April 13 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 15
The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Passages of Holy Scripture, saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days.
April 15 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 17
The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 200–260 million members. As one of the oldest religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Pope of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares of the bishops.
For April 15th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on April 2.
April 1 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 3
Martyr Sukia (Suchias) and nineteen companions with him, including (123):
Aristarchus or Aristarch, "a Greek Macedonian of Thessalonica", was an early Christian mentioned in a few passages of the New Testament. He accompanied Saint Paul on his journey to Rome. Along with Gaius, another Macedonian, Aristarchus was seized by the mob at Ephesus and taken into the theater. Later, Aristarchus returned with Paul from Greece to Asia. At Caesarea, he embarked with Paul on a ship of Edremit (Adramyttium) bound for Myra in Lycia ; whether he traveled with him from there to Rome is not recorded. Aristarchus is described as Paul's "fellow prisoner" and "fellow laborer" in Colossians 4:10 and Philemon 1:24, respectively.
Saint Pudens was an early Christian saint and martyr.
Trophimus or Trophimus the Ephesian was a Christian who accompanied Paul during a part of his third missionary journey. He was with Paul in Jerusalem, and the Jews, supposing that the apostle had brought him into the temple, raised a tumult which resulted in Paul's imprisonment.. In writing to Timothy, the apostle comments that he left Trophimus in Miletus due to illness. This must refer to some event not noticed in the Acts.
Andrew, Anastasius, Thalaleus, Theodoretus, Ivchirion, Jordan, Quadratus, Lucian, Mimnenus, Nerangius, Polyeuctus, Jacob, Phocas, Domentianus, Victor, and Zosima (Chorimos), of Georgia, in Armenia.
Georgia is a country in the Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Western Asia and Eastern Europe, it is bounded to the west by the Black Sea, to the north by Russia, to the south by Turkey and Armenia, and to the southeast by Azerbaijan. The capital and largest city is Tbilisi. Georgia covers a territory of 69,700 square kilometres (26,911 sq mi), and its 2017 population is about 3.718 million. Georgia is a unitary semi-presidential republic, with the government elected through a representative democracy.
Myra was an ancient Greek, then Roman Greek, then Byzantine Greek, then Ottoman Greek town in Lycia, which became the small Turkish town of Kale, renamed Demre in 2005, in the present-day Antalya Province of Turkey. In 1923 its Greek inhabitants had been required to leave by the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey, at which time its church was finally abandoned. It was founded on the river Myros, in the fertile alluvial plain between Alaca Dağ, the Massikytos range and the Aegean Sea.
Lycia was a geopolitical region in Anatolia in what are now the provinces of Antalya and Muğla on the southern coast of Turkey, and Burdur Province inland. Known to history since the records of ancient Egypt and the Hittite Empire in the Late Bronze Age, it was populated by speakers of the Luwian language group. Written records began to be inscribed in stone in the Lycian language after Lycia's involuntary incorporation into the Achaemenid Empire in the Iron Age. At that time (546 BC) the Luwian speakers were decimated, and Lycia received an influx of Persian speakers. Ancient sources seem to indicate that an older name of the region was Alope.
April 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - April 14
Pre-Schism Western Saints
Martyrs Maro, Eutyches and Victorinus, at Rome, under Trajan (ca. 99)[note 6]
↑ "AT Rome, the Saints Basilissa and Anastasia. Of noble family, they were disciples of the Apostles, and as they persevered courageously in the profession of their faith in the time of the emperor Nero, they had their tongues and feet cut off, were put to the sword, and thus obtained the crown of martyrdom."
↑ "In Persia, in the reign of the emperor Decius, the holy martyrs Maxinius and OJympiades, who were beaten with rods and whips, and struck on their heads with clubs until they breathed their last."
↑ St Sava the Goth in Bessarabia (372). Sava was martyred by pagan Goths. St Basil the Great asked for his relics, which he received, and wrote a panegyric in St Sava’s honour. He is especially venerated throughout Bessarabia, Moldavia, Wallachia and Romania.
↑ "The same day, the holy martyrs Maro, Eutyches, and Victorinus, who, with blessed Flavia Domitilla, were banished to the island of Pontia (Ponza) for the confession of Christ. Being recalled in the reign of Nerva, and having converted many to the faith, they were put to death in different manners by the judge Valerian during the persecution of Trajan."
↑ "Several Saints bear the name of PATERNUS. The one commemorated to-day was intimately connected with Great Britain, though a native of Brittany, and the son of a holy man called Petran, who had quitted his family and his country to embrace the religious state in Ireland. St. Padarn also forsook his home with the intention of joining his father; but, by the order of Providence, he landed in Wales, and there found an ample field for the exercise of his zeal in God's service. He established the great Abbey of Llanbadarn Vaur, which is said to have been the seat of his bishopric, and, according to the tradition, built other monasteries and churches. He was indefatigable in preaching the Faith, consoling the sick and afflicted, and ministering to the poor, while he was incessantly devoted to prayer and holy austerity of life. By such virtues he earned the title of one of the Blessed Visitors of Britain. According to the account received in Brittany, St. Padarn, after completing his work in Wales, returned to his native country, and there reposed in the Lord."
↑ St Mstislav, Sovereign of Kyiv (1132). A son of St Volodymyr Monomach and his English wife, Gytha (daughter of King Harold of England), Mstislav received a second name in Baptism, that of his royal English grandfather, "Harold". In fact, the Norse sagas mention him only as "Harald".
↑ "Miracle worker, born Bucovina, 1370-75, died Moldovita, c. 1455. Romanian Church. He was hegumenos of the monastery of Moldovita between 1445 and 1455, and organized the monks into three groups who took it in turns to pray, work and celebrate the liturgy. He had the gift of healing."
↑ A monk of the monastery of Pereyaslavl, he rebuilt it after a Polish invasion and an epidemic of the plague which led to its abandonment.
1 2 3 4 5 The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p.106.
Dr. Alexander Roman. April. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.29.
April 15. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p.106.