Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy

Last updated
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy logo.svg
Type of site
Online encyclopedia of philosophy
OwnerThe Metaphysics Research Lab, Center for the Study of Language and Information, Stanford University
Created by Edward N. Zalta
URL OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
Launched1995;29 years ago (1995)
ISSN 1095-5054
OCLC  number 643092515

The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (SEP) is a freely available online philosophy resource published and maintained by Stanford University, encompassing both an online encyclopedia of philosophy and peer-reviewed original publication. [1] [2] Each entry is written and maintained by an expert in the field, including professors from many academic institutions worldwide. [3] Authors contributing to the encyclopedia give Stanford University the permission to publish the articles, but retain the copyright to those articles. [4]


Approach and history

As of August 5, 2022, the SEP has 1,774 published entries. Apart from its online status, the encyclopedia uses the traditional academic approach of most encyclopedias and academic journals to achieve quality by means of specialist authors selected by an editor or an editorial committee that is competent (although not necessarily considered specialists) in the field covered by the encyclopedia and peer review. [5]

The encyclopedia was created in 1995 by Edward N. Zalta, [2] with the explicit aim of providing a dynamic encyclopedia that is updated regularly, and so does not become dated in the manner of conventional print encyclopedias. [1] [6] The charter for the encyclopedia allows for rival articles on a single topic to reflect reasoned disagreements among scholars. Initially, the SEP was developed with U.S. public funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities and the National Science Foundation. A long-term fundraising plan to preserve open access to the encyclopedia is supported by many university libraries and library consortia. These institutions contribute under a plan devised by the SEP in collaboration with the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition, the International Coalition of Library Consortia, and the Southeastern Library Network, with matching funding from the National Endowment for the Humanities. [3]

See also

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  1. 1 2 Sonnad, Nikhil (21 September 2015). "This free online encyclopedia has achieved what Wikipedia can only dream of". Quartz . Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  2. 1 2 Zalta, Edward (2006-09-01). "The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: A university/library partnership in support of scholarly communication and open access". College & Research Libraries News. 67 (8): 502–504. doi: 10.5860/crln.67.8.7670 . ISSN   2150-6698.
  3. 1 2 Allen, Colin; Jagodzinski, Cecile (2013-11-04). "From SEP to SEPIA: How and Why Indiana University is Helping the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Against the Grain. 18 (4). doi: 10.7771/2380-176x.4919 . ISSN   2380-176X.
  4. "Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy Copyright Information" . Retrieved December 1, 2015.
  5. Tananbaum, Greg (2006). "I Hear the Train A Comin' -- Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy". Against the Grain. 18 (1). doi: 10.7771/2380-176x.4863 . ISSN   2380-176X.
  6. Allen, Colin; Nodelman, Uri; Zalta, Edward N. (2002). "The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: A Developed Dynamic Reference Work". Metaphilosophy. 33 (1&2): 210–228. doi:10.1111/1467-9973.00225. ISSN   0026-1068.