Edita Gruberová

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Edita Gruberová

Edita Gruberová (born 23 December 1946), is a Slovak coloratura soprano. She is noted for her great tonal clarity, agility, dramatic power, endurance, and ability to sing high notes with great power and sustained vocal consistency, which made her an ideal Queen of the Night in her early years. In recent years, she has enjoyed huge success with a number of the most important bel canto roles.

The Slovaks are a nation and West Slavic ethnic group native to Slovakia who share a common ancestry, culture, history and speak the Slovak language.

Coloratura

The word coloratura is originally from Italian, literally meaning "coloring", and derives from the Latin word colorare. When used in English, the term specifically refers to elaborate melody, particularly in vocal music and especially in operatic singing of the 18th and 19th centuries, with runs, trills, wide leaps, or similar virtuoso-like material. Its instrumental equivalent is ornamentation. It is also now widely used to refer to passages of such music, operatic roles in which such music plays a prominent part, and singers of these roles.

A soprano[soˈpraːno] is a type of classical female singing voice and has the highest vocal range of all voice types. The soprano's vocal range (using scientific pitch notation) is from approximately middle C (C4) = 261 Hz to "high A" (A5) =880 Hz in choral music, or to "soprano C" (C6, two octaves above middle C) =1046 Hz or higher in operatic music. In four-part chorale style harmony, the soprano takes the highest part, which often encompasses the melody. The soprano voice type is generally divided into the coloratura, soubrette, lyric, spinto, and dramatic soprano.

Contents

Education

Gruberová began her musical studies at Bratislava Conservatory where she was a student of Mária Medvecká. She then continued at Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava (VŠMU). While studying, she was a singer of the Lúčnica folk ensemble and appeared several times in the Slovak National Theatre.

Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava performing arts college in Bratislava, Slovakia

The Academy of Performing Arts in Bratislava is a university founded on June 9, 1949.

Career

In 1968, Gruberová made her operatic debut in Bratislava as Rosina in The Barber of Seville . After winning a singing competition in Toulouse, she was then engaged as a soloist of the opera ensemble of the J. G. Tajovský Theatre in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, from 1968 to 1970. Since communist Czechoslovakia was going through a period called Normalization, during which the borders were closed with non-communist countries, Medvecká surreptitiously arranged for an audition for Gruberová in the summer of 1969 at Vienna State Opera, which immediately engaged her. The following year, she made her first major breakthrough when she sang the Queen of the Night. Gruberová then decided to emigrate to the West. In subsequent years, she became a soloist in Vienna and was invited to sing at many of the most important opera houses in the world, especially in coloratura roles.

<i>The Barber of Seville</i> 1816 opera by Gioachino Rossini

The Barber of Seville, or The Useless Precaution is an opera buffa in two acts by Gioachino Rossini with an Italian libretto by Cesare Sterbini. The libretto was based on Pierre Beaumarchais's French comedy Le Barbier de Séville (1775). The première of Rossini's opera took place on 20 February 1816 at the Teatro Argentina, Rome, with designs by Angelo Toselli.

Toulouse Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Toulouse is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie. The city is on the banks of the River Garonne, 150 kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea, 230 km (143 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean and 680 km (420 mi) from Paris. It is the fourth-largest city in France, with 466,297 inhabitants as of January 2014. In France, Toulouse is called the "Pink City".

Banská Bystrica City in Slovakia

Banská Bystrica is a city in central Slovakia located on the Hron River in a long and wide valley encircled by the mountain chains of the Low Tatras, the Veľká Fatra, and the Kremnica Mountains. With 78 327 inhabitants, Banská Bystrica is the sixth most populous municipality in Slovakia. The present town was founded by German settlers, however it was built upon a former Slavic settlement. It obtained the municipal privileges of a free royal town of the Kingdom of Hungary in 1255. The copper mining town acquired its present picturesque look in the Late Middle Ages when the prosperous burghers built its central churches, mansions, and fortifications. It is the capital of the kraj and the okres. It is also the home of Matej Bel University. As a historical city with an easy access to the surrounding mountains, Banská Bystrica is a popular winter and summer tourist destination.

