Deal or No Deal

Last updated

Deal or No Deal
Created by John de Mol
Original work Miljoenenjacht (The Netherlands)
Owner Banijay [1]

Deal or No Deal is the name of several closely related television game shows, the first of which (launching the format) was the Dutch Miljoenenjacht (Hunt/Chase for Millions). The centerpiece of this format is the final round (a.k.a. the "case game" or "main game" ) which is played with up to 26 cases (or, in some versions, boxes), each containing randomly assigned sums of money. After the player for the case game is determined, this contender claims (or is assigned) one case or a box at the start of the game, without its contents being revealed. The contestant then chooses the other cases or boxes, one at a time, to be immediately opened and removed from play. Throughout the game, the player is offered an amount of money or prizes to quit, being asked the titular question, "Deal or no deal?" If the contestant rejects every deal and eliminates all the other cases or boxes, the player keeps the money that was in the original case or box. Thus, the contestant "wins" depending on whether the player should have taken one of the deals or should have held onto the original case or box until the very end.



The gameplay of the show differs from country to country. In some countries, there is a preliminary contest in which the studio audience is whittled down to one final contender by several trivia question rounds, this final contender then proceeds to the main game. This was the format used by the Dutch show "Miljoenenjacht" (Hunt/Chase for Millions) which initiated the "Deal or no Deal" game (originally the Dutch show was based on a German format called "Die Chance deines Lebens" (The Chance of your Lifetime) which was based on trivia questions and did not have the briefcase element at all). There are also some versions with the number of players equal to the number of cases, each player receives one case. Via a short trivia round or a random selection, one player is selected to be the contestant for the main game with his case. In other countries, there is only one preselected contestant who will play the main game without any preliminary contest.

The main game revolves around the opening of a set of numbered briefcases, each of which contains a different prize (cash or otherwise). The contents (i.e., the values) of all of the cases are known at the start of the game, but the specific location of any prize is unknown. The contestant claims (or is assigned) a case to begin the game. The case's value is not revealed until the conclusion of the game.

The contestant then begins choosing cases that are to be removed from play. The amount inside each chosen case is immediately revealed; by process of elimination, the amount revealed cannot be inside the case the contestant initially claimed (or was assigned). Throughout the game, after a predecided number of cases have been opened, the "Banker" offers the contestant an amount of money and/or prizes to quit the game; the offer is based roughly on the amounts remaining in play and the contestant's demeanor, so the bank tries to 'buy' the contestant's case for a lower price than what's inside the case. The player then answers the titular question, choosing:

This process of removing cases and receiving offers continues, until either the player accepts an offer to 'deal', or all offers have been rejected and the values of all unchosen cases are revealed. Should a player end the game by taking a deal, a pseudo-game is continued from that point to see how much the player could have won by remaining in the game. Depending on subsequent choices and offers, it is determined whether or not the contestant made a "good deal", i.e. won more than if the game were allowed to continue.

Since the range of possible values is known at the start of each game, how much the banker offers at any given point changes based on what values have been eliminated (i.e. the offer increases if lower values are eliminated and decreases if upper values are eliminated). To promote suspense and lengthen games, the banker's offer is usually less than the expected value dictated by probability theory, particularly early in the game. [2] Generally, the offers early in the game are very low relative to the values still in play, but near the end of the game approach (or even exceed) the average of the remaining values.

Only a few people have ever won the top prize on any version of the show (see table below). For a contestant to win the top prize the player would have to select the case containing the top prize and reject every offer the banker makes during the game. The chances of a player selecting the top prize are 4–5% depending on how many amounts are in the game.

International versions

Countries with their own version (as of April 2020
) Deal or no deal world locations.PNG
Countries with their own version (as of April 2020)


