Governor of Punjab, Pakistan

Last updated
Governor of Punjab
Coat of arms of Punjab.svg
MohdSarwar.JPG
Incumbent
Mohammad Sarwar

since 5 September 2018
StatusActive
Residence Governor's House
Seat Lahore
Appointer Prime Minister of Pakistan
Formation15 August 1947
First holder Sir Francis Mudie

The Governor of Punjab is the appointed head of state of the provincial government in Punjab, Pakistan. Although the Governor is the head of the province on paper, it is largely a ceremonial position; and the main powers lie with the Chief Minister Punjab and Chief Secretary Punjab.

A head of state is the public persona who officially embodies a state in its unity and legitimacy. Depending on the country's form of government and separation of powers, the head of state may be a ceremonial figurehead or concurrently the head of government and more.

Pakistan federal parliamentary constitutional republic in South Asia

Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world’s sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding 212.7 million people. In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning 881,913 square kilometres. Pakistan has a 1,046-kilometre (650-mile) coastline along the Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west, Iran to the southwest, and China in the northeast. It is separated narrowly from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor in the northwest, and also shares a maritime border with Oman.

Chief Secretary Punjab

The Chief Secretary Punjab, also referred to as CS Punjab, is the bureaucratic chief and highest-ranking official of the Government of Punjab, Pakistan. The appointment of the Chief Secretary is made directly by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. The position of Chief Secretary is equivalent to the rank of Federal Secretary and the position holder usually belongs to the Pakistan Administrative Service.

Contents

However, throughout the history of Pakistan, the powers of the provincial governors were vastly increased, when the provincial assemblies were dissolved and the administrative role came under direct control of the governors, as in the cases of martial laws of 1958–1972 and 1977–1985, and governor rules of 1999–2002. In the case of Punjab, there was direct governor rule in 1949–1951, when the provincial chief minister of that time was removed and assemblies dissolved.

List of governors

NamePortraitTerm of office
West Punjab
1 Sir Francis Mudie 15 August
1947
2 August
1949
1 year, 352 days
2 Abdur Rab Nishtar 2 August
1949
24 November
1951
4 years, 114 days
3 I I Chundrigar 24 November
1951
May
1953
1 year, 182 days
4 Mian Aminuddin 2 May
1953
24 June
1954
1 year, 53 days
5 Habib Rahimtoola Habib I. Rahimtoola.png 24 June
1954
26 November
1954
155 days
6 Mushtaq Ahmed Gurmani 26 November
1954
14 October
1955
322 days
Part of West Pakistan province
14 October 1955 to 30 June 1970
Punjab Province
7 Attiqur Rahman 1 July
1970
23 December
1971
1 year, 175 days
8 Ghulam Mustafa Khar 23 December
1971
12 November
1973
1 year, 324 days
9 Sadiq Hussain Qureshi 12 November
1973
14 March
1975
1 year, 122 days
10 Ghulam Mustafa Khar 14 March
1975
31 July
1975
139 days
11 Mohammad Abbas Abbasi 31 July
1975
5 July
1977
1 year, 339 days
12 Aslam Riaz Hussain 5 July
1977
18 September
1978
1 year, 75 days
13 Sawar Khan 18 September
1978
1 May
1980
1 year, 226 days
14 Ghulam Jilani Khan 1 May
1980
30 December
1985
5 years, 243 days
15 Sajjad Hussain Qureshi 30 December
1985
9 December
1988
2 years, 345 days
16 Tikka Khan 9 December
1988
06 August
1990
1 year, 240 days
17 Mian Muhammad Azhar 6 August
1990
25 April
1993
2 years, 262 days
18 Chaudhary Altaf Hussain 25 April
1993
19 July
1993
85 days
19 Iqbal Khan 19 July
1993
26 March
1994
250 days
20 Chaudhary Altaf Hussain 26 March
1994
22 May
1995
1 year, 57 days
- Muhammad Ilyas (Acting)22 May
1995
19 June
1995
28 days
21 Raja Saroop Khan 19 June
1995
6 November
1996
1 year, 140 days
-Khalilur Rehman (Acting)6 November
1996
11 November
1996
5 days
22 Khawaja Tariq Rahim 11 November
1996
11 March
1997
120 days
24 Shahid Hamid 11 March
1997
18 August
1999
2 years, 160 days
25 Zulfiqar Ali Khosa 12 August
1999
25 October
1999
74 days
26 Muhammad Safdar 25 October
1999
29 October
2001
2 years, 4 days
27 Khalid Maqbool 29 October
2001
16 May
2008
6 years, 200 days
28 Salmaan Taseer* Salmaan Taseer October 29, 2009 Lahore.jpg 17 May
2008
4 January
2011
2 years, 232 days
- Rana Muhammad Iqbal (Acting)4 January
2011
13 January
2011
9 days
29 Latif Khosa Latifkhosa.jpg 13 January
2011
22 December
2012
1 year, 344 days
30 Syed Ahmed Mahmud 25 December
2012
13 May
2013
139 days
31 Mohammad Sarwar MohdSarwar.JPG 2 August
2013
29 January
2015
1 year, 180 days
- Rana Muhammad Iqbal (Acting)29 January
2015
7 May
2015
98 days
32 Malik Muhammad Rafique Rajwana
Governor Punjab - Malik M. Rafique Rajwana (Advocate Supreme Court).jpg
7 May
2015
18 August
2018
3 years, 42 days
- Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi (Acting)18 August
2018
5 September
2018
18 days
33 Muhammad Sarwar (2nd time) MohdSarwar.JPG 5 September
2018
Present1 year, 77 days

