National mapping agency

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The original draftsman's drawings for the area around St. Columb Major, Cornwall, made in 1810. Ordnance Survey Drawings - St. Columb Major, Cornwall (OSD 7).jpg
The original draftsman's drawings for the area around St. Columb Major, Cornwall, made in 1810.

A national mapping agency is an organisation, usually publicly owned, that produces topographic maps and geographic information of a country. Some national mapping agencies also deal with cadastral matters.

Contents

History

Ordnance Survey

The first national mapping agency was the Ordnance Survey in the United Kingdom; [1] [2] its roots go back to 1747, when the compilation of a map of the Scottish Highlands was proposed. [3] [4] This survey at a scale of 1 inch to 1000 yards (1:36,000) [5] was the starting point of the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain (1783–1853), and led to the creation of the Ordnance Survey itself; work was begun in earnest in 1790, when the Board of Ordnance began a national military survey at one-inch-to-the-mile (1:63,360 scale). [6] During the next thirty years, roughly a third of England and Wales was mapped (see Principal Triangulation of Great Britain), as other military matters took precedence. [7]

List of national mapping agencies

Country or territoryNational mapping agency [8] Web site Online map viewer Notes
Afghanistan Afghan Geodesy & Cartography Head Office
اداره عمومی جیودیزی وکارتوگرافی
دجیودیزی او کارتوگرافی لوی اداره
agcho.gov.af
Albania Authoriteti Shtetëror i Informacionit Gjeohapësinor (ASIG)
State Authority for Geospatial Information
asig.gov.al ASIG Geoportal
Algeria المعهد الوطني للخرائط و الكشف عن بعد
Institut National de Cartographie et de Télédétection
National Institute of Cartography and Teledetection
inct.mdn.dz
Argentina Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.gob.ar
Armenia Կառավարությանն առընթեր անշարժ գույքի կադաստրի պետական կոմիտե cadastre.am
Australia Geoscience Australia ga.gov.au Interactive Maps
Austria Bundesamt für Eich- und Vermessungswesen (BEV) bev.gv.at Austrian Map online
Azerbaijan Əmlak Məsələləri Dövlət Komitəsi
State Committee on Property Issues
emdk.gov.az
Bahamas Bahamas National Geographic Information Systems (BNGIS) Centre bahamas.gov.bs
Bahrain الجهاز المركزي للمعلومات
Central Informatics Organization
cio.gov.bh
Bangladesh বাংলাদেশ জরিপ অধিদপ্তর
Survey of Bangladesh
sob.gov.bd
Barbados Lands and Surveys Department gov.bb
Belarus Государственный комитет по имуществу Республики Беларусь gki.gov.by
Belgium Nationaal Geografisch Instituut (NGI)
Institut Géographique National (IGN)
ngi.be
ign.be
Topomap Viewer
Belize Lands and Surveys Department mnra.gov.bz
Bénin Institut Géographique National du Bénin (IGN) ign.bj Geoportal 2 (planned)
Geoportal 1 (hidden)
Bolivia Instituto Geográfico Militar igmbolivia.gob.bo Geoportal
Brazil Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) ibge.gov.br Portal de Mapas
Brunei Jabatan Ukur
Survey Department
mod.gov.bn/survey Geoportal
Botswana Department of Surveys and Mapping mlh.gov.bw [ citation needed ]
Bulgaria Агенция по геодезия, картография и кадастър (АГКК)
Geodesy, Cartography and Cadastre Agency