  Currently airing 
  Awaiting confirmation 
  Status unknown 
  Upcoming season 
  No longer airing 
CountryNameHostsChannelPremiere dateEnd dateTop prizeFormat
Afghanistan گنجینه
  • Rahim Mehrzad
  • Mukhtar Lashkari
Tolo TV May 30, 2010May 14, 2013 Afs.  1,000,000Boxes
Kutia Enkel Demi TV Klan September 2004December 2011 5,000
Dilema Deal or No Deal Eno Popi Top Channel October 14, 201820191,000,000  lek
2,000,000  lek (Sundays only)
Kutia 21 Enkel Demi ABC November 1, 2021June 17, 2022 10,000Boxes
Algeria ادي ولا خلي
Éddi Ouela Kheli
Sofiane Dani Echourouk TV June 17, 20152019 DA  5,000,000
DA  10,000,000
Arab Maghreb الصندوق
Al Sandouk
Moez Toumi Nessma TV November 14, 20122013
  • DT  500,000
  • DA  25,000,000
  • DH  2,500,000
Arab world الصفقة
Al Safqa
Amir Karara MBC1 September 14, 20042004 US$ 1,000,000Questions/Cases
Deal or No DealMichel Sanan LBC April 1, 20052006 US$ 250,000Boxes
Argentina Trato Hecho Julian Weich Telefe July 13, 2003March 2006 Arg$ 250,000Questions/Cases
Lizy Tagliani and Roberto MoldavskyMay 9, 2021January 29, 2022 Arg$ 2,000,000Cases
Armenia Դիլ կամ Նո Դիլ
Dil kam No Dil
Hovhannes Tovmasyan Armenia TV November 20062008 ֏ 100,000,000Cases
Australia Deal or No Deal Andrew O'Keefe Seven Network July 13, 2003October 4, 2013 AU$2,000,000 (2003)
AU$200,000 (2004–2013)
Questions/Cases (2003–2005)
Cases (2006–2013)
Austria Deal or No DealRainhard FendrichORF2005unknown€250,000Questions/Cases
Azerbaijan Davam Ya Tamam Idris CafarovSpace TV20102011 10,000Boxes
Murad Dadashov Azad Azerbaijan TV October 31, 2016August 6, 2017 30,000Cases
Belgium Miljoenenjacht Walter Grootaers Vtm October 16, 20042005 1,000,000Questions/Cases
Te Nemen of Te Laten Felice VijfTV August 21, 20062009 200,000Boxes
Belize Tek It or Leave It Angela Gegg Channel 5 December 2, 2008February 17, 2009 BZ$ 15,000Cases
Brazil Topa ou Não Topa Silvio Santos
Roberto Justus
Patricia Abravanel
SBT August 6, 2006June 28, 2020 R$ 1,000,000Cases
Bulgaria Сделка или не
Sdelka ili ne
Rumen Lukanov Nova Television September 19, 2005January 7, 2018100,000  lev
1 kg of gold (2017)
Cambodia ព្រម ឬមិនព្រម
Prom Rer Min Prom
Ith Setha CTN 2009200910,000,000 KHR Cases
Canada Deal or No Deal Canada Howie Mandel Global February 4, 2007March 1, 2007 CA$1,000,000Cases
Le Banquier Julie Snyder TVA January 24, 2007May 21, 2017CA$500,000Cases
Chile Trato Hecho Don Francisco Canal 13 October 19, 20042006 CL$120,000,000Cases
¡Allá Tú! Julián Elfenbein Chilevisión April 16, 2007December 28, 2007CL$10,000,000Boxes
China 动感秀场
Dong Gan Xiu Chang
Cheng Qian BTV-8 200720071,000,000 pointsCases
Ai Chang Cai Hui Ying
Chen Huan
Tian Yue
Zuo Yan
Huang Ziwen
ZJSTVNovember 15, 2008October 31, 2010¥100,000  RMB Cases (2008–2009)
Questions/Cases (2009–2010)
Colombia ¡Hay Trato! Julio Correal
Carlos Calero
Caracol Televisión July 16, 20052006 COL$210,000,000Cases
Costa Rica Trato Hecho Gustavo Rojas Teletica April 10, 20122014 25,000,000Cases
Croatia Uzmi ili ostavi Željko Pervan
Mirko Fodor
Mario Petreković
HRT 2 20062007500,000Kn Boxes
Czech Republic Ber nebo neber Pavel Zuna TV Prima February 11, 2007December 27, 20085,000,000 Questions/Cases
Denmark Deal or No Deal Casper Christensen TV 2 August 28, 2006November 22, 20072,000,000 Kr Cases
Dominican Republic Trato Hecho con Nestlé Frank Perozo
Mía Taveras
Antena Latina July 20082009 RD$3,000,000Cases
Ecuador Trato HechoRoberto Angelelli Teleamazonas April 9, 20062007US$100,000Cases
El Familión Nestlé Trato Hecho Daniel Sarcos Gama TV and
Red Telesistema
January 26, 20102010US$100,000Cases
Egypt لعبة الحياة
Le'bet el Hayah
Razan MaghrebiAl-Hayah TVAugust 24, 20092010 LE 250,000
LE 500,000
ديل أور نو ديل: الإختيار
Deal or no deal: El Ikhtiyar
Maya Diab Al-Nahar TV May 27, 20122012LE 250,000Boxes
El Salvador Trato Hecho Daniel Rucks TCS May 1, 20122014US$50,000Cases
Mario SibrianSeptember 6, 2020September 5, 2021US$15,000
Estonia Võta või jäta Alari Kivisaar TV3 200720101,000,000 krooni Cases
March 8, 20132013€100,000Cases
Finland Ota tai jätä Pauli Aalto-Setälä Nelonen January 10, 2007November 29, 2007€500,000Cases
France À prendre ou à laisser Arthur TF1 January 12, 2004June 3, 2010€500,000
Julien Courbet D8 October 8, 2014October 30, 2015€100,000Boxes
Cyril Hanouna
Valérie Bénaïm [n 1]
Bernard Montiel [n 2]
Christophe Dechavanne
C8 May 18, 2020June 25, 2021Jackpot (starts from €250,000) [n 3] Boxes
Georgia ვა-ბანკი
Misha Mshvildadze (2008)
Duta Skhirtladze (2009)
Rustavi 2 November 11, 2008June 23, 200950,000 ლარი Cases
Germany Der MillionenDeal Linda de Mol Sat.1 May 1, 2004June 12, 2004€2,000,000Cases
Deal or No Deal – Die Show der Glücksspirale Guido Cantz June 23, 2005December 20, 2008€250,000Cases
Deal or No Deal Wayne Carpendale July 30, 2014August 5, 2015€250,000Boxes
Deal Christos Ferendinos ANT1 January 23, 2006March 4, 2011€200,000
Alpha TV October 3, 2016present€60,000Boxes
Super Deal(weekends)ANT120062008€500,000Cases
Honduras Trato Hecho Erick Chavarría Televicentro April 19, 20152015 Lps.1,000,000Cases
Hong Kong 一擲千金
Deal or No Deal
Michael Hui TVB Jade October 29, 2006January 21, 2007 HK$3,000,000Cases
Alfred Cheung April 22, 2007February 17, 2008Cases
Hungary Áll az alku Gábor Gundel Takács TV2 April 4, 2004September 29, 200650,000,000  Ft. Questions/Cases
October 2, 2006December 31, 2006100,000,000  Ft. Cases
Áron KovácsMay 4, 2009June 4, 201021,000,000  Ft. Cases
Gábor Gundel TakácsAugust 28, 2017October 6, 201750,000,000  Ft. Cases
February 5, 2018April 27, 2018Cases
July 15, 2019August 23, 2019Cases
India Deal Ya No Deal R. Madhavan
Mandira Bedi
Rajeev Khandelwal
SET November 23, 2005July 26, 2006 1,00,00,000/-Cases
Deala No Deala Rishi Sun TV October 31, 2009March 3, 2012₹50,00,000/-Cases
Deal or No Deal Mukesh Surya TV November 7, 2009Cases
Sai Kumar Gemini TV Cases
Udaya TV Cases
Ronit Roy &TV September 5, 2015November 29, 2015₹1,00,00,000/-Cases
Indonesia Deal Or No Deal Indonesia Tantowi Yahya RCTI May 19, 2007December 18, 2008 Rp.2,000,000,000Cases
Deal or No Deal Deddy Corbuzier antv December 1, 2011February 3, 2012Rp.1,000,000,000Cases
Deal or No Deal IndonesiaCak Lontong Global TV October 20, 2014January 29, 2015Rp.500,000,000Cases
Iran تمام یا دوام
Tamam Ya Davam
Sina Valiollah Farsi1 January 16, 2012April 27, 2012US$20,000Cases
Ireland Deal or No Deal Keith Barry TV3 November 13, 2009March 12, 2010€250,000Boxes
Israel הדיל הגדול
Hadil Hagadol
Moran Atias Channel 10 March 16, 20052006 1,500,000Questions/Cases
דיל או לא דיל
Dil o Lo Dil
Italy Affari tuoi Paolo Bonolis (2003–2005)
Pupo (2005–2006)
Antonella Clerici (2006)
Flavio Insinna (2006–2008; 2013–2017)
Max Giusti (2008–2013)
Rai 1 October 14, 2003March 17, 2017€500,000
