Lysiloma

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Lysiloma
Lysiloma latisiliquum-leaves and seedpods.jpg
Lysiloma latisiliquum leaves and seedpods
Scientific classification
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Lysiloma

Lysiloma is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. [2]

Flowering plant clade of flowering plants (in APG I-III)

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 64 orders, 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 369,000 known species. Like gymnosperms, angiosperms are seed-producing plants. However, they are distinguished from gymnosperms by characteristics including flowers, endosperm within the seeds, and the production of fruits that contain the seeds. Etymologically, angiosperm means a plant that produces seeds within an enclosure; in other words, a fruiting plant. The term comes from the Greek words angeion and sperma ("seed").

Legume Plant in the family Fabaceae

A legume is a plant in the family Fabaceae, or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Legumes are grown agriculturally, primarily for human consumption, for livestock forage and silage, and as soil-enhancing green manure. Well-known legumes include alfalfa, clover, peas, chickpeas, lentils, lupin bean, mesquite, carob, soybeans, peanuts and tamarind. Legumes produce a botanically unique type of fruit – a simple dry fruit that develops from a simple carpel and usually dehisces on two sides. A common name for this type of fruit is a pod, although the term "pod" is also applied to a number of other fruit types, such as that of vanilla and of the radish.

Fabaceae family of plants

The Fabaceae or Leguminosae, commonly known as the legume, pea, or bean family, are a large and economically important family of flowering plants. It includes trees, shrubs, and perennial or annual herbaceous plants, which are easily recognized by their fruit (legume) and their compound, stipulate leaves. Many legumes have characteristic flowers and fruits. The family is widely distributed, and is the third-largest land plant family in terms of number of species, behind only the Orchidaceae and Asteraceae, with about 751 genera and about 19,000 known species. The five largest of the genera are Astragalus, Acacia, Indigofera, Crotalaria, and Mimosa, which constitute about a quarter of all legume species. The ca. 19,000 known legume species amount to about 7% of flowering plant species. Fabaceae is the most common family found in tropical rainforests and in dry forests in the Americas and Africa.

Contents

Selected species

<i>Lysiloma latisiliquum</i> species of plant

Lysiloma latisiliquum, commonly known as false tamarind or wild tamarind, is a species of tree in the pea family, Fabaceae, that is native to southern Florida in the United States, The Bahamas, the Caribbean, southern Mexico, and northern Central America.

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Passifloraceae family of plants

The Passifloraceae are a family of flowering plants, containing about 750 species classified in around 27 genera.

<i>Parkinsonia</i> genus of plants

Parkinsonia, also Cercidium, is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae. It contains about 12 species that are native to semi-desert regions of Africa and the Americas. The name of the genus honors English apothecary and botanist John Parkinson (1567–1650).

<i>Calliandra</i> genus of plants

Calliandra is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, in the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It contains about 140 species that are native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.

Nyctaginaceae family of plants

Nyctaginaceae, the four o'clock family, is a family of around 33 genera and 290 species of flowering plants, widely distributed in tropical and subtropical regions, with a few representatives in temperate regions. The family has a unique fruit type, called an "anthocarp", and many genera have extremely large pollen grains.

Sabicu wood or sabicu is the wood of at least two species of the genus Lysiloma. Lysiloma sabicu (L.) Benth. occurs sparingly in the Bahamas, Jamaica, Haiti and the Dominican Republic, and Cuba. It was named by George Bentham (1800-1884) from a Cuban specimen examined in 1854. Bentham went on to identify a second species, Lysiloma latisiliquum (L.) Benth., which grows best in the Bahamas. The latter is commonly known as 'wild tamarind' or 'false tamarind'. The wood of both species is similar, being mid-brown in colour, sometimes with a reddish hue, heavy hard and durable. Some timber is well figured, but most relatively plain. The wood has been used in construction, shipbuilding and in furniture making, although its weight is a distinct drawback for the latter purpose. The stairs of The Crystal Palace in London, in which The Great Exhibition of 1851 was held, were made of sabicu due to its durability. Despite the enormous traffic that passed over them, the wood at the end was found to be little affected by wear.

<i>Leucaena</i> genus of plants

Leucaena is a genus of flowering plants in the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae of the legume family Fabaceae. It contains about 24 species of trees and shrubs, which are commonly known as leadtrees. They are native to the Americas, ranging from Texas in the United States south to Peru. The generic name is derived from the Greek word λευκός (leukos), meaning "white," referring to the flowers.

<i>Dialium indum</i> species of plant

Dialium indum, the tamarind-plum, is a tall, tropical, fruit-bearing tree. It belongs to the Leguminosae family, and has small, typically grape-sized edible fruits with brown hard inedible shells. No reports of cultivation exist, information on propagation is limited.

<i>Adenanthera</i> genus of plants

Adenanthera is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It contains the following species:

Chloroleucon is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae. Some authorities consider it part of the genus Albizia. The name is derived from the Greek words χλωρóς (chloros), meaning "green," and λευκός (leukos), meaning "white."

<i>Zygia</i> genus of plants

Zygia is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae.

<i>Entada</i> genus of plants

Entada is a genus of flowering plants in the pea family, Fabaceae, in the mimosoid clade of the subfamily Caesalpinioideae. It consists of some 30 species of trees, shrubs and tropical lianas. About 21 species are known from Africa, six from Asia, two from the American tropics and one with a pantropical distribution. They have compound leaves and produce exceptionally large seedpods of up to 1.5 metres (4.9 ft) long. Their seeds are buoyant and survive lengthy journeys via rivers and ocean currents, to eventually wash up on tropical beaches.

<i>Heteranthera</i> genus of plants

Heteranthera is a genus of aquatic plants in the water hyacinth family, Pontederiaceae, known generally as mud plantains. Species of this genus are native to tropical and subtropical America and Africa. They live in the water or in wet soils. They produce leaves on long petioles and some are cultivated for their attractive flowers. Leaves are of two types - linear and submerged or orbicular and floating. Some species have cleistogamic flowers.

<i>Ebenopsis</i> genus of plants

Ebenopsis is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. The name is derived from the Greek words ἔβενος (ébenos), meaning ebony, and ὄψις (opsis), meaning "view."

<i>Balsamocarpon</i> species of plant

Balsamocarpon brevifolium, or algarrobilla, is a species of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Caesalpinioideae and is found in Chile.

<i>Piliostigma</i> genus of plants

Piliostigma is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Cercidoideae and the tribe Bauhinieae.

<i>Havardia</i> genus of plants

Havardia is a genus of flowering plants in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the subfamily Mimosoideae.

Piscidia is a genus of flowering plants in subfamily Faboideae of the legume family, Fabaceae. The generic name is derived from the Latin words piscis, meaning "fish," and caedo, meaning "to kill." It refers to the use of extracts from the plant to poison fish.

Stilbaceae family of plants

Stilbaceae is a family of flowering plants in the order Lamiales.

Physaleae tribe of plants

Physaleae is a tribe of flowering plants in the subfamily Solanoideae of the family Solanaceae.

References

  1. 1 2 The Legume Phylogeny Working Group (LPWG). (2017). "A new subfamily classification of the Leguminosae based on a taxonomically comprehensive phylogeny". Taxon . 66 (1): 44–77. doi:10.12705/661.3.
  2. 1 2 "Lysiloma Benth". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 1999-03-05. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  3. "GRIN Species Records of Lysiloma". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2009-07-09.
  4. "Lysiloma". Integrated Taxonomic Information System . Retrieved 2010-10-01.