Socialist Party of Texas

Last updated
Socialist Party of Texas
Senate leaderNone
House leaderNone
Founded1973
HeadquartersWest Warren St. Pharr, TX
Ideology Democratic socialism
National affiliation Socialist Party USA
Colors Red

The Socialist Party of Texas (SPTX) is a democratic socialist political party in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA. It was founded in 1906 as an affiliate of the Socialist Party of America.

Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership or regulation of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and democratic management of economic institutions within a market or some form of decentralized planned socialist economy.

U.S. state constituent political entity sharing sovereignty as the United States of America

In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.

In 1912, the SPTX effectively tied the Republican and Progressive Parties in votes. In 1914 and 1916, the Socialist Party surpassed the Republican Party in the state. [1]

The Socialist Party of America voted 73-34 to change its name to Social Democrats, USA in December 1972. [2] SPUSA was founded in 1973, after which the SPTX was founded.

Social Democrats, USA

Social Democrats, USA (SDUSA) is an American association of social democrats founded in 1972. The Socialist Party of America (SPA) had stopped running independent candidates for President and consequently the word Party in the SPA's name had confused the public. Replacing Socialist with Social Democrats, SDUSA clarified its vision to Americans who confused social democracy with Soviet Communism which SDUSA opposed.

The party has local chapters in the Rio Grande Valley and the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.

Rio Grande Valley location in south Texas

The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of South Texas. It lies along the northern bank of the Rio Grande, which separates Mexico from the United States. The four-county region consists of Hidalgo, Cameron, Willacy, and Starr counties. It is one of the fastest growing regions in the United States, with its population having jumped from about 325,000 people in 1969 to more than 1,300,000 people by 2014. Some of the biggest cities in the region are: Brownsville, Harlingen, Weslaco, Pharr, McAllen, Edinburg, Mission, San Juan, and Rio Grande City.

Notable members

Alejandro Mendoza American former Marine, owner of a lawn care business and democratic socialist politician

Alejandro "Alex" Mendoza is an American former Marine, owner of a lawn care business and democratic socialist politician from Dallas, Texas, who was the vice presidential nominee of Socialist Party USA in the 2012 elections. Mendoza, of Texas, ran with Stewart Alexander of California for president. Mendoza is currently serving as the State Chair for the Socialist Party of Texas.

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References

  1. Alwyn Barr, "SOCIALIST PARTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/was01), accessed January 15, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
  2. Anonymous (31 December 1972). "Socialist Party now the Social Democrats, U.S.A." New York Times. p. 36. Retrieved February 8, 2010.