Affari tuoi – Viva gli sposi! Carlo Conti December 26, 2020February 6, 2021€300,000
Affari tuoi – Formato Famiglia Amadeus and Giovanna CivitilloFebruary 19, 2022March 26, 2022
Jamaica Digicel Deal or No Deal Simon Crosskill TVJ September 23, 20092009 J$1,000,000Cases
Japan ザ・ディール
Za Dīru
Shinsuke Shimada TBS September 8, 2006April 5, 2007 ¥10,000,000Cases
Kazakhstan Удачная Сделка
Udachnaya sdelka
Shah-Kerim Karmenov Khabar April 3, 2020November 20, 20203,000,000 Boxes
Қолда я Жолда
Qolda ya Jolda
March 1, 2021July 2, 2021
Lebanon Deal or No Deal Michel Sanan Murr Television October 20, 2009June 7, 2010 £L200,000,000Cases
Lithuania Taip arba Ne Marijonas Mikutavičius TV3 Lithuania March 31, 20072010500,000  Lt. (2007–2010)
200,000  Lt. (2010)
Malaysia Deal or No Deal Malaysia Aanont Wathanasin ntv7 November 3, 20072009 RM  100,000Questions/Cases
Yi zhi qian jin
Goh Wee Ping
Owen Yap
March 12, 20072008Questions/Cases
Malta Deal or No Deal Malta Paulo Micallef TVM October 1, 20072010€25,000Boxes
Mexico Vas o No Vas Héctor Sandarti Televisa 20052007 MX$1,000,000
Yoo si voy Raul Araiza September 20092010 MX$2,500,000Cases
¿Te la juegas? Luis García TV Azteca August 12, 2019November 27, 2020 MX$1,000,000Boxes
Moldova Da sau Nu Dan Negru Prime 20102019250,000  lei Cases
Myanmar Deal or No Deal Myanmar Kaung Htet Zaw MRTV-4 January 5, 20152015 Ks.20,00,000/-Cases
Netherlands Postcode Loterij Miljoenenjacht
(original version)
Linda de Mol TROS, Tien, RTL4, SBS6 November 25, 2000present€5,000,000Questions (2000–2002)
Questions/Cases (2002–present)
Postcode Loterij Deal or No Deal Beau van Erven Dorens Tien, RTL5 August 27, 2006May 15, 2009€250,000Boxes
Buddy VedderRTL4, [n 4] RTL5October 3, 2021 [n 4]
October 4, 2021
March 2022€200,000
New Zealand Deal or No Deal Jeremy Corbett TV3 June 6, 2007December 26, 2007 NZ$200,000Cases
Nigeria Deal or No Deal Nigeria John Fashanu M-Net AfricaJuly 7, 2007December 29, 2007 US$100,000Cases
North Macedonia Земи или остави
Zemi ili ostavi [3]
Igor Dzambazov Alfa TV 20092009 MKD  6,000,000Boxes
Се или нешто
Se ili nešto
Lila Stojanovska Sitel December 18, 2011presentMKD 1,000,000Boxes
Norway Deal or No Deal Sturla Berg-Johansen TV2 September 30, 200620073,000,000Kr Cases
Panama El Familión Nestlé Nelson Bustamante Telemetro 20062007US$125,000Questions/Cases
Deal or No Deal March 29, 20102012US$50,000Cases
Peru Trato Hecho Adolfo Aguilar ATV August 8, 2005December 9, 2005 S/.250,000Cases
Vas o No Vas Jesús Alzamora Panamericana September 12, 2016December 21, 2016S/.20,000Boxes
Philippines Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal Kris Aquino ABS-CBN June 5, 2006March 27, 2009 1,000,000
Luis Manzano February 25, 2012September 28, 2013Cases
February 9, 2015March 4, 2016 1,000,000Cases
Poland Grasz czy nie grasz Zygmunt Chajzer Polsat October 1, 2005August 31, 20071,000,000 Questions/Cases
Portugal Pegar ou Largar Rui Unas SIC January 28, 2006April 22, 2006€300,000Questions/Cases
Romania Da sau nu Virgil Ianţu
Mihai Dobrovolschi
Prima TV September 5, 20052006150,000 leiCases
Accepți sau nuGabriel Coveşanu Kanal D March 1, 20082009100,000 leiCases
Batem palma?Cosmin Seleși Pro TV December 12, 2022present100,000 leiBoxes
Russia Пан или пропал
Pan ili propal
Nikolay Fomenko Channel One September 20, 2004January 5, 20053,000,000рyб. Boxes
Alexei Veselkin REN TV April 17, 2006September 22, 2006Cases
Serbia Uzmi ili ostavi Milorad Mandić Manda B92 May 7, 2007June 12, 20081,500,000din. Boxes
Singapore Deal or No Deal Adrian Pang MediaCorp TV Channel 5 May 13, 2007January 31, 2008 S$250,000Cases
Slovakia Ruku na to Peter Šarkan Novák STV September 2005November 7, 20065,000,000 Sk Cases
Veľký balík Marcel Forgáč JOJ January 5, 2018December 29, 2018€250,000Boxes
Slovenia Vzemi ali pusti Bojan Emeršič POP TV 2005200715,000,000  SIT Boxes
South Africa Deal or No Deal Ed Jordan M-NetFebruary 4, 20072008 R  1,000,000Cases
Doen met 'n Miljoen! Casper de Vries kykNET October 19, 2007January 9, 2009
Deal or No Deal Katlego Maboe SABC 1 March 6, 2023present R  250,000Boxes
South Korea Yes or No Shin Dong-Yeob tvN 2006July 2007 100,000,000Cases
Spain ¡Allá tú! Jesús Vázquez
Silvia Jato
Arturo Valls
Telecinco January 26, 20042008€300,000
Cases (2006 special)
Jesús Vázquez Cuatro January 10, 2011November 4, 2011€300,000Boxes
Sweden Deal or No Deal Martin Timell TV4 March 25, 2006December 1, 20075,000,000Kr Cases
MiljonJakten [4] Renée Nyberg TV3 March 4, 2012January 3, 201410,000,000Kr Questions/Cases
Deal or no Deal med Miljonjakten TV4November 18, 2014December 22, 2014Questions/Cases
Switzerland Deal or No Deal – Das Risiko Roman Kilchsperger SF 1 September 1, 2004September 29, 2010 CHF  250,000Questions/Cases
Taiwan 平民大富翁
Yes or No
Dennis Nieh
Jacky Wu
CTS September 12, 2009December 12, 2009 NT$500,000Cases
Thailand เอาหรือไม่เอา Dom Hetrakul ThaiTV 3 January 3, 2005September 26, 2005 ฿1,000,000Cases
Tunisia دليلك ملك
Dlilek Mlek
Sami El Fihri Tunisie 7 20052007300,000 د.ت.
500,000 د.ت.
1,000,000 د.ت.
2,000,000 د.ت.
El Hiwar Ettounsi June 29, 2014June 25, 2017Boxes
January 29, 2018June 2018Boxes
Turkey Trilyon Avı Zafer Ergin aTV December 9, 2003February 3, 2004 YTL  1,000,000Questions/Cases
Büyük Teklif Halit Ergenç Kanal D June 5, 20062006 YTL  500,000Cases
Var mısın? Yok musun? Acun Ilıcalı Show TV September 10, 2007September 16, 2010Boxes
Cases (December 31, 2007 special)
Asuman Krause Fox November 8, 2011March 29, 2012 Turkish lira  500,000Boxes
Ahmet Çakar Show TV September 11, 20132014
Ukraine Граєш чи не граєш?
Hrayesh chy ne hrayesh?
Dmitriy Shepelev TRK Ukrayina March 7, 2010December 19, 2010 1,000,000Cases
United Kingdom Deal or No Deal Noel Edmonds Channel 4 October 31, 2005December 23, 2016£250,000  stg. Boxes
Stephen Mulhern ITV 20232023£100,000  stg. Boxes [5]
United States Deal or No Deal Howie Mandel NBC December 19, 2005May 18, 2009US$1,000,000Cases
Syndication September 8, 2008May 28, 2010US$500,000
CNBC December 5, 2018 [6] August 7, 2019US$1,000,000
Vas o No Vas Héctor Sandarti Telemundo October 8, 2006May 26, 2007US$250,000
Uruguay Trato Hecho Sebastián Abreu
Maximiliano de la Cruz
Teledoce October 28, 2019February 17, 2021U$1,000,000Cases
Trato Hecho Famosos Maximiliano de la Cruz January 14, 2020August 12, 2020
Trato Hecho Edición FamiliasLucía Rodríguez and Germán MedinaSeptember 2021April 27, 2022
Trato Hecho Edición ParejasAugust 3, 2022January 4, 2023
Vietnam Đi tìm ẩn số Thanh Bạch HTV7 June 19, 2005October 8, 2017100,000,000Đ Questions/Cases
Những ẩn số vàngChí Trung H1 September 10, 2006200850,000,000Đ
  1. Fridays from September 4 to October 2, 2020
  2. September 28, 2020
  3. Rises by €5,000 if not won.
  4. 1 2 VIP Special

