Volcano Entertainment

Last updated
Volcano Entertainment, III
Volcano Entertainment Logo.jpg
Parent companyIndependent (1996-1998)
Zomba Recording Corporation (1998-2003)
Q Prime (1998-2000)
BMG (2003-2004)
Sony BMG Music Entertainment (2004-2008)
Sony Music Entertainment (2008-present)
Founded 1996
StatusInactive since 2011 when Jive Records was dissolved into RCA Records.
Distributor(s) Epic Records
(In the US)
RCA Records
(Outside the US)
Legacy Recordings
Country of origin United States
Location Los Angeles, New York City

Volcano Entertainment (sometimes referred to as Volcano Records) is an American all-round music record label founded in 1996 which released albums by Tool, 311, Size 14, Survivor and "Weird Al" Yankovic (the latter two were former Scotti Bros. Records artists and the only artists retained from the label). It is owned by Epic Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

A record label, or record company, is a brand or trademark associated with the marketing of music recordings and music videos. Sometimes, a record label is also a publishing company that manages such brands and trademarks, coordinates the production, manufacture, distribution, marketing, promotion, and enforcement of copyright for sound recordings and music videos, while also conducting talent scouting and development of new artists, and maintaining contracts with recording artists and their managers. The term "record label" derives from the circular label in the center of a vinyl record which prominently displays the manufacturer's name, along with other information. Within the mainstream music industry, recording artists have traditionally been reliant upon record labels to broaden their consumer base, market their albums, and be both promoted and heard on music streaming services, radio, and television. Record labels also provide publicists, who assist performers in gaining positive media coverage, and arrange for their merchandise to be available via stores and other media outlets.

Tool (band) American alternative metal band

Tool is an American rock band from Los Angeles, California. Formed in 1990, the group's line-up includes drummer Danny Carey, guitarist Adam Jones, and vocalist Maynard James Keenan. Justin Chancellor has been the band's bassist since 1995, replacing their original bassist Paul D'Amour. Tool has won three Grammy Awards, performed worldwide tours, and produced albums topping the charts in several countries.



Volcano Records was founded in 1990 by Jay-Shy. [1] It is essentially the continuation of Zoo Entertainment which Shy bought from BMG in 1996. [1] Initially, the company was meant to have two divisions Zoo/Volcano and Volcano which would be a hip-hop imprint. [2] The first album released with the new ownership was flagship Zoo artist Tool's album Ænima followed by actor Keanu Reeves' band Dogstar's album Our Little Visionary . However, the Zoo name was eventually phased out and many of Zoo artists became the cornerstone of the Volcano roster.

Zoo Entertainment was an American record label formed in 1990 by Lou Maglia. Zoo released three platinum Tool records, as well as gold records by Green Jellÿ and Matthew Sweet. During its early, successful years, music industry executive George Daly was the label's original Vice President of A&R.

<i>Ænima</i> 1996 studio album by Tool

Ænima is the second studio album by American rock band Tool. It was released in vinyl format on September 17, 1996, and in compact disc format on October 1, 1996 through Zoo Entertainment. The album was recorded and cut at Ocean Way, Hollywood and The Hook, North Hollywood from 1995 to 1996. The album was produced by David Bottrill.

Keanu Reeves Canadian actor, director, producer and musician

Keanu Charles Reeves is a Canadian actor, director, producer, and musician. He gained fame for his starring role performances in several blockbuster films, including comedies from the Bill and Ted franchise (1989–1991); action thrillers Point Break (1991), Speed (1994), and the John Wick franchise (2014–2019); psychological thriller The Devil's Advocate (1997); supernatural thriller Constantine (2005); and science fiction/action series The Matrix (1999–2003). He has also appeared in dramatic films, such as Dangerous Liaisons (1988), My Own Private Idaho (1991), and Little Buddha (1993), as well as the romantic horror Bram Stoker's Dracula (1992).

In October 1997, Volcano merged with Dallas Austin's Rowdy Records to become Freeworld Entertainment. [3] Freeworld was short lived as the label was plagued with financial trouble and the relationship with Austin faltered. [4] [5] Many of the label's employees were either cut or left. [6] Additionally, the label's flagship artist Tool was attempting to leave the label which resulted in a lengthy lawsuit. [7]

Dallas L. Austin is an American record producer, songwriter, musician, and film producer, born in Columbus, Georgia.

