Nigerian Army

Last updated

Nigerian Army
Emblem of the Nigerian Army.svg
Emblem of the Nigerian Army
Founded1960–present
CountryFlag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria
Type Army
Size200,000 (2016) [1]
Headquarters Abuja
Motto(s)"Victory is from God alone"
Engagements Congo Crisis
Nigerian Civil War
First Liberian Civil War
Sierra Leone Civil War
Conflict in the Niger Delta
Boko Haram insurgency
Northern Mali War
Invasion of the Gambia
Website http://army.mil.ng/
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief President Muhammadu Buhari
Chief of Army Staff Lt General Tukur Yusuf Buratai [2]
Notable
commanders
General Aguiyi Ironsi

General Yakubu Gowon (Retired)

Lieutenant General Theophilus Danjuma (Retired)

General Ibrahim Babangida (Retired) General Sani Abacha (Deceased)

Contents

Major General Alwali Kazir (Retired)

Lieutenant General Abdulrahman Dambazau (Retired)
Insignia
Flag
Flag of the Nigerian Army Headquarters.svg

The Nigerian army (NA) is the largest component of the Nigerian Armed Forces, and is responsible for land warfare operations. It is governed by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). [3] It bears the brunt of the nation's security challenges, notably the Boko Haram insurgency. [4]

Nigerian Armed Forces combined military forces of Nigeria

The Nigerian Armed Forces are the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. Its origins lie in the elements of the Royal West African Frontier Force that became Nigerian when independence was granted in 1960. In 1956 the Nigeria Regiment of the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) was renamed the Nigerian Military Forces, RWAFF, and in April 1958 the colonial government of Nigeria took over from the British War Office control of the Nigerian Military Forces.

Boko Haram insurgency Conflict in Nigeria

The Boko Haram insurgency began in 2009, when the jihadist group Boko Haram started an armed rebellion against the government of Nigeria. The conflict takes place within the context of long-standing issues of religious violence between Nigeria's Muslim and Christian communities, and the insurgents' ultimate aim is to establish an Islamic state in the region.

History

The original elements of the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) in Nigeria were formed in 1900. During the Second World War, British-trained Nigerian troops saw action with the 1st (West Africa) Infantry Brigade, the 81st and the 82nd (West Africa) Divisions which fought in the East African Campaign (World War II) and in the Far East.

The West African Frontier Force (WAFF) was a multi-battalion field force, formed by the British Colonial Office in 1900 to garrison the West African colonies of Nigeria, Gold Coast, Sierra Leone and Gambia. In 1928, it received royal recognition, becoming the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF).

The 1st Infantry Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Army during World War II. It was formed in 1940 from battalions of the Royal West African Frontier Force and served in the East African campaign against the Italians and against the Japanese in Burma.

81st (West Africa) Division

The 81st Division was formed under British control during the Second World War. It took part in the Burma Campaign.

In Nigeria, from a force of 18,000 in infantry battalions and supporting units, strength rose to around 126,000 in three divisions by the end of the Nigerian Civil War in 1970. [5] In terms of doctrine, the task of the Federal Nigerian army did not fundamentally change: its task remained to close with and defeat an organized enemy.

Nigerian Civil War 1967–1970 civil war in Nigeria

The Nigerian Civil War, also known as the Biafran War and the Nigerian-Biafran War, was a war fought between the government of Nigeria and the secessionist state of Biafra. Biafra represented nationalist aspirations of the Biafran people, whose leadership felt they could no longer coexist with the Northern-dominated federal government. The conflict resulted from political, economic, ethnic, cultural and religious tensions which preceded Britain's formal decolonization of Nigeria from 1960 to 1963. Immediate causes of the war in 1966 included ethno-religious riots in Northern Nigeria, a military coup, a counter-coup and persecution of Igbo living in Northern Nigeria. Control over the lucrative oil production in the Niger Delta played a vital strategic role.

The influence of individual personalities is generally greater in the armies of developing states, as they tend to have weaker institutional frameworks. Key personalities involved in Nigeria included then-Colonel Olusegun Obasanjo. Obasanjo is particularly important due to his efforts to reorganize his command, 3 Division, during the civil war to improve its logistics and administration. The reorganization he instituted made the Division capable of carrying out the offensive that ended the civil war.

