|Northwest Territories electoral district|
|Federal electoral district|
|Legislature||House of Commons|
|District webpage||profile, map|
|Pop. density (per km²)||0.04|
|Census division(s)||Region 1, Region 2, Region 3, Region 4, Region 5, Region 6|
|Census subdivision(s)||Yellowknife, Hay River, Inuvik, Fort Smith, Behchokò, Fort Simpson, Tuktoyaktuk, Norman Wells, Fort McPherson, Fort Providence|
|Northwest Territories electoral district|
|Defunct federal electoral district|
|Legislature||House of Commons|
Northwest Territories (French : Territoires du Nord-Ouest) is a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada. The electoral district covers the entire territory.
This riding was created in 1962 from Mackenzie River riding. It was composed of the entire territory of the Northwest Territories. In 1979, the riding was divided into the ridings of Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq (later Nunavut). Following the creation of the territory of Nunavut in 1999, the riding of Western Arctic was made coterminous with the new Northwest Territories.
After 1999, Western Arctic was an anomaly in that, unlike Nunavut and Yukon, it did not share the name of the territory with which it was coterminous. This did not change with subsequent representation orders because the electoral boundaries revision process did not affect the territories and the territorial riding names were specified in law. In 2014, at the behest of Western Arctic MP Dennis Bevington, the riding name was changed to Northwest Territories by Bill C-37, which also changed the names of several other ridings scheduled to come into effect with the representation order for the next election. Unlike those names, the change to Northwest Territories came into effect immediately as it involved amending the Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act itself.
From 1887 to 1905, the only areas of the NWT with representation in Parliament were those areas that became part of present-day provinces (Alberta, Saskatchewan and western Manitoba). From 1905 to 1947, the NWT was not represented in Parliament. From 1947 to 1962, the southwestern NWT was represented only by the electoral district of Yukon—Mackenzie River and then Mackenzie River. In 1962, the electoral district of NWT was created to represent the entire territory, for the first time giving all Canadian territory a representative in Parliament.
This riding's boundaries remained the same following the 2012 redistribution.
Ethnic groups: 49.6% Native Canadian, 38.2% White, 4.1% Filipino, 2.6% Black, 1.9% South Asian
Languages: 76% English, 3.3% Tlicho, 2.8% French, 1.9% Slavey, 1.9% Tagalog, 1% Dene
Religions: 55.2% Christian (21% Catholic, 8.1% Anglican, 2% United Church, 1.9% Pentecostal and other Charismatic 1.5% Baptist), 39.8% No religion, 1.8% Muslim
Average income: $69 400
Following the division into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq, the riding's first MP was Progressive Conservative MP Dave Nickerson, who was first elected in 1979 and re-elected twice. In the 1988 election, Nickerson was defeated by Liberal Ethel Blondin-Andrew who went on to serve as the riding's MP for eighteen years, including two years as Minister of State for Northern Development. In 2006, Blondin-Andrew was defeated by New Democrat Dennis Bevington. The earlier riding of Northwest Territories had been represented by New Democrat Wally Firth from 1972 to 1979.
This riding has elected the following Members of Parliament:
Riding created from Mackenzie River
|26th||1963–1965||Eugène Rhéaume||Progressive Conservative|
|29th||1972–1974||Wally Firth||New Democratic|
|Riding divided into Western Arctic and Nunatsiaq|
|As Western Arctic|
|31st||1979–1980||Dave Nickerson||Progressive Conservative|
|39th||2006–2008||Dennis Bevington||New Democratic|
|41st||2014–2015||Dennis Bevington||New Democratic|
|2021 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Kelvin Kotchilea||4,558||32.34||+10.54|
|Conservative||Lea Anne Mollison||2,031||14.41||-11.39|
|Total valid votes||14,095||98.91||-0.33|
|Total rejected ballots||155||1.09||+0.33|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2019 Canadian federal election|
|Conservative||Yanik D'Aigle||4,279||25.8||+7.45||none listed|
|New Democratic||Mary Beckett||3,619||21.8||-8.68||$5,371.84|
|People's||Luke Quinlan||295||1.8||none listed|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||16,291||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||125|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2015 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||5,783||30.48||−15.36||$37,599.86|
|Total valid votes/expense limit||18,973||100.00||$214,028.20|
|Total rejected ballots||104||0.55||–|
|Liberal gain from New Democratic||Swing||+22.63|
|Source: Elections Canada|
|2011 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||7,140||45.80||+4.36|
|Animal Alliance||Bonnie Dawson||87||0.60||–|
|Total valid votes||15,577||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||78||0.50||+0.09|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||+4.94|
|2008 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||5,669||41.44||−0.99||$39,961|
|First Peoples National||Noeline Villebrun||252||1.84||–||–|
|Total valid votes||13,677||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||56||0.41|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||−9.06|