Rowdy Records is an independent record label, distributed through Motown Records.

Freeworld Entertainment was a record label formed in 1997 by Dallas Austin and Kevin Czinger.

In the spring of 1998, Freeworld was purchased and "saved" by the Zomba Label Group. Though the Zoo branding was briefly reintroduced, Zomba quickly returned the Volcano moniker, abandoning Zoo altogether. [8] [9] A month later, Q Prime, led by top managers Cliff Burnstein and Peter Mensch, purchased a 50% stake in Volcano and made sure that hard-rock artist Tool would stay. [10] They would sell their share back to Zomba in the early 2000s.

Peter Mensch is an American music manager who lives in Manhattan.

1998 also marked the year that Volcano acquired the contracts and masters of Scotti Bros. Records which had just been purchased by Pearson PLC. Volcano also purchased Capricorn Records in December 2000. [11]

Capricorn Records American independent record label

Capricorn Records was an independent record label which was founded by Phil Walden, Alan Walden and Frank Fenter in 1969 in Macon, Georgia.

In 2002, Zomba was purchased by BMG, returning Volcano to the BMG umbrella it had previously been a part of as Zoo Entertainment in the early nineties. [12] Volcano now controls the Scotti Bros. Records, Capricorn Records (later) and Zoo Entertainment catalogs.

Scotti Brothers Records was a California-based record label founded by Tony and Ben Scotti in 1974. Their first success was releasing singles and albums from teen pop star Leif Garrett. They later helped launch the careers of David Hallyday, Felony, Survivor, and "Weird Al" Yankovic. They also signed James Brown to a recording contract in the mid-1980s as well as the UK act Flag featuring David Cairns from Secret Affair and Archie Brown. Former Life Goes On star Tommy Puett released his only album "Life Goes On" in 1990 under Scotti Brothers Records.

With Yankovic fulfilling his Sony contract on their main label RCA, with his 2014 album Mandatory Fun , Volcano functions primarily as a reissue label and the home of only Tool. However, depending on how long it takes the band to finish new music, it is likely Volcano may not even exist if and when it is released.



Volcano products were initially distributed by BMG. When Zomba purchased the label in 1998, distribution was handled through the Zomba network which, depending on the territory, may have been BMG, Virgin, Zomba itself or other smaller labels. When Zomba was purchased by BMG, BMG became the sole worldwide distributor again. Between 2004 and late 2008 distribution switched to Sony BMG in accordance with the merger of Sony and BMG. Since early 2009, Sony Music Entertainment distributes Volcano products worldwide.

See also

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  1. 1 2 Taylor, Tess (1996-11-01). "An Interview with Lou Maglia". National Association of Record Industry Professionals. Archived from the original on 2011-05-25. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  2. Jeffrey, Don. "Zoo Acquired by Start-Up Volcano; Firm Also Launches Hip-Hop Imprint" Billboard 108:34 (24 August 1996)
  3. Sandler, Adam (1997-08-18). "Austin, Czinger in biz duet". Variety . Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  4. Sandler, Adam (1998-04-09). "Q-Prime buys into Volcano". Variety . Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  5. Furman, Phyllis (1998-03-12). "Local Label in Zomba Spin, Freeworld Founder Shy's Future in Doubt". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on 2010-10-05. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  6. Coveney, Janine. "Labels ring in new year with executive shuffling; A&M warms to Ice Cube" Billboard 110:4 (24 January 1998)
  7. "Tool Engaged In Legal Battle With Record Label". MTV News. 1997-09-15. Retrieved 2008-12-09.
  8. "Zomba To Save Freeworld Label". The Hollywood Reporter. 1998-03-13. Retrieved 2008-12-09.[ dead link ]
  9. Pollack, Marc (1998-03-23). "Zomba Puts Lid On Volcano". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2008-12-09.[ dead link ]
  10. "Q Prime Pair Buy Half Of Volcano From Zomba". The Hollywood Reporter. 1998-04-09. Retrieved 2009-04-10.[ dead link ]
  11. Shprintz, Janet (2001-03-23). "Bone sues Capricorn, Walden over label sale". Variety . Retrieved 2009-04-11.
  12. "BMG Buys Rest Of Zomba". Billboard Bulletin. 2002-06-11. Retrieved 2008-12-09.[ dead link ]