Olusegun Obasanjo Nigerian politician

Chief Olusegun Mathew Okikiola Aremu Obasanjo, GCFR, Ph.D. is a former Nigerian Army general who was President of Nigeria from 1999 to 2007. Obasanjo was a career soldier before serving twice as his nation's head of state: He served as a military ruler from 13 February 1976 to 1 October 1979 and as a democratically elected president from 29 May 1999 to 29 May 2007. From July 2004 to January 2006, Obasanjo also served as Chairperson of the African Union. Obasanjo is the first Nigerian to serve as a military head of state and a civilian president.

3rd Armoured Division is a division of the Nigerian Army. The division is headquartered at Jos, Plateau State.

The Nigerian Army fought the Civil War significantly under-resourced; Obasanjo's memoirs chronicle the lack of any stocks of extra equipment for mobilisation and the "haphazard and unreliable system of procurement and provisioning" which lasted for the entire period of the war. [6] Arms embargoes imposed by several Western countries made the situation more difficult.

At the end of the Civil War, the three divisions of the Army were reorganised into four divisions, with each controlling territories running from North to South in order to deemphasise the former regional structure. Each division thus had access to the sea thereby making triservice cooperation and logistic support easier. This deployment formula was later abandoned in favour of the present assignment of sectors to the divisions. Thus 1 Division with HQ at Kaduna is allocated the North West sector; 2 Division with HQ at Ibadan South West sector, 3 Division with HQ at Jos North East sector and 82 Division with HQ at Enugu South East sector.[ citation needed ]

Its formations include the 1 Division, headquartered in Kaduna in the north-west, and 2 Division (HQ Ibadan in the South-West, which includes 32 Artillery Brigade at Abeokuta). [7] 2nd Division also possibly includes 4 Brigade at Benin City, with 19 Battalion at Okitipupa and 195 Battalion at Agenebode. 52 Signal Regiment may be the divisional signals unit. 3 Division's headquarters is at Rukuba Cantonment, Jos, in the North-East, and includes 21 Armoured Brigade Maiduguri, 23 Brigade Yola, and 33 Artillery Brigades. [8] 81st Division (Amphibious) HQ in Lagos, which includes the 9 Brigade, based at the Ikeja compound in Lagos, 82nd Division (Airborne and Amphibious) HQ in Enugu in the South-East, which includes the 2 Brigade at Port Harcourt, 13 Brigade at Calabar and the 34th Artillery Brigade at Obinze/Owerri. The Composite Division at Enugu was formed in 1964 as 4 Division, in 1975 became Lagos Garrison Organization; in 1981 became 4 Composite Division; became a Composite Division in May 2002. [9] 3rd Armoured Division was responsible in 1983 for the security of areas bordering Chad. [10]

Lagos and Abuja have garrison commands, with the Lagos garrison as large as a division. 81st Division was previously the youngest division, formed on 26 May 2002 when the Lagos Garrison Command (as it then was) was upgraded to divisional status. The Division, therefore, inherited the security roles hitherto performed by the defunct Lagos Garrison Command. [11] However a later undated article in a Nigerian online newspaper says the 81st Division was later again renamed the Lagos Garrison Command. In the 1980s, the Army's brigades included the 7th Infantry Brigade in Sokoto. There are also Divisional Artillery Brigades, among which are the 32 and 34 Artillery Brigades, [12] ordnance corps units as well as Combat Engineer Regiments, and many other service support units spread across the country.

The 7th Division (also known as JTF-RO) was established in August 2013 for the war against Boko Haram. The creation of the new division brought to six the number of divisions. The 7th division is headquartered in Maiduguri. [13] [13] The division includes a combat motorcycle unit as part of its 25th Task Force Brigade. [14] The purpose of this unit is stated as securing roads in Yobe and serving as a force multiplier in combat operations. [14] . Training and Doctrine Command formed in 1981, and is located at Minna. It supervises the Army's schools, including the Depot. The Army sponsors the Nigerian Military School at Zaria.

