February 14 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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February 13 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

February 12 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 14

Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar liturgical calendar used within Eastern Orthodox churches

The Eastern Orthodox Liturgical Calendar describes and dictates the rhythm of the life of the Eastern Orthodox Church. Passages of Holy Scripture, saints and events for commemoration are associated with each date, as are many times special rules for fasting or feasting that correspond to the day of the week or time of year in relationship to the major feast days.

February 15 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

February 14 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 16

Contents

All fixed commemorations below are observed on February 27 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar. [note 1]

Eastern Orthodox Church Christian Church

The Eastern Orthodox Church, officially the Orthodox Catholic Church, is the second-largest Christian church, with approximately 260 million baptised members. It operates as a communion of autocephalous churches, each governed by its bishops in local synods. Roughly half of Eastern Orthodox Christians live in Russia. The church has no central doctrinal or governmental authority analogous to the Bishop of Rome, but the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is recognised by all as primus inter pares of the bishops. As one of the oldest surviving religious institutions in the world, the Eastern Orthodox Church has played a prominent role in the history and culture of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, the Caucasus, and the Near East.

For February 14th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on February 1 .

February 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

January 31 - Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar - February 2

Saints

Patriarch Peter II of Alexandria was the 21st Patriarch of Alexandria from 373 to 381 AD. He was a disciple of Saint Athanasius who designated him as his successor before his death in 373.

Auxentius of Bithynia hermit

Auxentius of Bithynia was a hermit born circa AD 400 in Syria, and died February 14, 473, on Mount Scopas.

Mesopotamia Historical region within the Tigris–Euphrates river system

Mesopotamia is a historical region of Western Asia situated within the Tigris–Euphrates river system, in the northern part of the Fertile Crescent, in modern days roughly corresponding to most of Iraq, Kuwait, the eastern parts of Syria, Southeastern Turkey, and regions along the Turkish–Syrian and Iran–Iraq borders.

Pre-Schism Western saints

Saint Eleuchadius is a 2nd-century Christian saint venerated by the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Church.

Claudius Gothicus Augustus

Claudius Gothicus, also known as Claudius II, was Roman emperor from 268 to 270. During his reign he fought successfully against the Alemanni and decisively defeated the Goths at the Battle of Naissus. He died after succumbing to "pestilence", possibly the Plague of Cyprian that had ravaged the provinces of the Empire.

July 6 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) day in the Eastern Orthodox liturgical calendar

July 5 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - July 7

Post-Schism Orthodox saints

The Metropolis of Corinth, Sicyon, Zemenon, Tarsos and Polyphengos is a metropolitan see of the Church of Greece in Corinthia, Greece. Since the Middle Ages it has also existed as a Roman Catholic titular see. The current metropolitan is Dionysios Mantalos.

Philotheou monastery monastery in Greece

Filotheou monastery is an Eastern Orthodox monastery at the monastic state of Mount Athos in Greece. It stands on the north-eastern side of the peninsula.

Constantinople capital city of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire, the Latin and the Ottoman Empire

Constantinople was the capital city of the Roman Empire (330–395), of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire, of the brief Crusader state known as the Latin Empire (1204–1261) and of the Ottoman Empire (1453–1923). In 1923 the capital of Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire, was moved to Ankara and the name Constantinople was officially changed to Istanbul. The city is located in what is now the European side and the core of modern Istanbul. The city is still referred to as Constantinople in Greek-speaking sources.

