Arizona State Route 101

Last updated

Arizona Loop 101.svg

State Loop 101
Route information
Maintained by ADOT
Length60.99 mi [1] (98.15 km)
Existed1988–present
HistoryFully completed in 2001
Major junctions
FromI-10.svg I-10 in Tolleson
 
ToArizona Loop 202.svg Loop 202 in Chandler
Location
Counties Maricopa County
Highway system
Arizona 99.svg SR 99 SR 143 Arizona 143.svg
Interchange of 101 (Pima Freeway) with Loop 202 (Red Mountain Freeway) in Mesa (they intersect again further south, in Chandler), with 101 through Scottsdale in the distance Arizona 101 202 interchange in Mesa.jpg
Interchange of 101 (Pima Freeway) with Loop 202 (Red Mountain Freeway) in Mesa (they intersect again further south, in Chandler), with 101 through Scottsdale in the distance

Arizona State Route 101, or Loop 101, (spoken as one-oh-one) is a semi-beltway encompassing much of the Phoenix Metropolitan Area in the United States. It connects several suburbs of Phoenix, including Tolleson, Glendale, Peoria, Scottsdale, Mesa, Tempe, and Chandler. Construction began in the late-1980s and was completed in 2001. Additional general purpose lanes and a high occupancy vehicle lane (HOV) are being constructed along the eastern stretch of Loop 101 from Scottsdale to Chandler, starting at Princess Drive to Loop 202 (the Santan Freeway).

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Phoenix, Arizona State capital city in Arizona, United States

Phoenix is the capital and most populous city of Arizona, with 1,626,000 people. It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the most populous American state capital, and the only state capital with a population of more than one million residents.

Tolleson, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Tolleson is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the population of the city is estimated to be 7,205 as of 2017.

Contents

Loop 101 has interchanges with almost all area freeways, including: Loop 202, US 60, SR 51, Interstate 17, and Interstate 10 along its 61-mile (98 km) route.

Stack interchange

A stack interchange, or colloquially butterfly junction, is a particular, free-flowing type of design for interchanges, meaning grade-separated road junctions. It is referred to as a directional interchange in the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets.

State Route 202 or Loop 202 is a partial beltway looping around the eastern areas of the Phoenix metropolitan area in central Arizona. It traverses the eastern end of the city of Phoenix, in addition to the towns of Tempe, Mesa, Chandler, and Gilbert, and is a vital route in the metropolitan area freeway system. Loop 202 has two currently officially designated sections along its route; the Red Mountain Freeway and the Santan Freeway. The Red Mountain Freeway runs from the Mini Stack Interchange in Phoenix with Interstate 10 (I-10) and State Route 51 (SR 51) in Phoenix to the SuperRedTan Interchange with U.S. Route 60 in Mesa, and the Santan Freeway runs from there to an interchange with Interstate 10 (I-10) in Chandler. A third section currently under construction, the South Mountain Freeway, will run from there to Interstate (I-10) in western Phoenix.

U.S. Route 60 in Arizona highway in Arizona

U.S. Route 60 (US 60) is an east–west United States Highway within Arizona. The highway runs for 369 miles (594 km) from a junction with Interstate 10 near Quartzsite to the New Mexico State Line near Springerville. As it crosses the state, US 60 overlaps at various points: I-17, I-10, SR 77, SR 260, US 191, and US 180. Between Wickenburg and Phoenix, the route is known as Grand Avenue. From Tempe to Apache Junction, it is known as the Superstition Freeway.

Loop 101 has various names along its route:

Route description

Loop 101 begins as the Agua Fria Freeway west of Phoenix in Tolleson at a three-level interchange with Interstate 10. From that point, it heads north entering Phoenix then Glendale, passing State Farm Stadium and Gila River Arena. Continuing northward through Peoria, it passes the Peoria Sports Complex before entering northwestern Glendale and heading east just past the Arrowhead Towne Center mall. Loop 101 now heads eastward on the Beardsley Road alignment. The freeway enters northern Phoenix, and at milepost 23, Loop 101 intersects Interstate 17 near the Deer Valley Airport, 15 miles (24 km) north of Downtown Phoenix.

