Noddy (card game)

Last updated

Noddy
Elizabethan Card Players.JPG
Origin England
Family Matching
Players2-4
Skills requiredCalculation
Cards52
DeckEnglish
Playing time30 min.
Random chanceMedium
Related games
Cribbage, Costly Colours

Noddy (O.F. naudin [1] ) also Noddie, Nodde or Knave Noddy, is a 16th-century English card game ancestor of Cribbage. It is the oldest identifiable card game with this gaming structure and thus probably also ancestral to the more-complicated 17th-century game of Costly Colours.

Contents

History

The earliest reference to the game of Noddy in the Oxford English Dictionary dates from 1589. The basic term noddy, means a fool or simpleton, but in the gaming sense, it is just the name given to the Knave of the suit turned up at the start of play.

A very interesting description of the game can be found in Randle Holme's The Academy of Armory, written in 1688, which displays previously unrecorded scoring features and terminology. [2]

Cribbage without the Crib

Noddy can be thought of as the "small Cribbage without the Crib". But it would seem that the game of Noddy was played for counters, and that it was fifteen or twenty-one up, as quoted by Shirley. [3] In a play of Middleton's, Christmas, speaking of the sports of that time as children, says that the game was played for thirty one. [4] And in Salton's Tales [5] the game was depicted as being played for twenty one. It is probable, however, that it was played all the three ways, as 15, 21 and 31 points at the choice of the players.

Edmund Gayton (Festivous Notes upon Don Quixot, 1654) speaks of noddy boards, but Robert Nares in A Glossary: or Collection of words, phrases, names and allusions to customs, proverbs, &c (1822) says that Noddy was not played with a board, [6] which seems to be plausible due to the natural evolution of card games.

Gameplay

Noddy is a game for two or four players - the latter presumably partners - receiving each 3 cards from a 52-card pack ranking from Ace (low) to King (high). The object of the game is to peg points for making combinations both in the hand and in the play up to 31 over as many deals as it takes. A23 is a valid sequence, but AKQ isn't. Whoever cuts the lower card deals first.

Combinations

Terminology

In the game, certain cards have peculiar names and scores, like "Flatback" (K♠) 6, "Countenance" (Q) 4, "Roger" (J) 5, and "Knave Noddy" - name applied to the Knave of the suit turned up at the start of the play - scores 2 to the dealer.

The earliest reference to the game in the Oxford English Dictionary, dates from 1589. It is now presumed extinct, although Parlett published its rules in 2008. [7]

See also

Related Research Articles

Wild card (cards)

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All Fours English card game

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Cribbage

Cribbage, or crib, is a card game traditionally for two players, but commonly played with three, four or more, that involves playing and grouping cards in combinations which gain points. Cribbage has several distinctive features: the cribbage board used for score-keeping, the eponymous crib, box, or kitty —a separate hand counting for the dealer—two distinct scoring stages and a unique scoring system including points for groups of cards that total fifteen. It has been characterized as "Britain's national card game" and the only one legally playable on licensed premises without requiring local authority permission.

Brag (card game)

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Thirty-one or Trente et un is a gambling card game played by two to seven people, where players attempt to assemble a hand which totals 31. Such a goal has formed the whole or part of various games like Commerce, Cribbage, Trentuno, and Wit and Reason since the 15th century.

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Polignac (card game)

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Spoil Five

Spoil-Five is the traditional book version of the Irish national card game called Twenty-Five, which underlies the Canadian game of Forty-fives. Charles Cotton describes it in 1674 as "Five Fingers", a nickname applied to the Five of Trumps extracted from the fact that the Irish word cúig means both 'five' and 'trick'. It is supposed to be of great antiquity, and widely believed to have originated in Ireland, although "its venerable ancestor", Maw, of which James I of England was very fond, is a Scottish game.

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Tressette Card game

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Tute

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In cribbage, the probability and maximum and minimum score of each type of hand can be computed.

The rules here are based on those of the American Cribbage Congress and apply to two-, three- or four-player games, with details of variations being listed below.

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Phat is an English trick-taking partnership card game derived from the 17th century game of All Fours. It is not considered a stand-alone game, but instead a variation of this one. It is quite similar to Don, shortened from Pedro Dom, the name applied to the Five of trumps from the game Pedro, but with the game score resembling the 9-card Don variation, played in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

Glossary of card game terms List of definitions of terms and jargon used in card games

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Penneech

Penneech or Peneech, sometimes called Penicth, is an unusual historical English card game for two players played with hands of seven cards. The unique feature of this game is that the trump suit changes with each trick. Parlett describes it as a "jolly little two-hander".

Costly Colours

Costly Colours, sometimes just called Costly, is an historical English card game for two players and a more complex relative of Cribbage. The game "requires a moderate amount of skill in playing, and is well adapted to teach quickness in counting" but, unlike Cribbage, it does not use a 'crib'. In the 19th century it was described as "peculiar to Shropshire."

Queen Nazarene

Queen Nazarene or Queen Nazareen is an old English card game recorded by Charles Cotton as early as 1674. It is an ancestor of Newmarket.

References

  1. A Glossary and Etymological Dictionary of Obsolete and Uncommon Words)
  2. The Academy of Armory: 2 or 4 may play at it, 61 being up. Each perſon hath 3 cards and one turned up to which he makes as many casts as he can. They are thus merkett, Flat back or King of Spads is six, Countenance or Queen of Hearts, four, Knave of the trump, 2, Knave of Hearts 5, a pair 4, pair Riall 12, a pair Taunt 24. Every 15 as you can make is 2, and every 25 is 2. In playing down the cards you have the same advantage of 15, 25, paires &c. and the next to 31 hath 1 cast, if he make 31, there is 2 casts.
  3. Hide Park - He is upon the matter then fifteen,
    A game, at Noddy
  4. Inner Temple Mask - I leave them wholly to my eldest son Noddy, whom, during his minority,
    I commit to the custody of a pair of knaves and one and thirty.
  5. Saltonstall's Pictures, char. 9 - A young heire is a gamester at noddy; one-and-twenty makes him out;
    if he have a flush in his hand, expect him shortly to shew it, without hiding his cards."
  6. Once a Week, Eneas Sweetland Dallas vol. X p. 364 - Bradbury & Evans, London, Dec-Jun 1864
  7. Parlett 2008, p. 429/430.

Literature