The first German version, "Die Chance deines Lebens" hosted by Kai Pflaume did not have the case game as the final round (they played a trivia game instead). However this was the show the original "Deal or No Deal" version (the Dutch "Miljoenenjacht" hosted by Linda de Mol) was actually based on. Miljoenenjacht started in November 2000 and introduced the case game in December 2002 after a 15-month hiatus of the show.

Véronique Landry is the only model to appear on more than one version of the show, on both the French and English Canadian versions.[ citation needed ] Howie Mandel, Héctor Sandarti, and Linda de Mol each have hosted multiple versions of the show: Mandel, with the American English and Canadian English versions, Sandarti with both the American Spanish and Mexican Spanish versions, and de Mol with both the Netherlands Dutch and German (in 2004) versions of the show. In the UK version Deal Or No Deal helped relaunch Noel Edmonds' career.

Top prize winners

All amounts below the prizes are their equivalents in United States dollars at the time of their win.

CountryName(s)DateAmount wonPrevious offerOther amountNotes
Afghanistan گنجین/Ganjina Mohammad Easa SediqiPrior to October 25, 2010 Af. 1,000,000
Box Swap
Af. 2,500
[7] [8]
First top prize winner in Afghan history
(unknown)Prior to November 28, 2012 Af. 1,000,000
Af. 342,000
Af. 10,000
The banker first offered Af. 311,000, then Af. 342,000, then a chance to swap the boxes. All were declined. Rebroadcast June 5, 2013.
(unknown)Prior to June 6, 2013 Af. 1,000,000
Af. 355,500
Af. 30,000
The banker first offered Af. 263,300, then Af. 355,500. Both were declined. Rebroadcast June 6, 2013.
Algeria ادي ولا خلي/Eddi Ouela KheliMohamed MezianeJuly 7, 201510,000,000 DA
3,200,000 DA
200 DA
Khemisti Mohammed bin SayehMarch 15, 20165,000,000 DA + 1,000,000 DA
($45,117 + $9,023)
177,000 DA
10,000 DA
Won 5,000,000 DA from the box along with a 1,000,000 DA bonus.
Arab League Deal or No Deal Abbas HusseinMay 5, 2006 $250,000$71,000$25,000 [11]
Argentina Trato HechoMartínOctober 3, 2021 AR$2,000,000
Australia Deal or No Deal Dean CartechiniJune 17, 2004 A$200,000
First top prize winner.
Anh Do (celebrity)September 19, 2007A$200,000
Second top prize winner. Money went to home viewer. The second celebrity (since David Graham) and the first to actually win the prize.
Leanne BenbowJune 2, 2010A$200,000
The first woman (and the third) to win the top prize. Had the "Dream Finish" – the last 2 cases were the highest 2 in the game.
Chris DoyleAugust 23, 2011A$200,000
Last winner of the top prize before the series ends in 2013. Also had the "Dream Finish" – the last 2 cases were the highest 2 in the game.
Azerbaijan Davam Ya Tamam SevdaMarch 26, 201730,000 AZN
15,000 AZN
RashadJuly 9, 201730,000 AZN
11,030 AZN
(Case swap accepted)
1,500 AZN
Belize Tek It Or Leave It Valerie StevensMarch 3, 2009 BZ$15,000
(Unknown)(Unknown) [15]
Brazil Topa ou Não Topa PauloApril 2007 R$1,000,000
Bulgaria Сделка или не Sdelka ili neVeneta Raykova
(Венета Райкова) (celebrity)
February 200675,000 BGN
(unknown)December 8, 2006100,000 BGN
(unknown)5,000 BGN
Niki Kitaetsa
(Ники Китаеца) (celebrity)
September 18, 2007100,000 BGN
40,000 BGN
1,000 BGN
Sevil Saliev
(Севил Салиев)
December 22, 2008100,000 BGN
(unknown)(unknown) [18]
Mariela Pepeldzhiyska
(Мариела Пепелджийска)
January 23, 2012100,000 BGN
Box Swap
2,500 BGN
Plevenchaninat Iskren
(Плевенчанинът Искрен)
January 24, 2013100,000 BGN
25,000 BGN
0.20 BGN
Cambodia ព្រម ឬមិនព្រម Prom Rer Min Prom(Unknown)February 200910,000,000 KHR
(unknown)(unknown) [21]
(Unknown)February 200910,000,000 KHR
(unknown)750,000 KHR
Chile ¡Allá Tú! Mauricio HermosillaMay 4, 2007 CL$10,000,000
FarándulaAugust 29, 2007CL$10,000,000
Box SwapCL$50,000
Ecuador Trato Hecho(unknown)2006 $100,000(unknown)$2,500 [23]
Egypt لعبة الحياة
Lebet el Hayat
Amal MohammadPrior to November 16, 2009 LE 250,000
(unknown)LE 0.50
SamehPrior to April 15, 2010LE 250,000
(unknown)LE 0.50
Marwa AliPrior to September 3, 2010LE 500,000
Box SwapLE 250
Egypt ديل أور نو ديل: الإختيار
Deal or no deal: El Ikhtiyar
Sibai WahbaSeptember 12, 2012LE 250,000
Box Swap
LE 10,000
France À prendre ou à laisser MylèneMarch 4, 2004€500,000
Box Swap
[26] [27]
ÉricMarch 29, 2004€500,000
The banker also offered box swap and €200,000.
FrançoiseApril 6, 2004€500,000
FredFebruary 28, 2005€500,000
SabrinaNovember 29, 2005€500,000
The banker also offered €200,000 and €300,000; it is rare for a contestant to have more than one offer after a single round
Marie-Ange FranceschiJanuary 23, 2009€500,000
SébastienNovember 25, 2014€100,000
Georgia ვა-ბანკი Va-BankRezo and Archil Arveladze (celebrities)February 3, 200950,000 lari
25,000 lari
50 lari
Greece Deal Georgia Kastrada
(Γεωργία Καστράντα)
November 10, 2006€200,000
Received €100,000, another half was received by a text winner
Giorgos Gkantadakis
(Γιώργος Γκανταδάκης)
April 6, 2017€60,000
December 11, 2018€60,000
Argyris declined to buy Box 23, which would have doubled his winnings to €120,000.
December 13, 2021€60,000
Hungary Áll az alku Szőke SándorMay 23, 200650,000,000  Ft.
13,000,000 Ft.
6,000,000 Ft.
Bereczki MátéOctober 19, 2006100,000,000 Ft.
9,500,000 Ft.
25,000 Ft.
Csorba ÁrpádApril 26, 201021,000,000 Ft.
15,000,000 Ft.
13,000,000 Ft.
India Deal or No Deal Ayushmann Khurrana (celebrity)November 15, 2015₹90,00,000/-
His briefcase contained the top prize ₹1,00,00,000/- but his winnings were reduced by 10% due to answering the final question wrong.
Italy Affari Tuoi Roberto PepiFebruary 4, 2004€500,000
Francesca MadedduDecember 16, 2004€500,000
[40] [41]
Clarissa MeneghiniDecember 19, 2007€500,000
