The Orchard (company)

Last updated
Orchard Enterprises NY, Inc.
Type Subsidiary
Industry
Founded1997;24 years ago (1997)
Founder Scott Cohen, Richard Gottehrer
Headquarters,
Area served
Worldwide
Owner Sony Music
Parent Sony [1]
Website TheOrchard.com

The Orchard is an American music and entertainment company, specializing in media distribution, marketing, and sales. [2] [3] It is a subsidiary of Sony Music, based in New York City. [4] In 2019, the company sold off its film and television division, which was renamed 1091 Media. [5] [6]

Contents

History

Founding

The company was founded in 1997 by Scott Cohen and Richard Gottehrer in New York City.

Dimensional Associates Acquisition

In early 2003, The Orchard was bought by Dimensional Associates. Danny Stein, the CEO of Dimensional Associates, was appointed Executive Chairman, [7] and Greg Scholl left management consulting firm McKinsey & Company to become The Orchard's CEO, [8] changing its strategy and operating model and building a new management team.

In 2009, The Orchard was named the 66th-fastest growing company in North America for the five-year period from 2004 to 2009. [9]

In 2009, Scholl accepted a position as president, Local Integrated Media at NBCUniversal [10] and Brad Navin was appointed CEO. [11]

In 2012, Sony acquired a majority stake of 51% in the company in a cash and equity deal with an estimated total valuation of $100 million. [12]

In 2015, the remaining equity in the company was acquired by Sony Music Entertainment for over $200 million. [12]

Clients

Its clients include independent artists and labels such as Johnny & Associates, JYP Entertainment, [13] Daptone Records, [14] Cleopatra Records, [15] and Frenchkiss Records, [16] [17] [18] [19] who partnered with The Orchard in 2012 to create Frenchkiss Label Group in addition to their digital and physical deals with the company. [20] In 2014, the partnership expanded even further when The Orchard acquired Frenchkiss Records outright. [21]

The company also licenses music for use in advertising, television and film. Heineken, [22] Target, Southern Comfort, [23] and the LU family of brands [24] have used songs from The Orchard's catalogue in their advertisements. The Black Angels' "Yellow Elevator #2" [25] and The Raveonettes' "Aly, Walk With Me" [26] were featured on True Blood , Frankie Avalon's "Venus" was played on Dexter, the Dum Dum Girls' "Coming Down" [27] and Kina Grannis’ "The One You Say Goodnight To" [28] were heard on season 5 of Gossip Girl and various artists from The Orchard's catalog were heard throughout Season 2 of Vice on HBO. [29] Songs distributed by The Orchard that have made it into film soundtracks include Faye Adams' "Hurts Me To My Heart" [30] and Mozart's "Rondo No. 2 in C Major for Violin and Orchestra, K.373: Allegretto Grazioso" in Lee Daniels' The Butler [31] The Red Army Choir of Alexandrov's "Soviet National Anthem" in X-Men: First Class , [32] Frankie Avalon's classic "Swingin' on a Rainbow" in The Help [33] and Macon Greyson's "Black Light" in The Wrestler. [34]

On June 1, 2017, Sony Music announced that it would merge RED Distribution and Red Essential into The Orchard, which would have a U.S. market share of 6% with $350 million in annual revenue. [35] [36] [37]

In February 2019, co-founder Scott Cohen retired from The Orchard and joined the senior management team at Warner Music Group. [38]

IODA

IODA logo Ioda-spindle.gif
IODA logo

IODA (Independent Online Distribution Alliance) was a global sales, marketing and distribution company with majority stake owned by Sony. The subsidiary serviced independent artists, labels, filmmakers and other content providers on digital and mobile outlets, including making copyright claims on online content. [39] Founded in 2003, IODA provided various distribution, marketing, publishing and administrative services to selected independent record labels, physical distributors, video companies, recording artists, filmmakers, print media publishers and independent authors, including license negotiations, media encoding and metadata management, royalty payment administration and reporting, and marketing and promotional support. IODA had relationships with major mobile and online download retailers including iTunes, eMusic, Rhapsody and Amazon.com.

