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Children's manga (子供向け漫画, kodomo-muke manga) and children's anime (子供向けアニメ, kodomo-muke anime) refer to manga and anime directed towards children.  These series are usually moralistic, often educating children about staying in the right path in life. Each chapter is usually a self-contained story.
Manga aimed at children started in the late 19th century with the production of short manga, approximately 15 pages long, printed in magazines. These short manga were created as a part of the Meiji era's attempt to encourage literacy among Japanese youth. A major milestone in the popularity of anime was the creation of Astro Boy by Osamu Tezuka, who is often considered the father of anime. 
Children's anime and manga can be divided into four categories. The first category consists of anime and manga adaptations of Western stories, such as World Masterpiece Theater . Most of them are TV series. Despite being popular, they are less representative of traditional Japanese anime. Instead, they are modeled after classical American or Soviet cartoons. The second category consists of adaptations of Japanese media and original works. They use linguistic gags, contain references to Japanese society, and may be harder to understand for non-Japanese audiences. They are in some ways similar to American animation. An example is Doraemon .
The third category, known as joji-muke (女児向け)  consists of manga and anime aimed towards young girls, such as Hello Kitty . The fourth category, which is closer to shōnen, has connections with popular video game and toy franchises, and has the greatest commercial success.  Kodomo manga magazines such as CoroCoro Comic and Comic BomBom primarily target young boys, especially those in elementary school, though some, such as Pucchigumi , target young girls. Popular kodomo manga is often adapted into anime and accompanied by a plethora of merchandise.
The annual Shogakukan Manga Award and Kodansha Manga Award each include a category for children's manga.   The former first included a category for children's manga in 1981.
Shōnen manga is an editorial category of Japanese comics targeting an audience of adolescent boys. It is, along with shōjo manga, seinen manga, and josei manga, one of the primary editorial categories of manga. Shōnen manga is traditionally published in dedicated manga magazines that exclusively target the shōnen demographic group.
Marimo Ragawa is a Japanese manga artist. She began submitting manga to comic magazines when she was only 12 years old, in the sixth grade of elementary school. She continued to send her manga to the same magazine for four years, but failed to receive a positive critical reception. Ragawa then decided to switch to a different magazine, Hana to Yume. Her first submission to this magazine won a prize called the "Top Prize" (トップ賞). Two years later in 1990, she succeeded in achieving her debut with her one-shot manga Time Limit (タイムリミット), published in Hana to Yume issue No. 22.
Shogakukan Inc. is a Japanese publisher of dictionaries, literature, comics (manga), non-fiction, DVDs, and other media in Japan.
Hakusensha, Inc. is a Japanese publishing company. It is headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo.
CoroCoro Comic is a Japanese monthly manga magazine published by Shogakukan, established on May 15, 1977. Its main target is elementary school-aged boys, younger than the readers of shōnen manga. Several of its properties, like Doraemon and the Pokémon series of games, have gone on to be cultural phenomena in Japan.
Fujio Akatsuka was a Japanese manga artist. Known as the Master of Gag Manga, he created many popular manga such as Osomatsu-kun, Himitsu no Akko-chan, and Tensai Bakabon.
The Shogakukan Manga Award is one of Japan's major manga awards, and is sponsored by Shogakukan Publishing. It has been awarded annually for serialized manga and features candidates from a number of publishers. It is the oldest manga award in Japan, being given since 1955.
Comic BomBom was a monthly Japanese children's manga magazine published by Kodansha. It was first published on October 15, 1981, and ceased publication in 2007. A web version of the magazine has been published on Pixiv Comic since the end of July 2017.
Ching Win Publishing Co., Ltd. is a Taiwanese Publishing Group famous for its large manga selection, established 1964 in Taipei. Though it was initially aimed as general publishing company, it changed its principle to mainly publishing manga, light novels and pop culture magazines during the 1990s. In addition to translating Japanese manga and light novels, it also supports local Taiwanese authors as well.
Dororon Enma-kun, also known as Satanikus!, is a Japanese horror-comedy anime and manga series created by Go Nagai. It's one of Nagai's most famous works in Japan, although not very well known in the rest of the world. In 2006, it would get a sequel/remake in Demon Prince Enma, which drops the comedy and becomes a full-fledged suspense-horror series. After the OVA was released, another manga version was released called Satanikus ENMA Kerberos by Eiji Toriyama. A remake entitled Dororon Enma-kun MeeraMera aired in Japan in 2011.
Yoshihiro Yonezawa was a Japanese manga critic and author. He is also known for being Comiket's co-founder and president. He died of lung cancer at 53. He won the 2007 Seiun Award in the special category and 2010 Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prize Special Award.
Children of the Sea is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Daisuke Igarashi. It was serialized in Shōgakukan's seinen manga magazine Monthly Ikki from December 2005 to September 2011. Shōgakukan has collected the series into five tankōbon volumes published between July 2007 and July 2012. The manga is licensed in North America by Viz Media, who serialized it online at SigIkki.com and released the five tankōbon volumes from July 2009 to June 2013.
Eiji Nonaka is a Japanese manga artist and humorist. Eiji writes and illustrates shōnen and seinen manga. His work appears in several manga magazines published by Kodansha.
Inazuma Eleven is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Tenya Yabuno based on a series of video games created by Level-5. The manga has been published by Shogakukan in CoroCoro Comic since the June 2008 issue. The manga series won the 2010 Kodansha Manga Award and 2011 Shogakukan Manga Award in the Children's Manga category.
Asari-chan (あさりちゃん) is a Japanese shōjo slice of life manga series by Mayumi Muroyama. With a total circulation of 28 million copies, it is one of the best-selling manga. It was adapted into an anime television series and an anime film. The TV series was produced by Toei Animation a subsidiary of Toei Company, and directed by Kazumi Fukushima. The anime follows Asari, a normal but stupid elementary school fourth-grade girl who does not get along with her family.
Kodansha Ltd. is a Japanese privately-held publishing company headquartered in Bunkyō, Tokyo. Kodansha produces the manga magazines Nakayoshi, Afternoon, Evening, Weekly Shōnen Magazine and Bessatsu Shōnen Magazine, as well as the more literary magazines Gunzō, Shūkan Gendai, and the Japanese dictionary Nihongo Daijiten. Kodansha was founded by Seiji Noma in 1910, and members of his family continue as its owners either directly or through the Noma Cultural Foundation.
How Do We Relationship? is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Tamifull. It has been serialized in Shogakukan's MangaONE and Ura Sunday web platforms since August 2018. The manga has been licensed in North America by Viz Media.
Mizu wa Umi ni Mukatte Nagareru is a Japanese manga series written and illustrated by Rettō Tajima. It was serialized in Kodansha's shōnen manga magazine Bessatsu Shōnen Magazine from August 2018 to July 2020, with its chapters collected in three tankōbon volumes. A live-action film adaptation is set to premiere in June 2023.