Gruberová made her debut at Glyndebourne in 1973 and at the Metropolitan Opera in 1977, both as the Queen of the Night. In 1977, she first appeared at the Salzburg Festival, as Thibault in Don Carlo , under Herbert von Karajan. In 1982, she appeared opposite Ingvar Wixell and Luciano Pavarotti in Jean-Pierre Ponnelle's film of Rigoletto . [1] Gruberová made her Royal Opera House début as Giulietta in Bellini's I Capuleti e i Montecchi in 1984. Other important roles she has sung include Zerbinetta, Gilda, Violetta, Lucia, Konstanze, Manon and Oscar; she sang Donna Anna at La Scala in 1987, Marie in La fille du régiment in 1987, Semiramide in 1992 at Zürich, Queen Elizabeth I in Donizetti's Roberto Devereux in Vienna in 1990. In 2003, she added title role in Norma to her repertoire, and sang it in Munich in 2008/09.

Glyndebourne Festival Opera English opera festival

Glyndebourne Festival Opera is an annual opera festival held at Glyndebourne, an English country house near Lewes, in East Sussex, England.

Metropolitan Opera opera company in Manhattan, New York City

The Metropolitan Opera is an opera company based in New York City, resident at the Metropolitan Opera House at the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts. The company is operated by the non-profit Metropolitan Opera Association, with Peter Gelb as general manager. As of 2018, the company's current music director is Yannick Nézet-Séguin.

Salzburg Festival music festival

The Salzburg Festival is a prominent festival of music and drama established in 1920. It is held each summer in the Austrian town of Salzburg, the birthplace of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. One highlight is the annual performance of the play Jedermann (Everyman) by Hugo von Hofmannsthal.

She is an Austrian Kammersängerin and honorary member of the Vienna State Opera. [2]

Gruberová has made many recordings, most notably in recent years full-length recordings and extended selections from Donizetti's Tudor Queens trilogy and other bel canto operas, lately exclusively on Nightingale label. More than a dozen of her filmed and televised opera appearances have been released on DVD, including Die Zauberflöte , Così fan tutte , Die Entführung aus dem Serail , Ariadne auf Naxos , Norma , Manon , Beatrice di Tenda , Lucrezia Borgia , and Linda di Chamounix .

DVD Optical disc

DVD is a digital optical disc storage format invented and developed in 1995. The medium can store any kind of digital data and is widely used for software and other computer files as well as video programs watched using DVD players. DVDs offer higher storage capacity than compact discs while having the same dimensions.

<i>Così fan tutte</i> Italian language opera buffa by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Così fan tutte, ossia La scuola degli amanti, K. 588, is an Italian-language opera buffa in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart first performed on 26 January 1790 at the Burgtheater in Vienna, Austria. The libretto was written by Lorenzo Da Ponte who also wrote Le nozze di Figaro and Don Giovanni.

<i>Die Entführung aus dem Serail</i> opera by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Die Entführung aus dem Serail is an opera Singspiel in three acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. The German libretto is by Gottlieb Stephanie, based on Christoph Friedrich Bretzner's Belmont und Constanze, oder Die Entführung aus dem Serail. The plot concerns the attempt of the hero Belmonte, assisted by his servant Pedrillo, to rescue his beloved Konstanze from the seraglio of Pasha Selim. The work premiered on 16 July 1782 at the Vienna Burgtheater, with the composer conducting.

