thanks to the abundant supply of energy derived from the waterfall and the presence in the vicinity of coal and timber. The first business here was a copper smelting industry, using ore delivered via boat from Cornwall. Over the years the site was successively used as an ironworks, a cornmill and a tinplate works. The Welsh tinplate industry was very successful for a time, until the American government levied heavy duties on imported tinplate. [2]

The present water wheel is a modern steel structure 8.2 m (27 ft) in diameter. It generates electricity for use on the site, any excess current being fed into the national grid. [3]

Other history

In the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, various artists visited the falls to paint. In 1795, J. M. W. Turner used a sketch he made here of the waterfall and cornmill to paint his watercolour "Aberdulais Mill, Glamorganshire" which hangs at the National Library of Wales. John Ruskin also painted here. [2]

Amenities and attractions

Local attractions include a canal and the Cefn Coed Colliery Museum. Aberdulais Falls and the associated industrial infrastructure are in the care of the National Trust in recognition of the site's value as a key part of the region's industrial heritage. The water wheel at Aberdulais falls produces £20,000 worth of electricity that powers the site, and the surplus is sold back to the national grid. [3]

Several of the old buildings remain, and the tall smokestack of the tinplate works towers above the site. The school house for the children of the workers survives. The remains of a bridge that formerly linked the site by a tramway to the Tennant Canal can be seen. [2]

Government and politics

Aberdulais is also the name of an electoral ward covering the village. It is a constituent of the parish of Blaenhonddan. The electoral ward of Aberdulais includes some or all of the settlements of Aberdulais and Cilfrew in the parliamentary constituency of Neath. Most of the ward consists of woodland and farmland with a small residential area to the far south. Aberdulais is bounded by the wards of Crynant to the north; Resolven to the east; Tonna to the south; and Cadoxton and Bryncoch North to the west. [4]

In the 2017 local council elections the results were: [5]

CandidatePartyVotesStatus
Doreen JonesLabour344Labour hold
Simon HopkinsIndependent282
Daniel ThomasPlaid Cymru118

In the 2012 local council elections, the electorate turnout was 40.81%. The results were: [6]

CandidatePartyVotesStatus
Doreen JonesLabour431Labour hold
Ken ThomasPlaid Cymru290

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References

  1. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 11 April 2015.
  2. 1 2 3 Ross, David. "Aberdulais Tin Works and Waterfall". Britain Express. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  3. 1 2 "The Waterwheel at Aberdulais". The National Trust. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  4. "Neath Port Talbot Local Government Elections 2012 Results". Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. Retrieved 29 April 2016.
  5. "Election results for Aberdulais". Neath Port Talbot Borough Council. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  6. "Local Government Elections, 2012: Aberdulais". Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. Retrieved 29 April 2016.