Northwest Territories (electoral district)

Last updated

Northwest Territories
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories electoral district
Northwest Territories, Canada.svg
Federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
MP
 
 
 
Michael McLeod
Liberal
District created1976
First contested 1979
Last contested 2021
District webpage profile, map
Demographics
Population (2021) [1] 41,070
Electors (2019)30,235
Area (km²) [2] 1,127,711.92
Pop. density (per km²)0.04
Census division(s) Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6
Census subdivision(s) Yellowknife, Hay River, Inuvik, Fort Smith, Behchokò, Fort Simpson, Tuktoyaktuk, Norman Wells, Fort McPherson, Fort Providence
Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories electoral district
Defunct federal electoral district
Legislature House of Commons
District created1962
District abolished1976
First contested 1962
Last contested 1974

Northwest Territories (French : Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada. The electoral district covers the entire territory.

Contents

This riding was created in 1962 from Mackenzie River riding. It was composed of the entire territory of the Northwest Territories. In 1979, the riding was divided into the ridings of Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq (later Nunavut). Following the creation of the territory of Nunavut in 1999, the riding of Western Arctic was made coterminous with the new Northwest Territories.

After 1999, Western Arctic was an anomaly in that, unlike Nunavut and Yukon, it did not share the name of the territory with which it was coterminous. This did not change with subsequent representation orders because the electoral boundaries revision process did not affect the territories and the territorial riding names were specified in law. In 2014, at the behest of Western Arctic MP Dennis Bevington, the riding name was changed to Northwest Territories by Bill C-37, which also changed the names of several other ridings scheduled to come into effect with the representation order for the next election. Unlike those names, the change to Northwest Territories came into effect immediately as it involved amending the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act itself. [3] [4]

From 1887 to 1905, the only areas of the NWT with representation in Parliament were those areas that became part of present-day provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and western Manitoba). From 1905 to 1947, the NWT was not represented in Parliament. From 1947 to 1962, the southwestern NWT was represented only by the electoral district of Yukon—Mackenzie River and then Mackenzie River. In 1962, the electoral district of NWT was created to represent the entire territory, for the first time giving all Canadian territory a representative in Parliament.

This riding's boundaries remained the same following the 2012 redistribution.

Demographics

According to the Canada 2021 Census

Ethnic groups: 49.6% Native Canadian, 38.2% White, 4.1% Filipino, 2.6% Black, 1.9% South Asian
Languages: 76% English, 3.3% Tlicho, 2.8% French, 1.9% Slavey, 1.9% Tagalog, 1% Dene
Religions: 55.2% Christian (21% Catholic, 8.1% Anglican, 2% United Church, 1.9% Pentecostal and other Charismatic 1.5% Baptist), 39.8% No religion, 1.8% Muslim
Average income: $69 400

Members of Parliament

Following the division into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq, the riding's first MP was Progressive Conservative MP Dave Nickerson, who was first elected in 1979 and re-elected twice. In the 1988 election, Nickerson was defeated by Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew who went on to serve as the riding's MP for eighteen years, including two years as Minister of State for Northern Development. In 2006, Blondin-Andrew was defeated by New Democrat Dennis Bevington. The earlier riding of Northwest Territories had been represented by New Democrat Wally Firth from 1972 to 1979.

This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:

ParliamentYearsMemberParty
Northwest Territories
Riding created from Mackenzie River
25th  1962–1963   Isabel Hardie Liberal
26th  1963–1965   Eugène Rhéaume Progressive Conservative
27th  1965–1968   Bud Orange Liberal
28th  1968–1972
29th  1972–1974   Wally Firth New Democratic
30th  1974–1979
Riding divided into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq
As Western Arctic
31st  1979–1980   Dave Nickerson Progressive Conservative
32nd  1980–1984
33rd  1984–1988
34th  1988–1993   Ethel Blondin-Andrew Liberal
35th  1993–1997
36th  1997–2000
37th  2000–2004
38th  2004–2006
39th  2006–2008   Dennis Bevington New Democratic
40th  2008–2011
41st  2011–2014
Northwest Territories
41st  2014–2015   Dennis Bevington New Democratic
42nd  2015–2019   Michael McLeod Liberal
43rd  2019–2021
44th  2021–present

Election results

Graph of election results in Northwest Territories/Western Arctic (since 1979, minor parties that never got 2% of the vote or didn't run consistently are omitted)

Northwest Territories (2014–present)