Structure

The Nigerian Army is governed by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). The Nigerian Army is functionally organized into combat arms, which are infantry and armored; the combat support arms, which are artillery, engineers, and signals; the combat support services comprise medical, supply and transport, ordinance and finance. Others include the military police, intelligence, physical training, chaplains, public relations and band. [15] Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) located in Minna is responsible for doctrinal, training and combat development, and supervises training centers. There are 17 Corps Training Schools and the Nigerian Army College of Logistics (NACOL). [15] [16]

The Nigerian Army said its newly created the 6th Division in Port Harcourt was established to organize and improve its internal security operations in four states of the Niger Delta. the Division will cover the Army’s 2 Brigade Akwa Ibom; 16 Brigade Bayelsa and 63rd Brigade in Delta, respectively, with divisional headquarters in Port Harcourt. This arrangement will help to curtail activities of militants, banditry, inter-communal clashes, illegal bunkering, kidnapping, robberies, Niger Delta Avengers and pipeline vandalism prevalent in the area. Insecurity in these states negatively impacts on the national economy resulting from sabotage by criminal entities within the region. [17]

Current formations include:

The government and military chiefs, working with the National Assembly, civil society and international partners, need to do much more: implement comprehensive defense sector reform, including clear identification of security challenges; a new defense and security policy and structure to address them; and drastic improvement in leadership, oversight, administration and accountability across the sector. [19] It currently has over 6,000 officers and 150,000 soldiers. [20]

Military forces abroad

Nigerian soldiers in Somalia, 1993 Nigerian troops in Somalia.JPEG
Nigerian soldiers in Somalia, 1993

In December 1983 the new régime of the Head of State of Nigeria, Major General Muhammadu Buhari, announced that Nigeria could no longer afford an activist anti-colonial role in Africa. Anglophone members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) established ECOMOG, dominated by the Nigerian Army, in 1990 to intervene in the civil war in Liberia. [21] Smaller army forces had previously carried out UN and ECOWAS deployments in the former Yugoslavia, Angola, Rwanda, Somalia, and Sierra Leone.[ citation needed ]

The anti-colonial policy statement did not deter Nigeria under Generals Ibrahim Babangida in 1990 and Sani Abacha in 1997 from sending peacekeeping troops as part of ECOMOG under the auspices of ECOWAS into Liberia and later into Sierra Leone when civil wars broke out in those countries. President Olusegun Obasanjo in August 2003 committed Nigerian troops once again into Liberia, [22] at the urging of the United States, to provide an interim presence until the UN's force UNMIL arrived. Charles Taylor was subsequently eased out of power by U.S. pressure [23] and exiled to Nigeria.

In October 2004, Nigerian troops were deployed into Darfur, Sudan to spearhead an African Union force to protect civilians there. [24]

In January 2013, Nigeria began to deploy troops to Mali as part of the African-led International Support Mission to Mali. [25] [26]

Nigeria claimed to have contributed more than twenty thousand troops and police officers to various UN missions since 1960. The Nigeria Police Force and troops have served in places like UNIPOM (UN India-Pakistan Observer mission) 1965, UNIFIL in Lebanon 1978, the UN observer mission, UNIIMOG supervising the Iran-Iraq ceasefire in 1988, former Yugoslavia 1998, East Timor 1999, and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) 2004.

Nigerian Army officers have served as chiefs of defence in other countries, with Brigadier General Maxwell Khobe serving as Sierra Leone chief of staff in 1998-1999, [27] and Nigerian officers acting as Command Officer-in-Charge of the Armed Forces of Liberia from at least 2007.

Chiefs of the Nigerian Army

Following is a chronological list of officers holding the position of General Officer Commanding (GOC) or Chief of Army Staff (COAS). [28]

