Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

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Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport

Aéroport international James Armstrong Richardson de Winnipeg
Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (logo).svg
Winnipeg International Airport arrivals hall.jpg
Airport typePublic
Owner Transport Canada [1]
OperatorWinnipeg Airports Authority (DND)
Serves Winnipeg, Manitoba
Hub for
Focus city for WestJet
Time zone CST (UTC−06:00)
  Summer (DST)CDT (UTC−05:00)
Elevation  AMSL 783 ft / 239 m
Coordinates 49°54′36″N097°14′24″W / 49.91000°N 97.24000°W / 49.91000; -97.24000 Coordinates: 49°54′36″N097°14′24″W / 49.91000°N 97.24000°W / 49.91000; -97.24000
Airplane silhouette.svg
Location in Manitoba
Canada Manitoba location map 2.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
CYWG (Manitoba)
Canada location map.svg
Airplane silhouette.svg
CYWG (Canada)
Direction LengthSurface
Statistics (2018)
Aircraft movements121,305
Number of Passengers4,484,343 Increase2.svg 4.5% [2]
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement [3]
Environment Canada [4]
Movements from Statistics Canada [5]
Passenger statistics from Winnipeg Airports Authority [6]

Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport (commonly known as Winnipeg International Airport or simply Winnipeg Airport) ( IATA : YWG, ICAO : CYWG) is an international airport located in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. It is the seventh busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic, serving 4,305,744 passengers in 2017, [6] and the 11th busiest airport by aircraft movements. [5] It is a hub for passenger airlines Calm Air, Perimeter Airlines, Flair Airlines, and cargo airline Cargojet. It is also a focus city for WestJet. The airport is co-located with Canadian Forces Base Winnipeg.

An IATA airport code, also known as an IATA location identifier, IATA station code or simply a location identifier, is a three-letter code designating many airports and metropolitan areas around the world, defined by the International Air Transport Association (IATA). The characters prominently displayed on baggage tags attached at airport check-in desks are an example of a way these codes are used.

ICAO airport code four-letter code designating many airports around the world

The ICAOairport code or location indicator is a four-letter code designating aerodromes around the world. These codes, as defined by the International Civil Aviation Organization and published in ICAO Document 7910: Location Indicators, are used by air traffic control and airline operations such as flight planning.

Winnipeg Provincial capital city in Manitoba, Canada

Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada. Centred on the confluence of the Red and Assiniboine rivers, it is near the longitudinal centre of North America, approximately 110 kilometres (70 mi) north of the Canada–United States border.


An important transportation hub for the province of Manitoba, Winnipeg International Airport is the only commercial international airport within the province as the other airports of entry serve domestic flights and general aviation only. [3] The airport is operated by the Winnipeg Airport Authority as part of Transport Canada's National Airports System [7] and is one of eight Canadian airports that has US Border Pre-clearance facilities.

Transport hub place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles

A transport hub is a place where passengers and cargo are exchanged between vehicles or/and between transport modes. Public transport hubs include train stations, rapid transit stations, bus stops, tram stop, airports and ferry slips. Freight hubs include classification yards, airports, seaports and truck terminals, or combinations of these. For private transport, the parking lot functions as a hub.

Provinces and territories of Canada Top-level subdivisions of Canada

The provinces and territories of Canada are sub-national governments within the geographical areas of Canada under the authority of the Canadian Constitution. In the 1867 Canadian Confederation, three provinces of British North America—New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and the Province of Canada —were united to form a federated colony, becoming a sovereign nation in the next century. Over its history, Canada's international borders have changed several times, and the country has grown from the original four provinces to the current ten provinces and three territories. Together, the provinces and territories make up the world's second-largest country by area.

International airport airport serving international destinations

An international airport is an airport with customs and border control facilities enabling passengers to travel between countries. International airports are usually larger than domestic airports and often feature longer runways and facilities to accommodate the heavier aircraft commonly used for international and intercontinental travel. International airports often also host domestic flights.