New martyrs and confessors

Other commemorations

Notes

  1. The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. "At Ravenna, St. Eleuchadius, bishop and confessor." [13]
  3. According to the entry in the Roman Martyrology:
    • "AT Rome, on the Flaminian road, in the time of the emperor Claudius, the birthday of blessed Valentine, priest and martyr, who after having cured and instructed many persons, was beaten with clubs and beheaded." [13]
    According to the entry in The Book of Saints, by Ramsgate Abbey:
    • "A Roman priest who, with St. Marius and his family, assisted the Martyrs in the persecution under the Emperor Claudius II. He was beheaded as a Christian about A.D. 270. But modern research has raised many doubts about the genuineness of the tradition concerning him. The custom of sending so-called "Valentines" on Feb. 14 has no connection with the history of the Saint, but is probably of Pagan origin." [14]
  4. According to the entry in the Roman Martyrology:
    • "At Teramo, St. Valentine, bishop and martyr, who was scourged, committed to prison, and as he remained unshaken in his faith, was taken out of his dungeon in the dead of night and beheaded by order of Placidus, prefect of the city." [13]
    According to the entry in The Book of Saints, by Ramsgate Abbey:
    • "A Bishop of Terni, or perhaps of Teramo, in Italy, who suffered martyrdom in the same persecution as the priest St. Valentine of Rome, though it would seem two or three years later." [14]
    Various dates are given for the martyrdom or martyrdoms: 269, 270, or 273. [18]
  5. "In the same place, the holy martyrs Proculus, Ephebus and Apollonius, who, whilst watching by the body of St. Valentine, were arrested and put to the sword by the command of the ex-consul Leontius." [13]
  6. "At Alexandria, the holy martyrs Bassus, Anthony, and Protolicus, who were cast into the sea." [13]
  7. "Also, the holy martyrs Cyrion, priest, Bassian, lector, Agatho, exorcist, and Moses, who perished in the flames and took their flight to heaven." [13]
  8. A monk in one of the daughter monasteries of Montecassino in Italy. Forced to leave his monastery by the wars raging in the country, he became a hermit, until he was invited by the people of Sorrento to live among them. He did so as Abbot of St Agrippinus. He is now venerated as the patron-saint of that town.
  9. "At Sorrento, St. Anthony, abbot, who, when the monastery' of Monte Cassino was devastated by the Lombards, withdrew into a solitude of the neighborhood, where, celebrated for holiness, he passed calmly to his repose in God. His body is daily glorified by many miracles, and particularly by the deliverance of possessed persons." [13]
  10. He was the spiritual confessor of Patriarch Cyril V of Constantinople, whom he supported during the Council of Constantinople (1755-56) when the Patriarch decreed that Western converts must be baptized upon their reception into the Orthodox Church.
  11. On October 20, 2019, at the Protaton Church in Karyes on Mt. Athos, Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew announced that the glorification of four great 20th-century Athonite elders would soon proceed, including:
    • Daniel of Katounakia (†1929)
    • Ieronymos of Simenopetra (†1957)
    • Joseph the Hesychast (†1959), and
    • Ephraim of Katounakia (†1998). [34] [35]

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 February 14 / 27. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 February 27 / 14. Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 (in Greek) Συναξαριστής. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ECCLESIA.GR. (H ΕΚΚΛΗΣΙΑ ΤΗΣ ΕΛΛΑΔΟΣ).
  4. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Μάρων. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. Venerable Maron the Hermit of Syria. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  6. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Αὐξέντιος ὁ ἐν τῷ Ὄρει. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  7. Venerable Auxentius of Bithynia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  8. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀβραάμης. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  9. St Abraham the Bishop of Charres in Mesopotamia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  10. Repose of St Cyril, Equal of the Apostles and Teacher of the Slavs. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Φιλήμων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 February 14. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp. 47-48.
  14. 1 2 3 4 The Benedictine Monks of St Augustine's Abbey, Ramsgate (Comp.). THE BOOK OF SAINTS: A Dictionary of Servants of God Canonised by the Catholic Church: Extracted from the Roman and Other Martyrologies. London: A & C Black. Ltd., 1921. p. 263.
  15. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐαλεντίνος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  16. Martyr Valentinus the Presbyter and those with him at Rome. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  17. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Οὐαλεντίνος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας Ἐπίσκοπος Τέρνι. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. Jack Oruch. "St. Valentine, Chaucer, and Spring in February". Speculum 56.3 (July 1981 pp 534–565) p. 535.
  19. Hieromartyr Valentine the Bishop of Interamna, Terni in Italy. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  20. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Πρόκλος, Ἀπολλώνιος καὶ Ἐφήβιος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  21. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Βάσσιος, Ἀντώνιος καὶ Πρωτόλικος οἱ Μάρτυρες. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  22. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἀγάθων ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  23. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἰσαάκιος ὁ Ἔγκλειστος ὁ ἐκ Ρωσίας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  24. Venerable Isaac the Recluse of the Kiev Near Caves. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  25. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νικόλαος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ὁ ἐξ Ἰχθύος τῆς Κορινθίας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  26. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Δαμιανὸς ὁ Ὁσιομάρτυρας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  27. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Γεώργιος ὁ Νεομάρτυρας ἐκ Μυτιλήνης. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  28. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Αὐξέντιος ὁ ἐν Καρτιλίῳ ἀσκήσας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  29. St Hilarion the Georgian, the New. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  30. Great Synaxaristes: (in Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Νικόλαος ὁ Ἱερομάρτυρας ἐκ Τραπεζούντας. 14 Φεβρουαρίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  31. 12 Greeks who built the Dormition Cathedral in the Kiev Caves, Far Caves, Lavra. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  32. The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p. 15.
  33. Translation of the relics of the Martyr Michael of Chernigov. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  34. ELDER JOSEPH THE HESYCHAST, THREE OTHER 20TH-CENTURY ATHONITE ELDERS CANONIZED. Orthodox Christianity. Mt. Athos, October 21, 2019.
  35. (in Greek) Ο Οικουμενικός Πατριάρχης ανήγγειλε τέσσερις νέες αγιοκατατάξεις Αγιορειτών Πατέρων. ΡΟΜΦΑΙΑ. (Romfea.gr). 20/10 18:22.

Sources

Greek Sources

Russian Sources