Discography

YearOperaCastConductor,
opera house and orchestra
Label
1976 Richard Strauss
Ariadne auf Naxos
Gundula Janowitz
Agnes Baltsa
Edita Gruberova (Zerbinetta)
James King
Walter Berry
Karl Böhm
Orchestra der Wiener Staatsoper
Live performance
Orfeo
1977 Richard Strauss
Ariadne auf Naxos
Leontyne Price
Tatiana Troyanos
Edita Griberova (Zerbinetta)
René Kollo
Walter Berry
Barry McDaniel
Georg Solti
London Philharmonic Orchestra
London Records
Decca Records
1978 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Edita Gruberová (Konstanze)
Francisco Araiza
Roland Bracht
Gudrun Ebel
Norbert Orth
Harald Leipnitz
Heinz Wallberg
Münchner Rundfunkorchester
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Eurodisc
1978 Engelbert Humperdinck
Hänsel und Gretel
Lucia Popp
Julia Hamari
Walter Berry
Brigitte Fassbaender
Anny Schlemm
Norma Burrowes
Edita Gruberova (Taumännchen)
Georg Solti
Wiener Philharmoniker
Wiener Sängerknaben
Decca Records
1979 Giuseppe Verdi
Don Carlo (four acts)
José Carreras
Mirella Freni
Agnes Baltsa
Nicolai Ghiaurov
Piero Cappuccilli
Ruggero Raimondi
José van Dam
Edita Gruberova (Tebaldo)
Herbert von Karajan
Chor der Deutsche Oper Berlin, Berliner Philharmoniker
EMI Classics
1979/80 Giuseppe Verdi
Un ballo in maschera
Plácido Domingo
Renato Bruson
Katia Ricciarelli
Elena Obraztsova
Edita Gruberova (Oscar)
Claudio Abbado
Coro e Orchestra del Teatro alla Scala
Deutsche Grammophon
1980 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Edita Gruberova (Konstanze)
Reri Grist
Francisco Araiza
Norbert Orth
Martti Talvela
Karl Böhm
Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Deutsche Grammophon DVD
1981 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Zauberflöte
Wolfgang Brendel
Roland Bracht
Edita Gruberova (Königin der Nacht)
Lucia Popp
Brigitte Linder
Heinz Zednik
Siegfried Jerusalem
Bernard Haitink
Symphonie-Orchester des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Tölzer Knabenchor
EMI Classics
Angel Records
1981 Christoph Willibald Gluck
Orfeo ed Euridice (Wiener Fassung 1762)
Agnes Baltsa
Margaret Marshall
Edita Gruberova
Riccardo Muti
Ambrosian Opera Chorus
Philharmonia Orchestra
His Master's Voice
1982 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Zauberflöte
Ileana Cotrubaș
Peter Schreier
Edita Gruberová (Königin der Nacht)
Martti Talvela
Christian Boesch
Gudrun Sieber
Horst Hiestermann
James Levine
Wiener Staatsoper Konzertvereinigung,
Wiener Philharmoniker
TDK
1983 Gaetano Donizetti
Lucia di Lammermoor
Edita Gruberova (Lucia)
Alfredo Kraus
Kathleen Kuhlmann
Robert Lloyd (bass)
Renato Bruson
Bruno Lazzaretti
Nicola Rescigno
Royal Philharmonic Orchestra,
Ambrosian Singers
EMI Classics
1984 Vincenzo Bellini
I Capuleti e i Montecchi
Agnes Baltsa
Edita Gruberova (Giulietta)
Gwynne Howell
Dano Raffanti
John Tomlinson
Riccardo Muti
Chorus and Orchestra of the Royal Opera House
Recorded live over several performances May 1984
EMI Classics
1984 Giuseppe Verdi
Rigoletto
Renato Bruson
Neil Shicoff
Edita Gruberova (Gilda)
Brigitte Fassbaender
Robert Lloyd
Giuseppe Sinopoli
Coro e Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia
Philips Classics Records
1985 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Entführung aus dem Serail
Edita Gruberova (Konstanze)
Kathleen Battle
Gösta Winbergh
Heinz Zednik
Martti Talvela
Georg Solti
Chor des Wiener Staatsoper, Wiener Philharmoniker
Decca Records
1988 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Die Zauberflöte
Edita Gruberova (Königin der Nacht)
Barbara Bonney
Marjana Lipovšek
Peter Keller
Thomas Moser
Thomas Hampson
Matti Salminen
Hans Peter Blochwitz
Anton Scharinger
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Chor und Orchester des Opernhaus Zürich
Teldec [3]
1988 Richard Strauss
Ariadne auf Naxos
Jessye Norman
Edita Gruberova (Zerbinetta)
Júlia Várady
