Hennenman

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Hennenman
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Hennenman
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Hennenman
Coordinates: 27°58′S27°2′E / 27.967°S 27.033°E / -27.967; 27.033 Coordinates: 27°58′S27°2′E / 27.967°S 27.033°E / -27.967; 27.033
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Lejweleputswa
Municipality Matjhabeng
Established1927
Government
  TypeWard 2 and Ward 3
  CouncillorsMotete Dance Kopela and Banks Tshabangu (Independents)
Area
[1]
  Total9.8 km2 (3.8 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [1]
  Total24,355
  Density2,500/km2 (6,400/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 87.4%
   Coloured 0.4%
   Indian/Asian 0.3%
   White 11.6%
  Other0.3%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Sotho 77.3%
   Afrikaans 12.9%
   Xhosa 4.0%
   Sign language 1.4%
  Other4.4%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
9445
PO box
9445
Area code 057

Hennenman is a small town in the Free State goldfields in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province of South Africa. The settlement is unusual for the district as being supported by agriculture rather than the mining industry.

Free State goldfields

The Free State goldfields were only developed after the Second World War even though gold had been discovered in 1938. The development gave rise to major development of the region.

Lejweleputswa District Municipality District municipality in Free State, South Africa

Lejweleputswa is one of the 5 districts of Free State province of South Africa. The seat of Lejweleputswa is Welkom. The majority of its 657 019 people speak Sotho. The district code is DC18.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Sub-Saharan African ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European (White), Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Contents

History

Hennenman, which was built as a single railway station, was formerly denoted as Ventersburg Road. In 1927, it was renamed after local Afrikaner P.F. Hennenman, from Swartpan Farm.

The following lists events that happened during 1927 in South Africa.

In 1944, black South Africans were confined to a segregated enclave in southern Hennenman. During apartheid, this area was cleared by order of the government and nearly all then-residents relocated to a new township some fifteen kilometres away, Vergenoeg (Afrikaans for "Far enough", now Phomolong).

Apartheid system of racial segregation enforced through legislation in South Africa

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap, which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.

On 5 December 2000, Hennenman was incorporated into the Matjhabeng Local Municipality with the city of Welkom and the municipalities of Allanridge, Odendaalsrus, Ventersburg and Virginia.

Matjhabeng Local Municipality Local municipality in Free State, South Africa

Matjhabeng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa, that includes the city of Welkom. The name is a Sesotho word meaning "where nations meet". It is derived from the migrant labour system where people from various countries like Lesotho, Mozambique, etc. meet to work in the mines of the Goldfields.

Welkom Place in Free State, South Africa

Welkom is the second-largest city in the Free State province of South Africa, located about 140 kilometres (90 mi) northeast of Bloemfontein, the provincial capital. Welkom is also known as Circle City, City Within A Garden, Mvela and Matjhabeng. The city's Sesotho name, Matjhabeng means 'where nations meet', derived from the migrant labour system, where people of various countries such as Lesotho, Malawi and Mozambique etc. met to work in the mines of the gold fields.

Allanridge Place in Free State, South Africa

Allanridge is a gold mining town in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province in South Africa. It is the main centre of the Lorraine Gold Mining Company and is dominated by the tall headgear and complex reduction works that processes thousands of tons of gold-bearing ore every month.

Coat of arms

Hennenman established a municipality in 1947. The council later assumed a coat of arms, and registered it with the Orange Free State Provincial Administration in January 1958. [2]

The arms were : Vert, three barrulets or between in chief a ripe mealie cob proper between two bezants and in base a cogwheel of the second, i.e. a green shield displaying a mealie cob between two golden discs at the top, three horizontal golden lines across the middle, and a golden cogwheel at the bottom.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Sum of the Main Places Hennenman and Phomolong from Census 2011.
  2. Orange Free State Official Gazette 5 (24 January 1958).