Perth, Western Australia
Swanbourne Nedlands Surf Life Saving Club building
|Population||4,059 (2016 census)|
|• Density||1,128/km2 (2,920/sq mi)|
|Area||3.6 km2 (1.4 sq mi)|
|Location||11 km (7 mi) W of the Perth CBD|
|LGA(s)||City of Nedlands|
Swanbourne is a western coastal suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the City of Nedlands. It is an affluent, upper middle class residential area with older Federation style homes, many being renovated. The suburb was established in the late 19th century. New housing estates have been built recently[ when? ] through the redevelopment of areas such as the Swanbourne Senior High School, Swanbourne Primary School and Lakeway Drive-In Cinema sites.
Swanbourne was initially called "Osborne",and was renamed in 1921. The renaming was done in order for the suburb to not be confused with Osborne Park, another suburb in Perth, and after an individual died following an ambulance being sent to the wrong location.
Swanbourne was named for Swanbourne House, in Swanbourne, Buckinghamshire, the family seat of Sir Thomas Fremantle (later Baron Cottesloe), a prominent Conservative politician, and his brother, Sir Charles Fremantle, for whom the city of Fremantle was named.
Swanbourne is bounded by the Swanbourne Rifle Range and Cottesloe Golf Club to the north, Lake Claremont and Stirling Road to the east, the Fremantle railway line and North Street to the south, and the Indian Ocean to the west.
At the 2016 Australian census, Swanbourne had a population of 4,059 people. 69.6% of people were born in Australia. The next most common countries of birth was England at 7.5%. 87.0% of people spoke only English at home. The most common responses for religion were "no religion" 37.4%, Anglican 20.9% and Catholic 19.1%.
There were 1,320 occupied private dwellings in Swanbourne. 78.7% of these were separate houses and 13.0% were semi-detached. Swanbourne is a high income suburb with a median family income of $3,564, compared to $1,910 for Western Australia and $1,734 for Australia. 8.8% of employed residents worked in defence.
Swanbourne has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa), similar to the rest of the Perth metropolitan region. In contrast to Perth, it is slightly more humid and cooler in the summer, due to the sea breezes, which can be quite strong in the afternoon, with an average 3 pm wind speed of 27.7 km/h (17.2 mph).
|Climate data for Swanbourne|
|Record high °C (°F)||44.3|
|Mean maximum °C (°F)||39.5|
|Average high °C (°F)||29.7|
|Average low °C (°F)||18.2|
|Mean minimum °C (°F)||12.8|
|Record low °C (°F)||9.9|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||19.5|
|Average precipitation days||2.7||2.1||3.9||7.4||11.8||16.6||18.3||17.3||15.1||8.9||5.3||3.5||112.9|
|Average afternoon relative humidity (%) (at 15:00)||55||54||52||57||59||62||63||63||62||59||58||54||58|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology |
Temperatures and rain data: 1993–2020; Relative humidity: 1993–2010
Swanbourne includes the 18-hole Cottesloe Golf Club and Swanbourne Beach. Swanbourne is also well known for having one of the only two official nudist beaches (free beaches) in the Perth metropolitan region.The beach, situated on army land and thus not subject to local council authority, is immediately north of the officially named Swanbourne Beach. Allen Park contains a number of sporting facilities, including tennis courts, a football/cricket pitch and a rugby pitch. Also at Allen Park is the relocated Tom Collins House. Tom Collins was a noted Australian author. A veterinary practice in Devon road was originally started by Thomas William Hogarth.
Scotch College, a major independent school for boys, is the suburb's largest employer after the Army.
The Australian Special Air Service Regiment is based at Campbell Barracks within the suburb, which occupies the coastline north of Cottesloe and south of City Beach.
Swanbourne is served by Swanbourne railway station and by various bus routes that pass through Swanbourne. All services are operated by the Public Transport Authority.
Swanbourne is part of the federal division of Curtin. The federal seat is held by the centre-right Liberal Party. It is regarded as a safe seat and has been continually retained by the Liberal Party, with the exception of former Liberal member Allan Rocher as an Independent politician between 1996 and 1998. For the parliament of Western Australia, the state electoral district of Cottesloe is also held by the Liberal Party.
Karrinyup is a suburb of Perth, the capital city of Western Australia, and is located 12 km north of Perth's central business district. Its local government area is the City of Stirling.
Claremont is a western suburb of Perth, Western Australia on the north bank of the Swan River.
