Symphonia globulifera

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Symphonia globulifera
Symphonia globulifera L. f.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Clusiaceae
Genus: Symphonia
S. globulifera
Binomial name
Symphonia globulifera

Symphonia gabonensis(Vesque) Pierre
Symphonia microphyllaR.E. Schult.
Symphonia utilissimaR.E. Schult.
Moronobea coccineaAubl.
Moronobea globulifera(L.f) Schltdl.
Sources: [2] [3] [4] [5]


Symphonia globulifera, commonly known as boarwood, [1] is a timber tree native to Central America, the Caribbean, South America and Africa. This plant is also used as a medicinal plant and ornamental plant.

Common names

Common trade names of the wood of the Symphonia globulifera are: chewstick, chestick, manni, and Árbol de Leche Maria.


Symphonia globulifera is native to the Americas (from Mexico and the Caribbean south to Ecuador) and Africa (from Liberia east to Uganda and south to Angola). [1]

See also

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  1. 1 2 3 Botanic Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) & IUCN SSC Global Tree Specialist Group (2019). "Symphonia globulifera". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species . 2019: e.T63072A149040413. Retrieved 11 August 2020.
  2. "Symphonia globulifera L.f. record n° 8167". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  3. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (1987-02-20). "Taxon: Symphonia globulifera L. f." Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  4. "Symphonia globulifera L. f." Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2008-05-12.
  5. "Symphonia globulifera L.f." Classificação segundo a Flora brasiliensis. Retrieved 2008-05-12.