Ngondoma Irrigation Scheme is located in Zhombe, Kwekwe District in Zimbabwe's Agro-Ecological Region Three. The average annual rainfall for the location is 550 mm. The scheme area is 44.4 4 hectares. Of the 179 farmers in the scheme, 134 are women. It comprises members from various villages, including villagers from Chief Njelele side, Gokwe District on the other side of Ngondoma River.
The scheme was established in 1968, [ citation needed ]and only 12 to 20 farmers having plots measuring up to one hectare each were at the inauguration of the 33 ha. By 1988 the plot holders had increased to 69.
The scheme has since been extended up to 44.4 hectares (110 acres). Nowadays the plot holders have increased to 179 and 134 of them are women. Each farmer holds at least 0.2 hectares (0.49 acres) of land in the scheme.
Mushonga irrigation is supplied by the same literal canal that supplies the main irrigation scheme. It has no night storage.
Ngondoma Irrigation Scheme draws water from Ngondoma Dam, which has an estimated capacity of 7.5 million cubic metres. It is the 40th of the 41 recorded by FAO as Major Dams in Zimbabwe.
Ngongoma Irrigation Scheme has a gravity fed surface irrigation system.A canal conveys water from the dam into a reservoir which is situated just at the edge of the irrigation scheme. From the reservoir another canal conveys water to various portions of the irrigation and from a lateral to fields farmers fetch water using siphons. Another night storage has been built about 1500m to the northend of the scheme to service plots further afield.
Ngondoma Dam was constructed in 1967 mainly to supply Empress Nickel Mine which also was established in 1968 the year Ngondoma Irrigation was established.
Empress Mine closed down in 1985.
The dam provides drinking water for both livestock and human beings.
Today the dam supports, apart from the irrigation scheme, Empress Mine Growth Point, Columbina Rural Service Center, Villages this Zhombe side of the dam and the Gokwe side of it.
Villagers use the dam water for watering their gardens, livestock watering, brick moulding and other domestic purposes.
Latitude: S 18° 27' 26"
Longitude: E 29° 24' 50"
Ngondoma Dam is surrounded by a rich flora as on record of the Flora of Zimbabwe.
Empress Mine Township which starts immediately to the east of the dam has inviting beauty in flora such as the Acacia amythethophylla, Colophospermum mopane, Euphorbia hirta, Jacaranda mimosifolia, Albizia harveyi, Lantana camara, Senna singueana, Typha capensis and Bauhinia macrantha just to name a few from the 112 records list compiled by Tessa Ball on November 9, 1996.
About 80% of the water released from the dam reaches the irrigation's night storage. The other 20% is shared among animals and people upstream.
People at Columbina Rural Service Center also fetch water for building, washing and other uses from the canal that transports water to Ngondoma Irrigation Scheme.
Soils are predominantly reddish-brown and rough pH ranges of 6.0-6.8 throughout the whole scheme.
Ngondoma was one of the eight irrigation schemes that benefitted from the farm equipment sourced by the government from Brazil.
It received Tractors, ploughs, rome discs, fertiliser spreaders and planters.Most farmers no longer use animal drawn ploughs on their plots because tractors are efficient, fast and cheaper.
Ngondoma Irrigation Scheme is one of the successful farmer managed schemes in Zimbabwe. The scheme is fully farmer managed, through the democratically elected Irrigation Scheme Management Committee which has to be in office for two years before yet another election. The committee is supported by AGRITEX workers. An Extension Worker who is a government employed graduate in Agricultural Science and Practice provides technical advice to both the Irrigation Scheme Management Committee and the farmers.
Main crops are vegetables, okra, beans and maize. Tomatoes are not grown by many farmers unless they are contracted by a reliable company.
Green maize buyers come from places such as Columbina Rural Service Center, Empress Mine Township and even as far as Kadoma, Kwekwe, Gweru and Harare. Buyers provide their own transport. Okra buyers are usually from among the farmers themselves. The buy from other farmers at producer price and ferry tonnes of okra to Bulawayo where they wholesale it to market stall holders at Rankini. Beans, butternuts, cucumbers, green paper, vegetables and other crops have cash markets from the local community and the surrounding towns.