Danilo AnderliniSeptember 17, 2008€500,000
[42] [43]
Francesca CataldoOctober 22, 2008€500,000
Roberto CaterinaNovember 23, 2008€500,000
Mara AncelottiJanuary 1, 2009€500,000
Stefania MenegazzoFebruary 23, 2010€500,000
Maghetto [47]
Gabriele CalvelloMarch 17, 2012€1,000,000
The top prize was originally €500,000 as usual, but was doubled during the game when the player opened Pacco Matto (crazy box) and found Raddoppia (double).
Mauro GhiraldiniNovember 21, 2012€500,000
Patrizia MontalbanoJanuary 25, 2013€500,000
Pierangela ZaccariaMay 29, 2014€500,000
Also won a €1,000 Provaci bonus.
Alberto BindiMay 17, 2016€500,000
Alessandro CoronaFebruary 22, 2017€500,000
Malta Deal or No Deal Malta Maria (Doris) AbelaOctober 17, 2008€25,000
Mexico Vas o No Vas ElenaJune 11, 2005 Mex$5,000,000
($460,050) (Saturday)
LuisDecember 6, 2005Mex$1,000,000
($95,360) (weekday)
LauraMarch 2, 2006Mex$1,000,000
($95,580) (weekday)
PatyJune 3, 2006Mex$1,000,000
($88,130) (weekday)
Mexico ¿Te la juegas?MaríaJune 13, 2020Mex$1,000,000
JavoJuly 4, 2020Mex$1,000,000
Mex$250,000 and
1 other Mex$1,000,000
($2,234, $11,168
and $44,670)
Malaysia (in English) Deal or No Deal Malaysia Timothy ShimMarch 2, 2008 RM100,000
RM 50,800
RM 250
Myanmar Deal or No DealMin Thu Rein (မင်းသူရိန်)March 16, 2015 Ks.20,00,000/-
Rebroadcast March 31, 2015.
Netherlands Miljoenenjacht
Deal or No Deal
Arno WoesthoffSeptember 2, 2001 fl.10,000,000
Format not yet introduced [note 1] Woesthoff was the biggest winner in worldwide game show history at the time of the show's airing; he would hold the record for almost 13 years until it was broken by Brad Rutter in 2014.
Eelco SchumacherApril 2, 2009€250,000
Peru Trato Hecho/Vas o No Vas LicetOctober 14, 2016 S/.20,000
Box Swap
Philippines Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal Terry Lim CuaDecember 29, 2006 P2,000,000
Cua was the only contestant to win P2,000,000 or more on the Filipino version.
Aiko Melendez and Candy Pangilinan (celebrities)November 25, 2008P1,000,000
Christmas Edition (5 P1,000,000 cases)
Jhaphet FlordelizaDecember 1, 2008P1,000,000
Arnel Pineda (celebrity)December 11, 2008P1,000,000
Bearwin Meily (celebrity)March 23, 2015P1,000,000
Ara Mina (celebrity)April 17, 2015P1,000,000
Joyce E. Bernal and Bela Padilla (celebrities)August 14, 2015P1,000,000
Kaye Abad and Nikki Valdez (celebrities)September 7, 2015P1,000,000
Janine Tugonon (celebrity)January 8, 2016P1,000,000
Serbia Uzmi ili ostavi VidojeOctober 19, 2007 RSD  1,500,000
RSD 615,000
RSD 500,000
South Africa Deal or No DealSiyabongo NgqolaMarch 17, 2023 [note 2] R250,000
South Korea Yes or No Lee Chang-geun (이창근)June 23, 2007 100,000,000
Spain ¡Allá tú! GilbertJune 19, 2007€600,000
Received €300,000; another half was received by an SMS winner.
María del Carmen BonillaJuly 25, 2011€300,000
Switzerland Deal or No Deal – Das RisikoPeter MeierJune 9, 2010 CHF  250,000
CHF 125,000
CHF 10,000
Taiwan 齊天大勝
Who's the Winner
Topic: The Deal 孤注一擲
JUNIOR (celebrity)April 14, 2007 NT$1,500,000
NT$1, NT$100,
and NT$50,000
($0.03, $3.02,
$302, $603
and $1,508)
The host Jacky Wu, who also acted as the banker, decided to give the final offer with 6 out of 16 cases remaining.
Tunisia دليلك ملك Mohamed MabroukMarch 22, 2006 TND  300,000
(unknown)(unknown) [58] [59] [60] [61]
Each winner shared the prize with an SMS participant.
Mohamed Bashir MenchariNovember 13, 2006TND 500,000
MarbroukSeptember 13, 2007TND1,000,000
(unknown)TND 500,000
AichouchaJune 13, 2017TND 2,000,000
TND 1,100,000
Joke prizeThe banker also offered 200,000 dinars ($81,396), which was refused. The winner also shared the prize with an SMS participant. [61]
Turkey Var mısın? Yok musun? Ülkühan YılmazOctober 24, 2009 TL  500,000
TL 128,000
TL 20,000
United Kingdom Deal or No Deal Laura PearceJanuary 7, 2007£250,000
Pearce was the first top prize winner on the UK version.
Alice MundayMarch 12, 2009£250,000
Banker's Gamble
(box swap declined)
Munday initially dealt at £17,500 but was offered the Banker's Gamble when the 1p and £250,000 were remaining. She accepted the gamble, which forfeited the offer and brought the game back into live play.
Suzanne MulhollandMay 13, 2011£250,000
(box swap accepted)
Mulholland also won an additional prize of a 2-week holiday in Florida as part of "Banker's Birthday" special.
Tegen RobertsSeptember 22, 2011£250,000
Tegen had the strongest board ever after round 3 to the end of the show; a staggering £560,250.60 was still in play after 10 boxes had been opened.
Nong Nig Ham NamAugust 5, 2012£250,000
Patrick "Paddy" RobertsAugust 12, 2013£250,000
Paddy was the first male top prize winner on the UK version.
Roop SinghFebruary 12, 2014£250,000
Singh declined to buy Box 23, which would have doubled his winnings to £500,000.
Ann CrawfordOctober 15, 2015£250,000
Crawford declined to buy Box 23, which would have reduced her winnings to £0.
Vikki HeenanDecember 23, 2016£250,000
The episode that contains Heenan's win was the final episode of the UK version. [62]
United States Deal or No Deal Jessica RobinsonSeptember 1, 2008 $1,000,000$561,000$200,000 [63]
Robinson was the first top prize winner on the American version.
Million Dollar Mission game (5 $1,000,000 cases)
Tomorrow RodriguezOctober 29, 2008$1,000,000$677,000$300 and 3x $1,000,000 [64]
The final offer of $677,000 (which Rodriguez declined) was given when there were five cases remaining.
Million Dollar Mission game (9 $1,000,000 cases)
Uruguay Trato Hecho Edición ParejasNatalia Cucurullo and Gastón SaldombideAugust 17, 2022 U$1,000,000
Vietnam Đi tìm ẩn số [note 3] (unknown)Before October 200550,000,000Đ

