Guldbagge Awards

Last updated
Guldbagge Awards
Current: 57th Guldbagge Awards
Guldbagge.jpg
The statuette
Awarded forExcellence in Swedish film
Country Sweden
Presented by Swedish Film Institute
First awarded1964
Website Official website

The Guldbagge Awards (Swedish : Guldbaggen, English: Gold scarab ) is an official and annual Swedish film awards ceremony honoring achievements in the Swedish film industry. Winners are awarded a statuette depicting a rose chafer, better known by the name Guldbaggen. The awards, first presented in 1964 at the Grand Hôtel in Stockholm, are overseen by the Swedish Film Institute. [1] It is described as the Swedish equivalent of the Academy Awards. [2]

Contents

The awards ceremony was first televised in 1981 on SVT2, and has since then been broadcast, almost every year, on SVT1, SVT2 or TV4. [1]

History

Olof Palme in a conversation with Lena Nyman, who received one of the three awards that were distributed at the 5th Guldbagge Awards. Olof Palme and Lena Nyman at the Guldbagge Awards 1968.jpg
Olof Palme in a conversation with Lena Nyman, who received one of the three awards that were distributed at the 5th Guldbagge Awards.

The first Guldbagge Awards were presented on September 25, 1964, at a private party at Grand Hôtel in Stockholm. [1] Four "guldbaggar" were awarded, honoring directors, actors, actresses and other personalities of the film-making industry of the time for their works during the 1963–64 period. [3] The original categories were: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress. [3]

The first Best Actor awarded was Keve Hjelm, for his performance in Raven's End . [2] [4] The first Best Actress was awarded to Ingrid Thulin, for her performance in The Silence . [2] [5] The first Best Director were awarded to Ingmar Bergman, for his work on the film The Silence, which also won the first Best Film award. [2] [5] For a long time, the Guldbagge Awards were an exquisite exclusivity, and it was supposed to be so, and it took fifteen years before someone managed to win a second time, which was Keve Hjelm, receiving a special prize for his performance in the television series God natt, jord . [2]

For the first nineteen ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned two calendar years. For example, the 2nd Guldbagge Awards presented on October 15, 1965, recognized films that were released between July, 1964 and June, 1965. [1] [3] Starting with the 20th Guldbagge Awards, held in 1985, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31. The Awards presented at that ceremony were in respect of 18 months of film production owing to the changeover from the broken calendar year to the standard calendar year during 1984. [3] Due to a mediocre film year, no awards ceremony was held in 1971, and only the category for Best Film was awarded that year. [2] Since that year, ceremonies were held annually.

Before 1991 the awards did not announce nominees, only winners. From 1991 and forward, SFI introduced the system of three nominations in all price categories. In 2016, the following categories has been expanded to four nominees: Best Director, Best Screenplay, Best Actress, Best Actor, Supporting Actress and Supporting Actor, while the category of Best Film has been expanded to five. [6]

The award

Design

A Guldbagge from the 48th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, January 21, 2013. Guldbagge.jpg
A Guldbagge from the 48th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, January 21, 2013.

The prize itself, a small statue in the shape of a beetle, is made from copper which is enamelled and gilded and weighs approximately 1.2 kg. [7] It was designed by the artist Karl Axel Pehrson, who won a design competition, which was organized on the initiative of SFI's CEO at the time, Harry Schein. [7] The award would then be presented to those who had made a strong contribution during the year. [7] Exactly which artists, beside Pehrson, who took part in the competition is still wrapped in mystery. [7]

An inscription of the name of the award's winner, and the category in question, is glued to the underside of the beetle. [2] The following text is engraved under the abdomens of each beetle: "Guldbaggen: comic, tragic, bizarre, outstanding - as the film's contrast-rich world. Its shimmering flight - operating filmstrip". [2] All beetles are similar and yet different and unique works of art. [2]

Etymology

Guldbagge is the Swedish name for Cetonia aurata , a beetle also known as rose chafer. [7] Karl Axel Pehrson gave the following description of why he chose a rose chafer beetle as his inspiration when designing the award: "The rose chafer likes to fly in the summer sunshine. It shimmers much like a film strip as it flies by. Something about its behaviour and its way of living can be likened to that of film." [7]