2021 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Michael McLeod 5,38738.22-1.78
New Democratic Kelvin Kotchilea4,55832.34+10.54
Conservative Lea Anne Mollison2,03114.41-11.39
Independent Jane Groenewegen 1,79112.71
Green Roland Laufer3282.33-8.27
Total valid votes14,09598.91-0.33
Total rejected ballots1551.09+0.33
Turnout14,25047.2-6.3
Liberal hold Swing -4.16
Source: Elections Canada [5]
2019 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Michael McLeod 6,63840.0-8.34$60,703.01
Conservative Yanik D'Aigle4,27925.8+7.45none listed
New Democratic Mary Beckett3,61921.8-8.68$5,371.84
Green Paul Falvo1,75710.6+7.77$10,067.85
People's Luke Quinlan2951.8none listed
Total valid votes/expense limit16,291100.0
Total rejected ballots125
Turnout16,41654.3
Eligible voters30,235
Liberal hold Swing -15.79
Source: Elections Canada [6] [7]
2015 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Michael McLeod 9,17248.34+29.90$71,207.71
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 5,78330.48−15.36$37,599.86
Conservative Floyd Roland 3,48118.35−13.76
Green John Moore5372.83−0.23
Total valid votes/expense limit18,973100.00 $214,028.20
Total rejected ballots1040.55
Turnout19,07764.82
Eligible voters29,432
Liberal gain from New Democratic Swing +22.63
Source: Elections Canada [8] [9]

Western Arctic (1979–2014)

2011 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 7,14045.80+4.36
Conservative Sandy Lee 5,00132.10−5.51
Liberal Joe Handley 2,87218.40+4.82
Green Eli Purchase4473.10−2.39
Animal Alliance Bonnie Dawson870.60
Total valid votes15,577100.0  
Total rejected ballots780.50+0.09
Turnout15,65555.43+7.72
Eligible voters28,244
New Democratic hold Swing +4.94
2008 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 5,66941.44−0.99$39,961
Conservative Brendan Bell 5,14637.62+17.14$84,329
Liberal Gabrielle Mackenzie-Scott1,85813.58−21.7$37,884
Green Sam Gamble7525.49+3.65$9,010
First Peoples National Noeline Villebrun2521.84
Total valid votes13,677100.0  
Total rejected ballots560.41
Turnout13,73347.71
Eligible voters28,787
New Democratic hold Swing −9.06
2006 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 6,80142.67+3.62$40,703
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,64335.40−4.04
Conservative Richard Edjericon3,20020.08+2.92
Green Alexandre Beaudin2961.85−2.47
Total valid votes15,940100.0  
New Democratic gain from Liberal Swing +3.83
2004 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,31739.44−6.15$58,782
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 5,26439.05+12.34$39,504
Conservative Sean Mandeville2,31417.16−10.52$16,863
Green Chris O'Brien5834.32$2,754
Total valid votes13,478100.0  
Total rejected ballots690.51
Turnout13,54747.33
Liberal hold Swing −9.24
Change for the Conservatives is based on the combined totals of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservatives.
2000 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,85545.59+3.96$56,498
New Democratic Dennis Bevington 3,43026.71+7.42$27,323
Alliance Fred Turner2,27317.70+2.99$15,406
Progressive Conservative Bruce McLaughlin 1,6879.98−2.64$8,374
Total valid votes12,840100.0  
Total rejected ballots720.56
Turnout12,91252.24
Liberal hold Swing −1.73
Change for the Canadian Alliance is based on the Reform Party.
1997 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%Expenditures
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 5,56441.63−20.84$56,834
New Democratic Mary Beth Levan2,57919.29+12.98$22,393
Reform Mike Watt1,96614.71+0.62$4,546
Progressive Conservative Bob Dowdall1,68712.62–0.71$16,020
Independent Wally Firth 1,56711.72$8,857
Total valid votes13,363100.0  
Total rejected ballots940.70
Turnout13,45758.37
Liberal hold Swing −16.91
1993 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew 8,86762.47+20.10
Reform Mansell Grey2,00014.09
Progressive Conservative Martin Hanly1,89313.34−15.28
New Democratic Bill Schram8966.31−18.78
Green Chris O'Brien3252.29
Natural Law Lynn Taylor2131.50
Total valid votes14,194100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +3.00
1988 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Ethel Blondin 5,41542.37+16.52
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 3,65728.62−17.50
New Democratic Wayne Cahill3,20725.10−2.93
Independent Cece McCauley3312.59
Independent Ernie Lennie1691.32
Total valid votes12,779100.0  
Liberal gain from Progressive Conservative Swing +17.01
1984 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 5,82246.12+12.31
New Democratic Bertha Allen3,53828.03−5.60
Liberal Lynda Sorenson 3,26425.86−6.71
Total valid votes12,624100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing +8.96
1980 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 3,55633.81−1.35
New Democratic Wally Firth 3,53733.63+4.30
Liberal Gary Boyd3,42532.56–0.59
Total valid votes10,518100.0  
Progressive Conservative hold Swing −2.82
1979 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%
Progressive Conservative Dave Nickerson 4,05835.16
Liberal David Searle 3,82733.15
New Democratic Georges Erasmus 3,38529.33
Independent Edward McRae2732.37
Total valid votes11,543100.0  
Riding created from part of the former riding of Northwest Territories, with New Democrat Wally Firth as the incumbent.