Interchange (road) road junction, typically using grade separation

In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that uses grade separation, and typically one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without interruption from other crossing traffic streams. It differs from a standard intersection, where roads cross at grade. Interchanges are almost always used when at least one road is a controlled-access highway or a limited-access divided highway (expressway), though they are sometimes used at junctions between surface streets.

In the U.S. state of Arizona, Interstate 10 (I‑10), the major east–west Interstate Highway in the United States Sun Belt, runs east from California, enters Arizona near the town of Ehrenberg and continues through Phoenix and Tucson and exits at the border with New Mexico near San Simon. The highway also runs through the cities of Casa Grande, Eloy, and Marana. Segments of the highway are referred to as either the Papago Freeway, Inner Loop, or Maricopa Freeway within the Phoenix area, and the Pearl Harbor Memorial Highway outside metro Phoenix.

State Farm Stadium Stadium in Glendale, Arizona

State Farm Stadium, formerly known as University of Phoenix Stadium, is a multi-purpose football stadium located in Glendale, Arizona, west of Phoenix. It is the home of the Arizona Cardinals of the National Football League (NFL) and the annual Fiesta Bowl. It replaced Tempe's Sun Devil Stadium as the Valley of the Sun's main stadium. The stadium is adjacent to the Gila River Arena, home of the Arizona Coyotes NHL team.

Continuing east as the Pima Freeway, it passes through the Union Hills area and then has an interchange with the northern terminus of SR 51 at milepost 29. East of its junction with SR 51, Loop 101 curves south through Scottsdale in the northeast valley on the Pima Road alignment. The freeway curves east and continues onto the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community just south of Via Linda providing access to Downtown Scottsdale, a large open-air power center called Scottsdale Pavilions, Scottsdale Community College, two casinos, and Scottsdale Fashion Square. Continuing south, Loop 101 encounters an interchange with the Red Mountain Freeway portion of Loop 202 in Tempe at milepost 51, near the campus of Arizona State University. This interchange is partially built over the Salt River.

Scottsdale, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Scottsdale is a city in the eastern part of Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, part of the Greater Phoenix Area. Named Scottsdale in 1894 after its founder Winfield Scott, a retired U.S. Army chaplain, the city was incorporated in 1951 with a population of 2,000. The 2015 population of the city was estimated to be 236,839 according to the U.S. Census Bureau. The New York Times described downtown Scottsdale as "a desert version of Miami's South Beach" and as having "plenty of late night partying and a buzzing hotel scene." Its slogan is "The West's Most Western Town."

Scottsdale Community College community college in Scottsdale

Scottsdale Community College, is located on the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community in Scottsdale, a suburb/rural area of Phoenix, Arizona. Scottsdale Community College is a two-year college located on the eastern boundary of the city of Scottsdale, Arizona, on 160 acres of land belonging to the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community. The lease was taken out in 1970 and will expire in 2069. The school is part of the Maricopa County Community College District.

Casino facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities

A casino is a facility which houses and accommodates certain types of gambling activities. The industry that deals in casinos is called the gaming industry. Casinos are most commonly built near or combined with hotels, restaurants, retail shopping, cruise ships or other tourist attractions. There is much debate over whether the social and economic consequences of casino gambling outweigh the initial revenue that may be generated. Some casinos are also known for hosting live entertainment events, such as stand-up comedy, concerts, and sporting events.

After this interchange, Loop 101 is now the Price Freeway, and interchanges with US 60 at milepost 55 before entering Chandler. Loop 101 provides access to Chandler Fashion Center just prior to concluding at milepost 61 at an interchange with the Santan Freeway portion of Loop 202. [2]

Chandler, Arizona City in Arizona, United States

Chandler is a city in Maricopa County, Arizona, United States, and a prominent suburb of the Phoenix, Arizona, Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). It is bordered to the north and west by Tempe, to the north by Mesa, to the west by Phoenix, to the south by the Gila River Indian Community, and to the east by Gilbert. As of 2017, the population was estimated at 253,458 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Chandler Fashion Center

Chandler Fashion Center is a regional shopping center located in the city of Chandler, Arizona, and is the second largest mall in the Phoenix metropolitan area. The mall is owned by Macerich. The current anchors are Nordstrom, Dillard's, Macy's and Harkins Theatres. The mall is located on Chandler Boulevard at the northwest corner of Price Road and Loop 202 Santan.

