Place kick

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The place kick is a type of kicking play commonly used in American football, association football (soccer), Canadian football, rugby league, and rugby union.


Younghoe Koo (left) of the Atlanta Falcons attempts a field goal, while Cameron Nizialek (right) serves as the holder. Falcons 369.jpg
Younghoe Koo (left) of the Atlanta Falcons attempts a field goal, while Cameron Nizialek (right) serves as the holder.

Gridiron football

Place kicks are used in American football and Canadian football for kickoffs, extra points, and field goals. The place kick is one of the two most common forms of kick in gridiron-based football codes, along with the punt. The punt, however, cannot score points (except in Canadian football where it counts as a single). The place kick is the most common kick used in most indoor football games, including the former North American Arena Football League (AFL); punting was not legal in AFL play. A specialist player named the placekicker is generally the only member of the team who attempts place kicks, and is generally not used for any other role on the team. In the USA's National Football League teams, placekickers are generally able to successfully kick a field goal from at least 50 yards away, although kicks from 60 yards or beyond are rarely attempted or successful.

Place kicking typically involves placing the ball either directly on the turf, a mound of sand, a hole in the turf, or a plastic tee is sometimes used to keep the ball in position. A player called a holder is required to hold a ball upright during field goal and extra point attempts, as the ball is placed directly on the turf. When weather conditions prevent the ball from standing on its tee by itself, a holder can be used during kickoffs (although this is uncommon). [1]

In most forms of gridiron football, a place kick during timed play that travels through the uprights is a field goal worth three points; on a free play following a touchdown, it is worth one point; most leagues (including the NFL) require the ball to be placed directly on the turf with a holder.

In a few indoor football leagues, a kickoff that travels through the uprights results in an award of one point, although this practice is becoming less common with the collapse of the AFL (formerly the largest indoor gridiron football league in the world).

In the comic strip Peanuts , Lucy frequently holds the football to allow Charlie Brown to place kick but invariably pulls it away at the last second, causing Charlie to fall on his back.

Association football

Place kicks in association football are the corner kick, free kick, goal kick, kick-off and penalty kick.

Rugby league

Johnathan Thurston preparing to take a place kick for Australia at the 2013 Rugby League World Cup. ThurstonRLWC2013.PNG
Johnathan Thurston preparing to take a place kick for Australia at the 2013 Rugby League World Cup.

The place kick is commonly used in rugby league for kick offs [2] and most kicks at goal (penalty goals and conversions). [2]

The lack of a consistently successful place kicker in a team can be detrimental to a team. [2] Anybody on the team can take a penalty or conversion kick although there is often a regular kicker. Sometimes teams will use different players to kick depending on what side of the field the kick is to be taken from.

Place of kick

Kick offs are taken from the centre of the halfway line. [3] A kick at goal from a penalty kick can be taken at any point along an imaginary line parallel to the touchline between the place the offence was marked by the referee and the kicker's goal line. [4] Conversion attempts may be taken at any point along an imaginary line parallel to the touchline from where the try was scored. [4]

Placing the ball

Most kickers use some form of aid to allow them to strike a preferred part of the ball. Popular aids used include kicking tees and mounds of sand on which to place the ball. [2] Players might also use their boot to mould the ground where the ball will be placed, making a divot behind the ball to allow greater access to the kicking foot. [2]

Kickers attempt to position the ball in a way that allows them to kick the ball's "sweet spot". [2] Kicking the sweet spot will result in the ball travelling further and is located about a third of the way up the ball. [2]


The most common kicking style is the round-the-corner kick, which tends to hook the ball to the left for a right footed kicker.

Kickers usually pace out their kick before taking it. [2] This begins with the kicker standing over the ball with their feet in kicking positions. [2] They then measure out a run up. [2] When the ball is kicked, usually with the instep of the foot, the kicker will follow through with their swing. [2]

Rugby union player Quade Cooper preparing to take a place kick for Brisbane City. Brisbane City versus North Harbour Rays NRC Round 8 (5).jpg
Rugby union player Quade Cooper preparing to take a place kick for Brisbane City.

Most of the top kickers can kick a goal from approximately 55m, or just inside their own half.

Rugby union

In rugby union, the most common position for a goal kicker to play is fly-half as that position requires good kicking skills from hand. Slightly less commonly, the fullback will kick (another position which requires kicking from hand). If the goal kicker is neither of those two positions, the remaining three-quarter backs and scrum-half might kick. Goal kicking forwards are extremely rare, but not unknown, the most notable in recent years having been the Australian second row John Eales.

Australian rules football

Melbourne's Vin Coutie preparing to take a standard Australian Rules place kick. Vin Coutie (before 1911).jpg
Melbourne's Vin Coutie preparing to take a standard Australian Rules place kick.

In the early decades of the sport of Australian rules football, place kicks were regularly used for taking set shots for goal after a mark or free kick, and occasionally for the purposes of kicking off after a behind. [5] The use of a place kick in these circumstances was not required by the laws of the game, nor was it used universally, and many players preferred punts or drop kicks.