First Asian winner. The other case contained the lowest value worldwide. [66]
Lê Bình (celebrity)October 9, 2011100,000,000Đ
First known celebrity winner. His last 2 cases were the highest 2 in the game. [67]
Nguyễn Thụy Minh TrangJuly 15, 2012100,000,000Đ
First known female winner. [68]
 ? ?
(unknown)August 2015100,000,000Đ
 ? ?
Nguyễn Thị ĐàoFebruary 28, 2016100,000,000Đ
Giáng Tiên (celebrity)September 3, 2017100,000,000Đ
Last top prize winner before the series concluded in 2017. Second celebrity winner. [70]
  1. Arno Woesthoff was on Miljoenenjacht when the bonus round consisted of seven questions that could add up to 10,000,000 guilders (based on the German game show "Die Chance deines Lebens") instead of the case game, which is why there were no other amounts.
  2. Most recent top prize winner in the Deal or No Deal franchise to date.
  3. The Vietnamese version has 10 top prize winners. 7 are shown here. The other 3 were missing.

At the other end of the spectrum, in the UK edition broadcast on December 7, 2009, a contestant named Corinne opened her box to reveal (and thus win) 1p, having turned down first an offer of £88,000 and then an offer to swap boxes, which would have given her the top £250,000 prize. A similar event occurred on the U.S. version on August 25, 2008, where contestant Koshka Blackburn won $5,000 which was in her case after turning down the banker's offer of $530,000 and then the option to switch cases, which would've made her the first $1,000,000 winner. Also in the U.S. on September 22, 2006, Michelle Falco kept in $750,000 and $1,000,000 in play all the way to the end, she turned down the biggest offer of $880,000 and refused to switch her case, in her case was $750,000. She also would have been the first $1,000,000 winner had she switched cases. And again, in the U.S. on October 22, 2008, contestant Richie Bell won $1 which was in his case after rejecting the final offer of $416,000 and the option to switch cases, which would've made him the second $1,000,000 winner. Richie also won an additional $10,000 after completing the "Banker's Challenge" minigame, thus making his total winnings $10,001. Had he had switched, he would have won $1,010,000. Many other contestants around the world would have won the top prize if they had swapped their box/case.