History

Old colored Arizona Loop 101 shield that has been phased out. Old Arizona Loop 101.svg
Old colored Arizona Loop 101 shield that has been phased out.

The highway originally was assigned two different route numbers along its path. The Agua Fria Freeway portion was initially designated SR 417; [3] the section along the Pima/Price Freeways was to be SR 117. [4] A portion of Loop 101 between the Superstition Freeway and McDowell Road near Scottsdale had been proposed as the "Indian Bend Freeway" (SR 117) in 1962. [5] The Loop 101 designation was first assigned on December 18, 1987, at which time the South Mountain Freeway and the portion of the San Tan Freeway between I-10 and Price Road were also designated to be part of Loop 101. [6] On July 19, 1991, the proposed South Mountain Freeway was renumbered as part of Loop 202. [7] The San Tan Freeway portion of Loop 101 has never officially been renumbered, though this freeway section has been signed as Loop 202 since its opening.

An exit in Northeast Phoenix at 64th Street started construction in January 2008, and completed construction in the end of Q3 2008. [8] It was finally opened to traffic in May 2015. Construction of Freeway Management System (FMS) for this segment of Loop 101. Using sensors, freeway cameras and the latest technology, the Valley’s Intelligent Transportation Systems keep traffic flowing by providing incident management personnel with information about real-time traffic conditions. Construction was completed on the segment between I-17 and State Route 51 in September 2009.

In 1990, after several years of negotiation with the Salt River Pima Maricopa Indian Community, the state of Arizona paid the tribe $247 million for right of way for the eastern leg of the 101 from (north to south) south of Via Linda to the north bank of the Salt River. [9]

The resulting alignment kept all four corners of each interchange along the roughly 7-mile leg on tribal land, allowing the community to control and benefit from development. The tribe formed a development arm, Salt River DevCo, to manage these and other community developable properties. [10]

On August 26, 2010, comedian Robert Schimmel was involved in an accident on the road in Scottsdale in which his daughter was driving; their car flipped onto the side of the road. Schimmel died from his injuries on September 3, 2010. [11]

Speed enforcement

In 2006, Scottsdale installed speed enforcement cameras along its stretch of Loop 101 to combat the high fatality rate along its section of freeway. The photo enforcement was based on inductive sheeting on the freeway bed located at six fixed positions along the freeway - three in each direction. The photo enforcement was in a trial phase, with the trial ending in December 2006. In January 2007, the program was authorized by Arizona Governor Janet Napolitano to resume in February 2007. [12]

There had been much criticism of the program after its inception. For instance, in May 2006, a vehicle was allegedly clocked traveling at 147 miles per hour (237 km/h) on Loop 101. Scottsdale police arrested Lawrence Pargo soon afterwards. According to the manufacturer Hyundai, [13] the vehicle the suspect was driving had a centrifugal governor, and was only capable of traveling 137 mph (220 km/h). [14]

The system was calibrated to ticket anyone traveling 76 mph (122 km/h) or greater, as 65 mph (105 km/h) was the predetermined speed limit. The system was also designed for night time use and utilized equipment with a high intensity flash and full motion video capture to take pictures of fast-moving objects. [15]

Money from a typical $162 ticket went to the following:

Photo enforcement along Loop 101 ended in 2010. [16]

Exit list

The entire route is in Maricopa County.