See also

Provincial Assembly of the Punjab Provincial Assembly of a Province in Pakistan

The Provincial Assembly of the Punjab is a unicameral legislature of elected representatives of the province of Punjab, which is located in Lahore, Pakistan. The Assembly was established under Article 106 of the Constitution of Pakistan as having a total of 371 seats, with 297 general seats, 66 seats reserved for women and eight reserved for non-Muslims.

Related Research Articles

National Assembly of Pakistan Legislative Assembly in Pakistan

The National Assembly is the lower house of the bicameral Majlis-e-Shura, which also comprises the Senate of Pakistan. The National Assembly and the Senate both convene at Parliament House in Islamabad. The National Assembly is a democratically elected body consisting of a total of 336 members, before 25th amendment they used to be 342' who are referred to as Members of the National Assembly (MNAs), of which 272 are directly elected members and 70 reserved seats for women and religious minorities. A political party must secure 137 seats to obtain and preserve a majority.

Parliament of Pakistan Federal legislature of Pakistan

The Parliament of Pakistan is the federal and supreme legislative body of Pakistan. It is a bicameral federal legislature that consists of the Senate as the upper house and the National Assembly as the lower house. According to the constitution of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the President of Pakistan is also a component of the Parliament. The National Assembly is elected for a five-year term on the basis of adult franchise and one-man one-vote. The tenure of a Member of the National Assembly is for the duration of the house, or sooner, in case the Member dies or resigns. The tenure of the National Assembly also comes to an end if dissolved on the advice of the Prime Minister or by the president in his discretion under the Constitution.

In India, president's rule is the suspension of state government and imposition of direct central government rule in a state. Under Article 356 of the Constitution of India, in the event that a state government is unable to function according to constitutional provisions, the Central government can take direct control of the state machinery. Subsequently, executive authority is exercised through the centrally appointed governor, who has the authority to appoint other administrators to assist them. The administrators are usually nonpartisan retired civil servants.

Government of Sindh

The Government of Sindh is the provincial government of the province of Sindh, Pakistan. Its powers and structure are set out in the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, in which 29 districts come under its authority and jurisdiction. The government includes the cabinet, selected from members the Sindh Assembly, and the non-political civil staff within each department.

Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi is a Pakistani politician who is the current Speaker of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab, in office since August 2018. He has been a member of the Provincial Assembly of the Punjab since August 2018.

Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the provincial government of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Its powers and structure are set out in the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, in which 32 districts come under its authority and jurisdiction. The government includes the cabinet, selected from members the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, and the non-political civil staff within each department. The province is governed by a unicameral legislature with the head of government known as the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister, invariably the leader of a political party represented in the Assembly, selects members of the Cabinet. The Chief Minister and Cabinet are thus responsible the functioning of government and are entitled to remain in office so long as it maintains the confidence of the elected Assembly. The head of state of the province is known as the Governor, while the administrative boss of the province is Chief Secretary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

East Bengal eastern wing of Pakistan between 15 August 1947-14 October 1955. Present: Bangladesh

East Bengal was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh. With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Myanmar. It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, China, the Kingdom of Sikkim and the Kingdom of Bhutan. Its capital was Dacca.

Provincial Assembly of Sindh Provincial Assembly of a Province in Pakistan

Provincial Assembly of Sindh is a unicameral house of elected representatives of people of Sindh established under Article 106 of the Constitution of Pakistan. Under this article, the total number of seats for the Assembly through direct vote is 168, of which 29 seats are reserved for women and 9 seats for non-Muslims.

Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Head of government of the Province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (CM-KP) is the head of the government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The chief minister leads the legislative branch of the provincial government.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly Provincial Assembly of a Province in Pakistan

The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly is the unicameral legislative body of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in Pakistan. It was established under Article 106 of the Constitution of the Pakistan. The assembly previously had 124 elected members, 99 regular seats, 22 seats reserved for women and 3 seats for Non-Muslims. After the merger of FATA with the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province, the assembly seats rose from 124 to 145 by adding 16 general seats, 4 seats reserved for women and 1 for a Non-Muslim.

Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Governor of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the appointed Head of State of the provincial government in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Although the Governor is the head of the province on paper, it is largely a ceremonial position; and the main powers lie with the Chief Minister of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Chief Secretary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

The Governor of Sindh is the appointed head of the province of Sindh, Pakistan. The Office of the Governor as the head of the province is largely a ceremonial position; the executive powers lie with the Chief Minister and the Chief Secretary of Sindh.

Governor of Balochistan, Pakistan

The Governor of Balochistan is the head of the provincial government in Balochistan, Pakistan. The post was established by President Yahya Khan on 1 July 1970, unlike the other provinces where the governorship had been maintained since the country's founding in 1947. Although the Governor is the head of the province on paper, it is largely a ceremonial position; and the main powers lie with the Chief Minister of Balochistan and Chief Secretary Balochistan.

State governments in India are the governments ruling 28 states and nine union territories of India and the head of the council of ministers in a state is chief minister. Power is divided between the union government and state governments. While the union government handles military and external affairs etc., whereas the state government deals with internal security and other state issues. Income for the union government is from customs duty, excise tax, income tax etc., while state government income comes from sales tax (VAT), stamp duty, now these have been subsumed under SGST, GST—components of GST.

The Governor of Gilgit-Baltistan is the appointed Head of State of the provincial government in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. The governor is designated by the Prime Minister and is normally regarded a ceremonial post. However, throughout the history of Pakistan, the powers of the provincial governors were vastly increased, every time the provincial assemblies were dissolved and the administrative role came under direct control of the governors.

Chief Minister of Sindh Head of government of the Province of Sindh

A Chief Minister, is the elected head of government of Sindh province in Pakistan. Syed Murad Ali Shah is the current Chief Minister of Sindh.

Chief Minister (Pakistan) head of government of a province in Pakistan

A Chief Minister, is the elected head of government of a province in Pakistan. The chief minister is the head of the provincial government, whereas in contrast, the governor is the nominal head, or the "de jure executive" and does everything under the guidance of the chief minister. The chief minister is elected by the provincial assembly, and is the leader of the provincial Legislature.

References