Northern Rhodesian Labour Party

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The Northern Rhodesian Labour Party was a political party in Northern Rhodesia.

Northern Rhodesia protectorate in south central Africa in 1924–1964

Northern Rhodesia was a protectorate in south central Africa, formed in 1911 by amalgamating the two earlier protectorates of Barotziland-North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia. It was initially administered, as were the two earlier protectorates, by the British South Africa Company (BSAC), a chartered company on behalf of the British Government. From 1924 it was administered by the British Government as a protectorate under similar conditions to other British-administered protectorates, and the special provisions required when it was administered by BSAC were terminated.

History

The party was established by Roy Welensky in 1941. [1] [2] It was supported by European working class miners and artisans, [3] and campaigned for closer union with Southern Rhodesia. [4] The first congress of the party was held in Nkana on 11 July 1941, [5] [6] and called for immediate amalgamation with Southern Rhodesia. [5] [6]

Roy Welensky Northern Rhodesian politician

Sir Roland "Roy" Welensky, KCMG was a Northern Rhodesian politician and the second and last prime minister of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland.

Southern Rhodesia self-governing British colony from 1923 to 1980

The Colony of Southern Rhodesia was a self-governing British Crown colony in southern Africa. It was the predecessor state of what is now Zimbabwe.

Nkana is a section of the city of Kitwe, Copperbelt Province, Zambia which started off in the early part of the 20th century as a railway station to support the growing complex of copper mining operations. It was named after Chief Nkana, the local traditional ruler. The copper mines of Nkana were originally owned by the Anglo-American Corporation of South Africa. A large smelter was built at the site of the Nkana Mine. The mines in Nkana were among the largest copper mines in the world employing in excess of 20,000 people. The city of Kitwe grew up as a service town for the Nkana mines but soon swallowed them up and the city is known as Kitwe, although the name Kitwe-Nkana is still sometimes used.

In the 1941 general elections the party contested five of the eight seats, winning them all; [7] Welensky in Broken Hill, F. T. Sinclair in Livingstone and Western, Michael McGann in Luanshya, F S Roberts in Ndola and Martin Visagie in Nkana. [7] [8] However, it was dissolved after it was defeated in the 1944 elections. [9]

Kabwe Place in Central Province, Zambia

Kabwe is the capital of the Zambian Central Province with a population estimated at 202,914 at the 2010 census. Named Broken Hill until 1966, it was founded when lead and zinc deposits were discovered in 1902. Kabwe also has a claim to being the birthplace of Zambian politics as it was an important political centre during the colonial period. It is an important transportation and mining centre.

Livingstone, Zambia Place in Southern Province, Zambia

Livingstone was, until 2012, the capital of the Southern Province of Zambia. Lying 10 km (6.2 mi) to the north of the Zambezi River, it is a tourism centre for the Victoria Falls and a border town with road and rail connections to Zimbabwe on the other side of the Victoria Falls. A historic British colonial city, its present population was estimated at 136,897 inhabitants at the 2010 census. It is named after David Livingstone, the British explorer and missionary who was the first European to explore the area.

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References

  1. Sir Roy Welensky, Bodleian Library.
  2. Deborah Andrews (1992). Annual Obituary, 1991. St. James Press. p. 771. ISBN   978-1-55862-175-6.
  3. Lewis Henry Gann, Michael Gelfand (1964), Huggins of Rhodesia: The Man and His Country, George Allen & Unwin, p. 170.
  4. Bill Schwarz (2011), The White Man's World, Oxford: Oxford University Press, p. 363.
  5. 1 2 J. R. T. Wood (1983). The Welensky Papers: A History of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. Graham Publishing. p. 80. ISBN   978-0-620-06410-1.
  6. 1 2 The Crown Colonist. Crown Colonist. 1942. p. 372.
  7. 1 2 "N. Rhodesian elections: New Labour Party Wins Five Seats", East Africa and Rhodesia, 4 September 1941, p. 7.
  8. "Matters of Moment", East Africa and Rhodesia, 4 September 1941, p. 3.
  9. Don Taylor (1955), The Rhodesian: The Life of Sir Roy Welensky, Museum Press, p. 75.