Rumworth

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Rumworth is an electoral ward of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 16,250. [1] Historically it was part of the hundred of Salford in Lancashire and centre of the Parish of Deane which once covered roughly half of the present Metropolitan Borough of Bolton. St Mary's Church on which the parish was centred was in the township of Rumworth. [2]

Greater Manchester County of England

Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2.8 million. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a functional city region on 1 April 2011.

Historic counties of England Geographical designations for areas of England, based on historical traditions

The historic counties of England are areas that were established for administration by the Normans, in many cases based on earlier kingdoms and shires created by the Anglo-Saxons and others. They are alternatively known as ancient counties, traditional counties, former counties or simply as counties. In the centuries that followed their establishment, as well as their administrative function, the counties also helped define local culture and identity. This role continued even after the counties ceased to be used for administration after the creation of administrative counties in 1889, which were themselves amended by further local government reforms in the years following.

Lancashire County of England

Lancashire is a ceremonial county in North West England. The administrative centre is Preston. The county has a population of 1,449,300 and an area of 1,189 square miles (3,080 km2). People from Lancashire are known as Lancastrians.

Contents

History

Rumworth was recorded as Rumhworth in 1242, Rumworth in 1278, Rumwrth in 1292 and Romeworthe in 1346. [3]

Rumworth was joined with Lostock as the third part of a knight's fee in 1212, held of the lords of Manchester. Later the Andertons of Lostock claimed a manor in Rumworth where there were fourteen oxgangs of land. The manor was bought by the Hultons of Over Hulton and it descended in this family. Sir Charles Tempest, the heir of the Andertons, had a large estate in the township. Contributors to the land tax in 1789 were Henry Blundell, who paid the largest share, Blackburne, and William Hulton. [3]

Lostock, Bolton human settlement in United Kingdom

Lostock is a mostly residential district of Bolton in Greater Manchester, England. It lies 3.5 miles (5.6 km) west of Bolton town centre and 18.1 miles (29.1 km) northwest of Manchester. Historically part of Lancashire, Lostock is bounded by Deane to the southeast, Markland Hill to the northeast and the Middlebrook development, including Bolton Wanderers' football ground, the University of Bolton Stadium in nearby Horwich. Lostock, alongside Heaton and Edgworth, is known for being one of the most expensive places to live in Bolton.

Oxgang old land measurement

An oxgang or bovate is an old land measurement formerly used in Scotland and England as early as the 16th century sometimes referred to as an oxgait. It averaged around 20 English acres, but was based on land fertility and cultivation, and so could be as low as 15.

Over Hulton village in United Kingdom

Over Hulton is a suburb of Westhoughton within the Metropolitan Borough of Bolton, in Greater Manchester, England. Historically part of Lancashire, it lies 3.5 miles (5.6 km) south west of Bolton.

The population in the area increased in the 19th century as a result of the coal mines and erection of a cotton-mill and of weaving sheds. [4]

Governance

Rumworth township was the centre of the ancient parish of Deane, it was the township in which the parish church was situated. [3] It was included in Bolton Poor Law Union in 1837, [5] and became part of Bolton Rural Sanitary Authority in 1870. In 1872, Rumworth was divided into two parts; the eastern portion was added to the Borough of Bolton (Rumworth Ward), and the western part remained in Bolton Rural Sanitary Authority. In 1894, the western portion became a civil parish in Bolton Rural District, and its name was changed to 'Deane'. In 1898, the Rural District Council was abolished, and Deane became part of Bolton County Borough Deane-cum-Lostock Ward. [6]

Parish church church which acts as the religious centre of a parish

A parish church in Christianity is the church which acts as the religious centre of a parish. In many parts of the world, especially in rural areas, the parish church may play a significant role in community activities, often allowing its premises to be used for non-religious community events. The church building reflects this status, and there is considerable variety in the size and style of parish churches. Many villages in Europe have churches that date back to the Middle Ages, but all periods of architecture are represented.

Geography

Rumworth measured about 2½ miles from east to west and average breadth was a little over a mile, its area was 1,244 acres (5.03 km2). The Church Brook flows down Deane Clough to join the River Croal which forms the northern boundary. To the west of the township is the Rumworth Lodge Reservoir. The Bolton to Wigan road passes Deane Church and to the east the Bolton to Leigh passes through Daubhill.

River Croal river in the United Kingdom

The River Croal is a river located in Greater Manchester, England. It is a tributary of the River Irwell.

Rumworth Lodge Reservoir lake in the United Kingdom

Rumworth Lodge Reservoir is a large shallow reservoir in Bolton, Greater Manchester, England.

Wigan Town in Greater Manchester, England

Wigan is a large town in Greater Manchester, England, on the River Douglas, 10 miles (16 km) south-west of Bolton, 12 miles (19 km) north of Warrington and 17 miles (27.4 km) west-northwest of Manchester. Wigan is the largest settlement in the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan and is its administrative centre. The town has a population of 103,608, whilst the wider borough has a population of 318,100.

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St Mary the Virgins Church, Deane Church in Bolton, England

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References

Notes

  1. "Bolton Ward population 2015" . Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  2. Rumworth Township Map, genuki.org, retrieved 2010-01-16
  3. 1 2 3 Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Rumworth", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5, British History Online, p. 6, retrieved 2010-01-09
  4. Rumworth, Genuki, retrieved 2010-01-09
  5. BoltonPLU, workhouses.org.uk, archived from the original on 2011-06-05, retrieved 2009-11-28
  6. Rumworth, Nationalarchives, retrieved 2010-01-09

Coordinates: 53°34′05″N2°28′59″W / 53.568°N 2.483°W / 53.568; -2.483