Nomination

The nominating committee

Which films and who should be nominated for the Guldbagge Awards different categories are determined by a nominating committee. [8] It consists of 45 members who nominate three candidates in each category, except for the Best Foreign Film, Best Short Film and Best Documentary, which has special nominating groups. [8] The Committee members are active in the Swedish film industry and are appointed by their respective organizations or institutions, as determined by the Swedish Film Institute's board of directors. [8]

The members appointed are assumed to have solid experience in the professional occupation within film or documented experience in assessing cinematic expression. [8] In appointing the members of the nominating committee seeks gender parity and level of ages. [8] Jury members shall observe professional secrecy regarding their participation in the jury. Upon disqualification, the Jury member may be replaced. [8]

The Swedish Film Institute's board of directors appoints the chairman, who is leading the work. [8] The members of the nominating committee are obligated to watch all of the Swedish films that premiered at the cinema the previous year. [8] The process repeats until there are only three candidates remain. [8]

Voting

The members of the committee have one vote in each category, in which they indicate their first, second and third choice, respectively. [9] The votes are then distributed after the first choice, where the choice has collected the fewest votes are discarded. [9] These votes are later distributed to the remaining candidates, now after their second choice. [9] Then the process starts over and the votes are counted on again and the candidate with the fewest votes is removed and distributed over their second choice. [9]

If the second choice has already lost, then the voters' third choice are counted instead. [9] If even this choice has fallen away, the vote is discarded completely. [9] When everything is ready, there remains only three candidates being nominated for the award ceremony. [9]

The winners jury

After the nomination process is completed and presented, usually in early January, a winners jury takes over. Through open discussions, the winning jury appoints the winner among the three nominees in all price categories, except for the category Special efforts, which is designated by the jury without prior nomination. [10] The Lifetime Achievement Award is appointed by the Swedish Film Institute's board of directors. [10] The announcement of the winners takes place during the award ceremony later in January. [10]

The jury consists of 9 members, including the chairman. [10] The Board of Directors appoints the jury chairman, who then along with a team from the Swedish Film Institute suggests the other eight members. [10] The chairman has no right to vote and leads the work of the jury. Although, he or she has a casting vote in connection with the jury's decision meeting, if there is an even distribution of votes. [10]

The members of the jury should have solid experience in the professional occupation related to film, and one of them has to come from another Nordic country. [10] Jury members shall observe professional secrecy regarding their jury work. [10] To secure both the renewal and continuity, a member can only participate in the jury for a maximum of four years. [10]

Merit categories

Current categories

The award is given out to the best film-related efforts in the following categories: [3]

Discontinued categories

The following list shows earlier awards that has been discontinued: [3]

  • The Special Achievement Award: 1964 to 1987
  • Creative Achievement Award: 1988 to 1999
  • Best Achievement in the professional areas of film editing, scenography, costume, makeup, special effects and animation: 2000 to 2006
  • Best Achievement in the professional areas of sound technology, mixing and score composition: 2000 to 2006
  • Best Achievement (three awards) for achievement in professional areas not covered by their own Guldbagge: 2007 to 2010
Hans Alfredson received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 48th Guldbagge Awards. Hans Alfredson pa Guldbaggegalan 2013.JPG
Hans Alfredson received the Lifetime Achievement Award at the 48th Guldbagge Awards.

The awards are voted on by special committees, rather than by the Nominating Committee or the Winners jury as a whole. Some of them have their own statuettes or awards.

Current categories

Discontinued categories

Criticism

In early 2005, the award received some criticism, since only three of the 33 Swedish feature films that premiered in 2004 received nominations in seven main categories (film, direction, actor, actress, supporting actor, supporting actress, screenplay) and it was made public that some of the jury members had not seen all 33 films. [12]

Related Research Articles

The Guldbagge for Best Film is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to the best Swedish motion picture of the year.

48th Guldbagge Awards Swedish awards ceremony

The 48th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honored the best Swedish films of 2012 and took place January 21, 2013, at Cirkus in Stockholm. During the ceremony, the jury presented Guldbagge Awards in 19 categories. The ceremony was televised in the Sweden by SVT, with actress and comedian Babben Larsson hosting the show.

