Chodov (Sokolov District)

Last updated
Chodov
Kostel sv. Vavrince ze SZ strany.jpg
Saint Lawrence Church
Flag of Chodov (Sokolov).svg
Flag
Chodov znak.png
Coat of arms
Relief Map of Czech Republic.png
Red pog.svg
Chodov
Location in the Czech Republic
Coordinates: 50°14′29″N12°44′38″E / 50.24139°N 12.74389°E / 50.24139; 12.74389 Coordinates: 50°14′29″N12°44′38″E / 50.24139°N 12.74389°E / 50.24139; 12.74389
CountryFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic
Region Karlovy Vary
District Sokolov
First mentioned1195
Government
  MayorPatrik Pizinger
Area
  Total14.26 km2 (5.51 sq mi)
Elevation
418 m (1,371 ft)
Population
 (2021-01-01) [1]
  Total13,089
  Density920/km2 (2,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
357 35
Website www.mestochodov.cz

Chodov (Czech pronunciation: [ˈxodof] ; German : Chodau) is a town in Sokolov District in the Karlovy Vary Region of the Czech Republic. It has about 13,000 inhabitants.

Contents

Administrative parts

The village of Stará Chodovská is an administrative part of Chodov.

History

Chodov was originally a Slavic settlement. Its name was derived from an old Slavic term "choda", which means a road. The Slavic colonisation was not successful and in the Middle Ages this part of Bohemia was colonised by Germans. In the 12th–13th century Chodau belongs to the monastery in Waldsassen and in the 14th–17th century is ruled locally from Loket. In 1894 Chodau is declared a town and gets the right to use its own coat of arms. [2]

From 1938 to 1945 it was one of the municipalities in Sudetenland. Until the end of World War II the town was inhabited practically only by Germans, who were deported from Czechoslovakia after the war. In the '60s a big chemical factory was built 4 km from Chodov in Vřesová and then new districts were built for the Czech and Slovak workers who moved here.

Demography

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18692,472    
18803,389+37.1%
18905,204+53.6%
19007,104+36.5%
19107,470+5.2%
19217,035−5.8%
19307,849+11.6%
19503,786−51.8%
YearPop.±%
19614,551+20.2%
197011,798+159.2%
198014,704+24.6%
199114,929+1.5%
200114,687−1.6%
201113,748−6.4%
202113,089−4.8%
Source: Historical lexicon of municipalities of the Czech Republic [3]

Sights

Protestant church in Chodov Chodof2.jpg
Protestant church in Chodov

The most significant is Church of St. Lawrence, built by the constructor Brauenbock according to the plans of the architect Kilian Ignaz Dientzenhofer. On the main altar there is a painting by the famous Czech-German artist Peter Johann Brandl. In front of the church we find a 17th-century statue of St. Sebastian and on the main square a statue of the Virgin Mary (1675). The other church in the town belongs to the Protestants, Czech Brethren. Close to the gate of the Protestant church there is a monument to war victims. It was re-erected in 1998 exactly 100 years after its first erection.

Notable people

Twin towns – sister cities

Chodov is twinned with: [4]

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References

  1. "Population of Municipalities – 1 January 2021". Czech Statistical Office. 2021-04-30.
  2. "Z historie města Chodova" (in Czech). Město Chodov. Retrieved 2021-06-04.
  3. "Historický lexikon obcí České republiky 1869–2011 – Okres Sokolov" (in Czech). Czech Statistical Office. 2015-12-21. pp. 3–4.
  4. "Partnerská města" (in Czech). Město Chodov. Retrieved 2019-08-24.