On July 1, 2009, Sony Music Entertainment and IODA announced their global strategic partnership to leverage combined worldwide online retail distribution networks and complementary technologies to support independent labels and music rightsholders. [40] [41] [42]

On March 5, 2012, Sony acquired the remaining stake of IODA. The company's operations were merged with the Orchard. [43] [44]

YouTube programming

The Orchard's YouTube multi-channel network has more than 1,000 channels across the globe and uses technology, built in-house, called B.A.C.O.N. (Bulk Automated Claiming on The Orchard Network) to crawl, claim and track YouTube videos to monetize for their clients. [45] It was ranked 7th in the U.S. in July 2014. [46]

YouTube users have expressed concerns about The Orchard claiming copyright ownership of music used in user-generated content that may or may not belong to them. According to an article by The Orchard on their Daily Rind blog, [47] if audio is matched to a particular copyright owner via YouTube's content identification system, then one or more links will be placed under the video in order to help promote the copyright owner's music, with the video remaining available. The article states that erroneous claims are removed by The Orchard Team after review upon email communication with their dispute department. However, they are not timely in their response, which leads some YouTube users (or copyright/original content owners/creators) to believe The Orchard is attempting to acquire AdSense revenue falsely from claims that go undisputed. [47]

The Orchard along with Rumblefish Inc. was subject to a 2019 copyfraud dispute regarding a public domain performance by the United States Navy Band uploaded onto YouTube. [48] A 2019 case study noted examples of The Orchard selling music works and digital ad revenue online without permission of the artists in the 2010 case Bryant v. Media Right Productions, Inc. [49]

Distributed labels

The Orchard owns the catalogues of TVT Records, Premium Latin Music (home to Aventura), [50] Blind Pig Records, [51] ViiiZUALEYES MEDIA GROUP & RECORDINGS INC., Frenchkiss Records, Mexican label Discos Joey, JDub Records, Xanadu Records, and Shrapnel Records.

Some of the better known record labels distributed by The Orchard are Murk Nature Records, Fat Possum Records, Atypeek Music, Birthday Cake Media, Tilt Music Production, WhoMag, Black River Entertainment, Smithsonian Folkways, Cleopatra Records, Eclipse Records, Frontiers Records, Heaven Music, Hope Music Group, InVogue Records, Lakeshore Records, MCFL Entertainment, Lamon Records, Lojinx, LRC/ Groove Merchant, Mystic Records, Napalm Records, Pure Noise Records, Robbins Entertainment, Relapse Records, Southern Fried Records, The Spicy Effect, Third Man Records, ARY Records, [52] Flo & Eddie inc. [53] and Concore Entertainment.

Film distribution

In 2019, the Orchard Film was sold and renamed 1091 Media.

BalconyTV

BalconyTV
Available in English, French, German, Italian, Polish
FoundedJune 2006
Owner Sony
Founder(s) Stephen O'Regan, Tom Millett, Pauline Freeman
Industry website
URL BalconyTV.com
Current statusActive

BalconyTV is an online music channel launched in June 2006, featuring acoustic performances on balconies around the world. In 2007, it won Best Music Website at the Irish Digital Media Awards, [54] and was nominated for Best Viral Video Content at the Webby Awards in 2008. [55] [56] Since then, the channel has expanded to hosting over 12,000 shows in over 50 cities, and more than 25 countries.

The channel was acquired by The Orchard in 2014. [57]

Related Research Articles

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Universal Music Group American music corporation

Universal Music Group B.V. is a global music corporation that is majority owned by the French media conglomerate Vivendi, with Chinese tech company Tencent owning a minority stake. UMG's corporate headquarters are located in Hilversum, Netherlands and its operational headquarters are located in Santa Monica, California. The biggest music company in the world, it is one of the "Big Three" record labels, along with Sony Music and Warner Music Group. Tencent acquired ten percent of Universal Music Group in March 2020 for €3 billion and acquired an additional ten percent stake in January 2021.

Warner Music Group American global music conglomerate

Warner Music Group Corp. (WMG) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City. It is one of the "big three" recording companies and the third-largest in the global music industry, after Universal Music Group (UMG) and Sony Music Entertainment (SME). Formerly part of Time Warner, WMG was publicly traded on the New York Stock Exchange from 2005 until 2011, when it announced its privatization and sale to Access Industries. It later had its second IPO on Nasdaq in 2020, once again becoming a public company. With a multibillion-dollar annual turnover, WMG employs more than 3,500 people and has operations in more than 50 countries throughout the world.

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Music industry

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Sony Music Publishing is an American music publisher, part of the Sony Music Group owned by Sony Entertainment. The company was formed as Sony/ATV in 1995 with the merger of the original incarnation of Sony Music Publishing and ATV Music, which was owned by entertainer Michael Jackson. Jackson had purchased ATV Music, which included the Lennon–McCartney song catalog, in 1985.

