Daura

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Daura
LGA and Town
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Daura
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 13°2′11″N8°19′4″E / 13.03639°N 8.31778°E / 13.03639; 8.31778 Coordinates: 13°2′11″N8°19′4″E / 13.03639°N 8.31778°E / 13.03639; 8.31778
Country Nigeria
State Katsina
Local Government Area Daura
Government
  Emir Faruk Umar Faruk
Elevation
1,558 ft (474 m)
Time zone UTC+1 (West Africa Time)
  Summer (DST) UTC+1 (West Africa Time)

Daura is a town and Local Government Area in Katsina State, northern Nigeria. It is the spiritual home of the Hausa people. The emirate is referred to as one of the "seven true Hausa states" (Hausa Bakwai) [1] because it was, (along with Biram, Kano, Katsina, Zazzau, Gobir, and Rano), ruled by the descendants of Bayajidda's sons with Daurama and Magira (his first wife). [2] The University of California's African American Studies Department refers to Daura, as well as Katsina, as having been "ancient seats of Islamic culture and learning." [3]

Katsina State State in Nigeria

Katsina, usually referred to as Katsina State to distinguish it from the city of Katsina, is a state in North West zone of Nigeria. Its capital is Katsina, and its Governor is Aminu Bello Masari, a member of the All Progressives Congress. Katsina State was carved out of old Kaduna State in 1987.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

Nigeria, officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located. The constitution defines Nigeria as a democratic secular state.

Hausa people Nationality and Ethnic Group in West Africa

The Hausa are the largest ethnic group in Africa and the second largest language after Arabic in the Afroasiatic family of languages. The Hausa are a diverse but culturally homogeneous people based primarily in the Sahelian and the sparse savanna areas of southern Niger and northern Nigeria respectively, numbering over 70 million people with significant indegenized populations in Cameroon, Central African Republic, Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Chad, Togo, Ghana, Sudan, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Senegal and the Gambia.

Contents

History

Daura is the city that Bayajidda, a figure from Hausa mythology, arrived at after his trek across the Sahara. [2] Once there, he killed a snake (named Sarki) who prevented the people from drawing water from the well, and the local queen, Magajiya Daurama, married him out of gratitude; one of their seven children was named Daura. [2] The Kusugu Well in Daura where Bayajidda is said to have slain Sarki is protected by a wooden shelter [4] and has become a tourist attraction. [5]

Bayajidda was, according to the legends surrounding most West African states before the 19th century, the founder of the Hausa states.

Sahara desert in Africa

The Sahara is a desert located on the African continent. It is the largest hot desert in the world, and the third largest desert overall after Antarctica and the Arctic. Its area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi) is comparable to the area of China or the United States. The name 'Sahara' is derived from a dialectal Arabic word for "desert", ṣaḥra.

The Kusugu well is an ancient well located in Daura, Nigeria. The well is famous for its relation to the legend of the hero Bayajidda defeating the snake Sarki. The well and Bayajidda's supposed dagger are now a tourist attraction.

In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904, [1] While Fulani emirs reigned and established a rival kingdoms at Daure-Zango (Zango) and at Daure-Baure (Baure). Zango (founded in 1825) was the more prominent Hausa-Daura kingdom, and in 1903–04, after the British and French had divided the three Daura polities, the British installed Zango’s king, Malam Musa, as the new emir of Daura. Part of former North-Central state after 1967, the traditional emirate was incorporated into Kaduna state in 1976. [1] It became part of the newly created Katsina state in 1987. [6] Faruk Umar Faruk became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 Feb 2007 following the death of Sarkin Muhammadu Bashar dan Umaru. [7]

Fulani War

The Fulani War of 1804–1808, also known as the Fulani Jihad or Jihad of Usman dan Fodio, was a military contest in present-day Nigeria and Cameroon. The war began when Usman dan Fodio, a prominent Islamic scholar and teacher, was exiled from Gobir by the King Yunfa, one of his former students.

Fula people A large ethnic group in Sahel and West Africa

The Fula,Fulani or Fulɓe people are one of the largest ethnic groups in the Sahel and West Africa, widely dispersed across the region. Inhabiting many countries, they live mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa but also in South Sudan, Sudan, and regions near the Red Sea coast. There are an estimated 40 million people of Fulani descent in West Africa in total.

An emirate is a political territory that is ruled by a dynastic Arabic or Islamic monarch-styled emir. The term may also refer to a kingdom.

Emirate

The Daura Royal Palace ‘Kangiwa’ is a huge complex located in the centre of the ancient city. It is a symbol of culture, history and traditions of ‘Daurawa’. The Daura Emirate is referred to as one of the "seven true Hausa states" (Hausa Bakwai) [1]

Hausa Kingdoms former country

The Hausa Kingdom, also known as Hausaland, was a collection of states started by the Hausa people, situated between the Niger River and Lake Chad. Hausaland lay between the Western Sudanic kingdoms of Ancient Ghana and Mali and the Eastern Sudanic kingdoms of Kanem-Bornu. Hausaland took shape as a political and cultural region during the first millennium CE as a result of the westward expansion of Hausa peoples. They arrived to Hausaland when the terrain was converting from woodlands to savannah. They started cultivating grains, which led to a denser peasant population. They had a common language, laws, and customs. The Hausa were known for fishing, hunting, agriculture, salt-mining, and blacksmithing. By the 14th century Kano had become the most powerful city-state. Kano had become the base for the trans-Saharan trade in salt, cloth, leather, and grain. The Hausa oral history is reflected in the Bayajidda legend, which describes the adventures of the Baghdadi hero Bayajidda culmulating in the killing of the snake in the well of Daura and the marriage with the local queen Magajiya Daurama. According to the legend, the hero had a child with the queen, Bawo, and another child with the queen's maid-servant, Karbagari.