Locationmi [1] [17] kmExitDestinationsNotes
Tolleson 0.000.001I-10.svg I-10 (Papago Freeway) Phoenix, Los Angeles Signed as exits 1A (west) and 1B (east); exit 133B on I-10
Phoenix 0.721.162McDowell RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
1.742.803Thomas Road
2.754.434 Indian School Road
3.796.105 Camelback Road
Glendale 4.787.696Bethany Home Road
5.298.517AMaryland AvenueHOV interchange
5.789.307BGlendale Avenue
GlendalePeoria line6.8811.078Northern Avenue
Peoria 8.0913.029Olive Avenue
9.1014.6510Peoria Avenue
10.0116.1111US 60.svg US 60 (Grand Avenue)Northbound exit and southbound entrance; former US 89
10.5416.96US 60.svg To US 60 (Grand Avenue) / 91st AvenueSouthbound exit and northbound entrance; referred internally as exit 11A [1]
11.4718.4612Thunderbird Road
12.3019.79Bridge over Skunk Creek
13.5321.7714 Bell Road
Glendale 14.5923.4815Union Hills DriveNo southbound exit; southbound access is via exit 16
15.4924.9316Beardsley Road west / Union Hills DriveNo eastbound exit
16.0225.781775th Avenue
17.0227.391867th Avenue
17.9628.901959th Avenue
GlendalePhoenix line19.8631.962051st Avenue
Phoenix 20.9733.752235th AvenueEastbound exit and westbound entrance
22.67–
25.07
36.48–
40.35
2327th AvenueSigned as exit 23A westbound
I-17.svg I-17 (Black Canyon Freeway) Flagstaff, Phoenix Signed as exits 23B (north) and 23C (south) westbound; exit 214C on I-17; westbound exit to NB I-17 includes direct exit ramp onto Deer Valley Road
Agua Fria Freeway transitions to Pima Freeway
22.9836.982419th AvenueWestbound exit and eastbound entrance
23.9638.56257th Avenue
24.9640.17267th Street
26.9943.4428Cave Creek Road
28.29–
29.49
45.53–
47.46
29Arizona 51.svg SR 51 south (Piestewa Freeway)North end of SR 51; exit 15 on SR 51
Arizona 51.svg SR 51 southHOV access only; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
30.0948.4331Tatum Boulevard
31.1850.183256th Street
32.3652.083364th StreetExit opened in 2015
PhoenixScottsdale line33.3053.5934Scottsdale Road
Scottsdale 34.3355.2535Hayden Road
35.3656.9136Pima Road / Princess DriveSouthbound access to Bell Road
36.5758.8538Frank Lloyd Wright Boulevard / Bell Road No southbound signage for Bell Road
37.3660.1339Raintree Drive / Thunderbird RoadNo northbound signage for Thunderbird Road
38.8662.5440Cactus Road
39.8464.1241Shea Boulevard
Salt River
Pima–Maricopa
Indian Community
41.1366.194290th Street / Pima Road
42.1667.8543Via de Ventura
43.2269.5644Talking Stick Way / Indian Bend Road
44.2871.2645McDonald Drive
45.2872.8746Chaparral Road
46.2874.4847 Indian School Road
47.3076.1248Thomas Road
48.3177.7549McDowell Road
49.3279.3750McKellips Road
Mesa 50.03–
50.64
80.52–
81.50
51A-BArizona Loop 202.svgAirport Sign.svg Loop 202 (Red Mountain Freeway) Sky Harbor Airport Signed as exits 51A (west) and 51B (east); exit 9 on Loop 202
Pima Freeway transitions to Price Freeway
Tempe 51.3482.6252Rio Salado Parkway / University Drive
52.3484.2353Broadway Road
53.3485.8454Southern Avenue / Baseline Road Southbound exit and northbound entrance
53.54–
55.14
86.16–
88.74
55A-BUS 60.svg US 60 (Superstition Freeway) Globe, Phoenix Signed as exits 55A (east) and 55B (west); exit 176 on US 60
55CBaseline Road / Southern AvenueNorthbound exit and southbound entrance
55.3689.0956Guadalupe Road
56.3790.7257Elliot Road
Chandler 57.3692.3158Warner Road
58.3793.9459Ray Road
59.3795.5560Chandler BoulevardSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
59.67–
60.99
96.03–
98.15
61APrice RoadSouthbound exit and northbound entrance
61DArizona Loop 202.svg Loop 202 eastHOV access only; exit 50C on Loop 202
61B-CArizona Loop 202.svg Loop 202 (SanTan Freeway)Signed as exits 61B (west) and 61C (east); exit 50A on Loop 202
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also