cadastre.bg
Burkina Faso Institut Géographique du Burkina igb.bb (offline>webarchive)
Cambodia General Department of Cadastre and Geography
Canada Natural Resources Canada – Canada Centre for Mapping and Earth Observation [9] nrcan.gc.ca Toporama
Chile Instituto Geográfico Militar igm.cl
China 国家测绘地理信息局
National Administration of Surveying, Mapping and Geoinformation
nasg.gov.cn [ citation needed ]
Colombia Instituto Geográfico Agustín Codazzi (IGAC) igac.gov.co [ citation needed ] Geoportal
Costa Rica Instituto Geográfico Nacional registronacional.go.cr
Croatia Državna geodetska uprava (DGU) dgu.hr Geoportal DGU
Cuba Instituto de Geografía Tropical geotech.cu [ citation needed ]
Cyprus Tmima Ktimatologiou Kai Chorometrias
Department of Lands and Surveys
moi.gov.cy
Czech Republic Český úřad zeměměřický a katastrální (ČÚZK)
Czech Office for Surveying, Mapping and Cadastre
cuzk.cz Geoprohlížeč
Denmark Geodatastyrelsen
Danish Geodata Agency
gst.dk including Faroe Islands and Greenland
Dominican Republic Instituto Cartográfico Militar (ICM) icm.mil.do
Ecuador Instituto Geográfico Militar (IGM) igm.gob.ec Geoportal IGM
Egypt Egyptian general Survey Authority (ESA) esa.gov.eg [ citation needed ]
El Salvador Instituto Geográfico y del Catastro Nacional (IGCN) cnr.gob.sv Visualizador Geográfico
Estonia Maa-amet
Estonian Land Board
maaamet.ee Geoportal
Ethiopia የኢትዮጵያ ካርታ ሥራ ኤጀንሲ
Ethiopian Mapping Agency
ema.gov.et
Fiji Mapping and Land Information [ citation needed ] lands.gov.fj
Finland Maanmittauslaitos (MML)
Lantmäteriverket (LMV)
National Land Survey of Finland (NLS)
maanmittauslaitos.fi MapSite
France Institut national de l'information géographique et forestière (IGN)
National Institute of Geographic and Forest Information (IGN)
ign.fr Géoportail
tablet version
mobile version
Germany Bundesamt für Kartographie und Geodäsie (BKG)
Federal Agency for Cartography and Geodesy
bkg.bund.de Geoportal.de excluding 1:5000 – 1:100 000
Ghana Lands Commission [ citation needed ] ghanalap.gov.gh
Great Britain Ordnance Survey (OS) ordnancesurvey.co.uk OS Maps online excluding Northern Ireland
Greece Γεωγραφική Υπηρεσία Στρατού (ΓΥΣ)
Hellenic Military Geographical Service
(HMGS)
gys.gr
Guatemala Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN) ign.gob.gt
Guyana Guyana Lands and Survey Commission lands.gov.gy
Hong Kong 地政总署测绘处
Survey and Mapping Office (SMO)
landsd.gov.hk GeoInfo Map
Honduras Dirección General de Catastro y Geografía (DGCG) dgcg.ip.gob.hn [ citation needed ] Visor de Mapas [ citation needed ]
Hungary Földmérési és Távérzékelési Intézet (fömi)
Institute of Geodesy, Cartography and Remote Sensing
fomi.hu
Iceland Landmælingar Íslands (LMÍ)
National Landsurvey of Iceland (NLIS)
lmi.is Map viewer
India Survey of India surveyofindia.gov.in
Indonesia Badan Informasi Geospasial big.go.id Ina-Geoportal
Iran سازمان نقشه برداری کشور
National Cartographic Center
ncc.org.ir
Ireland Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSi) osi.ie GeoHive
Israel המרכז למיפוי ישראל
Survey Of Israel
mapi.gov.il govMap
Italy Istituto Geografico Militare igmi.org
Jamaica National Spatial Data Management Division (NSDMD) mwh.gov.jm
Japan 国土地理院
Geospatial Information Authority of Japan (GSI)
gsi.go.jp maps.gsi.go.jp/