Winnipeg's relatively isolated geographical location in relation to other major population centres [8] makes Winnipeg International Airport the primary airport for a very large area. As such, it is used as a gateway not only to all of Manitoba, but large parts of neighbouring provinces and territories (Saskatchewan, Nunavut, etc.). [9] Daily non-stop flights are operated from Winnipeg International Airport to destinations across Canada as well as to the United States, Mexico, and the Caribbean, along with summer seasonal flights to the United Kingdom. In addition, regularly scheduled flights to numerous small remote communities in the northern regions of Canada, specifically Northern Manitoba, Northwestern Ontario, and Nunavut, are also served from the airport. [10]

Saskatchewan Province of Canada

Saskatchewan is a prairie and boreal province in western Canada, the only province without a natural border. It has an area of 651,900 square kilometres (251,700 sq mi), nearly 10 percent of which is fresh water, composed mostly of rivers, reservoirs, and the province's 100,000 lakes.

Nunavut Territory of Canada

Nunavut is the newest, largest, and most northerly territory of Canada. It was separated officially from the Northwest Territories on April 1, 1999, via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act, though the boundaries had been drawn in 1993. The creation of Nunavut resulted in the first major change to Canada's political map since incorporating the province of Newfoundland in 1949.

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometers (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fourth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 129 million people, Mexico is the tenth most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states plus Mexico City (CDMX), which is the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the country include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana, and León.


The airport opened in 1928 as Stevenson Aerodrome in honour of the noted Manitoba aviator and pioneer bush pilot, Captain Fred J. Stevenson. Stevenson Aerodrome, also known as Stevenson Field, was Canada's first international airport with Northwest Airways (which became Northwest Airlines) inaugurating a passenger and mail service between Winnipeg and Pembina, North Dakota on February 2, 1931. [11] By 1935, Northwest Airlines was operating daily service from the airport with Hamilton H-47 prop aircraft on a routing of Winnipeg - Pembina, ND - Grand Forks, ND - Fargo, ND - Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN - Milwaukee, WI - Chicago, IL. [12] The City of Winnipeg and the Rural Municipality of St. James agreed to develop Stevenson Field as a modern municipal airport in 1936. [13] In 1938 the Manitoba Legislative Assembly passed the St. James-Winnipeg Airport Commission Act creating a commission of the same name with full control over the operation of the airport. [13] In 1940 during the Second World War the Government of Canada placed the airport under the direction of the Minister of Transport and the Royal Canadian Air Force where it remained until 1997. [13] Also in 1940, Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA) was operating daily round trip transcontinental service across Canada via the airport with a routing of Montreal - Ottawa - North Bay - Kapuskasing - Wagaming - Winnipeg - Regina - Lethbridge - Vancouver flown with Lockheed Model 10 Electra twin prop aircraft with connecting service to and from Toronto being offered via North Bay. [14]

Bush flying

Bush flying refers to aircraft operations carried out in the bush. Bush flying involves operations in rough terrain where there are often no prepared landing strips or runways, frequently necessitating that bush planes be equipped with abnormally large tires, floats or skis.

Frederick Joseph Stevenson was a Canadian bush pilot and aviation pioneer. Born in Parry Sound, Ontario, he moved with his family to Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 1916 he joined the Canadian Expeditionary Force, and later serving in the British Royal Flying Corps he was awarded a Distinguished Flying Cross for destruction of enemy aircraft and observation balloons. After the war he became a commercial pilot for Western Canada Airways, most notably supporting mining development by flying 23 tons of cargo to a remote exploration site. Flying the material was less costly than packing it in overland, and helped establish the usefulness of aviation for the development of Canada's North. He was killed in an airplane crash in the town of The Pas, Manitoba. From its opening in 1937 until the 1960s, the Winnipeg airport was named Stevenson Field. Stevenson Lake and the Stevenson River in Manitoba are named after him.