Northwest Territories (1962–1974)

Graph of election results in Northwest Territories (1962-1974, parties that never got 2% of the vote or didn't run consistently are omitted)
1974 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
New Democratic Wally Firth 5,41042.09+2.27
Progressive Conservative Bob Ward4,27133.23+2.36
Liberal Richard Whitford3,17324.68−4.64
Total valid votes12,854100.0  
New Democratic hold Swing –0.04
1972 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
New Democratic Wally Firth 5,59739.82+27.07
Progressive Conservative Bob Ward4,33930.87+7.43
Liberal Dick Hill4,12129.32−34.48
Total valid votes14,057100.0  
New Democratic gain from Liberal Swing +9.82
1968 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Liberal Robert Orange 6,01863.80+7.59
Progressive Conservative R. Van Norman2,21123.44−15.68
New Democratic William Harvey Kent1,20312.75+8.09
Total valid votes9,432100.0  
Liberal hold Swing +11.64
1963 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%±%
Progressive Conservative Eugène Rhéaume 4,81456.82+14.47
Liberal Isabel Hardie 3,65943.18−3.06
Total valid votes8,473100.0  
Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +8.76
1962 Canadian federal election
PartyCandidateVotes%
Liberal Isabel Hardie 3,84246.24
Progressive Conservative Eugène Rhéaume 3,51942.35
UnknownA. Pat Carey94811.41
Total valid votes8,309100.0  
This riding was created from Mackenzie River, with Liberal Merv Hardie as the incumbent.

Federal riding associations

Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties:

PartyAssociation NameCEOHQ Address HQ City
Conservative Western Arctic Conservative AssociationBill Aho5523 44th Street Yellowknife
Green Green Party of Canada — Western ArcticJessica Gamble15 Gitzel Street Yellowknife
Liberal Northwest Territories Federal Liberal AssociationChuck BlythPO BOX 965 Yellowknife
New Democratic Western Arctic Federal NDP Riding AssociationShane PykePO BOX 2185 Yellowknife

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Northwest Territories</span> Territory of Canada

The Northwest Territories is a federal territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2022 is 45,605. Yellowknife is the capital, most populous community, and only city in the territory; its population was 19,569 as of the 2016 census. It became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nunavut (electoral district)</span> Federal electoral district in Nunavut, Canada

Nunavut is a federal electoral district in Nunavut, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1979. Before 1997, it was known as Nunatsiaq, and was one of two electoral districts in Northwest Territories.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">1908 Canadian federal election</span> 11th Canadian federal election

The 1908 Canadian federal election was held on Monday October 26, 1908 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 11th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Liberal Party of Canada was re-elected for a fourth consecutive term in government with a majority government. The Liberals lost four seats and a small share of the popular vote.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River</span> Federal electoral district in Saskatchewan, Canada

Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River is a federal electoral district in Saskatchewan, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1997.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yukon—Mackenzie River</span> Federal electoral district in Yukon, Canada

Yukon—Mackenzie River was a federal electoral district in Canada that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1949 to 1953. It covered the Yukon Territory, and the southwestern part of the Northwest Territories. This riding was created in 1947, and was only used in the 1949 federal election. The Northwest Territories had not been represented in the House of Commons since 1905 following the creation of Alberta and Saskatchewan two years earlier. Yukon had been represented continuously since a byelection in January 1903.

Nancy Uqquujuq Karetak-Lindell is a former Canadian politician. Previously she was a financial comptroller and held councillor positions for the Municipal Hamlet and District Education Authority in Arviat, Nunavut. Karetak-Lindell ran for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal candidate in the 1997 federal election in the riding of Nunavut, becoming the first female MP for the Eastern Arctic. She was re-elected easily in the 2000, 2004 and 2006 elections.

Peter Freuchen K. Ittinuar is a Canadian politician. He was the first Inuk in Canada to be elected as an MP, and represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1979 to 1984.