Jordan للمركـز الجغـرافي الملكـي الأردني
Royal Jordanian Geographic Centre (RJGC)
rjgc.gov.jo
Kenya Survey of Kenya lands.go.ke
Kosovo Kosovo Cadastral Agency geoportal.rks-gov.net
Laos National Geographic Department of Lao (NGD)
ngd.la Geoportal WMS
Latvia Latvijas Geotelpiskas Informacijas Agentura (LGIA)
Latvian Geospatial Information Agency (LGIA)
lgia.gov.lv
Lebanon مديرية الشؤون الجفرافية
Direction des affaires géographiques
Directorate of Geographic Affairs
lebarmy.gov.lb
Lithuania Nacionalinės žemės tarnybos (NŽT)
National Land Service
nzt.lt https://www.geoportal.lt/map/index.jsp?lang=en
Luxembourg Administration du Cadastre et de la Topographie etat.lu
Macedonia Агенција за катастар на недвижности (AKH)
Agjencia e kadastrës së pasurisë së patundshme (AKPP)
Agency for Real Estate Cadastre (AREC)
katastar.gov.mk OSSP
Macao Direcção dos Serviços de Cartografia e Cadastro (DSCC) dscc.gov.mo
Madagascar Institut Géographique et Hydrographique National ftm.mg
Malaysia Rasmi Jabatan Ukur dan Pemetaan Malaysia (JUPEM)
Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia
jupem.gov.my
Maldives Maldives Land and Survey Authority surveyofmaldives.gov.mv onemap.mv (ESRI Login) [ citation needed ]
Mali Institut Géographique du Mali (IGM) igm-mali.ml [ citation needed ]
Malta Planning Authority pa.org.mt
Mexico Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (INEGI) inegi.org.mx Mapa digital de México
Montenegro Uprava za nekretnine nekretnine.co.me Geoportal
Morocco Agence Nationale de la Conservation Foncière du Cadastre et de la Cartographie (ANCFCC) ancfcc.gov.ma
Mozambique Centro Nacional de Cartografia e Teledetecção (CENACARTA)
Nepal नापी विभाग
Survey Department
dos.gov.np
Netherlands Kadaster kadaster.nl PDOK excluding Caribbean Netherlands
New Zealand Land Information New Zealand (LINZ) linz.govt.nz
Nicaragua Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales (INETER) ineter.gob.ni
Nigeria Office of the Surveyor-General of the Federation (OSGOF) osgof.gov.ng
Northern Ireland Land and Property Services (LPS) lpsni.gov.uk formerly Ordnance Survey Northern Ireland
Norway Statens Kartverk
Norwegian Mapping Authority
kartverket.no Norgeskart
Oman The National Survey Authority (Oman) nsaom.org.om [ citation needed ]
Pakistan Survey of Pakistan surveyofpakistan.gov.pk
Palestine Palestine Ministry of Local Government GeoMOLG
Panama Instituto Geográfico Nacional "Tommy Guardia" ignpanama.anati.gob.pa
Paraguay Dirección del Servicio Geográfico Militar (DISERGEMIL) disergemil.mil.py
Peru Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.gob.pe
Philippines National Mapping and Resource Information Authority namria.gov.ph Philippine geoportal
Poland Główny Urząd Geodezji i Kartografii
Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography (GUGIK)
gugik.edu.pl Geoportal
Portugal Instituto Geográfico Português igeo.pt
Puerto Rico Sistemas de Información Geográfica (GIS) pr.gov
Qatar Qatari Center for Geographic Information Systems (QCGIS) gisqatar.org.qa
Republic of Korea National Geographic Information Institute ngii.go.kr
Romania Agentia Nationala de Cadastru si Publicitate Imobiliara ancpi.ro
Russia Федеральная служба государственной регистрации, кадастра и картографии

Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography (Rosreestr)

rosreestr.ru Rosreestr Interactive Map [ permanent dead link ]
Saudi Arabia General Commission for Survey (Saudi Arabia) gcs.gov.sa
Senegal Direction des Travaux Géographiques et Cartographiques
Agence Nationale pour l'Aménagement du Territoire
au-senegal.com
anat.sn
BaseGeo
Serbia Republički geodetski zavod (RGZ)
Republic Geodetic Authority
rgz.gov.rs Geoportal geoSrbija
Singapore Singapore Land Authority sla.gov.sg Onemap v2
Slovakia Úrad geodézie, kartografie a katastra skgeodesy.sk Mapový Klient ZBGIS
Slovenia Surveying and Mapping Authority of the Republic of Slovenia gu.gov.si Map viewer
South Africa Chief Directorate: National Geo-spatial Information ngi.gov.za
Spain Instituto Geográfico Nacional ign.es Iberpix
Sri Lanka Department of Survey survey.gov.lk
Sweden Lantmäteriet lantmateriet.se Kartsök och ortnamn
Switzerland Swisstopo swisstopo.admin.ch Maps of Switzerland
Taiwan 中華民國內政部國土測繪中心
National Land Surveying and Mapping Center (NLSC)
nlsc.gov.tw
Thailand Royal Thai Survey Department rtsd.mi.th
Trinidad and Tobago Survey and Mapping Division agriculture.gov.tt
Tunisia Office de la Topographie et du Cadastre (OTC) otc.nat.tn
Turkey Harita Genel Müdürlüğü harita.gov.tr HGK-Atlas
Uganda Department of Surveys and Mapping mlhud.go.ug
United States United States Geological Survey usgs.gov National Map
Ukraine Derzhavna sluzhba Ukrayiny z pytan' heodeziyi, kartohrafiyi ta kadastru (Derzhheokadastr) land.gov.ua Public cadastral map of Ukraine
Uruguay Servicio Geografico Militar sgm.gub.uy
Uzbekistan O’zdavgeodezkadastr (State committee of land resources, geodesy, cartography and cadastre of Uzbekistan)
Venezuela Instituto Geográfico de Venezuela Simón Bolívar (IGVSB) igvsb.gob.ve
Vietnam Cục Đo đạc và Bản đồ Việt Nam
Department of Survey and Mapping
dosm.gov.vn
Yemen Survey Authority survey-authority.gov.ye

See also

Related Research Articles

Topographic map medium to large scale map that shows a precise map of the terrain, obviously.

In modern mapping, a topographic map is a type of map characterized by large-scale detail and quantitative representation of relief, usually using contour lines, but historically using a variety of methods. Traditional definitions require a topographic map to show both natural and man-made features. A topographic survey is typically published as a map series, made up of two or more map sheets that combine to form the whole map. A contour line is a line connecting places of equal elevation.

Topography The study of the shape and features of the surface of the Earth and other observable astronomical objects

Topography is the study of the shape and features of land surfaces. The topography of an area could refer to the surface shapes and features themselves, or a description.

Ordnance Survey National Grid System of geographic grid references used in Great Britain

The Ordnance Survey National Grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used in Great Britain, distinct from latitude and longitude. It is often called British National Grid (BNG).

Irish grid reference system System of geographic grid references used for mapping in Ireland

The Irish grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references used for paper mapping in Ireland. The Irish grid partially overlaps the British grid, and uses a similar co-ordinate system but with a meridian more suited to its westerly location.

Triangulation station Fixed surveying station used in geodetic surveying

A triangulation station, also known as a triangulation pillar, trigonometrical station, trigonometrical point, trig station, trig beacon, or trig point, and sometimes informally as a trig, is a fixed surveying station, used in geodetic surveying and other surveying projects in its vicinity. The nomenclature varies regionally: they are generally known as trigonometrical or triangulation stations in North America, trig points in the United Kingdom, trig pillars in Ireland, trig stations or points in Australia and New Zealand, and trig beacons in South Africa; triangulation pillar is the more formal term for the concrete columns found in the UK.