Sometimes farmers are contracted to produce tomatoes in bulk.
Ngondoma Irrigation Scheme is highly productive and profitable because of good soils, adequate water supply throughout the year, and good management. It is also one of the cheapest run irrigation schemes for the government because water supply is almost free throughout the year because the canal uses no electricity or fuel, unlike its sister scheme Senkwasi Irrigation Scheme 17 km South, whose services are regularly interrupted by ZESA electric power load shedding. The largest irrigation scheme in Zhombe Communal Land; Exchange Irrigation Scheme like Senkwasi uses electricity to drive water pumps.
Zhombe is a rural communal area in Kwekwe District, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe.It is an area of mixed Shona and Northern Ndebele People.It lies along Mnyathi Border line between Midlands and Mashonaland Provinces. There are a few commercial farms within its borders and a handful of resettlement areas. Most of it is within the Zhombe Constituency. Its administrative centre is the Zhombe Joel Growth Point, and it is under the Zibagwe Rural District Council.
Silobela is an agricultural village in Kwekwe District in the Midlands Province of Zimbabwe. It is located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) west of Kwekwe town, 80 kilometres (50 mi) north-west of Gweru town, and bordering Nkayi on the west.
Columbina Rural Service Center is a populated place in Zhombe. It is 95km northwest of Kwekwe and 67km southwest of Kadoma.
Empress Mine Township is a populated place in the area formerly known as Salakuhle in Zhombe Communal Land, Kwekwe District of the Midlands Province in Zimbabwe. It is Zhombe's largest growth point yet officially it is rated second after Zhombe Joel, the current Zhombe District capital.
Commoner, Zimbabwe is a populated place and a place where highly deformed and folded quartz reef structure gold ore is extracted. It is about 50 km west-southwest of Kadoma by air and 68 km by road. 67 km north-west of Kwekwe by air and 96 km by road. It is in Zhombe _ Kwekwe District, _ Midlands Province _ Zimbabwe. Commoner is not to be confused with Commoner Gold Mine near Kadoma in Mashonaland West Province
Ngondoma Dam is a dam on the Ngondoma River located 500 meters west of the Empress Mine Township in the Midlands Province of Zimbabwe. The dam is 67 kilometers northwest of the Kwekwe and 54 km southwest of Kadoma.
Ngondoma River is a river in Zhombe Communal Land, Kwekwe District in the Midlands province of Zimbabwe.
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Mabura Ward is ward number 6 of the 33 wards in Zibagwe Rural District Council of Kwekwe District. It is in Zhombe Communinal Land in Midlands Province of Zimbabwe. It is 100 km north-west-north of Kwekwe and 73 km south-west of Kadoma. Its center is at Bee Mine Township but the sitting councillor operates from Samambwa Township.
Gwesela West is ward number 9 of the 33 wards in Zibagwe Rural District Council of Kwekwe District. Its center is at Senkwasi Irrigation Scheme 14.5 km north east of Zhombe Joel and 14.5 km south of Columbina Rural Service Center.
Senkwasi Irrigation Scheme is a cultivated area in Gwesela West 55.5 km northwest of Kwekwe in Chief Gwesela's area of jurisdiction. It is 14.6 km northeast of Zhombe Joel.
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Bee Mine Secondary School is a co-educational school in Zhombe Communal Land, Kwekwe District.
Samambwa Secondary School is a rural co-educational secondary school in Mabura ward of Kwekwe District.
Totororo Secondary School is a school in Empress Mine Ward of Kwekwe District in the Midlands Province of Zimbabwe.
Kwekwe-Gokwe Highway or the R84-7 Highway is an all-weather bitumen macadam highway in Zimbabwe running from Kwekwe to Gokwe passing through Zhombe. as a trunk road it is officially the P11 Highway
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Gweru River is a river in Midlands Province of Zimbabwe.
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