OfficerTitlePeriod ServedRemarks
Maj Gen Kenneth G. Exham GOC1956–1959 Duke of Wellington's Regiment
Maj Gen Norman Foster GOC1960–1962
Maj Gen John Alexander Mackenzie GOC19632nd Battalion, The Lancashire Fusiliers
Maj Gen Sir Christopher Welby-Everard GOC1963–1965Last British GOC
Maj Gen Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi GOC1965–1966Later military ruler
Lt Col Yakubu Gowon FSSCOASJanuary 1966 – July 1966Later military ruler
Lt Col Joseph Akahan OFR FSSCOASMay 1967 – May 1968
Maj Gen Hassan Katsina rcds pscCOASMay 1968 – January 1971
Maj Gen David Ejoor COASJanuary 1971 – July 1975
Lt Gen Theophilus Danjuma COASJuly 1975 – October 1979
Lt Gen Ipoola Alani Akinrinade CFR FSSCOASOctober 1979 – April 1980
Lt Gen Gibson Jalo CFR FSS JSSCOASApril 1980 – October 1981
Lt Gen Mohammed Inuwa Wushishi CFR FSSCOASOctober 1981 – October 1983
Maj Gen Ibrahim Babangida COASJanuary 1984 – August 1985Later military ruler
Lt Gen Sani Abacha GCON, DSS mniCOASAugust 1985 – August 1990Last military ruler
Lt Gen Salihu Ibrahim FSS FHWCCOASAugust 1990 – September 1993
Lt Gen Aliyu Gusau Mohammed DSS rcdsCOASSeptember 1993 – November 1993
Maj Gen Chris Alli CRG DSS ndc psc(+)COASNovember 1993 – August 1994??
Maj Gen Alwali Kazir DSS Usawc psc(+)COASAugust 1994 – March 1996
Lt Gen Ishaya Bamaiyi DSS Usawc psc(+)COASMarch 1996 – May 1999
Lt Gen Victor Malu DSS mni fwc pscCOASMay 1999 – April 2001
Lt Gen Alexander Ogomudia COASApril 2001 – June 2003Later Chief of Defence Staff
Lt Gen Martin Luther Agwai COASJune 2003 – June 2006Later Force Commander of the UNAMID
Lt Gen Owoye Andrew Azazi COAS1 June 2006 – May 2007Later Chief of Defence Staff
Lt Gen Luka Yusuf COASJune 2007 – August 2008
Lt Gen Abdulrahman Bello Dambazau COASAugust 2008 – September 2010
Lt Gen Onyabor Azubuike Ihejirika COASSeptember 2010 – January 2014
Lt Gen Kenneth Minimah COASJanuary 2014 – July 2015
Lt Gen Tukur Yusuf Buratai COASJuly 2015 – PresentCommander Multinational Joint Task Force (May 2015 – July 2015)

Equipment

Despite a disproportionate emphasis on the materiel and sophistication of the Nigerian Armed Forces, and despite possessing some formidable hardware, the Army has been hamstrung by technical deficiency and an exceptionally poor standard of maintenance. [29] Its overabundance of foreign suppliers, including Austria, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, the former Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom, has also complicated logistics. Calculating the size and scope of replacement inventories alone is impossible given the menagerie of equipment in use. [29] [30]

The Nigerian Army maintains at least eighty-two different weapon systems and 194 types of ammunition, of sixty-two different categories, from fourteen manufacturers. [29]

