Andrea Levy

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Andrea Levy
Born(1956-03-07)7 March 1956
London, England
Died14 February 2019(2019-02-14) (aged 62)
OccupationAuthor
LanguageEnglish
Period1994–2019
Notable works Small Island (2004)
The Long Song (2010)
Notable awards Orange Prize for Fiction
Whitbread Book of the Year
Commonwealth Writers Prize
SpouseBill Mayblin
Website
Andrea Levy

Andrea Levy FRSL (7 March 1956 – 14 February 2019) [1] [2] [3] was an English author best known for the novels Small Island (2004) and The Long Song (2010). She was born in London to Jamaican parents, and her work explores topics related to British Jamaicans and how they negotiate racial, cultural and national identities. [4] [5]

Contents

Early life

Levy was of primarily Afro-Jamaican descent. She had a Jewish paternal grandfather and a Scots maternal great-grandfather. [4] She said in a 2004 article: "Jews went to Jamaica in the 1600s. My paternal grandfather was born Orthodox Jewish, from a very strict family, but after fighting in the First World War he became a Christian and came back and married my grandmother. His family disowned him, so I don’t know much about them." [6] Her father came to Britain on the HMT Empire Windrush in 1948, [1] with her mother following later that year on a banana boat. [2] [7] [8]

Levy was born in Archway, London, [9] "the fourth, and baby, of the family, by a long way". [6] She grew up on a council estate in Highbury, north London, and had a typical working-class upbringing. [10] [11] She attended Highbury Hill Grammar School [1] and studied textile design and weaving at Middlesex Polytechnic. [10]

Career

Levy began her career as a costume assistant, working part-time in the costume departments of the BBC and the Royal Opera House [1] [10] while starting a graphic design company with her husband Bill Mayblin. During this time, she experienced a form of awakening to her identity concerning both her gender and her race. [12] At a racial-awareness session with colleagues at an Islington sex education project, she found herself having to choose between a "white" and "black" side, which she found a "rude awakening". [2] Having not read a book until the age of 23, [6] she subsequently became aware of the power of books and began to read "excessively". It was easy enough to find literature by black writers from the United States, but she could find very little literature from black writers in the United Kingdom. [12]

Levy began writing in her mid-30s after her father died. It was not a therapeutic attempt to deal with her loss, but rather a need to understand where she came from. [13] She then enrolled in Alison Fell's Creative Writing class at the City Lit in 1989, continuing with the course for seven years. [14] She struggled initially to get her work published, her first novel being rejected by several companies that were unsure of how to market her writing. [2] Levy spoke in a 1999 interview of the "herd mentality" of publishers worried about the possibly limited market appeal of her work: "the main problem was that they perceived it as being just about race, and thought it would only appeal to black readers." [15] [12] [13] However, as Margaret Busby noted, Levy "proved that to write about... migration from the specific yet complex perspective of being a black English female is not a limitation to finding a wide and appreciative readership, but in fact the exact opposite." [12]

Work

In 1994 Levy's first novel, the semi-autobiographical Every Light in the House Burnin', was published and attracted favourable reviews. The Independent on Sunday stated: "This story of a young girl in the 60s in north London, child of Jamaican migrants, stands comparison with some of the best stories about growing up poor – humorous and moving, unflinching and without sentiment". [16] Her second novel, Never Far from Nowhere (1996), is a coming-of-age story about two sisters of Jamaican parentage, Vivian and Olive, growing up in Finsbury Park, London in the 1970s. [17] [12] It was long-listed for the Orange Prize. [15]

After Never Far from Nowhere, Levy visited Jamaica for the first time and what she learned of her family's past provided material for her next book, Fruit of the Lemon (1999). [17] [1] The novel is set in England and Jamaica during the Thatcher era, highlighting the differences between Jamaican natives and their British descendants. The New York Times noted the novel "illuminates the general situation facing all children of postcolonial immigrants". [18]

Levy's fourth novel, Small Island (2004), which looks at the immediate outcomes of World War II and migration on what became known as the Windrush generation, was a critical success. [10] The Guardian 's Mike Phillips praised the writing and the subject matter, calling it Levy's "big book". [19] Levy herself said in 2004: "When I started Small Island I didn’t intend to write about the war. I wanted to start in 1948 with two women, one white, one black, in a house in Earls Court, but when I asked myself, 'Who are these people and how did they get here?' I realised that 1948 was so very close to the war that nothing made sense without it. If every writer in Britain were to write about the war years there would still be stories to be told, and none of us would have come close to what really happened. It was such an amazing schism in the middle of a century. And Caribbean people got left out of the telling of that story, so I am attempting to put them back into it. But I am not telling it from only a Jamaican point of view. I want to tell stories from the black and white experience. It is a shared history." [6] Small Island won three awards, namely the Whitbread Book of the Year, the Orange Prize and the Commonwealth Writers' Prize. [20] [21] The novel was subsequently made into a two-part television drama of the same title that was broadcast by the BBC in December 2009. [22] A stage adaptation written by Helen Edmundson premiered at the National Theatre in 2019. [23]

