Ault, Somme

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Ault
Ault 01.jpeg
The beach at Ault
Blason ault.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Ault
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Ault
Hauts-de-France region location map.svg
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Ault
Coordinates: 50°06′07″N1°26′58″E / 50.1019°N 1.4494°E / 50.1019; 1.4494 Coordinates: 50°06′07″N1°26′58″E / 50.1019°N 1.4494°E / 50.1019; 1.4494
Country France
Region Hauts-de-France
Department Somme
Arrondissement Abbeville
Canton Friville-Escarbotin
Intercommunality CC Villes Sœurs
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Marthe Sueur
Area
1
5.99 km2 (2.31 sq mi)
Population
(2015)2
1,516
  Density250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
80039 /80460
Elevation0–107 m (0–351 ft)
(avg. 86 m or 282 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ault is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany or comuni in Italy. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Somme (department) Department of France

Somme is a department of France, located in the north of the country and named after the Somme river. It is part of the Hauts-de-France region.

In the administrative divisions of France, the department is one of the three levels of government below the national level, between the administrative regions and the commune. Ninety-six departments are in metropolitan France, and five are overseas departments, which are also classified as regions. Departments are further subdivided into 334 arrondissements, themselves divided into cantons; the last two have no autonomy, and are used for the organisation of police, fire departments, and sometimes, elections.

Contents

Geography

Situated on the English Channel, on the D19 road, 20 miles (32 km) west of Abbeville, in the southwest of the department, Ault possesses chalk cliffs overlooking a beach of pebbles (and sand at low tide). To the south of the town is a large wooded area, the ‘Bois de Cise’, in a valley that leads on to the coast. To the north, the cliffs descend to the level of the beach at Onival. The area around the town, the 'hâble d’Ault' was mostly tidal marshland that has been reclaimed from the sea. Cattle, sheep and game are raised here.

English Channel Arm of the Atlantic Ocean that separates southern England from northern France

The English Channel, also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates Southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean. It is the busiest shipping area in the world.

Abbeville Subprefecture and commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

Railways

Ault had a station on the standard gauge Woincourt to Onival line, which closed to passengers in May 1939, but saw much use during World War II to move materials for the Atlantic Wall. During the war, a metre gauge line was laid alongside the road from Lanchères, on the CFBS, to Ault. This line was dismantled after the war. [1]

Woincourt Commune in Hauts-de-France, France

Woincourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

World War II 1939–1945 global war

World War II, also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945. The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. A state of total war emerged, directly involving more than 100 million people from over 30 countries. The major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, blurring the distinction between civilian and military resources. World War II was the deadliest conflict in human history, marked by 50 to 85 million fatalities, most of whom were civilians in the Soviet Union and China. It included massacres, the genocide of the Holocaust, strategic bombing, premeditated death from starvation and disease, and the only use of nuclear weapons in war.

The Atlantic Wall was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944, along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom, during World War II. The manning and operation of the Atlantic Wall was administratively overseen by the German Army, with some support from Luftwaffe ground forces. The Kriegsmarine maintained a separate coastal defence network, organised into a number of sea defence zones.

Population

Historical population of Ault, Somme
Year19621968197519821990199920062015
Population19962014219220582054207019411516
From the year 1962 on: No double countingresidents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.

Places of interest

Paul Landowski French sculptor

Paul Maximilien Landowski was a French monument sculptor of Polish descent. His best-known work is Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Lighthouse structure designed to emit light to aid navigation

A lighthouse is a tower, building, or other type of structure designed to emit light from a system of lamps and lenses and to serve as a navigational aid for maritime pilots at sea or on inland waterways.

Sea defences

The town has paid a heavy price defending itself against the sea, which is constantly washing away the beach, cliffs and public spaces, such as the car parks and gardens. The problem is ongoing. A "balcony on the sea", a huge concrete construction has been built but the risks remain. Signs of wear of the dyke under the casino have been noted.

See also

Communes of the Somme department

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References

  1. Pacey, Philip (2000). Railways of the Baie de Somme. The Oakwood Press (Usk). p. 87. ISBN   0-85361-554-3.