Tabanka

Last updated

Tabanka (Cape Verdean crioulo name of tabanca) is a musical genre of Cape Verdean music

Contents

Music of Cape Verde
Genres
Media and performance
Music awards
Music festivals

As general music

Rhythmic model of tabanka. +- 120 bpm. Tabanka rhythm.png
Rhythmic model of tabanka. ± 120 bpm.

As general music, tabanka characterizes by having an allegro, a binary compass, [1] and traditionally being melodic only.

In its traditional form, its structure song-responst, in which a singer mainly chants a verse that are repeated in unison by other singers. It is rhythmically done with drums and other instruments including whistlers and conches. [1] Rhythmically there are four variants of tabanca including tabancas of Várzea, Achada Grande, Achada de Santo António (three neighborhoods of the city of Praia) and Chã de Tanque in Santa Catarina [2] Tabanka today have been composed in other forms by recent composers and musicians.

History

Museu da Tabanka in Assomada Museu da tabanca, Assomada, Cape verde.jpg
Museu da Tabanka in Assomada

The word "tabanka" existed in Portuguese texts in around the 16th century. The word was likely originated from some of the African languages, mainly the westernmost part of West Africa, that time, it was used to build and design fortifications by Portuguese navigators in the coast of Guinea (now roughly Guinea-Bissau) in the Guinea-Bissau Creole, the word "tabanka" or "tabanca" means "locality" or "neighbourhood", in Cape Verde, it achieved a different significance.

The origin of tabanka is unknown, Semedo and Turano, [3] one of the hypotheses for the rise of tabanka into the definition in the 18th century.

Although tabanka was hostile by the Administration (due to the uprising by the slaves) and the church (not very "catholic") in the early years. In 1896, tabanka became prohibited in Praia by the colonial governor Serpa Pinto. Performance was banned in urban centers and the genre was slowly disappearing. The ban lasted until Cape Verdean independence. Along with funaná and batuque , tabanka was a symbol for the struggle for Cape Verdean independence. Afterwards there were attempts to revive several Cape Verdean music styles. It did not met the success of the revival of funaná in the 1980s or batuque in the start of this century.

Significance

With a cultural manifecation, tabanca goes much beyond as a simple music genre. There are also a number of other activities which it is associated.

Although it also exists on the island of Maio, a tabanka more popular than the Santiago one. Its tabanka festivities mainly starts on May 3, and are held on the holy days from May to July.

Second Pedro Cardoso, [4] the tabanka is also an association of mutual aid. That association gives with a certain quote. The association helps in costs.

The Museu da Tabanka (Tabanka Museum) in Assomada in the middle of Santiago Island features about its music style. Another Museu da Tabanka is located in the tabanka commonplace of Chão de Tanque.

The musical style was featured in the 2016 Capeverdean short film Buska Santu.

Examples

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Brito, M (1998). Breves Apontamentos sobre as Formas Musicais existentes em Cabo Verde.
  2. C.F. Gonçalves (2006). Kab Verd Band .
  3. Semedo and Turano, p. 153
  4. Cardoso, P. Folclore Caboverdiano, 1933 (in Portuguese)

Bibliography

Related Research Articles

Music of Cape Verde

Cape Verde is known internationally for morna, a form of folk music usually sung in the Cape Verdean Creole, accompanied by clarinet, violin, guitar and cavaquinho. Funaná, Coladeira, Batuque and Cabo love are other musical forms.

Funaná

The funaná[funɐˈna] is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde. Funaná is an accordion-based music. The rhythm is usually provided by the ferrinho much like the use of washboards in zydeco, the saw in Caribbean ripsaw music, the scraper in Sub-Saharan African music and the güiro in Latin and Pre-Columbian music.

Santa Catarina, Cape Verde Municipality of Cape Verde

Santa Catarina is a concelho (municipality) of Cape Verde. It is situated in the western part of the island of Santiago. Its seat is the city of Assomada. Its population was 45,920 in 2017 (estimate). Its area is 242.6 km2 (93.7 sq mi).