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Sony Music Entertainment (Japan) Inc., often abbreviated as SMEJ or simply SME, and also known as Sony Music Japan for short, is Sony's music arm in Japan. SMEJ is directly owned by Sony Group Corporation and is operating independently from the United States-based Sony Music Entertainment due to its strength in the Japanese music industry. Its subsidiaries include the Japanese animation production enterprise, Aniplex, which was established in September 1995 as a joint-venture between Sony Music Entertainment Japan and Sony Pictures Entertainment Japan, but which in 2001 became a wholly owned subsidiary of Sony Music Entertainment Japan. It was prominent in the early to mid '90s producing and licensing music for animated series such as Roujin Z from acclaimed Japanese comic artist Katsuhiro Otomo and Capcom's Street Fighter animated series.

Star Music

Star Music, formerly known as Star Records, is a record label in the Philippines owned and operated by media conglomerate ABS-CBN Corporation. It was formerly a separate company operating as a wholly owned subsidiary of ABS-CBN until 2013 when it was merged to ABS-CBN Film Productions, Inc. Its publishing and distribution subsidiary in the country is Star Music Publishing and has over one thousand songs in its catalog including the classic song "Anak" by Freddie Aguilar.

RED Music, stylized RED MUSIC, formerly RED Distribution, LLC was a Sony-owned sales and marketing division that merged under The Orchard in 2017. RED previously handled releases for more than sixty independent record labels.

Frenchkiss Records

Frenchkiss Records is an independent record label based in New York City. The label was started in 1999 by Syd Butler, bassist and founder of Les Savy Fav. The label's first purpose was to release Les Savy Fav's second album The Cat and The Cobra, but has since been the label responsible for discovering a varying array of artists such as The Hold Steady, The Antlers, The Dodos, Local Natives and Passion Pit. The label has recently added a music publishing side as well, Frenchkiss Publishing.

WildBrain Ltd. is a Canadian media, production, and brand licensing company that was formed in 2006 as a merger between Decode Entertainment and the Halifax Film Company. The company is known for owning the largest library of children's television programming, which is distributed through its multi-channel network, WildBrain Spark, and a group of Canadian specialty television channels.

AWAL is an independent distribution company with headquarters in London, UK. Acquired by Kobalt Music in December 2011, AWAL is Kobalt’s recordings company. The company serves as an alternative to the traditional music label deal, offering deal structures to artists and independent labels without them giving up ownership or control. In February 2021, Sony Music Entertainment announced the acquisition of AWAL with a pending regulatory approval.

IRIS Distribution

IRIS Distribution - now The Orchard - is a digital music distribution and marketing firm based in San Francisco, CA and New York City. Co-founded by Matt Laszuk (CEO), Bryn Boughton (CMO) and Eric Ferraro in 2003, IRIS distributes digital music, ringtones, and video to over 450 digital retailers in over 85 countries. It also promotes label catalogs through various outlets, including social networking sites, newsletters, and label profiles. The company offers its technical, marketing, and legal services to a wide range of independent artists and labels from all genres. Artists distributed by IRIS include She Wants Revenge, Le Tigre, Lou Reed, Mogwai, and many more.

Zebralution is a German digital distribution company for independent record labels, audiobooks and podcasts operating worldwide from their Berlin headquarters. In December 2019, GEMA, the German society for musical performing and mechanical reproduction rights, acquired a majority stake.

Scott Cohen is the co-founder of digital distribution company The Orchard, which was founded on the Lower East Side of Manhattan in 1997 and is now owned by Sony Music. The Orchard was the first digital distributor of music.

Stone Music Entertainment is a South Korean entertainment private-held company under the E&M Division of CJ ENM. It is currently one of the largest co-publisher companies in South Korea. The company operates as a record label, talent agency, music production company, event management, concert production company, music publishing house, and investment.

BroadbandTV Corporation is a Canadian media and technology company founded by CEO Shahrzad Rafati in 2005. The company is the second largest video property by unique viewers across the top 12 countries in the world, according to comScore, with head office in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

GoDigital Media Group (GDMG) is a California-based entertainment industry technology company founded in 2005. The company started as an entertainment industry holding company, eventually expanding to be a media and technology company. GDMG focuses on intellectual property rights management and digital distribution of entertainment content through its business units.

Audible Magic

Audible Magic Corporation is a Los Gatos, California-based company that provides content identification services to social networks, record labels, music publishers, television studios, and movie studios. The company also provides digital platform music management services for Internet radio, subscription music services, on-demand streaming, and fitness and gaming applications. The services help companies identify and protect copyrighted content, manage rights and monetize media.

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