Northwest Airlines 1926–2008 major airline, merged into Delta Air Lines

Northwest Airlines Corp. was a major United States airline founded in 1926 and absorbed into Delta Air Lines, Inc. by a merger. The merger, approved on October 29, 2008, made Delta the largest airline in the world until the American Airlines-US Airways merger on December 9, 2013. Northwest continued to operate under its own name and brand until the integration of the carriers was completed on January 31, 2010.

Post War

In 1962 Stevenson Field was officially renamed Winnipeg International Airport and in 1997 the airport was transferred to the control of the Winnipeg Airports Authority. [13]

The airport was briefly served by Scandinavian Airlines (SAS) during the mid 1950s on the world's first regular Polar route, which linked Copenhagen and Los Angeles with Douglas DC-6B propliner flights via Søndre Strømfjord, Greenland and Winnipeg. [15] [16] By 1962, Trans-Canada Air Lines (TCA, now Air Canada) was operating weekly nonstop service between Winnipeg and London Heathrow Airport with Douglas DC-8 jetliners. [17] In 1963, Northwest Airlines was serving the airport with Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops operated on multi-stop routings of Winnipeg - Grand Forks, ND - Fargo, ND - Minneapolis/St. Paul - Milwaukee - New York City Idlewild Airport (now JFK Airport) and also Miami - Fort Lauderdale - St. Petersburg, FL - Atlanta - Chicago O'Hare Airport - Minneapolis/St. Paul - Fargo, ND - Grand Forks, ND - Winnipeg. [18] By 1970, Air Canada was operating twice weekly nonstop service to Glasgow, Scotland with both flights continuing on to London Heathrow, a weekly nonstop flight to London Heathrow, a twice weekly nonstop to Copenhagen with both flights continuing on to Frankfurt and a weekly nonstop to Frankfurt with this flight continuing on to Zurich with all of these services being operated with Douglas DC-8 jets as part of Air Canada's "Western Arrow" international flights at the time. [19] Also in 1970, CP Air was operating direct, no change of plane Boeing 737-200 service to San Francisco via stops in Calgary and Vancouver. [20]

Scandinavian Airlines flag-carrier airline of Denmark, Norway and Sweden

Scandinavian Airlines, usually known as SAS, is the flag carrier of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, which together form Scandinavia. SAS is an abbreviation of the company's full name, Scandinavian Airlines System or legally Scandinavian Airlines System Denmark-Norway-Sweden. Part of the SAS Group and headquartered at the SAS Frösundavik Office Building in Solna, Sweden, the airline operates 169 aircraft to 123 destinations. The airline's main hub is at Copenhagen-Kastrup Airport, with connections to 109 destinations around the world. Stockholm-Arlanda Airport is the second largest hub and Oslo Airport, Gardermoen being the third major hub of SAS. Minor hubs also exist at Bergen Airport, Flesland, Göteborg Landvetter Airport, Stavanger Airport, Sola, and Trondheim Airport, Værnes. SAS Cargo is an independent, wholly owned subsidiary of Scandinavian Airlines and its main office is at Copenhagen Airport.

Polar route

A polar route is an aircraft route across the uninhabited polar ice cap regions. The term "polar route" was originally applied to great circle routes between Europe and the west coast of North America in the 1950s.

Copenhagen Capital of Denmark

Copenhagen is the capital and most populous city of Denmark. As of July 2018, the city has a population of 777,218. It forms the core of the wider urban area of Copenhagen and the Copenhagen metropolitan area. Copenhagen is situated on the eastern coast of the island of Zealand; another small portion of the city is located on Amager, and it is separated from Malmö, Sweden, by the strait of Øresund. The Øresund Bridge connects the two cities by rail and road.

The original main terminal building was built in 1964, and was designed by the architectural firm of Green Blankstein Russell and Associates (subsequently GBR Associates and Stantec Limited). It was expanded and renovated in 1984 by the architectural firm of IKOY, and a hotel was built across from the terminal in 1998. The original main terminal building was closed on Sunday October 30, 2011 and has since been demolished.

