John Hoadly

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John Hoadly
Archbishop of Armagh
Primate of All Ireland
Abp John Hoadly.jpg
Portrait by Stephen Slaughter
Church Church of Ireland
Appointed21 October 1742
In office1742-1746
Predecessor Hugh Boulter
Successor George Stone
Ordination7 September 1703
by  John Moore
Consecration3 September 1727
by  William King
Personal details
Born(1678-09-27)27 September 1678
Died19 July 1746(1746-07-19) (aged 67)
Rathfarnham, Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland
Nationality English
Denomination Anglican
ParentsSamuel Hoadly & Martha Pickering
Previous post(s) Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin (1727-1730)
Archbishop of Dublin (1730-1742)
Alma mater St Catharine's College, Cambridge
John Hoadly, 1733 engraving by John Faber the Younger after Isaac Whood. John Hoadly Faber.jpg
John Hoadly, 1733 engraving by John Faber the Younger after Isaac Whood.

John Hoadly (27 September 1678 - 19 July 1746) was an Anglican divine in the Church of Ireland. He served as Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin (1727 to 1730), as Archbishop of Dublin (1730 to 1742), and as Archbishop of Armagh from 1742 until his death.



He was born at Tottenham, Middlesex, 27 September 1678, son of Samuel Hoadly and Martha Pickering, and was a younger brother of Benjamin Hoadly. He was a member of St Catharine's Hall, Cambridge [1] (B.A. 1697), and in September 1700 was appointed under-master of Norwich grammar school, of which his father was headmaster. After passing some years there he became chaplain to Bishop Gilbert Burnet, who gave him the rectory of St. Edmund's, Salisbury, and made him successively prebendary (21 February 1705–6), archdeacon (6 November 1710), and chancellor (16 April 1713) of Salisbury. The author of a pamphlet The Salisbury Quarrel Ended of 1710, relating to local conflicts, attributed to Hoadly's influence on the High Church party's troubles with Burnet. He was also attacked for his friendship with Thomas Chubb, whose views were considered to be dangerously unorthodox. [2]

In 1717 Lord King, as chief justice of the common pleas, presented Hoadly to the rectory of Ockham, Surrey; and in 1727 he was consecrated bishop of Leighlin and Ferns. The theologian William Whiston protested because he thought Hoadly ignorant. In July 1729 a vacancy occurred in the archbishopric of Dublin, Hugh Boulter wrote to Sir Robert Walpole in support; and Hoadly was translated to Dublin in January 1730. As archbishop of Dublin, he built the residence of Tallaght at a cost of £2,500. [2]

In October 1742 Hoadly became Archbishop of Armagh on Boulter's death, the Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland, the Duke of Devonshire, who was at court when the news arrived, telling the king that he could not do without him. As primate, he consented to the abolition of restrictions on Roman Catholic services. He was for many years a major force in Irish politics. [2]

As Archbishop of Armagh, Hoadly served as one of the Lord Justices three times between 1742 and 1746. [3]

Hoadly died at Rathfarnham, 19 July 1746, of a fever. [2]


Hoadly's writings consisted of occasional sermons, a pastoral letter on the rebellion of 1745, a defence of Burnet's work on the articles against William Binckes, 1703, and a commentary on Bishop William Beveridge's writings. [2] In the British Library Catalogue (accessed online 19 November 2012) are:


Hoadly's only daughter, Sarah, married on 29 November 1740 Bellingham Boyle (b. 1709), M.P. for Bandon Bridge, a distant cousin of the Irish Speaker Henry Boyle. [2]

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  1. "Hoadly, John (HDLY678J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Hoadly, John (1678-1746)"  . Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.
  3. J.G. Simms, “Chief Governors: (B) 1534-1800”, in T.W. Moody, F.X. Martin and F.J. Byrne (eds), A New History of Ireland, Vol. IX: Maps, Genealogies, Lists (A Companion to Irish History, Part II), page 493.

Wikisource-logo.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : "Hoadly, John (1678-1746)". Dictionary of National Biography . London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.

Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Dublin
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Armagh
Succeeded by