Infantry weapons

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginNotes
Handguns
Beretta 92 [31] Beretta 92 FS.gif Semi-automatic pistolFlag of Italy.svg Italy
Beretta M1951 [32] Beretta1951.JPG Semi-Automatic pistolFlag of Italy.svg Italy
Browning Hi-Power Flickr - ~Steve Z~ - 1971 Browning Hi Power 10.jpg Semi-Automatic PistolFlag of Belgium (civil).svg BelgiumFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of Nigerian manufacture, designated NP-1. [33]
Walther P5 [31] Waltherp5.jpg Semi-Automatic PistolFlag of Germany.svg West Germany
Submachine guns
Beretta M12 [34] Beretta M12.jpg Submachine gunFlag of Italy.svg ItalyFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of Nigerian manufacture. [35]
Heckler & Koch MP5 [32] MP5.jpg Submachine gunFlag of Germany.svg Germany
Sa vz. 23 Samopal vz 25 TBiU 14.jpg Submachine gunFlag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Sten [36] STEN MK II submachinegun.png Submachine gunFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Sterling [32] Sterling SMG.JPG Submachine gunFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom
Uzi [32] Uzi of the israeli armed forces.jpg Submachine gunFlag of Israel.svg Israel
Rifles
IWI Tavor [37] IWI-Tavor-TAR-21w1.jpg Bullpup assault rifleFlag of Israel.svg Israel
Beryl M762 [38] M762.jpg Assault RifleFlag of Poland.svg Poland2000 units, some manufactured in Nigeria
FB Mini-Beryl [39] Mini-Beryl wz96 PICT0015.JPG compact assault rifle (carbine)Flag of Poland.svg Poland10 test units (wz. 1996C) [39]
M16A1 [40] M16A1 brimob.jpg Assault RifleFlag of the United States.svg United States
FN FNC [32] FNC IMG 1527.jpg Assault RifleFlag of Belgium (civil).svg Belgium
Beretta AR70/90 [32] Scheda2c.JPG Assault RifleFlag of Italy.svg Italy
Daewoo K2 [41] Daewoo K2 rifle 1.jpg Assault RifleFlag of South Korea.svg South Korea33,000 Units have been bought
OBJ-006 AK-47 type II Part DM-ST-89-01131.jpg Assault RifleFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet UnionFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaProduced as OBJ-006. [42] [43]
AKM [44] AKM NTW 4 92.jpg Assault RifleFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
SIG SG 540 [32] SG 540 Manurhin.jpg Battle RifleFlag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland
NR1 FN-FAL belgian.jpeg Battle RifleFlag of Belgium (civil).svg BelgiumFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaLocal variant designated NR1. [45] [46] [47]
Heckler & Koch G3 DCB Shooting G3 pictures.jpg Battle RifleFlag of Germany.svg West GermanyFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of Nigerian manufacture. [48]
BM-59 Bm59.jpg Battle RifleFlag of Italy.svg ItalyFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of Nigerian manufacture. [49]
Vz. 52 rifle Vz.52.jpg Semi-automatic rifleFlag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia
Machine guns
RPK RPK Machine Gun 7.62 x 39.jpg Light machine gunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Degtyaryov 1938/46 DM-ST-89-01130.JPEG Light machine gunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
UKM-2000 UKM2000P REMOV.jpg General purpose machine gunFlag of Poland.svg Poland
FN MAG Kulspruta 58 001.jpg General purpose machine gunFlag of Belgium (civil).svg BelgiumFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of Nigerian manufacture. [35]
Browning M2 [32] PEO M2E2-QCB HMG.jpg Heavy machine gunFlag of the United States.svg United States
Sniper rifles
Alex-338 Rifle Alex.jpg Sniper rifleFlag of Poland.svg Poland

Missiles and Recoilless Rifles

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginNotes
Anti-tank missiles
Swingfire [50] Ferret Mk5 1 Bovington.jpg Anti-tank missileFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom100 in stock. [51]
Recoilless rifles
M40 [4] Rcl106lat2.jpg Anti-tank weaponFlag of the United States.svg United States
Carl Gustav M3E1.jpg Anti-tank weaponFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden30 in service. [32]
Rocket-propelled grenades
RPG-7 RPG-7V1 grenade launcher - RaceofHeroes-part2-22.jpg Anti-tank weaponFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
Some of Nigerian manufacture. [52]

