Chinatown, Winnipeg

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Chinatown, Winnipeg
Wpgchinatown.jpg
Chinese Cultural Centre in Winnipeg's Chinatown
CountryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
Province Flag of Manitoba.svg  Manitoba
City Winnipeg

Chinatown is an area in Winnipeg, Manitoba that was formed in 1909qqqqqq.

Chinatown ethnic enclave of expatriate Chinese persons

A Chinatown is an ethnic enclave of Chinese people located outside mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan, most often in an urban setting. Areas known as "Chinatown" exist throughout the world, including Europe, North America, South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, Zealandia and the Middle East.

Winnipeg Provincial capital city in Manitoba, Canada

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. It is centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, near the longitudinal centre of North America.

Manitoba Province of Canada

Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada. It is often considered one of the three prairie provinces and is Canada's fifth-most populous province with its estimated 1.369 million people. Manitoba covers 649,950 square kilometres (250,900 sq mi) with a widely varied landscape, stretching from the northern oceanic coastline to the southern border with the United States. The province is bordered by the provinces of Ontario to the east and Saskatchewan to the west, the territories of Nunavut to the north, and Northwest Territories to the northwest, and the U.S. states of North Dakota and Minnesota to the south.

Contents

[1] Located on King Street between James and Higgins Avenues, it was officially recognized in 1968. Winnipeg's Chinatown is home to many shops and restaurants including Asian grocery stores and an herbal products store. [1]

History

Former Winnipeg Hydro HQ/Mandarin Building Mandarin Building, Chinatown (Winnipeg, Manitoba).JPG
Former Winnipeg Hydro HQ/Mandarin Building

Winnipeg's earliest documented Chinese residents were Charley Yam, Fung Quong and an unnamed woman who came from the United States in 1877. [2] After the completion of the first phase of the CPR line in 1885, hundreds of Chinese began to settle the Prairies. [2] By 1919, Winnipeg had the fifth-largest Chinatown and Chinese community in Canada, with 900 men and a handful of women. [2]

In 1885 nearly all immigrants of Chinese descent were required by the Chinese Immigration Act to pay a head tax of $50. By 1900 that tax had risen to $100, and three years later to $500.

Chinese Immigration Act of 1885 Canadian 1885 immigration legislation

Following the recommendations published in the Royal Commission on Chinese Immigration in 1885, the Chinese Immigration Act was a Canadian Act of Parliament that placed a head tax of $50 on all Chinese immigrants coming to Canada. Assented on 20 July 1885, the intention of the Chinese Immigration Act was stated explicitly in its heading, reading "An Act to restrict and regulate Chinese immigration into Canada."

In 1923 the act was revised to exclude virtually all Chinese from entering Canada, and was colloquially known as the Chinese Exclusion Act. [3] The act was repealed in 1947. Until the act was repealed, few wives and children had been able to join husbands and fathers in Canada. [2]

The Chinese Immigration Act, 1923, known today as the Chinese Exclusion Act, was an act passed by the Parliament of Canada, banning most forms of Chinese immigration to Canada. Immigration from most countries was controlled or restricted in some way, but only the Chinese were so completely prohibited from immigrating.

Winnipeg Chinese Cultural and Community Centre in the Dynasty Building Winnipeg Chinese Cultural and Community Centre.JPG
Winnipeg Chinese Cultural and Community Centre in the Dynasty Building

Joseph Du and Philip Lee successfully lobbied Mayor Bill Norrie, the province, and federal ministers to revitalize Chinatown with the construction of the Dynasty Building, Mandarin Building, housing complex and the Chinatown gate. [2] The Dynasty Building and the Mandarin Building were completed in 1987. [1] The Dynasty building is located at King Street and Rupert Avenue and contains shops, offices, [4] and the Chinese Culture and Community Centre, which houses the only Chinese library in Manitoba. [5] The six storey Dynasty Building features Chinese influenced architecture. [1] The Mandarin Building is decorated with a replica of the Imperial Nine Dragons mural, and it is connected to the Dynasty building by a decorative street bridge. [1]

William "Bill" Norrie, was the 39th Mayor of Winnipeg, Manitoba, and was a onetime Chancellor of the University of Manitoba. Norrie was also involved in various charities, and once chaired the United Way of Winnipeg's annual campaign.

