|Headquarters||West Warren St. Pharr, TX|
|National affiliation||Socialist Party USA|
The Socialist Party of Texas (SPTX) is a democratic socialist political party in the U.S. state of Texas. It is the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA. It was founded in 1906 as an affiliate of the Socialist Party of America.
Democratic socialism is a political philosophy that advocates political democracy alongside social ownership or regulation of the means of production with an emphasis on self-management and democratic management of economic institutions within a market or some form of decentralized planned socialist economy.
In the United States, a state is a constituent political entity, of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a political union, each state holds governmental jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory and shares its sovereignty with the federal government. Due to this shared sovereignty, Americans are citizens both of the federal republic and of the state in which they reside. State citizenship and residency are flexible, and no government approval is required to move between states, except for persons restricted by certain types of court orders. Four states use the term commonwealth rather than state in their full official names.
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, while the Gulf of Mexico is to the southeast.
In 1912, the SPTX effectively tied the Republican and Progressive Parties in votes. In 1914 and 1916, the Socialist Party surpassed the Republican Party in the state.
The Socialist Party of America voted 73-34 to change its name to Social Democrats, USA in December 1972.SPUSA was founded in 1973, after which the SPTX was founded.
Social Democrats, USA (SDUSA) is an American association of social democrats founded in 1972. The Socialist Party of America (SPA) had stopped running independent candidates for President and consequently the word Party in the SPA's name had confused the public. Replacing Socialist with Social Democrats, SDUSA clarified its vision to Americans who confused social democracy with Soviet Communism which SDUSA opposed.
The party has local chapters in the Rio Grande Valley and the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex.
The Rio Grande Valley is an area located in the southernmost tip of South Texas. It lies along the northern bank of the Rio Grande, which separates Mexico from the United States. The four-county region consists of Hidalgo, Cameron, Willacy, and Starr counties. It is one of the fastest growing regions in the United States, with its population having jumped from about 325,000 people in 1969 to more than 1,300,000 people by 2014. Some of the biggest cities in the region are: Brownsville, Harlingen, Weslaco, Pharr, McAllen, Edinburg, Mission, San Juan, and Rio Grande City.
Alejandro "Alex" Mendoza is an American former Marine, owner of a lawn care business and democratic socialist politician from Dallas, Texas, who was the vice presidential nominee of Socialist Party USA in the 2012 elections. Mendoza, of Texas, ran with Stewart Alexander of California for president. Mendoza is currently serving as the State Chair for the Socialist Party of Texas.
Tarrant County is a county in the U.S. state of Texas. As of 2010, it had a population of 2,054,475. It is Texas' third-most populous county and the 16th-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is Fort Worth.
The Socialist Party USA, officially the Socialist Party of the United States of America (SPUSA), is a multi-tendency democratic socialist party in the United States. The SPUSA was founded in 1973 as a successor to the Socialist Party of America, which had been renamed Social Democrats, USA a year before.
David Ernest McReynolds was an American politician and social activist who was a prominent democratic socialist and pacifist activist. He described himself as "a peace movement bureaucrat" during his 40-year career with the War Resisters League. He was a resident of New York City. McReynolds was twice a candidate for President of the United States, running atop the ticket of the Socialist Party USA in 1980 and 2000.
For approximately 99 years, from after Reconstruction until the 1990s, the Democratic Party dominated Texas politics.
The Young People's Socialist League (YPSL), founded in 1989, is the official youth arm of the Socialist Party USA. The group comprises party members under the age of 30.
The Socialist Party of Florida (SPFL) is the Florida state chapter of the Socialist Party USA, a democratic socialist party. It has been inactive since 2011 and is no longer a registered political party.
The Democratic Socialist Federation was founded by members of the Social Democratic Federation who had opposed the latter's 1956 reunification with the Socialist Party of America in 1956.
The Raza Unida Party, officially Partido Nacional de La Raza Unida is a Chicano (Mexican-American) nationalist organization. It was created in the early 1970s and became prominent throughout Texas and Southern California. It was started to combat growing inequality and dissatisfaction with the Democratic Party that was typically supported by Mexican-American voters. After its establishment in Texas, the party launched electoral campaigns in Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and California, though it only secured official party status for statewide races in Texas. It did poorly in the 1978 Texas elections and leaders and members dropped away.
Stewart Alexis Alexander is an American democratic socialist politician, presidential nominee for the Socialist Party USA in the 2012 election, and former SPUSA nominee for Vice President of the United States in the 2008 election.
The Socialist Party of Wisconsin (SPWI) is the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. The Socialist Party had two locals; the Milwaukee County Local and the South Central Wisconsin Local.
The Socialist Party of New York is the name of two distinct, but historically related state affiliates of the American socialist movement located in New York state. Emerging from a July 1899 split in the Socialist Labor Party of America, the organization existed first as the Social Democratic Party of New York, retaining that name even after the founding of the Socialist Party of America (SPA) in the summer of 1901. A presence was maintained in the state as the Socialist Party of New York for the next seven decades.
The Socialist Party of Kansas (SPK) is the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA in the U.S. state of Kansas.
The Socialist Party of Connecticut (SPCT) is a socialist political party in the U.S. state of Connecticut. Founded as an affiliate of the Socialist Party of America, the party split with the SPA in 1936 and joined the Social Democratic Federation. In 1957, the Social Democratic Federation reunified with the Socialist Party of America. In 1973, the SPA voted to reform and rename itself Social Democrats, USA, which sought to reform the Democratic Party. The current Socialist Party of Connecticut is the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA.
The Socialist Party of California (SPCA) is a socialist political party in the U.S. state of California. Founded in the early 1900s, it has been the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA since being re-chartered in 2011.
The Socialist Party of Ohio (SPOH) is a socialist political party in the U.S. state of Ohio. Founded in 1901, the SPO was an affiliate of the Socialist Party of America. Since the 1972 renaming of the SPA to Social Democrats, USA, it has been the state chapter of the Socialist Party USA (SPUSA).
William Madison McDonald, nicknamed "Gooseneck Bill", was an African-American politician, businessman, and banker of great influence in Texas during the late nineteenth century. Part of the Black and Tan faction, by 1892 he was elected to the Republican Party of Texas's state executive committee, as temporary chairman in 1896, and as permanent state chairman in 1898.
The 2012 United States House of Representatives elections in Texas were held on Tuesday, November 6, 2012 to elect the 36 U.S. Representatives from the state of Texas—an increase of four seats in reapportionment following the 2010 United States Census. The elections coincided with the elections of other federal and state offices, including a quadrennial presidential election and an election for the U.S. Senate. The primary election had been scheduled to be held on March 6, 2012, with a runoff election on May 22; because of problems arising from redistricting, the primary was postponed to May 29, and the run-off to July 31.
Craig Alan Goldman is a real estate businessman from his native Fort Worth, Texas, who is a Republican member of the Texas House of Representatives from District 97 in Tarrant County.
The Socialist Party of Pennsylvania was a socialist political party in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. It was founded in 1901 in Reading, Pennsylvania and received a state charter from the Socialist Party of America the following year. Reading was one of three cities which found considerable electoral success. Readings Socialists elected multiple state legislators, city councilors as well as mayor J. Henry Stump. The Socialist Party of America nominated former Pennsylvania Representative and SPA member Darlington Hoopes for President in 1952 and 1956. In 1965, the Reading chapter of the party was down to approximately 25 members. The national party was renamed Social Democrats, USA in 1972.