Basis and antecedents

The game show has attracted attention from mathematicians, statisticians, and economists as a natural decision-making experiment. In 2008 a team of economists analyzed the decisions of people appearing in Dutch, German and U.S. episodes and found, among other things, that contestants are less risk-averse or even risk-seeking when they saw their expected winnings drop. [71] They went so far as to say that the show, "almost appears to be an economics experiment rather than a TV show." [72] They found that contestants behave similarly in different versions of the show, despite large differences in the amounts at stake; amounts appear to be evaluated in relative terms, for example in proportion to the initial average, and not in terms of their absolute monetary value. [73] The research received a great deal of media attention, appearing on the front page of The Wall Street Journal [74] and being featured on National Public Radio. [75] This work was built upon by de Roos and Sarafidis, who analysed the Australian version of the show and determined that the risk-taking behaviour of a number of contestants would be inconsistent within each game (i.e. their aversion to risk would change), depending on the state of play and relative risk aversion of their confidant on the show. [76]

Australian Deal or No Deal contestants are selected "on the basis of being 'outgoing', but there is no screening of contestants on the basis of their risk preferences". [76] It is thought that other versions may screen contestants for being amicable to risk-taking behaviour.

Despite its air of originality and huge international success—there are more than 60 versions worldwide—there have been, in fact, numerous antecedents to the current run of shows. The first was the It's in the Bag, a New Zealand radio game show invented by Selwyn Toogood which began in the 1950s and which ran for decades after it was later adapted for television (1970s–90s). The show popularized the catch-phrases, "By hokey," and "What will it be, customers—the money or the bag?" in New Zealand. Similarly, in the 1950s, the UK TV show Take Your Pick offered contestants the choice of taking a money offer or risking opening a box. Later, in the 1980s, The Bong Game, a radio call-in show created by UK's Capital FM, tested contestants by offering them increasing returns in tandem with increasing risk.

Another long-running game show, Let's Make a Deal, involved contestants deciding whether or not to take offers based on what may or may not be behind a curtain/door or inside a box. Let's Make a Deal ran in the U.S. for nearly three decades from 1963 to 1991, during which time Monty Hall was the program's "Big Dealer," and was revived in 2009 with Wayne Brady as the Big Dealer. Also in the U.S., in the 1970s and 1980s, was a game show called Treasure Hunt, hosted by Geoff Edwards and produced by Chuck Barris's company, which featured a similar concept to Deal or No Deal. The show featured contestants selecting a treasure chest or box with surprises inside in the hope of winning large prizes or a cash jackpot. Both game shows, however, also featured worthless or nearly-worthless joke prizes, which Let's Make a Deal called "zonks" and which Treasure Hunt called "klunks." Deal or No Deal does not feature such joke prizes in the US version but does in many international versions. Finally, from 1997 to 2003, Win Ben Stein's Money pitted contestants against an in-house adversary.

Algorithm used by "The Bank"

There are several theories concerning the algorithm that "The Bank" uses to determine the appropriate bank offer. This is a secret held by the various publishers around the world, however a number of people have approximated the algorithm with various levels of accuracy.[ citation needed ] In many variations of the format the Bank does not know the contents of the briefcase, and therefore the Monty Hall Problem does not apply to the probability calculations, but this varies from country to country.[ citation needed ]

Statistical studies of the US version of the show were undertaken by Daniel Shifflet in 2011, and showed a linear regression of bank offers against expected value. [77] In summary, Shifflet found that in the syndicated 30-minute version of the show the bank would offer a percentage of the expected value (EV) of the remaining cases, and this percentage increased linearly from approximately 37% of EV at the first offer to approximately 84% of EV at the seventh offer. This version of the program also allowed players to ‘hypothetically’ play out the remainder of the game from the point where they accepted the bank's offer, and Shiffler noted that the hypothetical bank offers were significantly higher than real bank offers at equivalent points in the game.

Video games

Online gambling

The Deal or No Deal television game show, based on the original Dutch Miljoenenjacht (Hunt for Millions), was introduced to the world by Endemol. The popular format, which requires the contestant to choose from 26 boxes or cases to reveal cash values, grew in popularity and eventually made its way into the online gambling industry as a result of the 2009 partnership between Playtech's Virtue Fusion and Endemol Games.

Online Bingo licensees of Virtue Fusion, previously acquired by Playtech, introduced DOND themed 75-ball and 90-ball rooms in addition to a slot game based on the game show, scratch cards and the launch of a new bingo brand named after the game show, Deal or No Deal Bingo.

Online gamblers experience the show's concept when securing a Full House win in the themed bingo rooms. The winner or winners enter a round of negotiations with the banker where they must make the ultimate decision, Deal or No Deal. The sense of community, often embraced by bingo players, is called upon as they assist the winner in determining the best option by commenting in the room's chat section. The Community Jackpot is divided among the Full House winner (50%) and all game participants (50%).

In February 2016, Playtech announced the renewal of its licensing agreement with Endemol UK, which will see the availability of DOND licensed online products continue for an additional three years. Under this contract, Playtech is granted exclusive rights to deliver these themed games to the UK market. [82]

The range of DOND games are available at Virtue Fusion powered bingo brands such as bet365, Gala Bingo, Ladbrokes, Mecca Bingo and William Hill.

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Lets Make a Deal</i> American game show

Let's Make a Deal is a television game show that originated in the United States in 1963 and has since been produced in many countries throughout the world. The program was created and produced by Stefan Hatos and Monty Hall, the latter serving as its host for nearly 30 years.

Deal or No Deal was an Australian game show that aired on the Seven Network from 13 July 2003 to 4 October 2013. It was the first international version of the game show, after the original Miljoenenjacht from the Netherlands. It was the first of the versions to use the Deal or No Deal name. It was hosted by Andrew O'Keefe for its entire 10-year run.