The 47th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honored the best Swedish films of 2011 and took place January 23, 2012, at Cirkus in Stockholm. During the ceremony, the jury presented Guldbagge Awards in 19 categories. The ceremony was televised in the Sweden by SVT, with actress and comedian Petra Mede hosting the show for the second time in a row.

The 49th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honored the best Swedish films of 2013 and took place January 20, 2014, at Cirkus in Stockholm. During the ceremony, the jury presented Guldbagge Awards in 19 categories. The ceremony was televised in the Sweden by SVT, with actress and comedian Sissela Kyle hosting the show for the third time. The ceremony also celebrated the prize's 50th anniversary.

The Guldbagge for Best Director is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to directors working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Actor in a Leading Role is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to actors working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Actor in a Supporting Role is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to actors working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Actress in a Leading Role is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to actresses working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Actress in a Supporting Role is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to actresses working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Foreign Film is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to the best Swedish motion picture of the year.

The 52nd Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honoring the best Swedish films of 2016 and took place on January 23, 2017 at Cirkus in Stockholm. The ceremony was televised by SVT, and comedian Petra Mede hosted the ceremony for the fifth time. She previously hosted the 46th, 47th, 50th, and 51st ceremonies. The nominees were presented on January 4, 2017.

The Guldbagge for Best Cinematography is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to cinematographers working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The 46th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honored the best Swedish films of 2010 and took place January 24, 2011, at Cirkus in Stockholm. The jury presented Guldbagge Awards in 15 categories. It was televised in the Sweden by SVT, with actress and comedian Petra Mede as host.

The Guldbagge for Best Documentary Feature is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to award documentary films in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The Guldbagge for Best Art Direction is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to art directors working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The 53rd Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honoring the best Swedish films of 2017 and took place on January 22, 2018 at Cirkus in Stockholm. The ceremony was televised by SVT, and comedian Petra Mede hosted the ceremony for the sixth time. She previously hosted the 46th, 47th, 50th, 51st, and 52nd ceremonies. The nominees were presented on January 4, 2018.

The Guldbagge for Best Costume Design is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to costume designers working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The 54th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honoring the best Swedish films of 2018 and took place on 28 January 2019 at Cirkus in Stockholm. The ceremony was televised by SVT, and comedian Emma Molin hosted the ceremony for the first time. The nominees were presented on 3 January 2019.

The Guldbagge for Best Makeup and Hair is a Swedish film award presented annually by the Swedish Film Institute (SFI) as part of the Guldbagge Awards to make-up artists working in the Swedish motion picture industry.

The 56th Guldbagge Awards ceremony, presented by the Swedish Film Institute, honoring the best Swedish films of 2020 and took place on 25 January 2021 at Annexet in Stockholm. The ceremony was televised by SVT, and was hosted by comedian David Sundin and television host Amie Bramme Sey. The nominees were presented on 17 December 2020.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 "Värdar, tid och plats för alla Guldbaggegalor" (in Swedish). The Swedish Film Database. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "När filmgalan var ny" (in Swedish). The Swedish Film Database. Retrieved February 19, 2014.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Guldbagge Award categories". The Swedish Film Database. Retrieved February 18, 2014.
  4. "Kvarteret Korpen (1963)". Swedish Film Institute. Retrieved March 17, 2014.
  5. 1 2 "Tystnaden (1963)". Swedish Film Institute. 24 February 2014.
  6. "Fler Guldbaggenomineringar" (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. October 6, 2016. Retrieved January 22, 2017.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "The Guldbagge Award History". Guldbaggen.se. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Nomineringskommittén" (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Nominering till Guldbaggen – så fungerar det!" (PDF) (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2014. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 "Vinnarjuryn" (in Swedish). Guldbaggen.se. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  11. 1 2 3 4 "Related awards" (in Swedish). The Swedish Film Database. Retrieved March 20, 2014.
  12. "Guldbaggejuryn anklagas för fusk" (in Swedish). Svt.se. January 24, 2005. Retrieved March 17, 2014.