Levy's fifth and final novel, The Long Song , won the 2011 Walter Scott Prize [24] and was shortlisted for the 2010 Man Booker Prize. [25] The Daily Telegraph called it a "sensational novel". [26] Kate Kellaway in The Observer commented: "The Long Song reads with the sort of ebullient effortlessness that can only be won by hard work". [27] The novel was adapted as a three-part BBC One television series that was broadcast in December 2018. [28] [29]

Her short book Six Stories and an Essay was published in 2014. [30] It begins with an autobiographical essay and includes stories that are drawn from various life experiences. [31]

Bonnie Greer paid tribute to Andrea Levy: "For every great writer, their own story is in their work, and is all that you really need to know.... What she described was a people integral to what the UK is. Now and forever. And their bard, Andrea Levy, is immortal." [32]

Legacy

Documentary film

Levy was the subject of a profile in Alan Yentob's BBC One television series Imagine entitled "Andrea Levy: Her Island Story", first shown in December 2018. [33]

Andrea Levy: In her own words

The BBC Radio 4 programme "Andrea Levy: In her own words" was broadcast on 8 February 2020 in the Archive on 4 series, drawing on an in-depth interview in 2014 with oral historian Sarah O'Reilly for the British Library's Authors' Lives project, in which Levy spoke on condition that the recording would only be released after her death. The interview was accompanied by contributions from friends of Levy's including Gary Younge, Baroness Lola Young, Louise Doughty, and Margaret Busby, as well as Levy's husband Bill Mayblin. [34] [35]

Literary archive

It was announced in February 2020 that Levy's literary archive had been acquired by the British Library, including notebooks, research material, correspondence, emails and audio recordings. [36] [37] [38] [39]

Commemorative plaque

An Islington Heritage Plaque was unveiled in Levy's honour on her childhood home at Twyford House, Elwood Street, in Highbury in March 2020, at a ceremony attended by her husband Bill Mayblin and family members, Islington Councillors, Baroness Lola Young, and other friends. [40] [41]

Royal Society of Literature pen collection

In November 2020 it was announced that Levy would be the first writer of colour whose pen would join the Royal Society of Literature's historic collection, which includes pens belonging to George Eliot and Lord Byron. [42]

Personal life and death

Levy was married to Bill Mayblin. [1] She died on 14 February 2019, aged 62, [43] after living with metastatic breast cancer for 15 years. [1]

Awards and honours

Bibliography

Further reading

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<i>Small Island</i> (novel)

Small Island is a 2004 prize-winning novel by British author Andrea Levy, her fourth novel.

<i>Small Island</i> (TV series)

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<i>The Long Song</i>

The Long Song is a historical novel by Andrea Levy published in 2010 that was the recipient of the Walter Scott Prize. It was Levy's fifth novel, following the 2004 publication of Small Island. In December 2018, a three-part television adaptation of the same name was broadcast on BBC One.

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The Long Song is a three-part BBC television serial, which is an adaptation of Andrea Levy's The Long Song, a 2010 historical novel.

Small Island is a play by Helen Edmundson based on the 2004 novel of the same name by Andrea Levy. It tells the deeply connected stories of three people against the backdrop of the complex history of the United Kingdom and Jamaica. It premiered at the National Theatre in 2019 to critical acclaim.

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References

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  2. 1 2 3 4 Lea, Richard (15 February 2019). "Andrea Levy, chronicler of the Windrush generation, dies aged 62". The Guardian . Retrieved 15 February 2019.
  3. Innes, Lyn (15 February 2019). "Andrea Levy obituary". The Guardian . ISSN   0261-3077 . Retrieved 18 February 2019.
  4. 1 2 Levy, Andrea (19 February 2000). "This is my England". The Guardian . Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  5. Younge, Gary (30 January 2010). "'I started to realise what fiction could be. And I thought, wow! You can take on the world' – Andrea Levy interview". The Guardian . Retrieved 19 February 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 4 Salandy-Brown, Marina (November/December 2004), "ANDREA LEVY: 'THIS WAS NOT A SMALL STORY'", Caribbean Beat , Issue 70.
  7. "Novel on J' can immigrants wins second literary prize". The Gleaner . Kingston, Jamaica. Associated Press. 27 January 2005. p. 16. Retrieved 15 February 2019 via Newspaperarchive.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
  8. "The Eloquent Voice of a Windrush Child" . Evening Standard. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 15 February 2019 via EBSCOhost.
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  11. Scurr, Ruth (4 December 2014). "Andrea Levy's islands". The Times Literary Supplement . Archived from the original on 23 February 2015.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 Prasad, Raekha (4 March 1999). "Two sides to every story". The Guardian.
  13. 1 2 Batson-Savage, Tanya (29 May 2005). "Late start, good results for Andrea Levy". The Gleaner . Kingston, Jamaica. p. 58. Retrieved 15 February 2019 via Newspaperarchive.com. Open Access logo PLoS transparent.svg
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  16. "Lazy days of summer reading". Independent on Sunday. 2 July 1995.
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