Retriangulation of Great Britain

The retriangulation of Great Britain was a triangulation project carried out between 1935 and 1962 that sought to improve the accuracy of maps made of Great Britain. Data gathered from the retriangulation replaced data gathered during the Principal Triangulation of Great Britain, which had been performed between 1783 and 1851. The retriangulation involved erecting around 6,500 concrete pillars on British hilltops, which were used as reference points for the triangulation. Today, use of the trig points and the results of the retriangulation have been replaced by a network of global navigation satellite system stations known as OS Net, which is able to achieve an accuracy of 3 millimetres (0.12 in) over the length of the country compared to 20 metres (66 ft) achievable by use of the trig points.

Principal Triangulation of Great Britain

The Principal Triangulation of Britain was the first high-precision trigonometric survey of the whole of Great Britain, carried out between 1791 and 1853 under the auspices of the Board of Ordnance. The aim of the survey was to establish precise geographical coordinates of almost 300 significant landmarks which could be used as the fixed points of local topographic surveys from which maps could be drawn. In addition there was a purely scientific aim in providing precise data for geodetic calculations such as the determination of the length of meridian arcs and the figure of the Earth. Such a survey had been proposed by William Roy (1726–1790) on his completion of the Anglo-French Survey but it was only after his death that the Board of Ordnance initiated the trigonometric survey, motivated by military considerations in a time of a threatened French invasion. Most of the work was carried out under the direction of Isaac Dalby, William Mudge and Thomas Frederick Colby, but the final synthesis and report (1858) was the work of Alexander Ross Clarke. The survey stood the test of time for a century, until the Retriangulation of Great Britain between 1935 and 1962.

Ordnance Survey Ireland National mapping agency of Ireland

Ordnance Survey Ireland is the national mapping agency of Ireland. It was established in 2002 as a body corporate. It is the successor to the former Ordnance Survey of Ireland. It and the Ordnance Survey of Northern Ireland (OSNI) are the ultimate successors to the Irish operations of the British Ordnance Survey. OSI is part of the Irish public service. OSI has made modern and historic maps of the state free to view on its website. OSI is headquartered at Mountjoy House in the Phoenix Park in Dublin. Mountjoy House was also the headquarters, until 1922, of the Irish section of the British Ordnance Survey.

Survey of India government agency

The Survey of India is India's central engineering agency in charge of mapping and surveying. Set up in 1767 to help consolidate the territories of the British East India Company, it is one of the oldest Engineering Departments of the Government of India. Its members are from Survey of India Service cadre of Civil Services of India and Army Officers from the Indian Army Corps of Engineers. It is headed by the Surveyor General of India. At present, Survey of India is headed by Lt Gen Girish Kumar, VSM.

Colonel Sir Charles Frederick Arden-Close, was a British geographer and surveyor. He was Director General of the Ordnance Survey from 1911 to 1922. His insistence on attention to detail saw the improvement of many attitudes and methods at the Ordnance Survey. Close's planning saw the production of many maps now viewed as pinnacles in the classic period of map making. He was born Charles Frederick Close and changed his surname to Arden-Close in 1938 so as to comply with a bequest.

Royal Australian Survey Corps

The Royal Australian Survey Corps was a Corps of the Australian Army, formed on 1 July 1915 and disbanded on 1 July 1996. As one of the principal military survey units in Australia, the role of the Royal Australian Survey Corps was to provide the maps, aeronautical charts, hydrographical charts and geodetic and control survey data required for land combat operations. Functional responsibilities associated with this role were: theatre wide geodetic survey for – artillery, naval gunfire and close air support – mapping and charting – navigation systems – command and control, communications, intelligence, reconnaissance and surveillance systems; map production and printing for new maps and charts, plans, overprints, battle maps, air photo mosaics and photomaps, rapid map and chart revision; map holding and map distribution; production, maintenance and distribution of digital topographic information and products. RA Svy survey and mapping information was, and still is, a key information source for geospatial intelligence.