Paul Frey
Olaf Bär
Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Rudolf Amsus
Kurt Masur
Gewandhausorchester Leipzig
Recorded at Neues Gewandhaus, Leipzig, January 1988
Philips Classics Records
1989 Gaetano Donizetti
Maria Stuarda
Edita Gruberova ( Maria Stuarda )
Agnes Baltsa
Francisco Araiza
Francesco Ellero d'Artegna
Simone Alaimo
Iris Vermillion
Giuseppe Patanè
Münchner Rundfunkorchester
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks
Philips Classics Records
1989 Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Lucio Silla
Edita Gruberova (Giunia)
Cecilia Bartoli
Peter Schreier
Dawn Upshaw
Yvonne Kenny
Nikolaus Harnoncourt
Arnold Schoenberg Chor, Concentus musicus Wien
Teldec
1989 Jacques Offenbach
Les contes d'Hoffmann
Edita Gruberova (Olympia, Antonia, Giulietta)
Plácido Domingo
Claudia Eder
Gabriel Bacquier
James Morris
Justino Díaz
Seiji Ozawa
Choeurs de Radio France, Orchestre National de France
Deutsche Grammophon
1991 Gaetano Donizetti
Lucia di Lammermoor
Edita Gruberova (Lucia)
Neil Shicoff
Alexandru Agache
Alastair Miles
Bernard Lombardo
Francesco Piccoli
Richard Bonynge
Ambrosian Singers, London Symphony Orchestra
Recorded St Augustine's Church London September 1991
Teldec
1992 Vincenzo Bellini
Beatrice di Tenda
Edita Gruberova (Beatrice di Tenda)
Vasselina Kasarova
Igor Morosow
Don Bernardini
Pinchas Steinberg
Wiener Konzerthaus, Wiener Jeunesse-Chor Orf-Symphonieorchester
Live performance
Nightingale Classics
1992 Giuseppe Verdi
La traviata
Edita Gruberova (Violetta)
Neil Shicoff
Giorgio Zancanaro
Carlo Rizzi
London Symphony Orchestra
Ambrosian Singers
Teldec
1992 Giuseppe Verdi
La traviata
Edita Gruberova (Violetta)
Neil Shicoff
Giorgio Zancanaro
Carlo Rizzi
Filmed live at Gran Teatro La Fenice, Venice in December
Warner Music Vision DVD
1993 Engelbert Humperdinck
Hänsel und Gretel
Ann Murray
Edita Gruberova
Christa Ludwig
Gwyneth Jones
Franz Grundheber
Barbara Bonney
Christiane Oelze
Colin Davis
Staatskapelle Dresden
Philips Classics Records
1993 Gaetano Donizetti
Linda di Chamounix
Edita Gruberova (Linda)
Dan Bernardini
Ettore Kim
Monica Groop
Stefano Palatchi
Anders Melander
Friedrich Haider
Swedish Radio Symphony Orchestra and Mikaeli Chamber Choir
Nightingale Classics
1994 Gaetano Donizetti
Roberto Devereux
Edita Gruberova ( Elizabetta )
Delores Ziegler
Don Bernardini
Ettore Kim
Friedrich Haider
Choeurs de l'Opéra du Rhin, Orchestre Philharmonique de Strasbourg
Live recording
Nightingale Classics
1994 Gaetano Donizetti
Anna Bolena
Edita Gruberova ( Anna Bolena )
Delores Ziegler
Stefano Palatchi
José Bros
Igor Morosow
Helene Schneiderman
Elio Boncompagni
Chorus and Orchestra of Hungarian Radio and Television
Recorded live Wiener Konzerthaus 28/11 & 1/12 1994
Nightingale Classics
1995 Gaetano Donizetti
La fille du régiment
Edita Gruberova (Marie)
Deon van der Walt
Rosa Laghezza
Philippe Fourcade
François Castel
Marcello Panni
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Münchner Rundfunkorchester
Recorded Herkulessaal der Münchner Residenz March 1995
Nightingale Classics
1997 Gioachino Rossini
Il barbiere di Siviglia
Edita Gruberova (Rosina)
Juan Diego Flórez
Rosa Laghezza
Vladmir Chernov
Enric Serra
Francesco Ellero d'Artegna
Ralf Weikert
Chor des Bayerischen Rundfunks, Münchner Rundfunkorchester
Live recording
Nightingale Classics
2004 Vincenzo Bellini
Norma
Edita Gruberova (Norma)
Elīna Garanča
Aquiles Machado
Alastair Miles
Judith Howarth
Friedrich Haider
Vocal Ensemble Rastatt, Staatsphilharmonie Rheinland-Pfalz
Live recording
Nightingale Classics
2010 Gaetano Donizetti
Lucrezia Borgia
Edita Gruberova (Lucrezia Borgia)
José Bros
Silvia Tro Santafé
Franco Vassallo
Andriy Yurkevych
Chor des Oper Köln, Philharmonie Köln
Live recording
Nightingale Classics

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References