Wesselsbron

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Wesselsbron
South Africa Free State location map.svg
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Wesselsbron
South Africa adm location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Wesselsbron
Coordinates: 27°51′S26°22′E / 27.850°S 26.367°E / -27.850; 26.367 Coordinates: 27°51′S26°22′E / 27.850°S 26.367°E / -27.850; 26.367
Country South Africa
Province Free State
District Lejweleputswa
Municipality Nala
Established1920
Area
[1]
  Total14.1 km2 (5.4 sq mi)
Population
 (2011) [1]
  Total26,807
  Density1,900/km2 (4,900/sq mi)
Racial makeup (2011)
[1]
   Black African 94.8%
   Coloured 0.5%
   Indian/Asian 0.4%
   White 4.1%
  Other0.1%
First languages (2011)
[1]
   Sotho 75.4%
   Xhosa 8.9%
   Afrikaans 6.0%
   Tswana 4.2%
  Other5.5%
Time zone UTC+2 (SAST)
Postal code (street)
9680
PO box
9680
Area code 057

Wesselsbron is a small maize farming town 75 kilometres south of Bothaville in Free State province of South Africa.

Bothaville Place in Free State, South Africa

Bothaville is a maize farming town situated near the Vaal River in the Lejweleputswa DM of the Free State province, South Africa. It is situated 60 km east of the Vaal, on the bank of its Vals River tributary. Bothaville and the adjacent Kgotsong township have a total of approximately 46,000 residents.

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 24th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is also the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of European, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Contents

Town 32 km east of Hoopstad and 48 km north-west of Welkom. It was laid out in 1920 and became a municipality in 1936. Named after Commandant Cornelis J Wessels who was in command of the Siege of Kimberley from 13 October 1899 to 12 February 1900. Bron is Afrikaans for ‘source’, ‘spring’. [2]

Hoopstad Place in Free State, South Africa

The key town of Hoopstad is situated on the R700 Highway between Bloemfontein and the North West Province. This area is considered to be the richest maize-producing district in South Africa. The town is located near the Bloemhof Dam which is situated on the Vaal River. The Sandveld Nature Reserve is positioned alongside the Bloemhof Dam. Hopetown and Hoopstad are two different towns and often get confused.

Welkom Place in Free State, South Africa

Welkom is the second-largest city in the Free State province of South Africa, located about 140 kilometres (90 mi) northeast of Bloemfontein, the provincial capital. Welkom is also known as Circle City, City Within A Garden, Mvela and Matjhabeng. The city's English name, Matjhabeng means 'where nations meet', derived from the migrant labour system, where people of various countries such as Lesotho, Malawi and Mozambique etc. met to work in the mines of the gold fields.

Siege of Kimberley Event during the Second Boer War

The Siege of Kimberley took place during the Second Boer War at Kimberley, Cape Colony, when Boer forces from the Orange Free State and the Transvaal besieged the diamond mining town. The Boers moved quickly to try to capture the area when war broke out between the British and the two Boer republics in October 1899. The town was ill-prepared, but the defenders organised an energetic and effective improvised defence that was able to prevent it from being taken.

Wesselsbron has a vast district which stretches from the Vet River in the south to the Vaal River in the north. The main cultivation is corn, but also wheat, sunflower and peanuts are cultivated. The grain silos of Senwes are the biggest silo complex in the Southern Hemisphere and can cope with the enormous amount of 275,000 tons of grain. Escorted tours can be organized to visit the silos as well as a private milling complex next to Senwes. Because of the growing demand for liquidated fertilizer, Omnia opened a factory in Wesselsbron in 1997, one of the biggest factories in South Africa. Raw material is obtained from overseas, Richards Bay, Sasolburg and Rustenburg to be processed in the Wesselsbron factory. Tons of liquidated fertilizer is distributed to the rich cultivated fields of the Western Free State, Northwest and North Cape. In the late 1970s due to apartheid pressure, Black people of the informal settlement of (Marantha) were removed in order to accommodate white settlers and what is now called Wesselsbron Golf Club. Black people were settled at the lower/ muddy edge of the area which was known as (Marumpenyane) now called Monyakeng.

Vet River river in South Africa

The Vet River is a westward-flowing tributary of the Vaal River in central South Africa. Its sources are between Marquard and Clocolan and the Vet River flows roughly northwestwards to meet the Vaal at the Bloemhof Dam near Hoopstad.

Vaal River river in South Africa

The ǀHaiǃarib, or in Afrikaans or Dutch translation, Vaal River is the largest tributary of the Orange River in South Africa. The river has its source near Breyten in Mpumalanga province, east of Johannesburg and about 30 kilometres (19 mi) north of Ermelo and only about 240 kilometres (150 mi) from the Indian Ocean. It then flows westwards to its conjunction with the Orange River southwest of Kimberley in the Northern Cape. It is 1,120 kilometres (700 mi) long, and forms the border between Mpumalanga, Gauteng and North West Province on its north bank, and the Free State on its south.

Education

At present, only basic education facilities are available in Wesselsbron and Monyakeng (township of Wesselsbron).

High Schools Hoerskool Sandveld (which is a combination of primary and high school), Iphateleng High School, Ithabeleng High School and Monyakeng High School.

Primary Schools Katoloso Primary School, Letsibolo Primary School, Mmabana Primary School and Tataiso Primary School.

Coat of arms

Wesselsbron established a municipality in 1936. The council later assumed a coat of arms, and registered it with the Orange Free State Provincial Administration in September 1961. [3]

The arms were : Argent, on a fess Azure between two birds sable in chief and in base two mealie cobs with leaves proper, a tower between two millrinds all Or. In layman's terms, the silver shield displayed, from top to bottom, two black birds, a blue horizontal stripe bearing a golden tower between two golden millrinds, and two mealie cobs.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 4 Sum of the Main Places Monyakeng and Wesselbron from Census 2011.
  2. "Dictionary of Southern African Place Names (Public Domain)". Human Science Research Council. p. 472.
  3. Orange Free State Official Gazette 50 (22 September 1961).