Two airlines operating jet aircraft in passenger service were previously based at the airport: Transair (Canada) and Greyhound Air. [21] [22] During the mid 1970s, Transair was operating Boeing 737-200 and Fokker F28 Fellowship jets in addition to NAMC YS-11 and de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter turboprops on scheduled flights in Manitoba and Ontario provinces as well as the Northwest Territories and the Yukon with service as far west as Whitehorse and as far east as Toronto from its Winnipeg hub in addition to operating charter services from the airport with Boeing 707 jetliners with charter flights to Europe, the Caribbean and Mexico as well as to Florida, Hawaii and other destinations in the U.S. [23] The August 1, 1996 Greyhound Air timetable lists nonstop domestic flights operated with Boeing 727-200 jetliners from the airport to Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton, Kelowna, Ottawa, Toronto and Vancouver with Winnipeg serving as the connecting hub for the airline.

According to the Official Airline Guide (OAG), six airlines were serving the airport with scheduled passenger flights in the spring of 1975: Air Canada operating Lockheed L-1011 TriStar wide body jetliners as well as Douglas DC-8 and McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jets, CP Air flying Boeing 727-100 and Boeing 737-200 jets, the original Frontier Airlines (1950-1986) with Boeing 737-200 jets, Midwest Airlines operating de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter commuter turboprops, Northwest Airlines flying Boeing 727-100 and Boeing 727-200 jets as well as McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide body jetliners and locally based Transair (Canada) with Boeing 737-200 and Fokker F28 Fellowship jets as well as NAMC YS-11 turboprops. [24] In 1976, the OAG listed direct, no change of plane 737 jet service from both Denver and Las Vegas operated by Frontier with twice daily service from Denver and ten flights a week from Las Vegas, daily nonstop service from New York JFK Airport operated by Air Canada with DC-9-30 jets, daily nonstop 727-200 jet service from Chicago O'Hare Airport flown by Northwest, daily direct wide body DC-10 jet service operated by Northwest from Fort Lauderdale via stops at Chicago O'Hare and Minneapolis/St. Paul, twice daily direct 737 jet service from San Francisco flown by CP Air and a combined total of eight daily nonstop flights from Toronto flown by Air Canada and CP Air including twice daily wide body L-1011 jetliner service operated by Air Canada. [25] Two years later in 1978, CP Air was operating weekly nonstop Boeing 747 jumbo jet service to Honolulu as well as weekly nonstop Super Douglas DC-8-63 jet service to Amsterdam and by 1981 was operating McDonnell Douglas DC-10 wide body jetliner service from the airport. [26] [27] Other airlines serving Winnipeg in the spring of 1981 besides Air Canada, CP Air, Frontier and Northwest included Nordair and Pacific Western Airlines both operating Boeing 737-200 jets (with the latter air carrier having taken over Transair), locally based Perimeter Aviation with Beechcraft and Swearingen Metroliner commuter turboprops and Republic Airlines (1979-1986) flying McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30 jets. [27]