|2006 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||6,801||42.67||+3.62||$40,703|
|Total valid votes||15,940||100.0|
|New Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing||+3.83|
|2004 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||5,264||39.05||+12.34||$39,504|
|Total valid votes||13,478||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||69||0.51|
|Change for the Conservatives is based on the combined totals of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservatives.|
|2000 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Dennis Bevington||3,430||26.71||+7.42||$27,323|
|Progressive Conservative||Bruce McLaughlin||1,687||9.98||−2.64||$8,374|
|Total valid votes||12,840||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||72||0.56|
|Change for the Canadian Alliance is based on the Reform Party.|
|1997 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Mary Beth Levan||2,579||19.29||+12.98||$22,393|
|Progressive Conservative||Bob Dowdall||1,687||12.62||–0.71||$16,020|
|Total valid votes||13,363||100.0|
|Total rejected ballots||94||0.70|
|1993 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Martin Hanly||1,893||13.34||−15.28|
|New Democratic||Bill Schram||896||6.31||−18.78|
|Natural Law||Lynn Taylor||213||1.50||–|
|Total valid votes||14,194||100.0|
|1988 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Dave Nickerson||3,657||28.62||−17.50|
|New Democratic||Wayne Cahill||3,207||25.10||−2.93|
|Total valid votes||12,779||100.0|
|Liberal gain from Progressive Conservative||Swing||+17.01|
|1984 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Dave Nickerson||5,822||46.12||+12.31|
|New Democratic||Bertha Allen||3,538||28.03||−5.60|
|Total valid votes||12,624||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative hold||Swing||+8.96|
|1980 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Dave Nickerson||3,556||33.81||−1.35|
|New Democratic||Wally Firth||3,537||33.63||+4.30|
|Total valid votes||10,518||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative hold||Swing||−2.82|
|1979 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Dave Nickerson||4,058||35.16|
|New Democratic||Georges Erasmus||3,385||29.33|
|Total valid votes||11,543||100.0|
|Riding created from part of the former riding of Northwest Territories, with New Democrat Wally Firth as the incumbent.|
|1974 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Wally Firth||5,410||42.09||+2.27|
|Progressive Conservative||Bob Ward||4,271||33.23||+2.36|
|Total valid votes||12,854||100.0|
|New Democratic hold||Swing||–0.04|
|1972 Canadian federal election|
|New Democratic||Wally Firth||5,597||39.82||+27.07|
|Progressive Conservative||Bob Ward||4,339||30.87||+7.43|
|Total valid votes||14,057||100.0|
|New Democratic gain from Liberal||Swing||+9.82|
|1968 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||R. Van Norman||2,211||23.44||−15.68|
|New Democratic||William Harvey Kent||1,203||12.75||+8.09|
|Total valid votes||9,432||100.0|
|1963 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Eugène Rhéaume||4,814||56.82||+14.47|
|Total valid votes||8,473||100.0|
|Progressive Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+8.76|
|1962 Canadian federal election|
|Progressive Conservative||Eugène Rhéaume||3,519||42.35|
|Unknown||A. Pat Carey||948||11.41|
|Total valid votes||8,309||100.0|
|This riding was created from Mackenzie River, with Liberal Merv Hardie as the incumbent.|
Riding associations are the local branches of the national political parties:
|Party||Association Name||CEO||HQ Address||HQ City|
|Conservative||Western Arctic Conservative Association||Bill Aho||5523 44th Street||Yellowknife|
|Green||Green Party of Canada — Western Arctic||Jessica Gamble||15 Gitzel Street||Yellowknife|
|Liberal||Northwest Territories Federal Liberal Association||Chuck Blyth||PO BOX 965||Yellowknife|
|New Democratic||Western Arctic Federal NDP Riding Association||Shane Pyke||PO BOX 2185||Yellowknife|
The Northwest Territories is a federal territory of Canada. At a land area of approximately 1,144,000 km2 (442,000 sq mi) and a 2016 census population of 41,790, it is the second-largest and the most populous of the three territories in Northern Canada. Its estimated population as of 2022 is 45,605. Yellowknife is the capital, most populous community, and only city in the territory; its population was 19,569 as of the 2016 census. It became the territorial capital in 1967, following recommendations by the Carrothers Commission.
Nunavut is a federal electoral district in Nunavut, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1979. Before 1997, it was known as Nunatsiaq, and was one of two electoral districts in Northwest Territories.
The 1908 Canadian federal election was held on Monday October 26, 1908 to elect members of the House of Commons of Canada of the 11th Parliament of Canada. Prime Minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier's Liberal Party of Canada was re-elected for a fourth consecutive term in government with a majority government. The Liberals lost four seats and a small share of the popular vote.
Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River is a federal electoral district in Saskatchewan, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 1997.
