Odendaalsrus

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Odendaalsrus
Odendaalsrus1.jpg
Street in downtown Odendaalsrus.
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Odendaalsrus
South Africa adm location map.svg
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Odendaalsrus
Coordinates: 27°52′S26°41′E / 27.867°S 26.683°E / -27.867; 26.683 Coordinates: 27°52′S26°41′E / 27.867°S 26.683°E / -27.867; 26.683
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Lejweleputswa
Municipality Matjhabeng
Established1912
Area
[1]
  Total42.1 km2 (16.3 sq mi)
Population
(2011) [1]
  Total63,743
  Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 93.1%
   Coloured 0.3%
   Indian/Asian 0.3%
   White 6.1%
  Other0.1%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Sotho 68.8%
   Xhosa 13.4%
   Afrikaans 7.7%
   Tswana 2.5%
  Other7.7%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
9480
PO box
9480
Area code 057

Odendaalsrus is the oldest gold mining town in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality in the goldfields of the Free State province in South Africa.

Gold Chemical element with atomic number 79

Gold is a chemical element with symbol Au and atomic number 79, making it one of the higher atomic number elements that occur naturally. In its purest form, it is a bright, slightly reddish yellow, dense, soft, malleable, and ductile metal. Chemically, gold is a transition metal and a group 11 element. It is one of the least reactive chemical elements and is solid under standard conditions. Gold often occurs in free elemental (native) form, as nuggets or grains, in rocks, in veins, and in alluvial deposits. It occurs in a solid solution series with the native element silver and also naturally alloyed with copper and palladium. Less commonly, it occurs in minerals as gold compounds, often with tellurium.

Lejweleputswa District Municipality District municipality in Free State, South Africa

Lejweleputswa is one of the 5 districts of Free State province of South Africa. The seat of Lejweleputswa is Welkom. The majority of its 657 019 people speak Sotho. The district code is DC18.

Free State goldfields

The Free State goldfields were only developed after the Second World War even though gold had been discovered in 1938. The development gave rise to major development of the region.

Contents

History

It started out in 1912 as a ramshackle collection of farms and a central church that became a town. In April 1946 gold was struck on the farm Geduld near the town. This discovery was mentioned in Alan Paton's novel Cry, the Beloved Country . On the 5 December 2000, Odendaalrus was incorporated into the Matjhabeng Local Municipality along with the city of Welkom and the towns of Allanridge, Hennenman, Ventersburg and Virginia.

The following lists events that happened during 1912 in South Africa.

The following lists events that happened during 1946 in South Africa.

Alan Paton South African writer and activist

Alan Stewart Paton was a South African author and anti-apartheid activist.

Odendaalsrus celebrated its 100th anniversary in 2012, it is a town located on the Goldfields close to a couple of mines, and a large Harcos farm producing chickens and eggs.

The following lists events that happened during 2012 in South Africa.

Kutlwanong

Kutloanong Location is a township located about 10 km outside Odendaalsrus, between Welkom and Allanridge, established to house black people during the apartheid era. Kutlwanong is divided into 16 sections, namely: k1, k2, k3, k4, k5, k6, k7, k8, k9, k10 and block 1, block 2, block 4, block 5, block 6, and block 7.First people to live there were group of Black people from Hospital Park; 2km from Odendaalsrus. Where they were evicted and forced to live in separate sections according to their ethnicity creating conflict between tribes. Reason for eviction is said to be the closeness of the black suburb to the town. It falls under the Municipality of Lejweleputsa. It is well known for political such as Sipho Mutsi the youth activist of all time, and producing soccer stars such as Kamohelo Mokotjo, Khotso Moleko, Vuyisile Wana and also it is a birth Place of a Pentecostal and Charismatic Preachers Such as Rev Jack Mponeng who is impacting communities of South Africa with His Charismatic Preaching and Bible Centered Faith Teachings etc.[ citation needed ]

Welkom Place in Free State, South Africa

Welkom is the second-largest city in the Free State province of South Africa, located about 140 kilometres (90 mi) northeast of Bloemfontein, the provincial capital. Welkom is also known as Circle City, City Within A Garden, Mvela and Matjhabeng. The city's Sesotho name, Matjhabeng means 'where nations meet', derived from the migrant labour system, where people of various countries such as Lesotho, Malawi and Mozambique etc. met to work in the mines of the gold fields.

Allanridge Place in Free State, South Africa

Allanridge is a gold mining town in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province in South Africa. It is the main centre of the Lorraine Gold Mining Company and is dominated by the tall headgear and complex reduction works that processes thousands of tons of gold-bearing ore every month.

Apartheid system of racial segregation enforced through legislation in South Africa

Apartheid was a system of institutionalised racial segregation that existed in South Africa from 1948 until the early 1990s. Apartheid was characterised by an authoritarian political culture based on baasskap, which encouraged state repression of Black African, Coloured, and Asian South Africans for the benefit of the nation's minority white population. The economic legacy and social effects of apartheid continue to the present day.

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The Free State is a province of South Africa. Its capital is Bloemfontein, which is also South Africa's judicial capital. Its historical origins lie in the Boer republic called Orange Free State and later Orange Free State Province.

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Virginia, Free State Place in Free State, South Africa

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Hennenman Place in Free State, South Africa

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Ventersburg Place in Free State, South Africa

Ventersburg is a small town in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province in South Africa, 148 km north of Bloemfontein. It was established on the farm Kromfontein which was owned by PA Venter who died in 1857. His son allowed a Reform Church to be established on the farm in 1864 and by 1871, the first plots of the original farm were sold. Ventersburg was declared on 6 May 1873. The Dutch Reform Church was built in Ventersburg in 1891 but it was burnt down in 1900 by the British forces during the Boer War. The church was later re-built in 1912.

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Phakisa Freeway

Phakisa Freeway is a motor racing circuit located in Odendaalsrus, South Africa. From 1999 to 2004, the venue hosted the South African motorcycle Grand Prix of the MotoGP championship. It has a capacity of 60,000 spectators and opened in 1999. The track has a 4.24 km road course and a 2.4-kilometre (1.5 mi) oval course. The oval track is an exact copy of Las Vegas Motor Speedway from 1997.

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Matjhabeng Local Municipality Local municipality in Free State, South Africa

Matjhabeng Local Municipality is an administrative area in the Lejweleputswa District of the Free State in South Africa, that includes the city of Welkom. The name is a Sesotho word meaning "where nations meet". It is derived from the migrant labour system where people from various countries like Lesotho, Mozambique, etc. meet to work in the mines of the Goldfields.

Riebeeckstad Place in Free State, South Africa

Riebeeckstad is a suburb 5 km east of the city of Welkom located in the Lejweleputswa District Municipality of the Free State province of South Africa.

Thabong Place in Free State, South Africa

Thabong is a large township on the goldfields of the Free State province in South Africa. The township was established during the years of segregation of black people as well as the township of Bronville for coloured people adjacent to the city of Welkom, to accommodate workers at the world's richest gold mines.

Sipho Mutsi was a regional organiser for the Congress of South African Students (COSAS) who was arrested at a bus stop in Odendaalsrus, Free State on 4 May 1985. He died in detention the following day, having been severely beaten by some members of the South African Police in Odendaalsrus. He was the first COSAS member to die in police custody.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Sum of the Main Places Odendaalsrus and Kutlwanong from Census 2011.