Since 1987, much of Winnipeg's Chinese population has migrated to a stretch of Pembina Highway, between the Perimeter and Bishop Grandin Boulevard. Approximately 25% of Winnipeg's 12,700-strong Chinese-Canadian community live in a cluster of neighbourhoods in south Fort Garry, while downtown's historic Chinatown is now home to 3% of the city's Chinese-Canadian population. [6]

Since 2009, a yearly street festival has been held in Chinatown. The Chinatown Street Festival features traditional dancing, singing, martial arts, food and a merchant market. [7] The festival was started as a way to commemorate the centennial of Winnipeg's Chinatown. [8] In 2011 the two-day festival expanded to include First Nations and African dance groups, and the Winnipeg Symphony Orchestra. [9]

In 2011, a new affordable housing project was announced for Chinatown. The housing project will see the construction of a 48-unit, seven-storey apartment complex to be built at Princess Street and Logan Avenue. The complex will be called the Peace Tower, and will cost an estimated $12.7 million. [10] Construction of the tower began in June 2011. In December 2011 the building at 271 - 273 Princess, known to most as Ham 'n Eggs Grill, was demolished as part of the project. [11]

In November 2012 the Shanghai Restaurant was demolished in preparation of the building of the Peace Tower. Built in 1885, the building briefly housed Winnipeg's city hall in the 1880s. [12] [13]

Demographics

As of the 2006 Census, Chinatown has 605 residents living within 0.1 square kilometres (0.039 sq mi). [14] 40.5% of the area's residents speak neither English nor French (as compared to 1% of Winnipeg as a whole), while 71.1% of residents speak some variant of Chinese (including Cantonese, Mandarin and Chinese not otherwise specified). [14] 90% are in the Chinese visible minority group. [14] 51.2% of residents reported that their place of birth was the People's Republic of China. [14]

Only 53.9% of respondents over the age of 15 stated that they have a certificate, diploma or degree, as compared to 76.9% for the whole of Winnipeg. [14] The most common mode of transport for residents is walking (38.6%), which is significantly higher than the percentage of Winnipeg residents who walk (6.2%). [14] Average income for Chinatown residents is $15,481, while the average for Winnipeg is $33,457. [14]

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First Chinatown, Toronto Former neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada

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Chinatown, Toronto Neighbourhood in Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Chinatown, Toronto known also as West Chinatown or Downtown Chinatown is a Chinese neighbourhood located in the city of Toronto's downtown centred at the intersections of Spadina Avenue and Dundas Street, West. It is one of Toronto's many Chinatowns and was formed in the 1950s-1960s when businesses and residents moved from the location of Toronto's First Chinatown due its expropriation in the late 1950s to build the new Toronto City Hall and its civic square, Nathan Phillips Square.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-28. Retrieved 2012-06-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 Marshall, Alison (28 July 2012). "Chinatown steeped in 130 years of history". Winnipeg Free Press . Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  3. "No more Chinese!". Road to Justice. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. "Chinatown History". WCCCC Winnipeg Chinese Cultural and Community Centre. Archived from the original on 16 November 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  5. "Downtown Winnipeg Profile" (PDF). City of Winnipeg. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 April 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2012.
  6. Kives, Bartley (17 January 2011). "These days, it's Chinaburbia". Winnipeg Free Press . Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  7. "Chinatown Festival". Downtown Winnipeg Biz. 2 August 2011. Archived from the original on 9 April 2013. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  8. Kirbyson, Geoff (12 August 2012). "Chinatown street festival dazzles crowd". Winnipeg Free Press . Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  9. "Chinatown Street Festival broadens its cultural celebration this weekend". Winnipeg Free Press . 5 August 2011. Retrieved 22 February 2013.
  10. "Chinatown to get affordable housing". Winnipeg Free Press . 9 February 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  11. "271 Princess - Peace Tower Housing Complex". Winnipeg Downtown Places. 13 February 2011. Retrieved 12 February 2013.
  12. "Shanghai Restaurant demolished to make way for seniors home". CTV News. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  13. "Historical Chinatown building faces bleak future". CBC News. 3 December 2010. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  14. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "2006 Census Data China Town" (PDF). 2006 Census Data. City of Winnipeg. Retrieved 11 October 2012.

Coordinates: 49°54′14″N97°08′24″W / 49.904°N 97.140°W / 49.904; -97.140