Cross-border service from the U.S. in 1981 included an Air Canada nonstop flight from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Frontier nonstop service from Bismarck, ND and Minot, ND with these flights originating in Denver, Northwest nonstop service from Chicago O'Hare Airport, Grand Forks, ND and Minneapolis/St. Paul (with the latter route featuring wide body DC-10 service with this flight originating in Tampa) and Republic nonstop service from Duluth with this flight originating in Minneapolis/St. Paul. [28] In 1983, Air Canada was flying weekly nonstop service to London Heathrow Airport with Lockheed L-1011 TriStar series 500 long range wide body jetliners. [29] By 1985, Air Canada was operating direct one stop Boeing 727-200 service to Los Angeles via Calgary as well as direct one stop Boeing 727-200 service to LaGuardia Airport in New York City via Toronto and was also continuing to operate nonstop DC-9-30 flights to Chicago O'Hare Airport. [30] Also in 1985, Pacific Western was operating Boeing 767-200 wide body jetliners into the airport nonstop from Regina and Saskatoon as well as direct from Calgary and Vancouver in addition to operating Boeing 737-200 service while Northwest Territorial Airways (NWT Air) was operating Lockheed L-188 Electra turboprops configured for passenger/freight combi aircraft operations on nonstop flights between the airport and Rankin Inlet and Yellowknife. [31] In early 2000, CanJet was flying nonstop to Toronto with direct, no change of plane service to Montreal, Ottawa, Halifax and St. John's operated with Boeing 737-200 jets. [32] During the summer of 2003, Jetsgo, a start up air carrier which flew Fokker 100 and McDonnell Douglas MD-80 jets, was operating daily nonstop service to Toronto. [33]

On December 10, 2006, the Minister of Transport, Lawrence Cannon, announced Winnipeg International Airport was to be renamed Winnipeg James Armstrong Richardson International Airport in honour of the influential businessman and pioneer of Canadian commercial aviation from Winnipeg. [34]


Main Terminal

Winnipeg's main airport terminal was designed by Argentine architect Cesar Pelli and Stantec. [35] The terminal's design was inspired by the City of Winnipeg's distinctive landscape and the province of Manitoba's vast prairies and sky. [36] It was the first airport terminal in Canada to be LEED-certified for its environmentally friendly concept, design, construction and operation. [37] The terminal was constructed in two phases, with construction beginning in 2007 and ending on October 30, 2011 when it was officially opened to the public. [38] [39] Prior to the opening of the current main terminal building, a multi-level access road and four-level, 1,559 stall parkade were both opened in November 2006. All airlines serving Winnipeg International Airport operate at the main terminal building, with the exception of Perimeter Aviation.

Air Canada operates a Maple Leaf Lounge located in the domestic/international departures area, [40] and a "pay-in" lounge, operated by Plaza Premium Lounge, is also located in the domestic/international departures area. [41] Free WiFi is provided by the Winnipeg Airports Authority throughout the entire main terminal building. [42]

Perimeter Terminal

Perimeter Aviation is a regional airline that operates its own small, exclusive terminal building at Winnipeg International Airport to facilitate its passenger, cargo and charter services. Perimeter Aviation does not use the main terminal building due to its varied operations to small remote communities throughout Northern Manitoba and Northwestern Ontario using small propeller aircraft, with which regular airport terminal services (jet bridge, catering, etc.) are unnecessary and can actually be a hindrance to day-to-day operations.

The Perimeter Aviation terminal building is located 2.6 kilometres (1.6 mi) south of the main terminal building.

Other facilities

A large Canada Post mail processing facility was opened at the airport site on June 4, 2010. [43] The 23,225-square-metre (249,990 sq ft) facility is located east of the main terminal building, just north of Wellington Avenue.

Three hotels are located on site, adjacent to the main airport terminal.

Richardson International Airport is included in a new 20,000-acre (8,100 ha) dry port created by provincial legislation – CentrePort Canada Act, C.C.S.M. c. C44 – that will offer investment opportunities for distribution centres, warehousing and manufacturing. [44] CentrePort Canada will allow companies to take advantage of the cargo capabilities of Richardson International Airport, as well as serviced land, a mid-continent location and highway and rail transport.

On April 14, 2009, Prime Minister Stephen Harper with Premier Gary Doer announced at James Richardson that both the Federal and Provincial governments will contribute $212.5 million towards a divided four-lane expressway called CentrePort Canada Way. It is now complete, and links Inkster Boulevard to the Perimeter Highway on the north side of the CP Rail Glenboro subdivision parallel to Saskatchewan Avenue to attract new transportation logistics associated development to the city area west and Rosser Municipality northwest of the airport.