Cottesloe is a western suburb of Perth, Western Australia, within the Town of Cottesloe. Cottesloe was named for Thomas Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe, a prominent Tory politician and the brother of Admiral Sir Charles Fremantle for whom the city of Fremantle was named. The nearby suburb of Swanbourne was named for the Fremantle family seat, Swanbourne House, in Swanbourne, Buckinghamshire.
Peppermint Grove is an affluent western suburb of Perth, Western Australia on the north bank of the Swan River at Freshwater Bay. Its local government area, the smallest in the country, is the Shire of Peppermint Grove. The suburb was named after its trademark Swan River peppermint trees lining many streets. The suburb has long been associated with Western Australia's wealthiest and oldest families. Their prosperity is reflected in the many historical houses in the area, such as The Cliffe and the Federation Queen Anne style St Just. Colin Barnett, a former Premier of Western Australia, dubbed the suburb "Monaco of WA" due to its small size and concentration of wealth.
The Fremantle railway line is a suburban railway line in Western Australia that connects the state capital of Perth with the port city of Fremantle.
The Division of Curtin is an Australian electoral division in Western Australia.
The Division of Fremantle is an electoral division of the Australian House of Representatives in Western Australia.
Swanbourne railway station is a railway station on the Transperth network. It is located on the Fremantle line, 10.4 kilometres from Perth station serving the suburbs of Swanbourne, Claremont and Cottesloe.
Thomas Francis Fremantle, 1st Baron Cottesloe,, known as Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt, between 1821 and 1874, was a British Tory politician.
Willetton is a large southern suburb of Perth, Western Australia. Its local government area is the City of Canning.
Mount Claremont, known previously as Graylands, is a suburb of Perth, Western Australia, located within the Town of Cambridge and the City of Nedlands.
West Coast Highway is an arterial coastal highway located in the western and inner northern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia. It is part of State Route 71, and also Tourist Drive 204 in various coastal parts.
Cottesloe is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. Cottesloe is named for the western Perth suburb of Cottesloe which falls within its borders. Its previous member, Colin Barnett, was the 29th Premier of Western Australia. The current member, David Honey, was elected in a by-election after Barnett resigned in 2018.
The Electoral district of Nedlands is a Legislative Assembly electorate in the state of Western Australia. Nedlands is named for the inner western Perth suburb of Nedlands which falls within its borders.
The Town of Cottesloe is a local government area and a suburb of Perth, the capital of Western Australia. Cottesloe is located 11 kilometres (7 mi) west of Perth's central business district, covers an area of 3.9 square kilometres (1.5 sq mi), maintains 45.7 km of roads and had a population of approximately 7,500 as at the 2016 Census. Cottesloe is served by Swanbourne, Victoria Street, Grant Street and Cottesloe train stations, all operated through the Fremantle Railway Line. Various bus routes operate along Stirling Highway, enabling transport through the suburb's western and eastern precincts with Perth and Fremantle. All services are operated by the Public Transport Authority. The Town of Cottesloe's inclusion of walk and cycle paths enable it to be a walkable precinct.
Mosman Park is a western suburb of Perth, Western Australia on the north bank of the Swan River in the local government area of the Town of Mosman Park. It was historically known as Buckland Hill (1889-1909), then Cottesloe Beach (1909-1930) and again Buckland Hill (1930-1937). From 1937 it was named Mosman Park, derived from Mosman in Sydney, the birthplace of Richard Yeldon, a member of the Buckland Hill Road Board. Mosman Park is now considered an affluent suburb, but prior to the 1970s was one of Perth's major industrial centres.
Nedlands is an affluent western suburb of Perth, Western Australia in the local government area of the City of Nedlands. It is about 7 kilometres (4 mi) from the Perth central business district via either Thomas Street or Mounts Bay Road.
Claremont was an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Western Australia from 1901 to 1968.
Perth has a Mediterranean climate, with hot, dry summers and cool, wet winters. February is the hottest month of the year, with an average high of 31.6 °C (88.9 °F), and July is the coldest month of the year, with an average low of 7.9 °C (46.2 °F). 77% of rain in Perth falls between May and September. Perth has an average of 8.8 hours of sunshine per day, which equates to around 3,200 hours of annual sunshine, and 138.7 clear days annually, making it the sunniest capital city in Australia.
The western suburbs are an informally defined group of suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, located west of the city's central business district and north of the Swan River. The western suburbs are known for their high house prices, high income of residents, riverfront views and beaches.