Susa, Piedmont

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Susa
Città di Susa
Susa 001.jpg
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Coat of arms
Location of Susa
Italy provincial location map 2016.svg
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Susa
Location of Susa in Italy
Italy Piemonte location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Susa
Susa (Piedmont)
Coordinates: 45°08′N07°03′E / 45.133°N 7.050°E / 45.133; 7.050 Coordinates: 45°08′N07°03′E / 45.133°N 7.050°E / 45.133; 7.050
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Metropolitan city Turin (TO)
Frazioni Braide, Coldimosso, Cordera, Crotte, Foresto, Garelli, Polveriera, Pradonio, San Giacomo, San Giuliano, Traduerivi
Government
  MayorSandro Plano
Area
[1]
  Total10.99 km2 (4.24 sq mi)
Elevation
503 m (1,650 ft)
Population
 (1-1-2018) [2]
  Total6,340
  Density580/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Segusini
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
10059
Dialing code 0122
Patron saint St. Mary of the Snow
Saint dayAugust 5
Website Official website

Susa (Latin : Segusio, French : Suse, Arpitan : Suisa) is a town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Turin, Piedmont, Italy. In the middle of Susa Valley, it is situated on at the confluence of the Cenischia with the Dora Riparia, a tributary of the Po River, at the foot of the Cottian Alps, 51 km (32 mi) west of Turin.

French language Romance language

French is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the spoken Latin in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul. Its closest relatives are the other langues d'oïl—languages historically spoken in northern France and in southern Belgium, which French (Francien) has largely supplanted. French was also influenced by native Celtic languages of Northern Roman Gaul like Gallia Belgica and by the (Germanic) Frankish language of the post-Roman Frankish invaders. Today, owing to France's past overseas expansion, there are numerous French-based creole languages, most notably Haitian Creole. A French-speaking person or nation may be referred to as Francophone in both English and French.

<i>Comune</i> third-level administrative divisions of the Italian Republic

The comune is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

Metropolitan City of Turin Metropolitan City in Piedmont, Italy

The Metropolitan City of Turin is a metropolitan city in the Piedmont region, Italy. Its capital is the city of Turin. It replaced the Province of Turin and comprises the city of Turin and 315 other municipalities (comuni). It was first created by the reform of local authorities and then established by the Law 56/2014. It has been officially operative since 1 January 2015.

Contents

History

Susa (Latin : Segusio) was founded by the Gauls. In the late 1st century BC it became voluntarily part of the Roman Empire. Remains of the Roman city have been found in the excavations of the central square, the Piazza Savoia. Susa was the capital of the province of Alpes Cottiae . According to the medieval historian Rodulfus Glaber, Susa was "the oldest of Alpine towns".

Gauls Group of Celtic peoples of Western Europe

The Gauls were a group of Celtic peoples of Western Europe in the Iron Age and the Roman period. The area they inhabited was known as Gaul. Their Gaulish language forms the main branch of the Continental Celtic languages.

Ancient Rome History of Rome from the 8th-century BC to the 5th-century

In Historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the Italian city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire. The civilization began as an Italic settlement in the Italian Peninsula, conventionally founded in 753 BC, that grew into the city of Rome and which subsequently gave its name to the empire over which it ruled and to the widespread civilisation the empire developed. The Roman Empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants ) and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.

Alpes Cottiae

Alpes Cottiae was a province of the Roman Empire, one of three small provinces straddling the Alps between modern France and Italy. Its name survives in the modern Cottian Alps. In antiquity, the province's most important duty was the safeguarding of communications over the Alpine passes.

In the Middle and Modern ages Susa remained important as a hub of roads connecting southern France to Italy. Taking part of the county or march of Turin (sometimes "march of Susa"). Henry of Segusio, usually called Hostiensis, (c. 1200 – 1271) an Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, was born in the city. During the Napoleonic era a new road, the Via Napoleonica, was built. The city's role as a communications hub has been confirmed recently by a nationwide dispute over the construction of the proposed Turin-Lyon high-speed rail link (TAV) to France.[ citation needed ]

The March or Marquisate of Turin was a territory of medieval Italy from the mid-10th century, when it was established as the Arduinic March. It comprised several counties in Piedmont, including the counties of Turin, Auriate, Albenga and, probably, Ventimiglia. The confines of the march thus stretched across the Po Valley from the Western Alps in the north, to the Ligurian Sea.

Henry of Segusio, usually called Hostiensis, was an Italian canonist of the thirteenth century, born at Susa (Segusio), in the ancient Diocese of Turin. He died at Lyon.

Lyon Turin Ferroviaire (LTF), subsidiary of Réseau Ferré de France (RFF) and Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI), was the early developer of the joint French-Italian part of the future rail link between Lyon and Turin. It has now been replaced in that role by Tunnel Euralpin Lyon Turin (TELT), with the same staff and leadership.

Main sights

Susa Cathedral Church in TO, Italy

Susa Cathedral is a Catholic cathedral in Susa, Piedmont, in northern Italy. It is the seat of the Bishop of Susa and is dedicated to Saint Justus of Novalesa.

Italian language Romance language

Italian is a Romance language of the Indo-European language family. Italian descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire and, together with Sardinian, is by most measures the closest language to it of the Romance languages. Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino and Vatican City. It has an official minority status in western Istria. It formerly had official status in Albania, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro (Kotor) and Greece, and is generally understood in Corsica and Savoie. It also used to be an official language in the former Italian East Africa and Italian North Africa, where it still plays a significant role in various sectors. Italian is also spoken by large expatriate communities in the Americas and Australia. Italian is included under the languages covered by the European Charter for Regional or Minority languages in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Romania, although Italian is neither a co-official nor a protected language in these countries. Many speakers of Italian are native bilinguals of both Italian and other regional languages.

Arch of Augustus (Susa)

The Arch of Augustus is an important monument constructed in the city of Susa, Piedmont, in the province of Turin. It was originally built at the end of the 1st century BC to record the renewed alliance between Emperor Augustus and Marcus Julius Cottius, a Celto-Ligurian ruler who had been made king and Roman prefect of the Cottian Alps. The arch, together with other remains from the period, such as the Roman amphitheatre, underscore the importance that the city of Susa had during the Roman period.

Twin cities

Barnstaple town in Devon, England

Barnstaple is the main town of North Devon, England and possibly the oldest borough in the United Kingdom. It is a former river port, located at the lowest crossing point of the River Taw, flowing into the Bristol Channel.

Briançon Subprefecture and commune in Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur, France

Briançon is a commune in the Hautes-Alpes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France. It is a sub-prefecture of the department.

Paola, Calabria Comune in Calabria, Italy

Paola is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy.

See also

Treno Alta Velocità

Treno Alta Velocità SpA is special-purpose entity owned by RFI for the planning and construction of a high-speed rail network in Italy.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Susa diocese of the Catholic Church

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Susa, in Piedmont (Italy), was established in 1772. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Turin. The diocese and the city of Susa lie on the main route that leads to Italy from the Mont Cenis Pass and the Col de Montgenèvre.

Sources



  1. "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.

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