To execute with the oval ball, a divot would be created with the heel in the direction of the goal; and the ball would be placed at a slight upward angle in the divot with its long axis pointed at the goal. [6]

Place kicking was considered the longest and most accurate type of kick for a skilled practitioner, [7] but more erratic than a punt for a player who was less adept. [8] The laws allowed a player to place the ball for a place kick, take a run up, then regather the ball and play on instead of kicking it, in order to catch defenders offguard. [9]

The use of place kicking declined rapidly from as early as the late 1910s, [10] and was considered a lost art by the late 1920s, [11] partly due to the increased speed of the game and stoppages of the game to execute one. [8] Aside from any of these time issues, another considerable factor in the eventual disappearance of the place kick was that the changes to the football's shape, design, and constituent materials and, especially, according to ex-Melbourne player Les Rainey in the late 1930s, to a very significant reduction in the weight, the thickness of the soles, and robustness of the standard football boot. [12] had made the once-standard place kick, especially over longer distances, a far more difficult kick to execute.

Some rare players continued to use place kicks until as late as the 1950s, [13] [14] but the skill is entirely obsolete in modern football.

See also


  1. National Football League (2020-03-19). "2020 NFL Rulebook". NFL. Retrieved 2020-06-05.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 BBC Sport (2005-09-15). "Kicking skills". BBC. Retrieved 2009-07-27.
  3. RLIF, 2004: 18
  4. 1 2 RLIF, 2004: 14
  5. Football: The Place Kick, The Age, Tuesday, 8 August 1944), p.4
  6. How to Place Kick, The Sporting Globe, (Saturday, 30 April 1932), p.6.
  7. Sharland, W.S., "Why McNamara's Kicking Was Good", The Sporting Globe, (Wednesday, 9 September 1931), p.1.
  8. 1 2 "Dearth of players who use the place kick". Westralian Worker. 21 May 1926. p. 8.
  9. W.V.F., "Place kicking as a Lost Art", The Western Mail, (Thursday, 12 June 1947), p.17.
  10. The "Vanishing Place-Kick": or Was it Ever Popular?, The Williamstown Chronicle, (Friday, 7 August 1942), p.2.
  11. Sharland, W.S., "Is Place Kicking a Lost Art?: Its Value is Underestimated", The Sporting Globe (Wednesday, 20 April 1927), p.8.
  12. Hopman, H., "Talking Sport", The (Melbourne Herald, (Friday, 3 September 1937), p.20.
  13. Ainslie Football Club 1927 — 1987: Four First-Grade Championships, The Canberra Times, (Sunday, 23 August 1987), p.15.
  14. Snapshots from League Grounds, The Argus, (Monday, 18 April 1955), p.4.

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Placekicker Player position in American and Canadian football

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Holder (gridiron football) American football position

In gridiron football, the holder is the player who receives the snap from the long snapper during field goal or extra point attempts made by the placekicker. The holder is set on one knee seven yards behind the line-of-scrimmage. Before the play begins, he places the hand which is closest to the placekicker on the ground in a location designated by the kicker's foot, with his forward hand ready to receive the snap. After receiving the snap, the holder will place the football on the turf, or block, ideally with the laces facing the uprights and the ball accurately placed where the backhand was initially, then balancing the ball with one or two fingers until the ball is kicked.

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Field goal Means of scoring in gridiron football

A field goal (FG) is a means of scoring in gridiron football. To score a field goal, the team in possession of the ball must place kick, or drop kick, the ball through the goal, i.e., between the uprights and over the crossbar. American football requires that a field goal must only come during a play from scrimmage while Canadian football retains open field kicks and thus field goals may be scored at any time from anywhere on the field and by any player. The vast majority of field goals, in both codes, are place kicked. Drop kicked field goals were common in the early days of gridiron football but are almost never done in modern times. In most leagues, a successful field goal awards three points.

A kickoff specialist is a seldom-used position in gridiron football. Kickoff specialists are members of the special teams. They are responsible for kicking the ball in the kickoff. These players tend to have a strong leg, often capable of making touchbacks, and capable of keeping a ball in the bounds of the field of play but do not have the accuracy or technique required to be a full-time placekicker or punter. Some kickoff specialists later become full-time placekickers, while some are marginal placekickers who are soon out of football.

In gridiron football, roughing the kicker is an action in which a defender, having missed an attempt to block a kick, tackles the kicker or otherwise runs into the kicker in a way that might injure the kicker. This protection is also extended to the holder of a place kick. It is a separate penalty from "running into the kicker."

Field goal range is the part of the field in American football where there is a good chance that a field goal attempt will be successful.

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In gridiron football, a punt is a kick performed by dropping the ball from the hands and then kicking the ball before it hits the ground. The most common use of this tactic is to punt the ball downfield to the opposing team, usually on the final down, with the hope of giving the receiving team a field position that is more advantageous to the kicking team when possession changes. The result of a typical punt, barring any penalties or extraordinary circumstances, is a first down for the receiving team. A punt is not to be confused with a drop kick, a kick after the ball hits the ground, now rare in both American and Canadian football.

A Kicking specialist or kick specialist and sometimes referred to a "kicker", especially when referring to a placekicker, is a player on gridiron football special teams who performs punts, kickoffs, field goals and/or point after touchdowns. The special teams counterpart of a kicking specialist is a return specialist.

Conversion (gridiron football) Football scoring play

The conversion, try, or convert occurs immediately after a touchdown during which the scoring team is allowed to attempt to score one extra point by kicking the ball through the uprights in the manner of a field goal, or two points by bringing the ball into the end zone in the manner of a touchdown.