Thomas Suluk is a Canadian former politician. He represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1984 to 1988 as a member of the Progressive Conservatives.

Jack Iyerak Anawak is a Canadian politician. He represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 1997. He sat in the house as a member of the Liberal Party of Canada. Following his retirement from federal politics, he also served a term in the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut after that territory was created in 1999. He ran as the New Democratic Party's candidate for his old riding, now renamed Nunavut, in the 2015 election, but was defeated by Liberal candidate Hunter Tootoo.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mackenzie Delta (electoral district)</span> Provincial electoral district in Northwest Territories, Canada

Mackenzie Delta is a territorial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The district consists of Aklavik, Fort McPherson and Tsiigehtchic.

Elections NWT is an independent, non-partisan public agency responsible for the administration of territorial general elections, by-elections, and plebiscites in accordance with the Elections and Plebiscites Act. Elections NWT is headed by the Chief Electoral Officer, an officer of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dennis Bevington</span> Canadian politician

Dennis Fraser Bevington is a Canadian politician from the Northwest Territories, and was the member of Parliament for the riding of Northwest Territories from 2006 until 2015. Born in Fort Smith, he served as mayor from 1988 to 1997. During Bevington's term at the head of council, Fort Smith recognized the Chipewyan and Cree languages, making the town officially quadrilingual.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Leona Aglukkaq</span> Canadian politician

Leona Aglukkaq is a Canadian politician. She was a member of the non-partisan Legislative Assembly of Nunavut representing the riding of Nattilik from 2004 until stepping down in 2008; then was a Conservative Member of Parliament representing the riding of Nunavut after winning the seat in the 2008 federal election. She was the first Conservative to win the seat, and only the second centre-right candidate ever to win it. Leona Aglukkaq is the first Inuk woman to serve in cabinet. She remained an MP until she was defeated in the 2015 federal election by Liberal candidate Hunter Tootoo. Aglukkaq unsuccessfully contested the 2019 federal election.

Lena Pedersen or Lena Pederson is a politician and social worker from Nunavut, Canada. In 1959, she moved from Greenland to the Northwest Territories and lived in Coppermine (Kugluktuk), Pangnirtung and Rae (Behchoko) before moving to Cape Dorset where she participated in the artwork sales of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative.

Dave Nickerson is a Canadian politician from Northwest Territories, Canada.

The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was signed on May 25, 1993, in Iqaluit, by representatives of the Tunngavik Federation of Nunavut, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories. This agreement gave the Inuit of the central and eastern Northwest Territories a separate territory called Nunavut. It is the largest Aboriginal land claim settlement in Canadian history.

Michael McLeod is a Canadian politician, currently serving as a member of Parliament representing the Northwest Territories. He was first elected in the 2015 Canadian federal election, unseating Dennis Bevington, who was the incumbent New Democratic Party MP for the riding. McLeod was a former member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada, as well as the former mayor of Fort Providence.

The federal electoral redistribution of 2012 was a redistribution of electoral districts ("ridings") in Canada following the results of the 2011 Canadian census. As a result of amendments to the Constitution Act, 1867, the number of seats in the House of Commons of Canada increased from 308 to 338. The previous electoral redistribution was in 2003.

<i>Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act</i> 1964 act of the Parliament of Canada

The Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, commonly known by its acronym EBRA, is an act of the Parliament of Canada that was passed by the 26th Canadian Parliament in 1964. The Act was introduced as Bill C-72 with the long title An Act to provide for the establishment of electoral boundaries commissions to report on the readjustment of the representation of the provinces in the House of Commons and to provide for the readjustment of such representation in accordance therewith.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lori Idlout</span> Canadian politician

Lori Idlout is a Canadian politician who has served as member of parliament for the riding of Nunavut in the House of Commons of Canada since 2021. She is a member of the New Democratic Party.

References

  1. Statistics Canada: 2022
  2. Statistics Canada: 2022
  3. Bill C-37, An Act to change the names of certain electoral districts and to amend the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act (S.C. 2014, c. 19).
  4. Parliament of Canada. "Northwest Territories (Northwest Territories) 2014-". History of Federal Ridings since 1867. Consulted 2014-08-27.
  5. "Election Night Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved October 28, 2021.
  6. "List of confirmed candidates". Elections Canada. Retrieved October 4, 2019.
  7. "Election Night Results". Elections Canada. Retrieved November 9, 2019.
  8. Elections Canada – Confirmed candidates for Northwest Territories, 30 September 2015
  9. Elections Canada – Final Candidates Election Expenses Limits