Related Research Articles

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Arizona State Route 51 freeway in the Phoenix metropolitan area

Arizona State Route 51 (SR 51), also known as the Piestewa Freeway, is a numbered state highway in Phoenix, Arizona. It connects Interstate 10 just outside Downtown Phoenix with Loop 101 on the north side of Phoenix, making it one of the area's major freeways. It is a largely north–south route and is known for traversing the Piestewa Peak Recreation Area. The peak was named after Lori Piestewa, the first Native American woman to die in combat in the U.S. Military. Prior to this time, the freeway was known as the Squaw Peak Parkway, a name considered offensive by many Native Americans. Rapid growth and increased traffic demand on the east side of Metro Phoenix made the Piestewa Freeway necessary.

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Arizona State Route 303 highway in Arizona

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Salt River Pima–Maricopa Indian Community

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The transportation system of Arizona comprises rail, air, bus, car and bicycle transport.

Roads and freeways in metropolitan Phoenix regional highway network

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Mini Stack freeway interchange in Phoenix, Arizona

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Agua Fria, Agua Fría, or Água Fria may refer to:

Below is a list and summary of the unconstructed state highways in the U.S. state of Arizona. Some are currently proposed while the others have been since cancelled prior to being constructed.

Bell Road (Phoenix Metro)

Bell Road is a major east-west arterial road in the northern Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area. It is one of the few roadways to cross the Agua Fria River in the northwestern part of the metro area, providing a vital link between the growing suburb of Surprise with Phoenix. As a result, the portion of Bell Road passing through Surprise and Sun City is the busiest arterial road in the state of Arizona.

References

  1. 1 2 3 Roadway Inventory Management Section, Multimodal Planning Division (December 31, 2013). "2013 State Highway System Log" (PDF). Arizona Department of Transportation . Retrieved January 16, 2016.
  2. Google (June 8, 2009). "Arizona State Route 101" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
  3. Breyer, Joe. "Right-of-Way Resolutions - Route Number: 417". Arizona Highway Data. Works Consulting LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  4. Breyer, Joe. "Right-of-Way Resolutions - Route Number: 117". Arizona Highway Data. Works Consulting LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  5. Breyer, Joe. "Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1962-104". Arizona Highway Data. Works Consulting LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  6. Breyer, Joe. "Right-of-Way Resolutions - Route Number: 101L". Arizona Highway Data. Works Consulting LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  7. Breyer, Joe. "Arizona DOT Right-of-Way Resolution 1991-07-A-056". Arizona Highway Data. Works Consulting LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2016.
  8. "Loop 101 (Pima Freeway)". Azdot.gov. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
  9. "17 Aug 1990, Page 99 - Arizona Republic at Newspapers.com" . Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  10. "Salt River Devco". Salt River Devco. Retrieved 4 November 2018.
  11. Quizon, Derek (September 4, 2010). "Scottsdale comedian Robert Schimmel dies after car accident". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved November 12, 2011.
  12. Ferraresi, Michael (2007-02-09). "Signs warn motorists of speed cameras' return". The Arizona Republic. Retrieved 2007-02-10.
  13. "Hyundai Sonata LX". Car and Driver.
  14. "Accused 147 mph speeder gets day in court". East Valley Tribune.
  15. "Photo Enforcement 101". City of Scottsdale. Archived from the original on 2007-03-08.
  16. "Arizona Department of Public Safety announces the expiration of the Statewide Photo Enforcement Contract". azpds.gov. 2010-07-14. Retrieved 2015-10-01.
  17. Google (January 15, 2016). "Arizona State Route 101" (Map). Google Maps . Google. Retrieved January 15, 2016.

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