Certeza (Portuguese for certainty) was a Cape Verdean literary review established in Praia in 1944. Although the paper was less notoriety than its predecessor Claridade founded in 1936, nevertheless, it was a milestone in Cape Verdean literature.
Claridade was a literary review inaugurated in 1936 in the city of Mindelo on the island of São Vicente, Cape Verde. It was part of a movement of cultural, social, and political emancipations of the Cape Verdean society. The founding contributors were Manuel Lopes, Baltasar Lopes da Silva, who used the poetic pseudonym of Osvaldo Alcântara, and Jorge Barbosa, born in the Islands of São Nicolau, Santiago and São Vicente, respectively. The magazine followed the steps of the Portuguese neorealist writers, and contributed to the building of "Cape Verdeanity", an autonomous cultural identity for the archipelago.
Its director was Eduino Brito Silva, its editor in chief was Joaquim Ribeiro. Its first issue was published in March 1944.It notably featured Acêrca da Mulher, a reflection on the status of women by Orlanda Amarílis. The second edition was published in June 1944. The review was banned by the censor, the third edition was published on January 1945, the text featured Henrique Teixeira de Sousa's "Homens de hoje" ("Men today").
Orlanda Amarílis Lopes Rodrigues Fernandes Ferreira, known as Orlanda Amarílis was a Cape Verdean writer. She is considered to be a noteworthy writer of fiction whose main literary themes include perspectives on women’s writing, with depictions of various aspects of the lives of Cape Verdean women as well as depictions of the Cape Verdean diaspora. She has been described as "indisputably one of Cape Verde’s most talented writers".
Henrique Teixeira de Sousa was a doctor and author from Cape Verde.
Other writers include Manuel Ferreira.
Albert Stanislaus Gérard (1920-1996) was a Belgian scholar of comparative literature, specializing in African literature.
The International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is a numeric commercial book identifier which is intended to be unique. Publishers purchase ISBNs from an affiliate of the International ISBN Agency.
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The recorded history of Cape Verde begins with Portuguese discovery in 1456. Possible early references go back around 2000 years.
Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in the Cape Verdean Creole, accompanied by clarinet, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. Funaná, Coladeira, Batuque and Cabo love are other musical forms.
Portuguese is spoken in a number of African countries and is the official language in six African states: Angola, Mozambique, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, São Tomé and Príncipe and Equatorial Guinea. There are Portuguese-speaking communities in most countries of Southern Africa, a mixture of Portuguese settlers and Angolans and Mozambicans who left their countries during the civil wars. A rough estimate has it that there are about 14 million people who use Portuguese as their sole mother tongue across Africa, but depending on the criteria applied, the number might be considerably higher, since many Africans speak Portuguese as a second language, in countries like Angola and Mozambique, where Portuguese is an official language, but also in countries like South Africa and Senegal, thanks to migrants coming from Portuguese speaking countries. Some statistics claim that there are over 30 million Portuguese speakers in the continent. Like French and English, Portuguese has become a post-colonial language in Africa and one of the working languages of the African Union (AU) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). Portuguese co-exists in Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Principe with Portuguese-based creoles, and in Angola, Mozambique, and Guinea-Bissau with autochthonous African languages.
The Culture of Cape Verde is rich, with a range of customs and practices common in the islands,
Corsino António Fortes was a Cape Verdean writer, poet and diplomat. He served as the first Ambassador of Cape Verde to Portugal from 1975 until 1981 following his country's independence.
Viriato de Barros is a Cape Verdean writer. He worked as a professor in Portugal, São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde and in Quelimane, Mozambique, he returned during Cape Verdean independence in 1975. Between 1975 and 1985, he was director and was responsible in Cultural Associations and Co-operation of the Ministry of Education. He was later Cape Verdean ambassador to Senegal and later a place named Santa Sé between 1984 and 1985, he was later councillor to the President of the Republic. In 1985, he returned to Cape Verde and was a journalists of America's Voice and was a journalist of social communications in Washington, D.C. between 1986 and 1988 and then he headed to Portugal where he had reintegrated the Portuguese public funding, newly as a professor. He is now a member of the Scientific Council and reporter at the Multicultural Studies Centre, associated by the International University of Lisbon.
There are 186,817 people residing in São Tomé and Príncipe according to a 2013 estimate published in the CIA World Factbook. Of these, Cape Verdeans and their descendants make up about 3,000 people. They account for more than half of the 6,000 strong population of the island of Príncipe, which in turn accounts for only about 5% of the total population. Most of the Cape Verdeans in the island nation live in poverty.
There were estimated to be 25,000 Cape Verdeans in Senegal as of 1995.
Nuno Miguel da Costa Jóia simply Nuno da Costa, is a Cape Verdean footballer who plays as a striker for RC Strasbourg.
Codé di Dona, nickname of Gregório Vaz, was a Cape Verdean musician and composer.
Tomé Varela da Sila is a Cape Verdean writer, poet, philosopher and anthropologist which he studies in an orally tradition and the musical heritage of Cape Verde in which he favored for the usage of Cape Verdean Creole in literature. Himself, he is the author of several poets and stories. His most important works were published in the 1980s and the 1990s
The following is a timeline of the city of Praia, capital of Cape Verde.
The Literature of Cape Verde is among the most important in West Africa, it is the second richest in West Africa after Mali and modern day Mauritania. It is also the richest in the Lusophony portion of Africa. Most works are written in Portuguese, but there are also works in Capeveredean Creole, French and notably English.
Francisco José Tenreiro was a São Toméan geographer and poet who lived during the colonial era. He was taught at the Overseas Political and Social Sciences Institute, now known as the Instituto Superior de Ciências Sociais e Políticas of the University of Lisbon.
The following lists events that happened during 1944 in Cape Verde.
The archipelago of Cape Verde has been struck by a series of drought-related famines between the 1580s and the 1950s. During these periods of drougth and famine, tens of thousands of inhabitants died from starvation and diseases.
Manuel Ferreira was a Portuguese writer.
Pedro Monteiro Cardoso was a Cape Verdean writer, poet and folklorist.