<i>Deal or No Deal</i> (British game show) British game show

Deal or No Deal is a British game show, hosted by Noel Edmonds, which aired from 31 October 2005 to 23 December 2016 on Channel 4. Based on the original Netherlands format of the game show, each episode sees a contestant choosing one of 22 boxes, each containing a cash amount between 1p to £250,000, and then attempting to win as much as possible either by gambling on having a high amount in their chosen box, or making the game's hidden operator, named "the Banker", offer a considerable cash sum for their box regardless of what is inside. The amount a contestant wins is determined by pure luck – cash amounts are randomly allocated to each of the boxes before each game, with contestants required to open a specific number of boxes per round of the game to eliminate the cash amounts their chosen box does not contain, in turn affecting how much is offered by the Banker. Games always end with the player opening all of the boxes, including their own, regardless of how they intend to make money.

<i>Deal or No Deal</i> (American game show) American game show, launched 2005

Deal or No Deal is an American version of the international game show of Dutch origin of the same name. The show is hosted by Howie Mandel, and premiered on December 19, 2005, on NBC. The hour-long show typically aired at least twice a week during its run, and included special extended or theme episodes. The show started its fourth season on August 25, 2008, a day after NBC's coverage of the 2008 Beijing Olympics ended. A daily syndicated half-hour version of the show debuted on September 8, 2008, and continued for two seasons.

<i>Miljoenenjacht</i> Dutch television game show

Miljoenenjacht, officially Postcode Loterij Miljoenenjacht, is a Dutch game show, sponsored by the country's postcode lottery, where a contestant and at-home viewer could win up to €5,000,000 or as little as €0.01. The show is broadcast at various times, spanning across six episodes for each set. The program was originally shown by TROS on NPO 2, but moved to creator John de Mol's channel Tien in 2005. After the channel was discontinued after its sale to the RTL Group, the program moved to RTL 4. In 2019, the program moved to SBS6 due to the transfer of Linda de Mol from RTL to SBS.

<i>Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal</i> Filipino TV series or program

Kapamilya, Deal or No Deal is the Philippine franchise of Deal or No Deal, presently hosted by Luis Manzano and previously by Kris Aquino, which premiered on June 5, 2006, on ABS-CBN.

Affari tuoi is an Italian game show based upon the internationally popular game show Deal or No Deal. It aired on Rai 1 from 13 October 2003 to 17 March 2017 in the access prime time range. From 26 December 2020, the program returned to air on Saturday between the access prime time slot and the prime time slot. It is broadcast on public broadcaster Rai 1, and it is also shown regularly on RAI International, RAI's international television service.

Deal is the Greek version of Deal or No Deal. It airs on Alpha TV and it started broadcasting in January 2006. It is hosted by Christos Ferentinos, who also hosts the Greek version of Fort Boyard on Star Channel. There are 22 boxes held by 22 potential contestants coming from various Greek prefectures. Each episode ultimately features one contestant.

<i>¡Allá tú!</i> Spanish television series

¡Allá tú! is the Spanish version of Deal or No Deal. It was initially broadcast by Telecinco between 2004 and 2008 and later changed to sister channel Cuatro for a comeback in 2011.

Miljoenenjacht is the Belgian version of Deal or No Deal. It aired on VTM, debuting on October 16, 2004. It was hosted by Walter Grootaers, with a top prize was €1,000,000. A second season premiered on October 15, 2005. The show later moved to VijfTV, which produced the Flanders version of Deal or No Deal under the title Te Nemen of Te Laten.

La Roue de la fortune was the French version of the US game show Wheel of Fortune.

Le Banquier was a Canadian game show and the Quebec adaptation of the international game show Deal or No Deal. It debuted on January 24, 2007 at 9 pm on the TVA network. The program, produced in Montreal, Quebec by JPL Production II Inc. and Endemol USA for TVA, is hosted by Julie Snyder. The show's main sponsors are Vidéotron, Hyundai, Nissan, Capital One and Sunwing.

Deal or No Deal is a game show which was aired in Singapore on MediaCorp Channel 5 and MediaCorp HD5 for two seasons. Based upon the original Netherlands format of the game show, each episode sees a contestant choosing one of 26 briefcases, each containing a cash amount between $1 to $250,000, and then attempting to win as much as possible either by gambling on having a high amount in their chosen briefcase, or making the game's hidden operator, named "the Banker", offer a considerable cash sum for their case regardless of what is inside. The amount a contestant wins is determined by pure luck – cash amounts are randomly allocated to each of the briefcases before each game, with contestants required to open a specific number of briefcases per round of the game to eliminate the cash amounts their chosen briefcase does not contain, in turn affecting how much is offered by the Banker.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Flavio Insinna</span> Italian actor and television presenter (born 1965)

Flavio Insinna is an Italian actor and television presenter. He is the current host of L'eredità. He is also known for having hosted Affari Tuoi, the Italian version of Deal or No Deal between 2006 and 2008 and then again between 2013 and 2017.

Sdelka!? is the Russian version of Deal or No Deal. It was broadcast on REN TV from April 17 to September 22, 2006, and hosted by Alexei Veselkin. The prizes available ranged from 3,000,000 Russian rubles to 1 kopek.

Deal or No Deal in New Zealand is the New Zealand version of the international game show format. After Prime TV's success airing the Australian version of Deal or No Deal in New Zealand, a New Zealand produced version launched on TV3 on 6 June 2007. The show is hosted by radio comedian Jeremy Corbett and each show airs for one hour, on a Wednesday night, from 7:30pm to 8:30pm. The 26 cases range in value from $0.10 to $200,000.

Đi tìm ẩn số is the version of the Deal or No Deal television show on HTV 7 in Vietnam as a part of TFS's Tạp Chí Văn Nghệ. It premiered on June 19, 2005, hosted by Thanh Bạch.

<i>Pinoy Bingo Night</i> Filipino TV series or program

Pinoy Bingo Night is the Philippine game show version of National Bingo Night, which premiered on the ABS-CBN from March 30 to June 26, 2009. It is hosted by Kris Aquino with Brod Pete as the "bingo caller" and Mel Feliciano as the "commissioner", who referees the playing studio audience.

Kutia, previously known as Kutia e fundit, is the Albanian version of Deal or No Deal. It is produced by TV Klan and aired at every weeknight from September 2004 to December 2011. The host is Enkel Demi.

Deal or No Deal is the Irish version of the Endemol game show, which was first broadcast on TV3 in Ireland on 13 November 2009. The show is hosted by magician and entertainer Keith Barry. The show is sponsored by Ireland's National Lottery, which sells scratch cards for a chance to appear on the show.


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