The emir of daura is the only emir that can give hausa title [8] . This made it the supreme of hausa emirates all over the universe and the only hausa kingdom.

In 1805, during the Fulani War, Daura was taken over by Fulani warrior Malam Ishaku, who set up an emirate. The Hausa set up rival states nearby, and the ruler of one, Malam Musa, was made the new emir of Daura by the British in 1904. [1] , the Emir of Daura still rules as a ceremonial hereditary monarch, and maintains a palace. [9] Umar Faruk Umar became the 60th Emir of Daura on 28 February 2007 following the death of Sarki Muhammadu Bashar Dan Umaru. [7]

Alhaji Faruk Umar Faruk, or Umar Faruk Umar, is the 60th Emir, of the Daura Emirate. The Emirate is based in the town of Daura in Katsina State, northern Nigeria.

Economy

Trade in Daura is primarily in sorghum, millet, onions, peanuts (groundnuts), cotton, and hides and skins; cattle, goats, sheep, horses, and donkeys are kept by its Hausa and Fulani inhabitants. Cotton weaving and peanut collecting (for export) are significant economic activities. The town is served by a government health office and a dispensary. However, Daura town became a caravan centre for salt and potash from the Sahara Desert and for cloth, slaves, leather, and agricultural produce from the south; but it never gained the political or military prominence of Katsina (49 miles [79 km] west) or of Kano (73 miles [117 km] south). Daura is one among the few where crops are grown all the year round. Apart from Government's encouragement and general incentives to both large and small scale as well as peasant farming over the year, has been quite commendable

Education

Daura is a centre of both formal and informal education. The education system is the 6-3-3-4 system, which is practised throughout the country (as well as by many other members of the Economic Community of West African States). The levels are Primary, Junior Secondary School (JSS), Senior Secondary School (SSS), and university. All children are offered basic education, with special focus now on the first nine years.

Economic Community of West African States intergovernmental economic union

The Economic Community of West African States, also known as ECOWAS, is a regional political and economic union of fifteen countries located in West Africa. Collectively, these countries comprise an area of 5,114,162 km2 (1,974,589 sq mi), and in 2015 had an estimated population of over 349 million.

Daura is home to various primary, secondary, postsecondary schools, and other vocational institutions that are either operated by the government or private entities.

Among the popular primary school in the area are excel academy nur. & pri. school,Daura, mariamoh ajiri, dan bukar, pace-setters,talented stars(former "tauraruwa" great achievers international school, daura among others.
The secondary schools are lajuma, dan bukar, mariamoh-ajiri, excel college, family support, the famous FGC Daura, kalgo gari, ganga, tc daura, day daura, pace-setters, etc
The tertiary institutions in the city comprises of DR yusuf bala usman college of legal and general studies, sani zangon daura college of health technology, katman college of health technology among others

Durbar Festival

The emir of Daura hosts a Durbar to mark and celebrate the two annual Muslim festivals Eid al-Fitr (to mark the end of the Holy Month of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (to mark the Hajj Holy Pilgrimage). In Addition to them he also hosts a Durbar of Gani which is celebrated often on the 12th day of Rabi' al-awwal, the third month in the Islamic calendar.

The Durbar culminates in a procession of highly elaborately dressed horsemen who pass through the city to the emir's palace. Once assembled near the palace, groups of horsemen, each group representing a nearby village, take it in turns to charge toward the emir, pulling up just feet in front of the seated dignitaries to offer their respect and allegiance.

Demography

The Hausa people (sometimes grouped with the Fulani as Hausa-Fulani) are the largest ethnic group.

Health Care

Daura has many hospitals and medical facilities, The Daura healthcare system is generally divided into public and private sectors which provide medical services at the primary and secondary levels. Although the private hospitals are usually more expensive, it does not necessarily translate to better healthcare delivery.

Population and geographic statistics

Daura's population was estimated as 25,151 as of 1972. [1] According to the MARA/ARMA organization, malaria affects Daura for four to six months of the year, and is "endemic and seasonal." [10] In 2005, after an outbreak of measles in Katsina State, Daura became one of five training centers for workers who were to carry out immunization. [11]

On vehicle license plates, Daura is abbreviated as DRA. [12]

Notable People from Daura

See also

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References

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  8. https://guardian.ng/news/only-daura-qualifies-to-give-hausa-titles/
  9. "INEC registers 1.8m voters in Katsina". The Tide Online. Rivers State Newspaper Corporation. 9 January 2007. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2007.
  10. "Nigeria: Duration of the Malaria Transmission Season" (PDF). mara.org.za. MARA/ARMA (Mapping Malaria Risk in Africa / Atlas du Risque de la Malaria en Afrique). July 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2006. Retrieved 24 January 2007.
  11. "Measles kills 500 children in Katsina". The Tide Online. Rivers State Newspaper Corporation. 25 October 2005. Retrieved 24 January 2007.
  12. "NGR - Nigeria - Where's That Vehicle Come From?". Where's That Vehicle Come From?. Retrieved 24 January 2007.
  13. Sirika Hadi