|Lacrimosa No. 2|
|by Krzysztof Penderecki|
|Text||Lacrimosa, from the Requiem mass|
|Performed||6 October 2018|
Lacrimosa No. 2 is a sacred composition for soprano, women's choir and chamber orchestra by Krzysztof Penderecki, completed in 2018, setting the liturgical text Lacrimosa from the Requiem mass.
Penderecki wrote Lacrimosa No. 2 on a commission by the Pomeranian Philharmonic. He set the liturgical text Lacrimosa from the Requiem mass which he had set first in his Polish Requiem,for a soprano soloist, women's choir and chamber orchestra. The world premiere was performed on 10 October 2018, on the occasion of the unveiling of the Monument to the Victims of the Pomeranian Crime of 1939 in Toruń, Poland, by soprano Iwona Hossa , the Chór Żeński Uniwersytetu Technologiczno-Przyrodniczego, and the Pomeranian Philharmonic, conducted by Kai Bumann.. It was published by Schott. The duration is given as two minutes.
Krzysztof Eugeniusz Penderecki was a Polish composer and conductor. His best known works include Threnody to the Victims of Hiroshima, Symphony No. 3, his St Luke Passion, Polish Requiem, Anaklasis and Utrenja. Penderecki's oeuvre includes four operas, eight symphonies and other orchestral pieces, a variety of instrumental concertos, choral settings of mainly religious texts, as well as chamber and instrumental works.
The War Requiem, Op. 66, is a large-scale setting of the Requiem composed by Benjamin Britten mostly in 1961 and completed in January 1962. The War Requiem was performed for the consecration of the new Coventry Cathedral, which was built after the original fourteenth-century structure was destroyed in a World War II bombing raid. The traditional Latin texts are interspersed, in telling juxtaposition, with extra-liturgical poems by Wilfred Owen, written during World War I.
A Requiem or Requiem Mass, also known as Mass for the dead or Mass of the dead, is a Mass offered for the repose of the soul or souls of one or more deceased persons, using a particular form of the Roman Missal. It is usually, but not necessarily, celebrated in the context of a funeral.
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Polish Requiem, also A Polish Requiem, is a large-scale requiem mass for soloists, mixed choir and orchestra by the Polish composer Krzysztof Penderecki. The Lacrimosa, dedicated to the trade union leader Lech Wałęsa, was written for the unveiling of a statue at the Gdańsk Shipyard to commemorate those killed in the Polish anti-government riots in 1970. He expanded the work into a requiem, writing other parts to honour different patriotic events over the next four years.
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The Music for the Requiem Mass is any music that accompanies the Requiem, a Mass in the Catholic Church for the deceased. It has inspired a large number of compositions, including settings by Mozart, Berlioz, Donizetti, Verdi, Bruckner, Dvořák, Fauré and Duruflé. Originally, such compositions were meant to be performed in liturgical service, with monophonic chant. Eventually the dramatic character of the text began to appeal to composers to an extent that they made the requiem a genre of its own, and the compositions of composers such as Verdi are essentially concert pieces rather than liturgical works.
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