Airlines and destinations


Airline check-in counters at Winnipeg International Airport Checkin Winnipeg Airport.jpg
Airline check-in counters at Winnipeg International Airport
Domestic/International departure gate area in the Main Terminal Winnipeg airport domestic terminal.jpg
Domestic/International departure gate area in the Main Terminal
USA departure gates in the Main Terminal Winnipeg Airport USA Departures.jpg
USA departure gates in the Main Terminal
Air Canada Embraer E190 at the gate YWG Air Canada E190.JPG
Air Canada Embraer E190 at the gate
Air Canada Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Calgary, Cancún
Air Canada Express Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Regina
Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Vancouver
Air Transat Seasonal: Cancún, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Varadero
Bearskin Airlines Dryden, Kenora, Red Lake, Sioux Lookout, Thunder Bay
Calm Air Flin Flon, Gillam, Sanikiluaq, The Pas, Thompson
Delta Air Lines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Delta Connection Minneapolis/St. Paul
First Air Churchill, Rankin Inlet
Flair Airlines Calgary, Toronto–Pearson
Perimeter Aviation Cross Lake, Deer Lake, Garden Hill, Gods Lake Narrows, Gods River, North Spirit Lake, Norway House, Oxford House, Pikangikum, Red Sucker Lake, St. Theresa Point, Sandy Lake, Shamattawa, Thompson
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Cancún, Cayo Coco, Holguin, Huatulco, Ixtapa–Zihuatanejo, Mazatlán, Montego Bay, Orlando, Puerto Plata, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, San José del Cabo, Santa Clara, Varadero
Swoop Abbotsford, Edmonton, Fort Lauderdale (begins November 16, 2019), Hamilton (ON), Las Vegas (begins November 15, 2019), Orlando (begins November 15, 2019), Phoenix/Mesa (begins December 15, 2019), Puerto Vallarta (begins November 27, 2019), San José del Cabo (begins November 17, 2019), Tampa (begins November 17, 2019)
Seasonal: Kelowna [45]
United Express Chicago–O'Hare, Denver
Wasaya Airways Sioux Lookout
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Las Vegas, Ottawa, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: Cancún, Halifax, London–Gatwick, Montego Bay, Montréal–Trudeau, Orlando, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta
WestJet Encore Regina, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay


Cargojet Airways Calgary, Edmonton, Hamilton, Iqaluit, Montréal–Mirabel, Regina, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay, Vancouver
Castle Aviation Sioux Falls
DHL Aviation Cincinnati, Milwaukee
FedEx Express Calgary, Edmonton, Indianapolis, Memphis, Thunder Bay, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver
SkyLink Express Regina, Saskatoon
Suburban Air Freight Minneapolis/St. Paul
UPS Airlines Louisville, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Omaha


Annual traffic

Annual Passenger Traffic [46]
YearPassengers% Change
20113,389,237Increase2.svg 0.6%
20123,538,175Increase2.svg 4.4%
20133,484,252Decrease2.svg -1.5%
20143,669,797Increase2.svg 5.3%
20153,778,035Increase2.svg 2.9%
20164,015,200Increase2.svg 6.9%
20174,305,744Increase2.svg 7.2%
20184,484,343Increase2.svg 4.5%
2019 YTD June2,227,005Increase2.svg 4.7%

Ground transportation


Winnipeg International Airport is located at 2000 Wellington Avenue in the City of Winnipeg. Several short and long term parkades are located on site, as well as a curb-side valet parking service.


Winnipeg Transit operates two bus routes that service the airport. A charging port has been added in October 2014 for Winnipeg transit's electric bus program. The Winnipeg Bus Terminal is a passenger and cargo bus terminal for intercity bus lines. It is located beside the main terminal building. The Brandon Air Shuttle provides shuttle transportation between Winnipeg International Airport and Manitoba's second largest city, Brandon.

See also

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