Armoured fighting vehicles

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
Main battle tanks
T-72 ParkPatriot2015part2-18.jpg Main Battle TankFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union77 [53] Sourced from the Czech Republic.
T-54/55 T-55 4.jpg Main Battle TankFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union24 [4] 50 delivered. [51]
Vickers Tank AB133 - Vijayanta MBT.JPG Main Battle TankFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom136 [4] Mk III.
AMX-30 AMX-30 img 2330.jpg Main Battle TankFlag of France.svg France16 [4]
Reconnaissance vehicles
FV101 Scorpion Scorpion CRVT (4119399295).jpg Reconnaissance VehicleFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom157 [4]
FV107 Scimitar FV107 Scimitar IFV.jpg Reconnaissance VehicleFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom5 [4]
ERC-90 ERC 90 ER.JPG Armoured CarFlag of France.svg France80 [54] 40 with Lynx turret.
EE-9 Cascavel Engesa Cascavel main.JPG Armoured CarFlag of Brazil.svg Brazil70 [4] Delivered in 1994. [51]
Panhard AML Panhard AML-90 img 2308.jpg Armoured CarFlag of France.svg France130 [4] AML-60 and AML-90 variants.
Saladin Saladin (7527983360).jpg Armoured CarFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom16 [51]
Fox FV721 Fox armoured fighting vehicle (2008-08-09).jpg Scout CarFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom55 [51]
Panhard VBL Interpolitex 2013 (534-31).jpg Scout CarFlag of France.svg France72 [51]
Ferret Ferret-Scout-Car-18EA24.jpg Scout CarFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom25 [54] 40 delivered. [51]
Infantry fighting vehicles
BMP-1 BWP-1 Baltops 2016 0283.jpg Infantry Fighting VehicleFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union4 [55] BVP-1 variant.
Armoured personnel carriers
Saurer 4K 4FA SPz A1 Saurer (2).jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of Austria.svg Austria250 [4] 300 delivered. [54]
MT-LB Soviet MT-LB.JPEG Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of Poland.svg Poland67 [51] Sourced from Poland.
Mowag Piranha I 6x6 Piranha Meiringen.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland110 [4]
BTR-4 BTR-4E in Kyiv.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of Ukraine.svg UkraineBTR-4 with Grom module
BTR-3 BTR3.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine47 [51] BTR-3U "Guardian" variant.
BTR-70 2015-05-05. Repetitsiia parada Pobedy 086.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union18 [56]
BTR-60 BTR-60PB NVA.JPG Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union6 [57]
Saracen Saracen-latrun-2.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom10 [4] 20 delivered. [51]
Saxon Saxon Recovery Version.jpg Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom75 [51] Serviceability doubtful. [4]
Panhard M3 PanhardM3.png Armoured Personnel CarrierFlag of France.svg France18 [4]
Infantry mobility vehicles
Igirigi MRAPFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaReplaced the Pf1. [58]
Proforce Ara/ThunderMRAPNigeria30 unit to be commissioned into the Nigerian army in 2019Proforce Nigeria
Otokar Cobra Paradbaku98.jpg Multipurpose Armoured VehicleFlag of Turkey.svg Turkey204 [4]
International MaxxPro US Army 50962 Mine Resistant Ambush Protected Expedient Armor Program Add-on-Armor Kit.jpg MRAPFlag of the United States.svg USA
BAE Caiman Caiman mine-resistant, ambush-protected vehicles in Iraq.jpg MRAPFlag of the United States.svg USA
CS-VP3 Poly Technologies Inc. CS-VP3 MRAP.jpg MRAPFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg China120
Proforce PF1 RG34-ligte pantservoertuig, b, Waterkloof Lugmagbasis.jpg MRAP Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa / Flag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaRG-34 Local variant designated Proforce Pf1. [59]
Casspir Casspir vehicle Ai101503g1.jpg MRAPFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa5 [4] Casspir III variant.
Reva Reva APC.jpg MRAPFlag of South Africa.svg South Africa40 [60] Mk III. [61]
Plasan Sand Cat Bulgarian sandcat.jpg Composite armored vehicleFlag of Israel.svg Israel
Light Armored Vehicles
SPARTAN MK.III KRAZ Spartan 2014 IMG 7628 02.JPG Light Armored VehicleFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada [62]
INKAS LAPV Light Armored Patrol VehicleFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada [62]
Shorland IMG 2563 Old police vehicle of The Netherlands Dutch Police museum Apeldoorn the Netherlands august 2006.JPG Armoured CarFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomMk 3. [63]
Armoured Ambulances
FV104 Samaritan Tracked AmbulanceFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom

Logistics

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
KrAZ-6322 [64] Iraqi KrAZ trucks.jpg Utility TruckFlag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine

Engineering Vehicles

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
BOZENA 5 [65] Unmanned ground vehicleFlag of Slovakia.svg Slovakiaclearance of all conventional antipersonnel and antitank land mines and for IED removal assistance. [66]
Vickers AVLB [67] Armored Bridge-layerUnited Kingdom26 (status unknown)
Vickers ARV [67] Armored Recovery VehicleUnited Kingdom12 (Status unknown)

Utility Vehicle

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
Pinzgauer [68] Pinzgauer 710-IMG 4935-40.jpg High-Mobility All-Terrain VehicleFlag of Austria.svg Austria
Land Rover Lrwolf2.jpg Utility VehicleFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomFlag of Nigeria.svg NigeriaSome of local manufacture. [63]
Haflinger Haflinger1967.jpg Utility VehicleFlag of Austria.svg Austria400 [68]
Toyota Hilux [69] Toyota Hilux 2009 2.5 D-4D.jpg Light TruckFlag of Japan.svg Japan
Tarpan Honker [70] [71] Kolobrzeg - Honker regulacja ruchu.jpg Multipurpose JeepFlag of Poland.svg Poland25
IVM G-12 [72] Special Purpose Vehicles [73] Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria

Artillery

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
Self-propelled artillery
Palmaria VCA 155.JPG Self-propelled HowitzerFlag of Italy.svg Italy25 [54]
APR–40 APR-40-beyt-hatotchan-2.jpg Multiple Rocket Launcher Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg Socialist Republic of Romania 30 [4]
RM-70 T813 army2.JPG Multiple Rocket LauncherFlag of the Czech Republic.svg Czechoslovakia6 [55]
Mortars
L16 81mmMORT L16.png 81mm MortarFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United KingdomFlag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria200 [54] Some of Nigerian manufacture. [74]
Anti-tank guns
ZiS-3 [54] Zis3 hameenlinna rear.jpg Antitank GunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
Howitzers
D-30 Artilleryman of the Afghan National Army.jpg HowitzerFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union90 [51]
D-74 HowitzerFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union90 [51]
M46 M-46 Lutsk.jpg HowitzerFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union7 [4]
D-20 Howitzer D-20.jpg HowitzerFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union4 [4] Delivered in 1992. [51]
Haubits FH77 Haubits 77BMK2.JPG HowitzerFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden24 [54]
OTO Melara Mod 56 Spanish-marines-man-105mm-howitzer-19811001.jpg HowitzerFlag of Italy.svg Italy124 [4] 200 delivered. [51]

Air defence

Name
Photo
TypeCountry of OriginIn ServiceNotes
Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapons
ZSU-23-4 ZSU-23-4 Shilka 01.jpg Self-propelled anti-aircraft gunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union30 [4]
Towed anti-aircraft guns
Bofors L/60 40mm-twin-naval.jpg Towed anti-aircraft gunFlag of Sweden.svg Sweden12 [4]
ZPU [54] ZPU morrocan.jpg Towed anti-aircraft gunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union
ZU-23-2 Zu-23 30 M1-3 - InnovationDay2013part1-40.jpg Towed anti-aircraft gunFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union350 [4]
Surface-to-air missiles
Blowpipe Blowpipe missile 2.JPG Surface-to-air missileFlag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom48 [54]
Roland Xmim-115a-1.jpg Surface-to-air missileFlag of France.svg France16 [54] Mounted on AMX-30 chassis.
Strela 2 SA-7.jpg Surface-to-air missileFlag of the Soviet Union.svg Soviet Union100 [4]

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The German Army is the land component of the armed forces of Germany. The present-day German Army was founded in 1955 as part of the newly formed West German Bundeswehr together with the Marine and the Luftwaffe. As of 28 February 2019, the German Army had a strength of 62,194 soldiers.

French Army Land warfare branch of Frances military

The French Army, officially the Ground Army to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de l'Air or Air Army, is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces. It is responsible to the Government of France, along with the other four components of the Armed Forces. The current Chief of Staff of the French Army (CEMAT) is General Thierry Burkhard, a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA). General Burkhar is also responsible, in part, to the Ministry of the Armed Forces for organization, preparation, use of forces, as well as planning and programming, equipment and Army future acquisitions. For active service, Army units are placed under the authority of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA), who is responsible to the President of France for planning for, and use, of forces.

1st (United Kingdom) Division armoured division of the British Army

The 1st Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army. It has recently returned home from being stationed in Germany. Originally formed in November 1937 as the Mobile Division, it saw extensive service during the Second World War and was disbanded afterwards; reconstituted in 1976, it remains in service. It should not be confused with the 1st Infantry Division.

Singapore Army

The Singapore Army is the service of the Singapore Armed Forces (SAF) tasked with land operations. It is the largest of the three Services. The Singaporean army is primarily a conscript army that, in the event of national exigencies or war, morphs itself from peacetime to wartime by mobilising almost all of its combined combat power by calling up operationally-ready military reservists.