Alexander Ross Clarke British geodesist

Col Alexander Ross Clarke FRS FRSE (1828–1914) was a British geodesist, primarily remembered for his calculation of the Principal Triangulation of Britain (1858), the calculation of the Figure of the Earth and one of the most important text books of Geodesy (1880). He was an officer of the Royal Engineers employed on the Ordnance Survey.

Ordnance Survey National mapping agency of the UK for Great Britain

Ordnance Survey (OS) is the national mapping agency for Great Britain. The agency's name indicates its original military purpose, which was to map Scotland in the wake of the Jacobite rising of 1745. There was also a more general and nationwide need in light of the potential threat of invasion during the Napoleonic Wars. Since 1 April 2015 Ordnance Survey has operated as Ordnance Survey Ltd, a government-owned company, 100% in public ownership. The Ordnance Survey Board remains accountable to the Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy. It is also a member of the Public Data Group.

(John) Brian Harley was a geographer, cartographer, and map historian at the universities of Birmingham, Liverpool, Exeter and Wisconsin–Milwaukee. He helped found the History of Cartography Project and was the founding co-editor of the resulting The History of Cartography. In recent years, Harley's work has gained broad prominence among geographers and social theorists, and it has contributed greatly to the emerging discipline of critical cartography.

The Ordnance Survey International and its predecessors built an archive of air photography, map and survey records for the United Kingdom from 1946 to 1999. The Ordnance Survey International Collection held mapping records that were acquired outside the UK.

Digimap Web mapping and online data delivery service

Digimap is a web mapping and online data delivery service developed by the EDINA national data centre for UK academia. It offers a range of on-line mapping and data download facilities which provide maps and spatial data from Ordnance Survey, British Geological Survey, Landmark Information Group and OceanWise Ltd Ltd.,, Getmapping Ltd, the Environment Agency, OpenStreetMap, CollinsBartholomew Ltd, and various other sources.

John Rocques Map of London, 1746 Outstanding 18th-century map of London

John Rocque's Map of London, 1746, more formally "A plan of the cities of London and Westminster, and borough of Southwark", surveyed by John Rocque and engraved by John Pine, is a map of Georgian London to a scale of 26 inches to a mile. The map consists of twenty-four sheets and is 3.84 by 2.01 metres in overall size. Taking nearly ten years to survey, engrave and publish, it has been described as "a magnificent example of cartography ... one of the greatest and most handsome plans of any city".

Lidstone

Lidstone is a hamlet on the River Glyme in Oxfordshire, about 3 miles (5 km) east of Chipping Norton. The hamlet is in Enstone civil parish, about 1 14 miles (2 km) west of Neat Enstone.

The Ordnance Survey Great Britain County Series maps were produced from the 1840s to the 1890s by the Ordnance Survey, with revisions published until the 1940s. The series mapped the counties of Great Britain at both a six inch and twenty-five inch scale with accompanying acreage and land use information. Following the introduction of the Ordnance Survey National Grid in the 1930s the County Series maps were replaced by a new series of maps at each scale.

References

  1. "Ordnance Survey forms OS International to offer national mapping assistance internationally". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  2. Nina Morgan. "Ordnance Survey maps that changed the world" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-22.
  3. By Lieutenant-Colonel David Watson to facilitate the subjugation of the clans following the Jacobite rising of 1745
  4. Porter, Whitworth (1889). "History of the Corps of Royal Engineers". I. London: Longmans, Green, and Co: 167–68. Retrieved 2008-08-14.Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. pp. 114–115. ISBN   0-85033-934-0.
  6. Hindle, Paul (1998). Maps for Historians. Phillimore & Co. p. 117. ISBN   0-85033-934-0.
  7. Seymour, W.A., ed. (1980). A History of the Ordnance Survey. Folkestone: Wm Dawson & Sons. p. 71. Archived from the original on 2013-07-25. Retrieved 2013-12-22
  8. Names in the languages listed on the agency's website
  9. ""Natural Resources Canada"". Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2015-09-06.