Yukon—Mackenzie River was a federal electoral district in Canada that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1949 to 1953. It covered the Yukon Territory, and the southwestern part of the Northwest Territories. This riding was created in 1947, and was only used in the 1949 federal election. The Northwest Territories had not been represented in the House of Commons since 1905 following the creation of Alberta and Saskatchewan two years earlier. Yukon had been represented continuously since a byelection in January 1903.
Nancy Uqquujuq Karetak-Lindell is a former Canadian politician. Previously she was a financial comptroller and held councillor positions for the Municipal Hamlet and District Education Authority in Arviat, Nunavut. Karetak-Lindell ran for a seat in the House of Commons of Canada as a Liberal candidate in the 1997 federal election in the riding of Nunavut, becoming the first female MP for the Eastern Arctic. She was re-elected easily in the 2000, 2004 and 2006 elections.
Peter Freuchen K. Ittinuar is a Canadian politician. He was the first Inuk in Canada to be elected as an MP, and represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1979 to 1984.
Thomas Suluk is a Canadian former politician. He represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1984 to 1988 as a member of the Progressive Conservatives.
Jack Iyerak Anawak is a Canadian politician. He represented the electoral district of Nunatsiaq in the House of Commons of Canada from 1988 to 1997. He sat in the house as a member of the Liberal Party of Canada. Following his retirement from federal politics, he also served a term in the Legislative Assembly of Nunavut after that territory was created in 1999. He ran as the New Democratic Party's candidate for his old riding, now renamed Nunavut, in the 2015 election, but was defeated by Liberal candidate Hunter Tootoo.
Mackenzie Delta is a territorial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada. The district consists of Aklavik, Fort McPherson and Tsiigehtchic.
Elections NWT is an independent, non-partisan public agency responsible for the administration of territorial general elections, by-elections, and plebiscites in accordance with the Elections and Plebiscites Act. Elections NWT is headed by the Chief Electoral Officer, an officer of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories.
Dennis Fraser Bevington is a Canadian politician from the Northwest Territories, and was the member of Parliament for the riding of Northwest Territories from 2006 until 2015. Born in Fort Smith, he served as mayor from 1988 to 1997. During Bevington's term at the head of council, Fort Smith recognized the Chipewyan and Cree languages, making the town officially quadrilingual.
Leona Aglukkaq is a Canadian politician. She was a member of the non-partisan Legislative Assembly of Nunavut representing the riding of Nattilik from 2004 until stepping down in 2008; then was a Conservative Member of Parliament representing the riding of Nunavut after winning the seat in the 2008 federal election. She was the first Conservative to win the seat, and only the second centre-right candidate ever to win it. Leona Aglukkaq is the first Inuk woman to serve in cabinet. She remained an MP until she was defeated in the 2015 federal election by Liberal candidate Hunter Tootoo. Aglukkaq unsuccessfully contested the 2019 federal election.
Lena Pedersen or Lena Pederson is a politician and social worker from Nunavut, Canada. In 1959, she moved from Greenland to the Northwest Territories and lived in Coppermine (Kugluktuk), Pangnirtung and Rae (Behchoko) before moving to Cape Dorset where she participated in the artwork sales of the West Baffin Eskimo Co-operative.
Dave Nickerson is a Canadian politician from Northwest Territories, Canada.
The Nunavut Land Claim Agreement was signed on May 25, 1993, in Iqaluit, by representatives of the Tunngavik Federation of Nunavut, the Government of Canada and the Government of the Northwest Territories. This agreement gave the Inuit of the central and eastern Northwest Territories a separate territory called Nunavut. It is the largest Aboriginal land claim settlement in Canadian history.
Michael McLeod is a Canadian politician, currently serving as a member of Parliament representing the Northwest Territories. He was first elected in the 2015 Canadian federal election, unseating Dennis Bevington, who was the incumbent New Democratic Party MP for the riding. McLeod was a former member of the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, Canada, as well as the former mayor of Fort Providence.
The federal electoral redistribution of 2012 was a redistribution of electoral districts ("ridings") in Canada following the results of the 2011 Canadian census. As a result of amendments to the Constitution Act, 1867, the number of seats in the House of Commons of Canada increased from 308 to 338. The previous electoral redistribution was in 2003.
The Electoral Boundaries Readjustment Act, commonly known by its acronym EBRA, is an act of the Parliament of Canada that was passed by the 26th Canadian Parliament in 1964. The Act was introduced as Bill C-72 with the long title An Act to provide for the establishment of electoral boundaries commissions to report on the readjustment of the representation of the provinces in the House of Commons and to provide for the readjustment of such representation in accordance therewith.
Lori Idlout is a Canadian politician who has served as member of parliament for the riding of Nunavut in the House of Commons of Canada since 2021. She is a member of the New Democratic Party.