The coladeira is a music genre from Cape Verde.

Ildo Lobo was a famous Cape Verdean singer. His versatile and melodic voice, commanding stage presence and trademark beret hats made him one of the all-time great and most recognizable performers in Cape Verde. Always well known throughout the Cape Verde Islands, Lobo rose to international fame with his first solo work, "Nôs Morna", following it with another album "Intellectual".

Museu da Tabanca Music-related Museum in Santiago, Cape Verde

The Museu da Tabanca is a museum in the town Chã de Tanque in the western part of the island of Santiago in Cape Verde. It is dedicated to local culture, including tabanka music. The museum was first opened in 2000 in Assomada, the seat of the municipality of Santa Catarina, but in December 2008 it was moved to its current location in Chã de Tanque, also part of Santa Catarina. After two years of renovation, it was reopened in November 2017.

The Batuque is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde.

Ferrinho

The ferrinho is a musical instrument, more precisely a scraped idiophone. It is made up by a metal bar that is scraped by another metal object. The player holds the bar vertically, with its lower end in the palm of one hand and the upper end leaning against the shoulder. With the other hand, the player uses a metallic object, held horizontally, to scrape the bar with up-and-down movements. A custom-made ferrinho is usually 90 centimeters long, with a straight-angle section to ease handling.

Cinema of Cape Verde

The history of the cinema of Cape Verde dates back to the arrival of filmmakers in the early twentieth century. The first picture house was established in Mindelo around 1922, called Eden Park.

Gilyto

Gilyto Semedo, aka Mr. Entertainer is a Cape Verdean Singer, Songwriter, Dancer, TV & Music Producer, Cultural Activist, Mentor Of Cabo Verde Music Awards-CVMA and PALOP Music Awards - PALOPMA.

Vadú, nickname of Osvaldo Furtado, was a Cape Verdean singer and musician. He defined himself as a real "Badiu" or ironically as a "civilized Black".

Codé di Dona, nickname of Gregório Vaz, was a Cape Verdean musician and composer.

Os Tubarões

Os Tubarões was a Cape Verdean traditional music band who, along with Bulimundo, Finaçon and Simentera, were among the most famous music bands in Cape Verde. The band name is Portuguese for "the sharks" which are common in the waters surrounding the archipelago.

Chã de Tanque Settlement in Santiago, Cape Verde

Chã de Tanque is a town in the west-central part of the island of Santiago, Cape Verde. It is part of the municipality of Santa Catarina. In 2010 its population was 1,164. It is situated 4 km west of Assomada, on the road to Rincão. The elevation is about 260 meters above sea level. Since 2008, it is home to the Museu da Tabanca.

Quintal da Música

Quintal da Música, abbreviation: 5tal da Música is a music pub located in the downtown area of Praia, the Plateau and is located at 70A Avenida Amílcar Cabral in the northern part of the center, across Rua António Pusich and south of Rua António Macedo. It is one of the most famous and most used pubs and music pubs in Cape Verde.

The Culture of the Island of Santiago, Cape Verde is the richest in the nation, with a range of customs and practices common in the islands,

Pedro Monteiro Cardoso was a Cape Verdean writer, poet and folklorist.

Colá

Colá is a musical genre of Cape Verdean music

Carlos Filipe Fernandes da Silva Gonçalves is a Capeverdean journalist and an investigator, ex-director of the Portuguese station Rádio Comercial. Carlos Gonçalves has made interviews, conversations and meetings and found written documents by different authors, mainly those from the late 20th century on Cape Verdean Music.

Kap Verd Band or Kab Verd Band is a music history book published in 2006 by Cape Verdean journalist and investigator Carlos Filipe Gonçalves. It was published by the Institute of the National Historic Archives and has been distributed and marketed by the National Library Institute.