Italian Army land warfare branch of Italys military forces

The Italian Army is the land-based component of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic. The army's history dates back to the unification of Italy in the 1850s and 1860s. The army fought in colonial engagements in China, Libya, Northern Italy against the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War I, Abyssinia before World War II and in World War II in Albania, Balkans, North Africa, USSR and Italy itself. During the Cold War, the army prepared itself to defend against a Warsaw Pact invasion from the east. Since the end of the Cold War, the army has seen extensive peacekeeping service and combat in Afghanistan and Iraq. Its best-known combat vehicles are the Dardo infantry fighting vehicle, the Centauro tank destroyer and the Ariete tank and among its aircraft the Mangusta attack helicopter, recently deployed in UN missions. The headquarters of the Army General Staff are located in Rome opposite the Quirinal Palace, where the president of Italy resides. The army is an all-volunteer force of active-duty personnel.

Polish Land Forces ground warfare branch of Polands military forces

The Land Forces are a military branch of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland. They currently contain some 77,000 active personnel and form many components of the European Union and NATO deployments around the world. Poland's recorded military history stretches back a millennium – since the 10th century, but Poland's modern army was formed after the country regained independence following World War I in 1918.

Egyptian Army land warfare branch of Egypts military

The Egyptian Army or Egyptian Ground Forces is the largest service branch within the Egyptian Armed Forces. The modern army was established during the reign of Muhammad Ali Pasha (1805–1849), widely considered to be the "founder of modern Egypt". Its most significant engagements in the 20th century were in Egypt's five wars with the State of Israel, one of which, the Suez Crisis of 1956, also saw it do combat with the armies of Britain, and France. The Egyptian army was also engaged heavily in the protracted North Yemen Civil War, and the brief Libyan-Egyptian War in July 1977. Its last major engagement was Operation Desert Storm, the liberation of Kuwait from Iraqi occupation in 1991, in which the Egyptian army constituted the second-largest contingent of the allied forces.

Turkish Land Forces ground warfare branch of Turkeys military

The Turkish Land Forces, or Turkish Army, is the main branch of the Turkish Armed Forces responsible for land-based military operations. Official sources trace the army's foundation to Modu Chanyu of the Xiongnu Empire in 209 BC, but the modern history of the army began with its formation after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire. Significant events since the foundation of the army include combat in the Korean War and in the 1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus, and acting as a NATO bulwark along Cold War frontiers through 1992. The army holds the preeminent place within the armed forces. It is customary for the Chief of the General Staff of the Republic of Turkey to have been the Commander of the Turkish Land Forces prior to his appointment as Turkey's senior ranking officer. Alongside the other two armed services, the Turkish Army has frequently intervened in Turkish politics, which has now been regulated to an extent with the reform of the National Security Council. The current commander of the Turkish Land Forces is General Yaşar Güler.

Venezuelan Army land warfare branch of Venezuelas military

The Venezuelan Army, officially the National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is one of the six professional branches of the Armed Forces of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.

Royal Jordanian Army land warfare branch of Jordans military

The Royal Jordanian Army is part of the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF). It draws its origins from units such as the Arab Legion, formed in the British Mandate of Transjordan in the 1920s. It has seen combat against Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967, and 1973. The Army also fought the Syrians and the PLO during Black September in 1970.

Lanzhou Military Region Former military region of China

The Lanzhou Military Region was one of seven military regions in the People's Republic of China. It directed all military and armed police forces in Xinjiang, Qinghai, Gansu, Ningxia, and Shaanxi. The Ali area of northwest Tibet also falls under this Region. It is headquartered in Lanzhou in Gansu Province. It is bordered to the south by the Chengdu Military Region, and to the north by Mongolia, the Altai Republic, which is a political subdivision of the Russian Federation, and Kazakhstan. This region is now part of the Western Theater Command due to the military reforms of 2015.

Mississippi Army National Guard

The Mississippi Army National Guard is the Army National Guard component of the Mississippi National Guard. It was originally formed in 1798. It is a component of the United States Army and the United States National Guard. It is managed by the Mississippi Military Department.

82nd (West Africa) Division British infantry division

The 82nd Division was formed under British control during the Second World War. It took part in the later stages of the Burma Campaign and was disbanded in Burma between May and September 1946.

Structure of the United States Army

The structure of the United States Army is complex, and can be interpreted in several different ways: active/reserve, operational/administrative, and branches/functional areas.

7 South African Infantry Division

7 South African Infantry Division was a formation of the South African Army, active from the 1960s to 1999.

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